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SubjectRe: [PATCH v5 3/3] drm: protect drm_master pointers in drm_lease.c
On Tue, Jun 29, 2021 at 11:37:06AM +0800, Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi wrote:
> Currently, direct copies of drm_file->master pointers should be
> protected by drm_device.master_mutex when being dereferenced. This is
> because drm_file->master is not invariant for the lifetime of
> drm_file. If drm_file is not the creator of master, then
> drm_file->is_master is false, and a call to drm_setmaster_ioctl will
> invoke drm_new_set_master, which then allocates a new master for
> drm_file and puts the old master.
>
> Thus, without holding drm_device.master_mutex, the old value of
> drm_file->master could be freed while it is being used by another
> concurrent process.
>
> In drm_lease.c, there are multiple instances where drm_file->master is
> accessed and dereferenced while drm_device.master_mutex is not
> held. This makes drm_lease.c vulnerable to use-after-free bugs.
>
> We address this issue in 3 ways:
>
> 1. Clarify in the kerneldoc that drm_file->master is protected by
> drm_device.master_mutex.
>
> 2. Add a new drm_file_get_master() function that calls drm_master_get
> on drm_file->master while holding on to drm_device.master_mutex. Since
> drm_master_get increments the reference count of master, this
> prevents master from being freed until we unreference it with
> drm_master_put.
>
> 3. In each case where drm_file->master is directly accessed and
> eventually dereferenced in drm_lease.c, we wrap the access in a call
> to the new drm_file_get_master function, then unreference the master
> pointer once we are done using it.
>
> Reported-by: Daniel Vetter <daniel.vetter@ffwll.ch>
> Signed-off-by: Desmond Cheong Zhi Xi <desmondcheongzx@gmail.com>

Series looks very nice, let's see what intel-gfx-ci says. You should get a
mail, but results are also here:

https://patchwork.freedesktop.org/series/91969/#rev2

One tiny comment below.

> ---
> drivers/gpu/drm/drm_auth.c | 25 ++++++++++++
> drivers/gpu/drm/drm_lease.c | 77 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++----------
> include/drm/drm_auth.h | 1 +
> include/drm/drm_file.h | 15 ++++++--
> 4 files changed, 95 insertions(+), 23 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_auth.c b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_auth.c
> index ab1863c5a5a0..c36a0b72be26 100644
> --- a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_auth.c
> +++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_auth.c
> @@ -384,6 +384,31 @@ struct drm_master *drm_master_get(struct drm_master *master)
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL(drm_master_get);
>
> +/**
> + * drm_file_get_master - reference &drm_file.master of @file_priv
> + * @file_priv: DRM file private
> + *
> + * Increments the reference count of @file_priv's &drm_file.master and returns
> + * the &drm_file.master. If @file_priv has no &drm_file.master, returns NULL.
> + *
> + * Master pointers returned from this function should be unreferenced using
> + * drm_master_put().
> + */
> +struct drm_master *drm_file_get_master(struct drm_file *file_priv)
> +{
> + struct drm_master *master = NULL;
> +
> + mutex_lock(&file_priv->minor->dev->master_mutex);
> + if (!file_priv->master)
> + goto unlock;
> + master = drm_master_get(file_priv->master);
> +
> +unlock:
> + mutex_unlock(&file_priv->minor->dev->master_mutex);
> + return master;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL(drm_file_get_master);
> +
> static void drm_master_destroy(struct kref *kref)
> {
> struct drm_master *master = container_of(kref, struct drm_master, refcount);
> diff --git a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_lease.c b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_lease.c
> index 00fb433bcef1..cdcc87fa9685 100644
> --- a/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_lease.c
> +++ b/drivers/gpu/drm/drm_lease.c
> @@ -106,10 +106,19 @@ static bool _drm_has_leased(struct drm_master *master, int id)
> */
> bool _drm_lease_held(struct drm_file *file_priv, int id)
> {
> - if (!file_priv || !file_priv->master)
> + bool ret;
> + struct drm_master *master;
> +
> + if (!file_priv)
> return true;
>
> - return _drm_lease_held_master(file_priv->master, id);
> + master = drm_file_get_master(file_priv);
> + if (master == NULL)
> + return true;
> + ret = _drm_lease_held_master(master, id);
> + drm_master_put(&master);
> +
> + return ret;
> }
>
> /**
> @@ -128,13 +137,20 @@ bool drm_lease_held(struct drm_file *file_priv, int id)
> struct drm_master *master;
> bool ret;
>
> - if (!file_priv || !file_priv->master || !file_priv->master->lessor)
> + if (!file_priv)
> return true;
>
> - master = file_priv->master;
> + master = drm_file_get_master(file_priv);
> + if (master == NULL)
> + return true;
> + if (!master->lessor) {
> + drm_master_put(&master);
> + return true;
> + }
> mutex_lock(&master->dev->mode_config.idr_mutex);
> ret = _drm_lease_held_master(master, id);
> mutex_unlock(&master->dev->mode_config.idr_mutex);
> + drm_master_put(&master);
> return ret;
> }
>
> @@ -154,10 +170,16 @@ uint32_t drm_lease_filter_crtcs(struct drm_file *file_priv, uint32_t crtcs_in)
> int count_in, count_out;
> uint32_t crtcs_out = 0;
>
> - if (!file_priv || !file_priv->master || !file_priv->master->lessor)
> + if (!file_priv)
> return crtcs_in;
>
> - master = file_priv->master;
> + master = drm_file_get_master(file_priv);
> + if (master == NULL)
> + return crtcs_in;
> + if (!master->lessor) {
> + drm_master_put(&master);
> + return crtcs_in;
> + }
> dev = master->dev;
>
> count_in = count_out = 0;
> @@ -176,6 +198,7 @@ uint32_t drm_lease_filter_crtcs(struct drm_file *file_priv, uint32_t crtcs_in)
> count_in++;
> }
> mutex_unlock(&master->dev->mode_config.idr_mutex);
> + drm_master_put(&master);
> return crtcs_out;
> }
>
> @@ -489,7 +512,7 @@ int drm_mode_create_lease_ioctl(struct drm_device *dev,
> size_t object_count;
> int ret = 0;
> struct idr leases;
> - struct drm_master *lessor = lessor_priv->master;
> + struct drm_master *lessor;
> struct drm_master *lessee = NULL;
> struct file *lessee_file = NULL;
> struct file *lessor_file = lessor_priv->filp;
> @@ -501,12 +524,6 @@ int drm_mode_create_lease_ioctl(struct drm_device *dev,
> if (!drm_core_check_feature(dev, DRIVER_MODESET))
> return -EOPNOTSUPP;
>
> - /* Do not allow sub-leases */
> - if (lessor->lessor) {
> - DRM_DEBUG_LEASE("recursive leasing not allowed\n");
> - return -EINVAL;
> - }
> -
> /* need some objects */
> if (cl->object_count == 0) {
> DRM_DEBUG_LEASE("no objects in lease\n");
> @@ -518,12 +535,22 @@ int drm_mode_create_lease_ioctl(struct drm_device *dev,
> return -EINVAL;
> }
>
> + lessor = drm_file_get_master(lessor_priv);
> + /* Do not allow sub-leases */
> + if (lessor->lessor) {
> + DRM_DEBUG_LEASE("recursive leasing not allowed\n");
> + ret = -EINVAL;
> + goto out_lessor;
> + }
> +
> object_count = cl->object_count;
>
> object_ids = memdup_user(u64_to_user_ptr(cl->object_ids),
> array_size(object_count, sizeof(__u32)));
> - if (IS_ERR(object_ids))
> - return PTR_ERR(object_ids);
> + if (IS_ERR(object_ids)) {
> + ret = PTR_ERR(object_ids);
> + goto out_lessor;
> + }
>
> idr_init(&leases);
>
> @@ -534,14 +561,15 @@ int drm_mode_create_lease_ioctl(struct drm_device *dev,
> if (ret) {
> DRM_DEBUG_LEASE("lease object lookup failed: %i\n", ret);
> idr_destroy(&leases);
> - return ret;
> + goto out_lessor;
> }
>
> /* Allocate a file descriptor for the lease */
> fd = get_unused_fd_flags(cl->flags & (O_CLOEXEC | O_NONBLOCK));
> if (fd < 0) {
> idr_destroy(&leases);
> - return fd;
> + ret = fd;
> + goto out_lessor;
> }
>
> DRM_DEBUG_LEASE("Creating lease\n");
> @@ -577,6 +605,7 @@ int drm_mode_create_lease_ioctl(struct drm_device *dev,
> /* Hook up the fd */
> fd_install(fd, lessee_file);
>
> + drm_master_put(&lessor);
> DRM_DEBUG_LEASE("drm_mode_create_lease_ioctl succeeded\n");
> return 0;
>
> @@ -586,6 +615,8 @@ int drm_mode_create_lease_ioctl(struct drm_device *dev,
> out_leases:
> put_unused_fd(fd);
>
> +out_lessor:
> + drm_master_put(&lessor);
> DRM_DEBUG_LEASE("drm_mode_create_lease_ioctl failed: %d\n", ret);
> return ret;
> }
> @@ -608,7 +639,7 @@ int drm_mode_list_lessees_ioctl(struct drm_device *dev,
> struct drm_mode_list_lessees *arg = data;
> __u32 __user *lessee_ids = (__u32 __user *) (uintptr_t) (arg->lessees_ptr);
> __u32 count_lessees = arg->count_lessees;
> - struct drm_master *lessor = lessor_priv->master, *lessee;
> + struct drm_master *lessor, *lessee;
> int count;
> int ret = 0;
>
> @@ -619,6 +650,7 @@ int drm_mode_list_lessees_ioctl(struct drm_device *dev,
> if (!drm_core_check_feature(dev, DRIVER_MODESET))
> return -EOPNOTSUPP;
>
> + lessor = drm_file_get_master(lessor_priv);
> DRM_DEBUG_LEASE("List lessees for %d\n", lessor->lessee_id);
>
> mutex_lock(&dev->mode_config.idr_mutex);
> @@ -642,6 +674,7 @@ int drm_mode_list_lessees_ioctl(struct drm_device *dev,
> arg->count_lessees = count;
>
> mutex_unlock(&dev->mode_config.idr_mutex);
> + drm_master_put(&lessor);
>
> return ret;
> }
> @@ -661,7 +694,7 @@ int drm_mode_get_lease_ioctl(struct drm_device *dev,
> struct drm_mode_get_lease *arg = data;
> __u32 __user *object_ids = (__u32 __user *) (uintptr_t) (arg->objects_ptr);
> __u32 count_objects = arg->count_objects;
> - struct drm_master *lessee = lessee_priv->master;
> + struct drm_master *lessee;
> struct idr *object_idr;
> int count;
> void *entry;
> @@ -675,6 +708,7 @@ int drm_mode_get_lease_ioctl(struct drm_device *dev,
> if (!drm_core_check_feature(dev, DRIVER_MODESET))
> return -EOPNOTSUPP;
>
> + lessee = drm_file_get_master(lessee_priv);
> DRM_DEBUG_LEASE("get lease for %d\n", lessee->lessee_id);
>
> mutex_lock(&dev->mode_config.idr_mutex);
> @@ -702,6 +736,7 @@ int drm_mode_get_lease_ioctl(struct drm_device *dev,
> arg->count_objects = count;
>
> mutex_unlock(&dev->mode_config.idr_mutex);
> + drm_master_put(&lessee);
>
> return ret;
> }
> @@ -720,7 +755,7 @@ int drm_mode_revoke_lease_ioctl(struct drm_device *dev,
> void *data, struct drm_file *lessor_priv)
> {
> struct drm_mode_revoke_lease *arg = data;
> - struct drm_master *lessor = lessor_priv->master;
> + struct drm_master *lessor;
> struct drm_master *lessee;
> int ret = 0;
>
> @@ -730,6 +765,7 @@ int drm_mode_revoke_lease_ioctl(struct drm_device *dev,
> if (!drm_core_check_feature(dev, DRIVER_MODESET))
> return -EOPNOTSUPP;
>
> + lessor = drm_file_get_master(lessor_priv);
> mutex_lock(&dev->mode_config.idr_mutex);
>
> lessee = _drm_find_lessee(lessor, arg->lessee_id);
> @@ -750,6 +786,7 @@ int drm_mode_revoke_lease_ioctl(struct drm_device *dev,
>
> fail:
> mutex_unlock(&dev->mode_config.idr_mutex);
> + drm_master_put(&lessor);
>
> return ret;
> }
> diff --git a/include/drm/drm_auth.h b/include/drm/drm_auth.h
> index 6bf8b2b78991..f99d3417f304 100644
> --- a/include/drm/drm_auth.h
> +++ b/include/drm/drm_auth.h
> @@ -107,6 +107,7 @@ struct drm_master {
> };
>
> struct drm_master *drm_master_get(struct drm_master *master);
> +struct drm_master *drm_file_get_master(struct drm_file *file_priv);
> void drm_master_put(struct drm_master **master);
> bool drm_is_current_master(struct drm_file *fpriv);
>
> diff --git a/include/drm/drm_file.h b/include/drm/drm_file.h
> index b81b3bfb08c8..e9931fca4ab7 100644
> --- a/include/drm/drm_file.h
> +++ b/include/drm/drm_file.h
> @@ -226,9 +226,18 @@ struct drm_file {
> /**
> * @master:
> *
> - * Master this node is currently associated with. Only relevant if
> - * drm_is_primary_client() returns true. Note that this only
> - * matches &drm_device.master if the master is the currently active one.
> + * Master this node is currently associated with. Protected by struct
> + * &drm_device.master_mutex.
> + *
> + * Only relevant if drm_is_primary_client() returns true. Note that
> + * this only matches &drm_device.master if the master is the currently
> + * active one.
> + *
> + * When obtaining a copy of this pointer, it is recommended to either

I found this a bit confusing, since I generally don't think of
dereferencing the pointer as "taking a copy". That's more for the entire
datastructure when you have a memcpy() call, or kmemdup() or something
like that. Also "it is recommended" is a bit weak if you get a
use-after-free if you dont :-)

So instead "When dererencing this pointer either hold ... or use
drm_file_get_master() ...."

Cheers, Daniel

> + * hold struct &drm_device.master_mutex for the duration of the
> + * pointer's use, or to use drm_file_get_master() if struct
> + * &drm_device.master_mutex is not currently held and there is no other
> + * need to hold it. This prevents @master from being freed during use.
> *
> * See also @authentication and @is_master and the :ref:`section on
> * primary nodes and authentication <drm_primary_node>`.
> --
> 2.25.1
>

--
Daniel Vetter
Software Engineer, Intel Corporation
http://blog.ffwll.ch

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