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Subject[PATCH v3 07/11] x86/traps: Add #VE support for TDX guest
Date
From: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>

Virtualization Exceptions (#VE) are delivered to TDX guests due to
specific guest actions which may happen in either user space or the kernel:

 * Specific instructions (WBINVD, for example)
 * Specific MSR accesses
 * Specific CPUID leaf accesses
 * Access to TD-shared memory, which includes MMIO

In the settings that Linux will run in, virtual exceptions are never
generated on accesses to normal, TD-private memory that has been
accepted.

The entry paths do not access TD-shared memory, MMIO regions or use
those specific MSRs, instructions, CPUID leaves that might generate #VE.
In addition, all interrupts including NMIs are blocked by the hardware
starting with #VE delivery until TDGETVEINFO is called.  This eliminates
the chance of a #VE during the syscall gap or paranoid entry paths and
simplifies #VE handling.

After TDGETVEINFO #VE could happen in theory (e.g. through an NMI),
but it is expected not to happen because TDX expects NMIs not to
trigger #VEs. Another case where they could happen is if the #VE
exception panics, but in this case there are no guarantees on anything
anyways.

If a guest kernel action which would normally cause a #VE occurs in the
interrupt-disabled region before TDGETVEINFO, a #DF is delivered to the
guest which will result in an oops (and should eventually be a panic, as
we would like to set panic_on_oops to 1 for TDX guests).

Add basic infrastructure to handle any #VE which occurs in the kernel or
userspace.  Later patches will add handling for specific #VE scenarios.

Convert unhandled #VE's (everything, until later in this series) so that
they appear just like a #GP by calling ve_raise_fault() directly.
ve_raise_fault() is similar to #GP handler and is responsible for
sending SIGSEGV to userspace and cpu die and notifying debuggers and
other die chain users.  

Co-developed-by: Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Kuppuswamy Sathyanarayanan <sathyanarayanan.kuppuswamy@linux.intel.com>
---
arch/x86/include/asm/idtentry.h | 4 ++
arch/x86/include/asm/tdx.h | 19 +++++++++
arch/x86/kernel/idt.c | 6 +++
arch/x86/kernel/tdx.c | 36 +++++++++++++++++
arch/x86/kernel/traps.c | 69 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
5 files changed, 134 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/idtentry.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/idtentry.h
index 73d45b0dfff2..d3c779abbc78 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/idtentry.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/idtentry.h
@@ -634,6 +634,10 @@ DECLARE_IDTENTRY_XENCB(X86_TRAP_OTHER, exc_xen_hypervisor_callback);
DECLARE_IDTENTRY_RAW(X86_TRAP_OTHER, exc_xen_unknown_trap);
#endif

+#ifdef CONFIG_INTEL_TDX_GUEST
+DECLARE_IDTENTRY(X86_TRAP_VE, exc_virtualization_exception);
+#endif
+
/* Device interrupts common/spurious */
DECLARE_IDTENTRY_IRQ(X86_TRAP_OTHER, common_interrupt);
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_LOCAL_APIC
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/tdx.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/tdx.h
index 6eea835694c0..5b07f01a0f99 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/tdx.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/tdx.h
@@ -39,6 +39,20 @@ struct tdx_hypercall_output {
u64 r15;
};

+/*
+ * Used by #VE exception handler to gather the #VE exception
+ * info from the TDX module. This is software only structure
+ * and not related to TDX module/VMM.
+ */
+struct ve_info {
+ u64 exit_reason;
+ u64 exit_qual;
+ u64 gla; /* Guest Linear (virtual) Address */
+ u64 gpa; /* Guest Physical (virtual) Address */
+ u32 instr_len;
+ u32 instr_info;
+};
+
#ifdef CONFIG_INTEL_TDX_GUEST

void __init tdx_early_init(void);
@@ -53,6 +67,11 @@ u64 __tdx_module_call(u64 fn, u64 rcx, u64 rdx, u64 r8, u64 r9,
u64 __tdx_hypercall(u64 type, u64 fn, u64 r12, u64 r13, u64 r14,
u64 r15, struct tdx_hypercall_output *out);

+unsigned long tdg_get_ve_info(struct ve_info *ve);
+
+int tdg_handle_virtualization_exception(struct pt_regs *regs,
+ struct ve_info *ve);
+
#else

static inline void tdx_early_init(void) { };
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/idt.c b/arch/x86/kernel/idt.c
index d552f177eca0..39390761d9c8 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/idt.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/idt.c
@@ -64,6 +64,9 @@ static const __initconst struct idt_data early_idts[] = {
*/
INTG(X86_TRAP_PF, asm_exc_page_fault),
#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_INTEL_TDX_GUEST
+ INTG(X86_TRAP_VE, asm_exc_virtualization_exception),
+#endif
};

/*
@@ -87,6 +90,9 @@ static const __initconst struct idt_data def_idts[] = {
INTG(X86_TRAP_MF, asm_exc_coprocessor_error),
INTG(X86_TRAP_AC, asm_exc_alignment_check),
INTG(X86_TRAP_XF, asm_exc_simd_coprocessor_error),
+#ifdef CONFIG_INTEL_TDX_GUEST
+ INTG(X86_TRAP_VE, asm_exc_virtualization_exception),
+#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
TSKG(X86_TRAP_DF, GDT_ENTRY_DOUBLEFAULT_TSS),
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/tdx.c b/arch/x86/kernel/tdx.c
index 98778f44bbc6..21d0c9e78b0c 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/tdx.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/tdx.c
@@ -10,6 +10,7 @@

/* TDX Module call Leaf IDs */
#define TDINFO 1
+#define TDGETVEINFO 3

static struct {
unsigned int gpa_width;
@@ -79,6 +80,41 @@ static void tdg_get_info(void)
td_info.attributes = out.rdx;
}

+unsigned long tdg_get_ve_info(struct ve_info *ve)
+{
+ u64 ret;
+ struct tdx_module_output out = {0};
+
+ /*
+ * NMIs and machine checks are suppressed. Before this point any
+ * #VE is fatal. After this point (TDGETVEINFO call), NMIs and
+ * additional #VEs are permitted (but we don't expect them to
+ * happen unless you panic).
+ */
+ ret = __tdx_module_call(TDGETVEINFO, 0, 0, 0, 0, &out);
+
+ ve->exit_reason = out.rcx;
+ ve->exit_qual = out.rdx;
+ ve->gla = out.r8;
+ ve->gpa = out.r9;
+ ve->instr_len = out.r10 & UINT_MAX;
+ ve->instr_info = out.r10 >> 32;
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+int tdg_handle_virtualization_exception(struct pt_regs *regs,
+ struct ve_info *ve)
+{
+ /*
+ * TODO: Add handler support for various #VE exit
+ * reasons. It will be added by other patches in
+ * the series.
+ */
+ pr_warn("Unexpected #VE: %lld\n", ve->exit_reason);
+ return -EFAULT;
+}
+
void __init tdx_early_init(void)
{
if (!cpuid_has_tdx_guest())
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/traps.c b/arch/x86/kernel/traps.c
index 853ea7a80806..d860fdee9cfe 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/traps.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/traps.c
@@ -61,6 +61,7 @@
#include <asm/insn.h>
#include <asm/insn-eval.h>
#include <asm/vdso.h>
+#include <asm/tdx.h>

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
#include <asm/x86_init.h>
@@ -1139,6 +1140,74 @@ DEFINE_IDTENTRY(exc_device_not_available)
}
}

+#define VEFSTR "VE fault"
+static void ve_raise_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, long error_code)
+{
+ struct task_struct *tsk = current;
+
+ if (user_mode(regs)) {
+ tsk->thread.error_code = error_code;
+ tsk->thread.trap_nr = X86_TRAP_VE;
+
+ /*
+ * Not fixing up VDSO exceptions similar to #GP handler
+ * because we don't expect the VDSO to trigger #VE.
+ */
+ show_signal(tsk, SIGSEGV, "", VEFSTR, regs, error_code);
+ force_sig(SIGSEGV);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ if (fixup_exception(regs, X86_TRAP_VE, error_code, 0))
+ return;
+
+ tsk->thread.error_code = error_code;
+ tsk->thread.trap_nr = X86_TRAP_VE;
+
+ /*
+ * To be potentially processing a kprobe fault and to trust the result
+ * from kprobe_running(), we have to be non-preemptible.
+ */
+ if (!preemptible() &&
+ kprobe_running() &&
+ kprobe_fault_handler(regs, X86_TRAP_VE))
+ return;
+
+ notify_die(DIE_GPF, VEFSTR, regs, error_code, X86_TRAP_VE, SIGSEGV);
+
+ die_addr(VEFSTR, regs, error_code, 0);
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_INTEL_TDX_GUEST
+DEFINE_IDTENTRY(exc_virtualization_exception)
+{
+ struct ve_info ve;
+ int ret;
+
+ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_is_watching(), "entry code didn't wake RCU");
+
+ /*
+ * NMIs/Machine-checks/Interrupts will be in a disabled state
+ * till TDGETVEINFO TDCALL is executed. This prevents #VE
+ * nesting issue.
+ */
+ ret = tdg_get_ve_info(&ve);
+
+ cond_local_irq_enable(regs);
+
+ if (!ret)
+ ret = tdg_handle_virtualization_exception(regs, &ve);
+ /*
+ * If tdg_handle_virtualization_exception() could not process
+ * it successfully, treat it as #GP(0) and handle it.
+ */
+ if (ret)
+ ve_raise_fault(regs, 0);
+
+ cond_local_irq_disable(regs);
+}
+#endif
+
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
DEFINE_IDTENTRY_SW(iret_error)
{
--
2.25.1
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