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Subject[PATCH V7 09/18] KVM: x86/pmu: Reprogram PEBS event to emulate guest PEBS counter
Date
From: Like Xu <like.xu@linux.intel.com>

When a guest counter is configured as a PEBS counter through
IA32_PEBS_ENABLE, a guest PEBS event will be reprogrammed by
configuring a non-zero precision level in the perf_event_attr.

The guest PEBS overflow PMI bit would be set in the guest
GLOBAL_STATUS MSR when PEBS facility generates a PEBS
overflow PMI based on guest IA32_DS_AREA MSR.

Even with the same counter index and the same event code and
mask, guest PEBS events will not be reused for non-PEBS events.

Originally-by: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
Co-developed-by: Kan Liang <kan.liang@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Kan Liang <kan.liang@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Like Xu <like.xu@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Zhu Lingshan <lingshan.zhu@intel.com>
---
arch/x86/kvm/pmu.c | 42 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
1 file changed, 38 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/pmu.c b/arch/x86/kvm/pmu.c
index 2dcbd1b30004..d76b0a5d80d7 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kvm/pmu.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/pmu.c
@@ -74,11 +74,21 @@ static void kvm_perf_overflow_intr(struct perf_event *perf_event,
{
struct kvm_pmc *pmc = perf_event->overflow_handler_context;
struct kvm_pmu *pmu = pmc_to_pmu(pmc);
+ bool skip_pmi = false;

if (!test_and_set_bit(pmc->idx, pmu->reprogram_pmi)) {
- __set_bit(pmc->idx, (unsigned long *)&pmu->global_status);
+ if (perf_event->attr.precise_ip) {
+ /* Indicate PEBS overflow PMI to guest. */
+ skip_pmi = __test_and_set_bit(GLOBAL_STATUS_BUFFER_OVF_BIT,
+ (unsigned long *)&pmu->global_status);
+ } else {
+ __set_bit(pmc->idx, (unsigned long *)&pmu->global_status);
+ }
kvm_make_request(KVM_REQ_PMU, pmc->vcpu);

+ if (skip_pmi)
+ return;
+
/*
* Inject PMI. If vcpu was in a guest mode during NMI PMI
* can be ejected on a guest mode re-entry. Otherwise we can't
@@ -99,6 +109,7 @@ static void pmc_reprogram_counter(struct kvm_pmc *pmc, u32 type,
bool exclude_kernel, bool intr,
bool in_tx, bool in_tx_cp)
{
+ struct kvm_pmu *pmu = vcpu_to_pmu(pmc->vcpu);
struct perf_event *event;
struct perf_event_attr attr = {
.type = type,
@@ -110,6 +121,8 @@ static void pmc_reprogram_counter(struct kvm_pmc *pmc, u32 type,
.exclude_kernel = exclude_kernel,
.config = config,
};
+ bool pebs = test_bit(pmc->idx, (unsigned long *)&pmu->pebs_enable);
+ perf_overflow_handler_t ovf = kvm_perf_overflow;

attr.sample_period = get_sample_period(pmc, pmc->counter);

@@ -124,10 +137,27 @@ static void pmc_reprogram_counter(struct kvm_pmc *pmc, u32 type,
attr.sample_period = 0;
attr.config |= HSW_IN_TX_CHECKPOINTED;
}
+ if (pebs) {
+ /*
+ * The non-zero precision level of guest event makes the ordinary
+ * guest event becomes a guest PEBS event and triggers the host
+ * PEBS PMI handler to determine whether the PEBS overflow PMI
+ * comes from the host counters or the guest.
+ *
+ * For most PEBS hardware events, the difference in the software
+ * precision levels of guest and host PEBS events will not affect
+ * the accuracy of the PEBS profiling result, because the "event IP"
+ * in the PEBS record is calibrated on the guest side.
+ *
+ * On Icelake everything is fine. Other hardware (GLC+, TNT+) that
+ * could possibly care here is unsupported and needs changes.
+ */
+ attr.precise_ip = 1;
+ }
+ if (pebs || intr)
+ ovf = kvm_perf_overflow_intr;

- event = perf_event_create_kernel_counter(&attr, -1, current,
- intr ? kvm_perf_overflow_intr :
- kvm_perf_overflow, pmc);
+ event = perf_event_create_kernel_counter(&attr, -1, current, ovf, pmc);
if (IS_ERR(event)) {
pr_debug_ratelimited("kvm_pmu: event creation failed %ld for pmc->idx = %d\n",
PTR_ERR(event), pmc->idx);
@@ -161,6 +191,10 @@ static bool pmc_resume_counter(struct kvm_pmc *pmc)
get_sample_period(pmc, pmc->counter)))
return false;

+ if (!test_bit(pmc->idx, (unsigned long *)&pmc_to_pmu(pmc)->pebs_enable) &&
+ pmc->perf_event->attr.precise_ip)
+ return false;
+
/* reuse perf_event to serve as pmc_reprogram_counter() does*/
perf_event_enable(pmc->perf_event);

--
2.27.0
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