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Subject[PATCH 5.10 080/101] mm/thp: unmap_mapping_page() to fix THP truncate_cleanup_page()
Date
From: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>

[ Upstream commit 22061a1ffabdb9c3385de159c5db7aac3a4df1cc ]

There is a race between THP unmapping and truncation, when truncate sees
pmd_none() and skips the entry, after munmap's zap_huge_pmd() cleared
it, but before its page_remove_rmap() gets to decrement
compound_mapcount: generating false "BUG: Bad page cache" reports that
the page is still mapped when deleted. This commit fixes that, but not
in the way I hoped.

The first attempt used try_to_unmap(page, TTU_SYNC|TTU_IGNORE_MLOCK)
instead of unmap_mapping_range() in truncate_cleanup_page(): it has
often been an annoyance that we usually call unmap_mapping_range() with
no pages locked, but there apply it to a single locked page.
try_to_unmap() looks more suitable for a single locked page.

However, try_to_unmap_one() contains a VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!pvmw.pte,page):
it is used to insert THP migration entries, but not used to unmap THPs.
Copy zap_huge_pmd() and add THP handling now? Perhaps, but their TLB
needs are different, I'm too ignorant of the DAX cases, and couldn't
decide how far to go for anon+swap. Set that aside.

The second attempt took a different tack: make no change in truncate.c,
but modify zap_huge_pmd() to insert an invalidated huge pmd instead of
clearing it initially, then pmd_clear() between page_remove_rmap() and
unlocking at the end. Nice. But powerpc blows that approach out of the
water, with its serialize_against_pte_lookup(), and interesting pgtable
usage. It would need serious help to get working on powerpc (with a
minor optimization issue on s390 too). Set that aside.

Just add an "if (page_mapped(page)) synchronize_rcu();" or other such
delay, after unmapping in truncate_cleanup_page()? Perhaps, but though
that's likely to reduce or eliminate the number of incidents, it would
give less assurance of whether we had identified the problem correctly.

This successful iteration introduces "unmap_mapping_page(page)" instead
of try_to_unmap(), and goes the usual unmap_mapping_range_tree() route,
with an addition to details. Then zap_pmd_range() watches for this
case, and does spin_unlock(pmd_lock) if so - just like
page_vma_mapped_walk() now does in the PVMW_SYNC case. Not pretty, but
safe.

Note that unmap_mapping_page() is doing a VM_BUG_ON(!PageLocked) to
assert its interface; but currently that's only used to make sure that
page->mapping is stable, and zap_pmd_range() doesn't care if the page is
locked or not. Along these lines, in invalidate_inode_pages2_range()
move the initial unmap_mapping_range() out from under page lock, before
then calling unmap_mapping_page() under page lock if still mapped.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/a2a4a148-cdd8-942c-4ef8-51b77f643dbe@google.com
Fixes: fc127da085c2 ("truncate: handle file thp")
Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Acked-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Yang Shi <shy828301@gmail.com>
Cc: Alistair Popple <apopple@nvidia.com>
Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Cc: Jue Wang <juew@google.com>
Cc: "Matthew Wilcox (Oracle)" <willy@infradead.org>
Cc: Miaohe Lin <linmiaohe@huawei.com>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Naoya Horiguchi <naoya.horiguchi@nec.com>
Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Cc: Peter Xu <peterx@redhat.com>
Cc: Ralph Campbell <rcampbell@nvidia.com>
Cc: Shakeel Butt <shakeelb@google.com>
Cc: Wang Yugui <wangyugui@e16-tech.com>
Cc: Zi Yan <ziy@nvidia.com>
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

Note on stable backport: fixed up call to truncate_cleanup_page()
in truncate_inode_pages_range().

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
---
include/linux/mm.h | 3 +++
mm/memory.c | 41 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
mm/truncate.c | 43 +++++++++++++++++++------------------------
3 files changed, 63 insertions(+), 24 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/mm.h b/include/linux/mm.h
index 5106db3ad1ce..289c26f055cd 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm.h
@@ -1648,6 +1648,7 @@ struct zap_details {
struct address_space *check_mapping; /* Check page->mapping if set */
pgoff_t first_index; /* Lowest page->index to unmap */
pgoff_t last_index; /* Highest page->index to unmap */
+ struct page *single_page; /* Locked page to be unmapped */
};

struct page *vm_normal_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long addr,
@@ -1695,6 +1696,7 @@ extern vm_fault_t handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
extern int fixup_user_fault(struct mm_struct *mm,
unsigned long address, unsigned int fault_flags,
bool *unlocked);
+void unmap_mapping_page(struct page *page);
void unmap_mapping_pages(struct address_space *mapping,
pgoff_t start, pgoff_t nr, bool even_cows);
void unmap_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping,
@@ -1715,6 +1717,7 @@ static inline int fixup_user_fault(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address,
BUG();
return -EFAULT;
}
+static inline void unmap_mapping_page(struct page *page) { }
static inline void unmap_mapping_pages(struct address_space *mapping,
pgoff_t start, pgoff_t nr, bool even_cows) { }
static inline void unmap_mapping_range(struct address_space *mapping,
diff --git a/mm/memory.c b/mm/memory.c
index b70bd3ba3388..eb31b3e4ef93 100644
--- a/mm/memory.c
+++ b/mm/memory.c
@@ -1355,7 +1355,18 @@ static inline unsigned long zap_pmd_range(struct mmu_gather *tlb,
else if (zap_huge_pmd(tlb, vma, pmd, addr))
goto next;
/* fall through */
+ } else if (details && details->single_page &&
+ PageTransCompound(details->single_page) &&
+ next - addr == HPAGE_PMD_SIZE && pmd_none(*pmd)) {
+ spinlock_t *ptl = pmd_lock(tlb->mm, pmd);
+ /*
+ * Take and drop THP pmd lock so that we cannot return
+ * prematurely, while zap_huge_pmd() has cleared *pmd,
+ * but not yet decremented compound_mapcount().
+ */
+ spin_unlock(ptl);
}
+
/*
* Here there can be other concurrent MADV_DONTNEED or
* trans huge page faults running, and if the pmd is
@@ -3185,6 +3196,36 @@ static inline void unmap_mapping_range_tree(struct rb_root_cached *root,
}
}

+/**
+ * unmap_mapping_page() - Unmap single page from processes.
+ * @page: The locked page to be unmapped.
+ *
+ * Unmap this page from any userspace process which still has it mmaped.
+ * Typically, for efficiency, the range of nearby pages has already been
+ * unmapped by unmap_mapping_pages() or unmap_mapping_range(). But once
+ * truncation or invalidation holds the lock on a page, it may find that
+ * the page has been remapped again: and then uses unmap_mapping_page()
+ * to unmap it finally.
+ */
+void unmap_mapping_page(struct page *page)
+{
+ struct address_space *mapping = page->mapping;
+ struct zap_details details = { };
+
+ VM_BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page));
+ VM_BUG_ON(PageTail(page));
+
+ details.check_mapping = mapping;
+ details.first_index = page->index;
+ details.last_index = page->index + thp_nr_pages(page) - 1;
+ details.single_page = page;
+
+ i_mmap_lock_write(mapping);
+ if (unlikely(!RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&mapping->i_mmap.rb_root)))
+ unmap_mapping_range_tree(&mapping->i_mmap, &details);
+ i_mmap_unlock_write(mapping);
+}
+
/**
* unmap_mapping_pages() - Unmap pages from processes.
* @mapping: The address space containing pages to be unmapped.
diff --git a/mm/truncate.c b/mm/truncate.c
index 960edf5803ca..8914ca4ce4b1 100644
--- a/mm/truncate.c
+++ b/mm/truncate.c
@@ -173,13 +173,10 @@ void do_invalidatepage(struct page *page, unsigned int offset,
* its lock, b) when a concurrent invalidate_mapping_pages got there first and
* c) when tmpfs swizzles a page between a tmpfs inode and swapper_space.
*/
-static void
-truncate_cleanup_page(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page)
+static void truncate_cleanup_page(struct page *page)
{
- if (page_mapped(page)) {
- unsigned int nr = thp_nr_pages(page);
- unmap_mapping_pages(mapping, page->index, nr, false);
- }
+ if (page_mapped(page))
+ unmap_mapping_page(page);

if (page_has_private(page))
do_invalidatepage(page, 0, thp_size(page));
@@ -224,7 +221,7 @@ int truncate_inode_page(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *page)
if (page->mapping != mapping)
return -EIO;

- truncate_cleanup_page(mapping, page);
+ truncate_cleanup_page(page);
delete_from_page_cache(page);
return 0;
}
@@ -362,7 +359,7 @@ void truncate_inode_pages_range(struct address_space *mapping,
pagevec_add(&locked_pvec, page);
}
for (i = 0; i < pagevec_count(&locked_pvec); i++)
- truncate_cleanup_page(mapping, locked_pvec.pages[i]);
+ truncate_cleanup_page(locked_pvec.pages[i]);
delete_from_page_cache_batch(mapping, &locked_pvec);
for (i = 0; i < pagevec_count(&locked_pvec); i++)
unlock_page(locked_pvec.pages[i]);
@@ -737,6 +734,16 @@ int invalidate_inode_pages2_range(struct address_space *mapping,
continue;
}

+ if (!did_range_unmap && page_mapped(page)) {
+ /*
+ * If page is mapped, before taking its lock,
+ * zap the rest of the file in one hit.
+ */
+ unmap_mapping_pages(mapping, index,
+ (1 + end - index), false);
+ did_range_unmap = 1;
+ }
+
lock_page(page);
WARN_ON(page_to_index(page) != index);
if (page->mapping != mapping) {
@@ -744,23 +751,11 @@ int invalidate_inode_pages2_range(struct address_space *mapping,
continue;
}
wait_on_page_writeback(page);
- if (page_mapped(page)) {
- if (!did_range_unmap) {
- /*
- * Zap the rest of the file in one hit.
- */
- unmap_mapping_pages(mapping, index,
- (1 + end - index), false);
- did_range_unmap = 1;
- } else {
- /*
- * Just zap this page
- */
- unmap_mapping_pages(mapping, index,
- 1, false);
- }
- }
+
+ if (page_mapped(page))
+ unmap_mapping_page(page);
BUG_ON(page_mapped(page));
+
ret2 = do_launder_page(mapping, page);
if (ret2 == 0) {
if (!invalidate_complete_page2(mapping, page))
--
2.30.2
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