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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2] PCI: rockchip: Avoid accessing PCIe registers with clocks gated
On Thu, Jun 24, 2021 at 05:40:40PM -0500, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
> [+cc Michal, Ley Foon, Jingoo, Thierry, Jonathan]
>
> On Tue, Jun 08, 2021 at 10:04:09AM +0200, Javier Martinez Canillas wrote:
> > IRQ handlers that are registered for shared interrupts can be called at
> > any time after have been registered using the request_irq() function.
> >
> > It's up to drivers to ensure that's always safe for these to be called.
> >
> > Both the "pcie-sys" and "pcie-client" interrupts are shared, but since
> > their handlers are registered very early in the probe function, an error
> > later can lead to these handlers being executed before all the required
> > resources have been properly setup.
> >
> > For example, the rockchip_pcie_read() function used by these IRQ handlers
> > expects that some PCIe clocks will already be enabled, otherwise trying
> > to access the PCIe registers causes the read to hang and never return.
> >
> > The CONFIG_DEBUG_SHIRQ option tests if drivers are able to cope with their
> > shared interrupt handlers being called, by generating a spurious interrupt
> > just before a shared interrupt handler is unregistered.
> >
> > But this means that if the option is enabled, any error in the probe path
> > of this driver could lead to one of the IRQ handlers to be executed.
>
> I'm not an IRQ expert, but I think this is an issue regardless of
> CONFIG_DEBUG_SHIRQ, isn't it? Anything used by an IRQ handler should
> be initialized before the handler is registered. CONFIG_DEBUG_SHIRQ
> is just a way to help find latent problems.
>
> > In a rockpro64 board, the following sequence of events happens:
> >
> > 1) "pcie-sys" IRQ is requested and its handler registered.
> > 2) "pcie-client" IRQ is requested and its handler registered.
> > 3) probe later fails due readl_poll_timeout() returning a timeout.
> > 4) the "pcie-sys" IRQ is unregistered.
> > 5) CONFIG_DEBUG_SHIRQ triggers a spurious interrupt.
> > 6) "pcie-client" IRQ handler is called for this spurious interrupt.
> > 7) IRQ handler tries to read PCIE_CLIENT_INT_STATUS with clocks gated.
> > 8) the machine hangs because rockchip_pcie_read() call never returns.
> >
> > To avoid cases like this, the handlers don't have to be registered until
> > very late in the probe function, once all the resources have been setup.
> >
> > So let's just move all the IRQ init before the pci_host_probe() call, that
> > will prevent issues like this and seems to be the correct thing to do too.
>
> Previously we registered rockchip_pcie_subsys_irq_handler() and
> rockchip_pcie_client_irq_handler() before the PCIe clocks were
> enabled. That's a problem because they depend on those clocks being
> enabled, and your patch fixes that.
>
> rockchip_pcie_legacy_int_handler() depends on rockchip->irq_domain,
> which isn't initialized until rockchip_pcie_init_irq_domain().
> Previously we registered rockchip_pcie_legacy_int_handler() as the
> handler for the "legacy" IRQ before rockchip_pcie_init_irq_domain().
>
> I think your patch *also* fixes that problem, right?

The lack of consistency in how we use
irq_set_chained_handler_and_data() really bugs me.

Your patch fixes the ordering issue where we installed
rockchip_pcie_legacy_int_handler() before initializing data
(rockchip->irq_domain) that it depends on.

But AFAICT, rockchip still has the problem that we don't *unregister*
rockchip_pcie_legacy_int_handler() when the rockchip-pcie module is
removed. Doesn't this mean that if we unload the module, then receive
an interrupt from the device, we'll try to call a function that is no
longer present?

> > diff --git a/drivers/pci/controller/pcie-rockchip-host.c b/drivers/pci/controller/pcie-rockchip-host.c
> > index f1d08a1b159..78d04ac29cd 100644
> > --- a/drivers/pci/controller/pcie-rockchip-host.c
> > +++ b/drivers/pci/controller/pcie-rockchip-host.c
> > @@ -592,10 +592,6 @@ static int rockchip_pcie_parse_host_dt(struct rockchip_pcie *rockchip)
> > if (err)
> > return err;
> >
> > - err = rockchip_pcie_setup_irq(rockchip);
> > - if (err)
> > - return err;
> > -
> > rockchip->vpcie12v = devm_regulator_get_optional(dev, "vpcie12v");
> > if (IS_ERR(rockchip->vpcie12v)) {
> > if (PTR_ERR(rockchip->vpcie12v) != -ENODEV)
> > @@ -973,8 +969,6 @@ static int rockchip_pcie_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
> > if (err)
> > goto err_vpcie;
> >
> > - rockchip_pcie_enable_interrupts(rockchip);
> > -
> > err = rockchip_pcie_init_irq_domain(rockchip);
> > if (err < 0)
> > goto err_deinit_port;
> > @@ -992,6 +986,12 @@ static int rockchip_pcie_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
> > bridge->sysdata = rockchip;
> > bridge->ops = &rockchip_pcie_ops;
> >
> > + err = rockchip_pcie_setup_irq(rockchip);
> > + if (err)
> > + goto err_remove_irq_domain;
> > +
> > + rockchip_pcie_enable_interrupts(rockchip);
> > +
> > err = pci_host_probe(bridge);
> > if (err < 0)
> > goto err_remove_irq_domain;
> > --
> > 2.31.1
> >

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