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SubjectRe: [PATCH v5 3/3] drm: protect drm_master pointers in drm_lease.c
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On 30/6/21 4:02 pm, Daniel Vetter wrote:
> On Wed, Jun 30, 2021 at 9:18 AM Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi
> <desmondcheongzx@gmail.com> wrote:
>>
>> On 30/6/21 12:07 am, Daniel Vetter wrote:
>>> On Tue, Jun 29, 2021 at 11:37:06AM +0800, Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi wrote:
>>>> Currently, direct copies of drm_file->master pointers should be
>>>> protected by drm_device.master_mutex when being dereferenced. This is
>>>> because drm_file->master is not invariant for the lifetime of
>>>> drm_file. If drm_file is not the creator of master, then
>>>> drm_file->is_master is false, and a call to drm_setmaster_ioctl will
>>>> invoke drm_new_set_master, which then allocates a new master for
>>>> drm_file and puts the old master.
>>>>
>>>> Thus, without holding drm_device.master_mutex, the old value of
>>>> drm_file->master could be freed while it is being used by another
>>>> concurrent process.
>>>>
>>>> In drm_lease.c, there are multiple instances where drm_file->master is
>>>> accessed and dereferenced while drm_device.master_mutex is not
>>>> held. This makes drm_lease.c vulnerable to use-after-free bugs.
>>>>
>>>> We address this issue in 3 ways:
>>>>
>>>> 1. Clarify in the kerneldoc that drm_file->master is protected by
>>>> drm_device.master_mutex.
>>>>
>>>> 2. Add a new drm_file_get_master() function that calls drm_master_get
>>>> on drm_file->master while holding on to drm_device.master_mutex. Since
>>>> drm_master_get increments the reference count of master, this
>>>> prevents master from being freed until we unreference it with
>>>> drm_master_put.
>>>>
>>>> 3. In each case where drm_file->master is directly accessed and
>>>> eventually dereferenced in drm_lease.c, we wrap the access in a call
>>>> to the new drm_file_get_master function, then unreference the master
>>>> pointer once we are done using it.
>>>>
>>>> Reported-by: Daniel Vetter <daniel.vetter@ffwll.ch>
>>>> Signed-off-by: Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi <desmondcheongzx@gmail.com>
>>>
>>> Series looks very nice, let's see what intel-gfx-ci says. You should get a
>>> mail, but results are also here:
>>>
>>> https://patchwork.freedesktop.org/series/91969/#rev2
>>>
>>> One tiny comment below.
>>>
>>>> ---
>>>> drivers/gpu/drm/drm_auth.c | 25 ++++++++++++
>>>> drivers/gpu/drm/drm_lease.c | 77 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++----------
>>>> include/drm/drm_auth.h | 1 +
>>>> include/drm/drm_file.h | 15 ++++++--
>>>> 4 files changed, 95 insertions(+), 23 deletions(-)
>>>>
>>>> diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_auth.c b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_auth.c
>>>> index ab1863c5a5a0..c36a0b72be26 100644
>>>> --- a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_auth.c
>>>> +++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_auth.c
>>>> @@ -384,6 +384,31 @@ struct drm_master *drm_master_get(struct drm_master *master)
>>>> }
>>>> EXPORT_SYMBOL(drm_master_get);
>>>>
>>>> +/**
>>>> + * drm_file_get_master - reference &drm_file.master of @file_priv
>>>> + * @file_priv: DRM file private
>>>> + *
>>>> + * Increments the reference count of @file_priv's &drm_file.master and returns
>>>> + * the &drm_file.master. If @file_priv has no &drm_file.master, returns NULL.
>>>> + *
>>>> + * Master pointers returned from this function should be unreferenced using
>>>> + * drm_master_put().
>>>> + */
>>>> +struct drm_master *drm_file_get_master(struct drm_file *file_priv)
>>>> +{
>>>> + struct drm_master *master = NULL;
>>>> +
>>>> + mutex_lock(&file_priv->minor->dev->master_mutex);
>>>> + if (!file_priv->master)
>>>> + goto unlock;
>>>> + master = drm_master_get(file_priv->master);
>>>> +
>>>> +unlock:
>>>> + mutex_unlock(&file_priv->minor->dev->master_mutex);
>>>> + return master;
>>>> +}
>>>> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(drm_file_get_master);
>>>> +
>>>> static void drm_master_destroy(struct kref *kref)
>>>> {
>>>> struct drm_master *master = container_of(kref, struct drm_master, refcount);
>>>> diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_lease.c b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_lease.c
>>>> index 00fb433bcef1..cdcc87fa9685 100644
>>>> --- a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_lease.c
>>>> +++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_lease.c
>>>> @@ -106,10 +106,19 @@ static bool _drm_has_leased(struct drm_master *master, int id)
>>>> */
>>>> bool _drm_lease_held(struct drm_file *file_priv, int id)
>>>> {
>>>> - if (!file_priv || !file_priv->master)
>>>> + bool ret;
>>>> + struct drm_master *master;
>>>> +
>>>> + if (!file_priv)
>>>> return true;
>>>>
>>>> - return _drm_lease_held_master(file_priv->master, id);
>>>> + master = drm_file_get_master(file_priv);
>>>> + if (master == NULL)
>>>> + return true;
>>>> + ret = _drm_lease_held_master(master, id);
>>>> + drm_master_put(&master);
>>>> +
>>>> + return ret;
>>>> }
>>>>
>>>> /**
>>>> @@ -128,13 +137,20 @@ bool drm_lease_held(struct drm_file *file_priv, int id)
>>>> struct drm_master *master;
>>>> bool ret;
>>>>
>>>> - if (!file_priv || !file_priv->master || !file_priv->master->lessor)
>>>> + if (!file_priv)
>>>> return true;
>>>>
>>>> - master = file_priv->master;
>>>> + master = drm_file_get_master(file_priv);
>>>> + if (master == NULL)
>>>> + return true;
>>>> + if (!master->lessor) {
>>>> + drm_master_put(&master);
>>>> + return true;
>>>> + }
>>>> mutex_lock(&master->dev->mode_config.idr_mutex);
>>>> ret = _drm_lease_held_master(master, id);
>>>> mutex_unlock(&master->dev->mode_config.idr_mutex);
>>>> + drm_master_put(&master);
>>>> return ret;
>>>> }
>>>>
>>>> @@ -154,10 +170,16 @@ uint32_t drm_lease_filter_crtcs(struct drm_file *file_priv, uint32_t crtcs_in)
>>>> int count_in, count_out;
>>>> uint32_t crtcs_out = 0;
>>>>
>>>> - if (!file_priv || !file_priv->master || !file_priv->master->lessor)
>>>> + if (!file_priv)
>>>> return crtcs_in;
>>>>
>>>> - master = file_priv->master;
>>>> + master = drm_file_get_master(file_priv);
>>>> + if (master == NULL)
>>>> + return crtcs_in;
>>>> + if (!master->lessor) {
>>>> + drm_master_put(&master);
>>>> + return crtcs_in;
>>>> + }
>>>> dev = master->dev;
>>>>
>>>> count_in = count_out = 0;
>>>> @@ -176,6 +198,7 @@ uint32_t drm_lease_filter_crtcs(struct drm_file *file_priv, uint32_t crtcs_in)
>>>> count_in++;
>>>> }
>>>> mutex_unlock(&master->dev->mode_config.idr_mutex);
>>>> + drm_master_put(&master);
>>>> return crtcs_out;
>>>> }
>>>>
>>>> @@ -489,7 +512,7 @@ int drm_mode_create_lease_ioctl(struct drm_device *dev,
>>>> size_t object_count;
>>>> int ret = 0;
>>>> struct idr leases;
>>>> - struct drm_master *lessor = lessor_priv->master;
>>>> + struct drm_master *lessor;
>>>> struct drm_master *lessee = NULL;
>>>> struct file *lessee_file = NULL;
>>>> struct file *lessor_file = lessor_priv->filp;
>>>> @@ -501,12 +524,6 @@ int drm_mode_create_lease_ioctl(struct drm_device *dev,
>>>> if (!drm_core_check_feature(dev, DRIVER_MODESET))
>>>> return -EOPNOTSUPP;
>>>>
>>>> - /* Do not allow sub-leases */
>>>> - if (lessor->lessor) {
>>>> - DRM_DEBUG_LEASE("recursive leasing not allowed\n");
>>>> - return -EINVAL;
>>>> - }
>>>> -
>>>> /* need some objects */
>>>> if (cl->object_count == 0) {
>>>> DRM_DEBUG_LEASE("no objects in lease\n");
>>>> @@ -518,12 +535,22 @@ int drm_mode_create_lease_ioctl(struct drm_device *dev,
>>>> return -EINVAL;
>>>> }
>>>>
>>>> + lessor = drm_file_get_master(lessor_priv);
>>>> + /* Do not allow sub-leases */
>>>> + if (lessor->lessor) {
>>>> + DRM_DEBUG_LEASE("recursive leasing not allowed\n");
>>>> + ret = -EINVAL;
>>>> + goto out_lessor;
>>>> + }
>>>> +
>>>> object_count = cl->object_count;
>>>>
>>>> object_ids = memdup_user(u64_to_user_ptr(cl->object_ids),
>>>> array_size(object_count, sizeof(__u32)));
>>>> - if (IS_ERR(object_ids))
>>>> - return PTR_ERR(object_ids);
>>>> + if (IS_ERR(object_ids)) {
>>>> + ret = PTR_ERR(object_ids);
>>>> + goto out_lessor;
>>>> + }
>>>>
>>>> idr_init(&leases);
>>>>
>>>> @@ -534,14 +561,15 @@ int drm_mode_create_lease_ioctl(struct drm_device *dev,
>>>> if (ret) {
>>>> DRM_DEBUG_LEASE("lease object lookup failed: %i\n", ret);
>>>> idr_destroy(&leases);
>>>> - return ret;
>>>> + goto out_lessor;
>>>> }
>>>>
>>>> /* Allocate a file descriptor for the lease */
>>>> fd = get_unused_fd_flags(cl->flags & (O_CLOEXEC | O_NONBLOCK));
>>>> if (fd < 0) {
>>>> idr_destroy(&leases);
>>>> - return fd;
>>>> + ret = fd;
>>>> + goto out_lessor;
>>>> }
>>>>
>>>> DRM_DEBUG_LEASE("Creating lease\n");
>>>> @@ -577,6 +605,7 @@ int drm_mode_create_lease_ioctl(struct drm_device *dev,
>>>> /* Hook up the fd */
>>>> fd_install(fd, lessee_file);
>>>>
>>>> + drm_master_put(&lessor);
>>>> DRM_DEBUG_LEASE("drm_mode_create_lease_ioctl succeeded\n");
>>>> return 0;
>>>>
>>>> @@ -586,6 +615,8 @@ int drm_mode_create_lease_ioctl(struct drm_device *dev,
>>>> out_leases:
>>>> put_unused_fd(fd);
>>>>
>>>> +out_lessor:
>>>> + drm_master_put(&lessor);
>>>> DRM_DEBUG_LEASE("drm_mode_create_lease_ioctl failed: %d\n", ret);
>>>> return ret;
>>>> }
>>>> @@ -608,7 +639,7 @@ int drm_mode_list_lessees_ioctl(struct drm_device *dev,
>>>> struct drm_mode_list_lessees *arg = data;
>>>> __u32 __user *lessee_ids = (__u32 __user *) (uintptr_t) (arg->lessees_ptr);
>>>> __u32 count_lessees = arg->count_lessees;
>>>> - struct drm_master *lessor = lessor_priv->master, *lessee;
>>>> + struct drm_master *lessor, *lessee;
>>>> int count;
>>>> int ret = 0;
>>>>
>>>> @@ -619,6 +650,7 @@ int drm_mode_list_lessees_ioctl(struct drm_device *dev,
>>>> if (!drm_core_check_feature(dev, DRIVER_MODESET))
>>>> return -EOPNOTSUPP;
>>>>
>>>> + lessor = drm_file_get_master(lessor_priv);
>>>> DRM_DEBUG_LEASE("List lessees for %d\n", lessor->lessee_id);
>>>>
>>>> mutex_lock(&dev->mode_config.idr_mutex);
>>>> @@ -642,6 +674,7 @@ int drm_mode_list_lessees_ioctl(struct drm_device *dev,
>>>> arg->count_lessees = count;
>>>>
>>>> mutex_unlock(&dev->mode_config.idr_mutex);
>>>> + drm_master_put(&lessor);
>>>>
>>>> return ret;
>>>> }
>>>> @@ -661,7 +694,7 @@ int drm_mode_get_lease_ioctl(struct drm_device *dev,
>>>> struct drm_mode_get_lease *arg = data;
>>>> __u32 __user *object_ids = (__u32 __user *) (uintptr_t) (arg->objects_ptr);
>>>> __u32 count_objects = arg->count_objects;
>>>> - struct drm_master *lessee = lessee_priv->master;
>>>> + struct drm_master *lessee;
>>>> struct idr *object_idr;
>>>> int count;
>>>> void *entry;
>>>> @@ -675,6 +708,7 @@ int drm_mode_get_lease_ioctl(struct drm_device *dev,
>>>> if (!drm_core_check_feature(dev, DRIVER_MODESET))
>>>> return -EOPNOTSUPP;
>>>>
>>>> + lessee = drm_file_get_master(lessee_priv);
>>>> DRM_DEBUG_LEASE("get lease for %d\n", lessee->lessee_id);
>>>>
>>>> mutex_lock(&dev->mode_config.idr_mutex);
>>>> @@ -702,6 +736,7 @@ int drm_mode_get_lease_ioctl(struct drm_device *dev,
>>>> arg->count_objects = count;
>>>>
>>>> mutex_unlock(&dev->mode_config.idr_mutex);
>>>> + drm_master_put(&lessee);
>>>>
>>>> return ret;
>>>> }
>>>> @@ -720,7 +755,7 @@ int drm_mode_revoke_lease_ioctl(struct drm_device *dev,
>>>> void *data, struct drm_file *lessor_priv)
>>>> {
>>>> struct drm_mode_revoke_lease *arg = data;
>>>> - struct drm_master *lessor = lessor_priv->master;
>>>> + struct drm_master *lessor;
>>>> struct drm_master *lessee;
>>>> int ret = 0;
>>>>
>>>> @@ -730,6 +765,7 @@ int drm_mode_revoke_lease_ioctl(struct drm_device *dev,
>>>> if (!drm_core_check_feature(dev, DRIVER_MODESET))
>>>> return -EOPNOTSUPP;
>>>>
>>>> + lessor = drm_file_get_master(lessor_priv);
>>>> mutex_lock(&dev->mode_config.idr_mutex);
>>>>
>>>> lessee = _drm_find_lessee(lessor, arg->lessee_id);
>>>> @@ -750,6 +786,7 @@ int drm_mode_revoke_lease_ioctl(struct drm_device *dev,
>>>>
>>>> fail:
>>>> mutex_unlock(&dev->mode_config.idr_mutex);
>>>> + drm_master_put(&lessor);
>>>>
>>>> return ret;
>>>> }
>>>> diff --git a/include/drm/drm_auth.h b/include/drm/drm_auth.h
>>>> index 6bf8b2b78991..f99d3417f304 100644
>>>> --- a/include/drm/drm_auth.h
>>>> +++ b/include/drm/drm_auth.h
>>>> @@ -107,6 +107,7 @@ struct drm_master {
>>>> };
>>>>
>>>> struct drm_master *drm_master_get(struct drm_master *master);
>>>> +struct drm_master *drm_file_get_master(struct drm_file *file_priv);
>>>> void drm_master_put(struct drm_master **master);
>>>> bool drm_is_current_master(struct drm_file *fpriv);
>>>>
>>>> diff --git a/include/drm/drm_file.h b/include/drm/drm_file.h
>>>> index b81b3bfb08c8..e9931fca4ab7 100644
>>>> --- a/include/drm/drm_file.h
>>>> +++ b/include/drm/drm_file.h
>>>> @@ -226,9 +226,18 @@ struct drm_file {
>>>> /**
>>>> * @master:
>>>> *
>>>> - * Master this node is currently associated with. Only relevant if
>>>> - * drm_is_primary_client() returns true. Note that this only
>>>> - * matches &drm_device.master if the master is the currently active one.
>>>> + * Master this node is currently associated with. Protected by struct
>>>> + * &drm_device.master_mutex.
>>>> + *
>>>> + * Only relevant if drm_is_primary_client() returns true. Note that
>>>> + * this only matches &drm_device.master if the master is the currently
>>>> + * active one.
>>>> + *
>>>> + * When obtaining a copy of this pointer, it is recommended to either
>>>
>>> I found this a bit confusing, since I generally don't think of
>>> dereferencing the pointer as "taking a copy". That's more for the entire
>>> datastructure when you have a memcpy() call, or kmemdup() or something
>>> like that. Also "it is recommended" is a bit weak if you get a
>>> use-after-free if you dont :-)
>>>
>>> So instead "When dererencing this pointer either hold ... or use
>>> drm_file_get_master() ...."
>>>
>>> Cheers, Daniel
>>>
>>>> + * hold struct &drm_device.master_mutex for the duration of the
>>>> + * pointer's use, or to use drm_file_get_master() if struct
>>>> + * &drm_device.master_mutex is not currently held and there is no other
>>>> + * need to hold it. This prevents @master from being freed during use.
>>>> *
>>>> * See also @authentication and @is_master and the :ref:`section on
>>>> * primary nodes and authentication <drm_primary_node>`.
>>>> --
>>>> 2.25.1
>>>>
>>>
>>
>> Hi Daniel,
>>
>> Thanks for the suggestion, I'll clarify the kerneldoc accordingly.
>>
>> Regarding the results from intel-gfx-ci, it seems that the patch is
>> inverting the lock hierarchy for
>> &dev->master_mutex --> &dev->mode_config.idr_mutex
>>
>> Currently the dmesg warnings share a common call trace:
>> drm_file_get_master+0x1b/0x70
>> _drm_lease_held+0x21/0x70
>> __drm_mode_object_find+0xd1/0xe0
>>
>> Looking at the functions that lock &dev->mode_config.idr_mutex, this
>> should be the only instance of this lock order inversion.
>>
>> I'm thinking the call to _drm_lease_held can be moved outside of the
>> &dev->mode_config.idr_mutex lock in __drm_mode_object. Any thoughts?
>
> Uh very annoying. One of the callers of this is the atomic ioctl,
> where we're calling this while holding drm_modeset_lock. The nesting
> hierarchy is, from outermost lock to innermost: dev->master_mutex ->
> dev->mode_config.mutex -> drm_modeset_lock. So I think we'll again
> have an inversion, just moved it a bit :-(
>
> But I'm also not 100% sure, so maybe type it up and see what happens?
> Otherwise I think we need to figure out a solution for how we can
> check leases without having to take the dev->master_mutex that
> serializes a lot more things ... I think the fundamental problem we
> have here is that dev->master_mutex serves 2 purposes: a) protecting
> the pointers and just data consistency and b) synchronizing against
> concurrent master changes where we think that's required. It's the
> latter (through the fbdev emulation code) that causes all the
> inversion problems, a) it's could easily nest very deeply in other
> locks.
>

Ah I see, that sounds thorny. Just from inspecting the code I can't find
the inversion, so I'll write up the v6 series for testing first.

>> diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_mode_object.c
>> b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_mode_object.c
>> index b26588b52795..63d35f1f98dd 100644
>> --- a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_mode_object.c
>> +++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_mode_object.c
>> @@ -146,16 +146,18 @@ struct drm_mode_object
>> *__drm_mode_object_find(struct drm_device *dev,
>> if (obj && obj->id != id)
>> obj = NULL;
>>
>> - if (obj && drm_mode_object_lease_required(obj->type) &&
>> - !_drm_lease_held(file_priv, obj->id))
>> - obj = NULL;
>> -
>> if (obj && obj->free_cb) {
>> if (!kref_get_unless_zero(&obj->refcount))
>> obj = NULL;
>> }
>> mutex_unlock(&dev->mode_config.idr_mutex);
>>
>> + if (obj && drm_mode_object_lease_required(obj->type) &&
>> + !_drm_lease_held(file_priv, obj->id)) {
>> + drm_mode_object_put(obj);
>> + obj = NULL;
>> + }
>
> Irrespective of all this I think this change here makes sense since in
> untangels the master stuff from the lookup idr, and that's always
> good. Maybe do this hunk as a separate patch, and I'll apply that as
> prep work?
> -Daniel
>

Sounds good to me, I'll add the new patch to the series.

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