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Subject[PATCH V14 0/3] Charge loop device i/o to issuing cgroup
Rebased on top of mm-tree

As per the suggestion last time [1], could this go through the -mm
tree to deal with memcg conflicts?


Changes since V13:

* Small change to get_mem_cgroup_from_mm to return early when the
return is root memcg
* Avoid allocating loop worker if the issuing blkcg is root_blkcg

Changes since V12:

* Small change to get_mem_cgroup_from_mm to avoid needing

Changes since V11:

* Removed WQ_MEM_RECLAIM flag from loop workqueue. Technically, this
can be driven by writeback, but this was causing a warning in xfs
and likely other filesystems aren't equipped to be driven by reclaim
at the VFS layer.
* Included a small fix from Colin Ian King.
* reworked get_mem_cgroup_from_mm to institute the necessary charge

Changes since V10:

* Added page-cache charging to mm: Charge active memcg when no mm is set

Changes since V9:

* Rebased against linus's branch which now includes Roman Gushchin's
patch this series is based off of

Changes since V8:

* Rebased on top of Roman Gushchin's patch
( which provides the nesting
support for setting active memcg. Dropped the patch from this series
that did the same thing.

Changes since V7:

* Rebased against linus's branch

Changes since V6:

* Added separate spinlock for worker synchronization
* Minor style changes

Changes since V5:

* Fixed a missing css_put when failing to allocate a worker
* Minor style changes

Changes since V4:

Only patches 1 and 2 have changed.

* Fixed irq lock ordering bug
* Simplified loop detach
* Added support for nesting memalloc_use_memcg

Changes since V3:

* Fix race on loop device destruction and deferred worker cleanup
* Ensure charge on shmem_swapin_page works just like getpage
* Minor style changes

Changes since V2:

* Deferred destruction of workqueue items so in the common case there
is no allocation needed

Changes since V1:

* Split out and reordered patches so cgroup charging changes are
separate from kworker -> workqueue change

* Add mem_css to struct loop_cmd to simplify logic

The loop device runs all i/o to the backing file on a separate kworker
thread which results in all i/o being charged to the root cgroup. This
allows a loop device to be used to trivially bypass resource limits
and other policy. This patch series fixes this gap in accounting.

A simple script to demonstrate this behavior on cgroupv2 machine:

set -e


if [[ ! -d $CGROUP ]]
sudo mkdir $CGROUP

grep oom_kill $CGROUP/

# Set a memory limit, write more than that limit to tmpfs -> OOM kill
sudo unshare -m bash -c "
echo \$\$ > $CGROUP/cgroup.procs;
echo 0 > $CGROUP/memory.swap.max;
echo 64M > $CGROUP/memory.max;
mount -t tmpfs -o size=512m tmpfs /tmp;
dd if=/dev/zero of=/tmp/file bs=1M count=256" || true

grep oom_kill $CGROUP/

# Set a memory limit, write more than that limit through loopback
# device -> no OOM kill
sudo unshare -m bash -c "
echo \$\$ > $CGROUP/cgroup.procs;
echo 0 > $CGROUP/memory.swap.max;
echo 64M > $CGROUP/memory.max;
mount -t tmpfs -o size=512m tmpfs /tmp;
truncate -s 512m /tmp/backing_file
losetup $LOOP_DEV /tmp/backing_file
dd if=/dev/zero of=$LOOP_DEV bs=1M count=256;
losetup -D $LOOP_DEV" || true

grep oom_kill $CGROUP/

Naively charging cgroups could result in priority inversions through
the single kworker thread in the case where multiple cgroups are
reading/writing to the same loop device. This patch series does some
minor modification to the loop driver so that each cgroup can make
forward progress independently to avoid this inversion.

With this patch series applied, the above script triggers OOM kills
when writing through the loop device as expected.

Dan Schatzberg (3):
loop: Use worker per cgroup instead of kworker
mm: Charge active memcg when no mm is set
loop: Charge i/o to mem and blk cg

drivers/block/loop.c | 250 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------
drivers/block/loop.h | 15 ++-
include/linux/memcontrol.h | 6 +
kernel/cgroup/cgroup.c | 1 +
mm/filemap.c | 2 +-
mm/memcontrol.c | 42 ++++---
mm/shmem.c | 4 +-
7 files changed, 258 insertions(+), 62 deletions(-)


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