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Subject[PATCH v15 00/12] Restricted DMA
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This series implements mitigations for lack of DMA access control on
systems without an IOMMU, which could result in the DMA accessing the
system memory at unexpected times and/or unexpected addresses, possibly
leading to data leakage or corruption.

For example, we plan to use the PCI-e bus for Wi-Fi and that PCI-e bus is
not behind an IOMMU. As PCI-e, by design, gives the device full access to
system memory, a vulnerability in the Wi-Fi firmware could easily escalate
to a full system exploit (remote wifi exploits: [1a], [1b] that shows a
full chain of exploits; [2], [3]).

To mitigate the security concerns, we introduce restricted DMA. Restricted
DMA utilizes the existing swiotlb to bounce streaming DMA in and out of a
specially allocated region and does memory allocation from the same region.
The feature on its own provides a basic level of protection against the DMA
overwriting buffer contents at unexpected times. However, to protect
against general data leakage and system memory corruption, the system needs
to provide a way to restrict the DMA to a predefined memory region (this is
usually done at firmware level, e.g. MPU in ATF on some ARM platforms [4]).

[1a] https://googleprojectzero.blogspot.com/2017/04/over-air-exploiting-broadcoms-wi-fi_4.html
[1b] https://googleprojectzero.blogspot.com/2017/04/over-air-exploiting-broadcoms-wi-fi_11.html
[2] https://blade.tencent.com/en/advisories/qualpwn/
[3] https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/vulnerabilities-found-in-highly-popular-firmware-for-wifi-chips/
[4] https://github.com/ARM-software/arm-trusted-firmware/blob/master/plat/mediatek/mt8183/drivers/emi_mpu/emi_mpu.c#L132

v15:
- Apply Will's diff (https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/patch/1448957/#1647521)
to fix the crash reported by Qian.
- Add Stefano's Acked-by tag for patch 01/12 from v14

v14:
- Move set_memory_decrypted before swiotlb_init_io_tlb_mem (patch 01/12, 10,12)
- Add Stefano's Acked-by tag from v13
https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/cover/1448954/

v13:
- Fix xen-swiotlb issues
- memset in patch 01/12
- is_swiotlb_force_bounce in patch 06/12
- Fix the dts example typo in reserved-memory.txt
- Add Stefano and Will's Tested-by tag from v12
https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/cover/1448001/

v12:
Split is_dev_swiotlb_force into is_swiotlb_force_bounce (patch 06/12) and
is_swiotlb_for_alloc (patch 09/12)
https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/cover/1447254/

v11:
- Rebase against swiotlb devel/for-linus-5.14
- s/mempry/memory/g
- exchange the order of patch 09/12 and 10/12
https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/cover/1447216/

v10:
Address the comments in v9 to
- fix the dev->dma_io_tlb_mem assignment
- propagate swiotlb_force setting into io_tlb_default_mem->force
- move set_memory_decrypted out of swiotlb_init_io_tlb_mem
- move debugfs_dir declaration into the main CONFIG_DEBUG_FS block
- add swiotlb_ prefix to find_slots and release_slots
- merge the 3 alloc/free related patches
- move the CONFIG_DMA_RESTRICTED_POOL later
https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/cover/1446882/

v9:
Address the comments in v7 to
- set swiotlb active pool to dev->dma_io_tlb_mem
- get rid of get_io_tlb_mem
- dig out the device struct for is_swiotlb_active
- move debugfs_create_dir out of swiotlb_create_debugfs
- do set_memory_decrypted conditionally in swiotlb_init_io_tlb_mem
- use IS_ENABLED in kernel/dma/direct.c
- fix redefinition of 'of_dma_set_restricted_buffer'
https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/cover/1445081/

v8:
- Fix reserved-memory.txt and add the reg property in example.
- Fix sizeof for of_property_count_elems_of_size in
drivers/of/address.c#of_dma_set_restricted_buffer.
- Apply Will's suggestion to try the OF node having DMA configuration in
drivers/of/address.c#of_dma_set_restricted_buffer.
- Fix typo in the comment of drivers/of/address.c#of_dma_set_restricted_buffer.
- Add error message for PageHighMem in
kernel/dma/swiotlb.c#rmem_swiotlb_device_init and move it to
rmem_swiotlb_setup.
- Fix the message string in rmem_swiotlb_setup.
https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/cover/1437112/

v7:
Fix debugfs, PageHighMem and comment style in rmem_swiotlb_device_init
https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/cover/1431031/

v6:
Address the comments in v5
https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/cover/1423201/

v5:
Rebase on latest linux-next
https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/cover/1416899/

v4:
- Fix spinlock bad magic
- Use rmem->name for debugfs entry
- Address the comments in v3
https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/cover/1378113/

v3:
Using only one reserved memory region for both streaming DMA and memory
allocation.
https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/cover/1360992/

v2:
Building on top of swiotlb.
https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/cover/1280705/

v1:
Using dma_map_ops.
https://lore.kernel.org/patchwork/cover/1271660/

Claire Chang (12):
swiotlb: Refactor swiotlb init functions
swiotlb: Refactor swiotlb_create_debugfs
swiotlb: Set dev->dma_io_tlb_mem to the swiotlb pool used
swiotlb: Update is_swiotlb_buffer to add a struct device argument
swiotlb: Update is_swiotlb_active to add a struct device argument
swiotlb: Use is_swiotlb_force_bounce for swiotlb data bouncing
swiotlb: Move alloc_size to swiotlb_find_slots
swiotlb: Refactor swiotlb_tbl_unmap_single
swiotlb: Add restricted DMA alloc/free support
swiotlb: Add restricted DMA pool initialization
dt-bindings: of: Add restricted DMA pool
of: Add plumbing for restricted DMA pool

.../reserved-memory/reserved-memory.txt | 36 ++-
drivers/base/core.c | 4 +
drivers/gpu/drm/i915/gem/i915_gem_internal.c | 2 +-
drivers/gpu/drm/nouveau/nouveau_ttm.c | 2 +-
drivers/iommu/dma-iommu.c | 12 +-
drivers/of/address.c | 33 +++
drivers/of/device.c | 3 +
drivers/of/of_private.h | 6 +
drivers/pci/xen-pcifront.c | 2 +-
drivers/xen/swiotlb-xen.c | 4 +-
include/linux/device.h | 4 +
include/linux/swiotlb.h | 53 +++-
kernel/dma/Kconfig | 14 +
kernel/dma/direct.c | 59 ++--
kernel/dma/direct.h | 8 +-
kernel/dma/swiotlb.c | 251 +++++++++++++-----
16 files changed, 390 insertions(+), 103 deletions(-)

--
2.32.0.288.g62a8d224e6-goog

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