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SubjectRe: [PATCH] s390/vfio-ap: do not use open locks during VFIO_GROUP_NOTIFY_SET_KVM notification

On 6/28/21 4:29 PM, Halil Pasic wrote:
> On Fri, 25 Jun 2021 18:07:58 -0400
> Tony Krowiak <> wrote:
> What is a suitable base for this patch. I've tried the usual suspects,
> but none of them worked.

I discovered what the problem is here. The patch is based on our
master branch along with the two pre-requisite patches that were
recently reviewed and are currently being merged. The two patches
of which I speak are:
* [PATCH v6 1/2] s390/vfio-ap: clean up mdev resources when remove
callback invoked
   Message ID: <>

* [PATCH v6 2/2] s390/vfio-ap: r/w lock for PQAP interception handler
function pointer

I probably should have included those along with this one.

>> The fix to resolve a lockdep splat while handling the
>> VFIO_GROUP_NOTIFY_SET_KVM event introduced a kvm_busy flag indicating that
>> the vfio_ap device driver is busy setting or unsetting the KVM pointer.
>> A wait queue was employed to allow functions requiring access to the KVM
>> pointer to wait for the kvm_busy flag to be cleared. For the duration of
>> the wait period, the mdev lock was unlocked then acquired again after the
>> kvm_busy flag was cleared. This got rid of the lockdep report, but didn't
>> really resolve the problem.
> Can you please elaborate on the last point. You mean that we can have
> circular locking even after 0cc00c8d4050, but instead of getting stuck in
> on a lock we will get stuck on wait_event_cmd()? If that is it, please
> state it clearly in the description, and if you can to it in the short
> description.

This patch was in response to the following review comments made by Jason

* Message ID: <>
   "... the kvm_busy should be replaced by a proper rwsem,
    don't try to open code locks like that - it just defeats lockdep

* Message ID: <>
   "Usually when people start open coding locks it is often
   because lockdep complained. Open coding a lock makes
   lockdep stop because the lockdep code
   is removed, but it doesn't fix anything. The kvm_busy
   should be replaced by a proper rwsem, don't try to
   open code locks like that - it just defeats lockdep

I will paraphrase and include the information from Jason's
comments in the description.

>> This patch removes the the kvm_busy flag and wait queue as they are not
>> necessary to resolve the lockdep splat problem. The wait queue was
>> introduced to prevent changes to the matrix used to update the guest's
>> AP configuration. The idea was that whenever an adapter, domain or control
>> domain was being assigned to or unassigned from the matrix, the function
>> would wait until the group notifier function was no longer busy with the
>> KVM pointer.
>> The thing is, the KVM pointer value (matrix_mdev->kvm) is always set and
>> cleared while holding the matrix_dev->lock mutex. The assignment and
>> unassignment interfaces also lock the matrix_dev->lock mutex prior to
>> checking whether the matrix_mdev->kvm pointer is set and if so, returns
>> the -EBUSY error from the function. Consequently, there is no chance for
>> an update to the matrix to occur while the guest's AP configuration is
>> being updated.
>> Fixes: 0cc00c8d4050 ("s390/vfio-ap: fix circular lockdep when setting/clearing crypto masks")
>> Cc:
>> Signed-off-by: Tony Krowiak <>

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