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Subject[PATCH Part1 RFC v3 13/22] x86/kernel: Validate rom memory before accessing when SEV-SNP is active
The probe_roms() access the memory range (0xc0000 - 0x10000) to probe
various ROMs. The memory range is not part of the E820 system RAM
range. The memory range is mapped as private (i.e encrypted) in page

When SEV-SNP is active, all the private memory must be validated before
the access. The ROM range was not part of E820 map, so the guest BIOS
did not validate it. An access to invalidated memory will cause a VC
exception. The guest does not support handling not-validated VC exception
yet, so validate the ROM memory regions before it is accessed.

Signed-off-by: Brijesh Singh <>
arch/x86/kernel/probe_roms.c | 13 ++++++++++++-
1 file changed, 12 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/probe_roms.c b/arch/x86/kernel/probe_roms.c
index 9e1def3744f2..04b59ee77e42 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/probe_roms.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/probe_roms.c
@@ -21,6 +21,7 @@
#include <asm/sections.h>
#include <asm/io.h>
#include <asm/setup_arch.h>
+#include <asm/sev.h>

static struct resource system_rom_resource = {
.name = "System ROM",
@@ -197,11 +198,21 @@ static int __init romchecksum(const unsigned char *rom, unsigned long length)

void __init probe_roms(void)
- const unsigned char *rom;
unsigned long start, length, upper;
+ const unsigned char *rom;
unsigned char c;
int i;

+ /*
+ * The ROM memory is not part of the E820 system RAM and is not pre-validated
+ * by the BIOS. The kernel page table maps the ROM region as encrypted memory,
+ * the SEV-SNP requires the encrypted memory must be validated before the
+ * access. Validate the ROM before accessing it.
+ */
+ snp_prep_memory(video_rom_resource.start,
+ ((system_rom_resource.end + 1) - video_rom_resource.start),
/* video rom */
upper = adapter_rom_resources[0].start;
for (start = video_rom_resource.start; start < upper; start += 2048) {
 \ /
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