[lkml]   [2021]   [Jun]   [18]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
Subject[PATCH v3 11/11] x86/tdx: Handle CPUID via #VE
From: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <>

TDX has three classes of CPUID leaves: some CPUID leaves
are always handled by the CPU, others are handled by the TDX module,
and some others are handled by the VMM. Since the VMM cannot directly
intercept the instruction these are reflected with a #VE exception
to the guest, which then converts it into a hypercall to the VMM,
or handled directly.

The TDX module EAS has a full list of CPUID leaves which are handled
natively or by the TDX module in 16.2. Only unknown CPUIDs are handled by
the #VE method. In practice this typically only applies to the
hypervisor specific CPUIDs unknown to the native CPU.

Therefore there is no risk of causing this in early CPUID code which
runs before the #VE handler is set up because it will never access
those exotic CPUID leaves.

Signed-off-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <>
Reviewed-by: Andi Kleen <>
Reviewed-by: Tony Luck <>
Signed-off-by: Kuppuswamy Sathyanarayanan <>
arch/x86/kernel/tdx.c | 18 ++++++++++++++++++
1 file changed, 18 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/tdx.c b/arch/x86/kernel/tdx.c
index a02ee45695e6..f48567dce97a 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/tdx.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/tdx.c
@@ -157,6 +157,21 @@ static int tdg_write_msr_safe(unsigned int msr, unsigned int low,
return ret ? -EIO : 0;

+static void tdg_handle_cpuid(struct pt_regs *regs)
+ u64 ret;
+ struct tdx_hypercall_output out = {0};
+ ret = _tdx_hypercall(EXIT_REASON_CPUID, regs->ax, regs->cx, 0, 0, &out);
+ WARN_ON(ret);
+ regs->ax = out.r12;
+ regs->bx = out.r13;
+ regs->cx = out.r14;
+ regs->dx = out.r15;
unsigned long tdg_get_ve_info(struct ve_info *ve)
u64 ret;
@@ -200,6 +215,9 @@ int tdg_handle_virtualization_exception(struct pt_regs *regs,
ret = tdg_write_msr_safe(regs->cx, regs->ax, regs->dx);
+ tdg_handle_cpuid(regs);
+ break;
pr_warn("Unexpected #VE: %lld\n", ve->exit_reason);
return -EFAULT;
 \ /
  Last update: 2021-06-19 00:59    [W:0.149 / U:0.308 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site