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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4 3/3] pwm: Add support for Xilinx AXI Timer
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Michal, I know you had some objections to previous spins of this series
which I have tried to address this time around. So I would appreciate if
you could review this.

--Sean

On 5/28/21 5:45 PM, Sean Anderson wrote:
> This adds PWM support for Xilinx LogiCORE IP AXI soft timers commonly
> found on Xilinx FPGAs. At the moment clock control is very basic: we
> just enable the clock during probe and pin the frequency. In the future,
> someone could add support for disabling the clock when not in use.
>
> This driver was written with reference to Xilinx DS764 for v1.03.a [1].
>
> [1] https://www.xilinx.com/support/documentation/ip_documentation/axi_timer/v1_03_a/axi_timer_ds764.pdf
>
> Signed-off-by: Sean Anderson <sean.anderson@seco.com>
> ---
>
> Changes in v4:
> - Remove references to properties which are not good enough for Linux.
> - Don't use volatile in read/write replacements. Some arches have it and
> some don't.
> - Put common timer properties into their own struct to better reuse
> code.
>
> Changes in v3:
> - Add clockevent and clocksource support
> - Rewrite probe to only use a device_node, since timers may need to be
> initialized before we have proper devices. This does bloat the code a bit
> since we can no longer rely on helpers such as dev_err_probe. We also
> cannot rely on device resources being free'd on failure, so we must free
> them manually.
> - We now access registers through xilinx_timer_(read|write). This allows us
> to deal with endianness issues, as originally seen in the microblaze
> driver. CAVEAT EMPTOR: I have not tested this on big-endian!
> - Remove old microblaze driver
>
> Changes in v2:
> - Don't compile this module by default for arm64
> - Add dependencies on COMMON_CLK and HAS_IOMEM
> - Add comment explaining why we depend on !MICROBLAZE
> - Add comment describing device
> - Rename TCSR_(SET|CLEAR) to TCSR_RUN_(SET|CLEAR)
> - Use NSEC_TO_SEC instead of defining our own
> - Use TCSR_RUN_MASK to check if the PWM is enabled, as suggested by Uwe
> - Cast dividends to u64 to avoid overflow
> - Check for over- and underflow when calculating TLR
> - Set xilinx_pwm_ops.owner
> - Don't set pwmchip.base to -1
> - Check range of xlnx,count-width
> - Ensure the clock is always running when the pwm is registered
> - Remove debugfs file :l
> - Report errors with dev_error_probe
>
> drivers/mfd/Makefile | 2 +-
> drivers/pwm/Kconfig | 12 +++
> drivers/pwm/Makefile | 1 +
> drivers/pwm/pwm-xilinx.c | 219 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 4 files changed, 233 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> create mode 100644 drivers/pwm/pwm-xilinx.c
>
> diff --git a/drivers/mfd/Makefile b/drivers/mfd/Makefile
> index f0f9fbdde7dc..89769affe251 100644
> --- a/drivers/mfd/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/mfd/Makefile
> @@ -269,6 +269,6 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_SGI_MFD_IOC3) += ioc3.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_MFD_SIMPLE_MFD_I2C) += simple-mfd-i2c.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_MFD_INTEL_M10_BMC) += intel-m10-bmc.o
>
> -ifneq ($(CONFIG_XILINX_TIMER),)
> +ifneq ($(CONFIG_PWM_XILINX)$(CONFIG_XILINX_TIMER),)
> obj-y += xilinx-timer.o
> endif
> diff --git a/drivers/pwm/Kconfig b/drivers/pwm/Kconfig
> index 8ae68d6203fb..ebf8d9014758 100644
> --- a/drivers/pwm/Kconfig
> +++ b/drivers/pwm/Kconfig
> @@ -620,4 +620,16 @@ config PWM_VT8500
> To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the module
> will be called pwm-vt8500.
>
> +config PWM_XILINX
> + tristate "Xilinx AXI Timer PWM support"
> + depends on HAS_IOMEM && COMMON_CLK
> + help
> + PWM driver for Xilinx LogiCORE IP AXI timers. This timer is
> + typically a soft core which may be present in Xilinx FPGAs.
> + This device may also be present in Microblaze soft processors.
> + If you don't have this IP in your design, choose N.
> +
> + To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the module
> + will be called pwm-xilinx.
> +
> endif
> diff --git a/drivers/pwm/Makefile b/drivers/pwm/Makefile
> index d43b1e17e8e1..655df169b895 100644
> --- a/drivers/pwm/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/pwm/Makefile
> @@ -58,3 +58,4 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_PWM_TWL) += pwm-twl.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_PWM_TWL_LED) += pwm-twl-led.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_PWM_VISCONTI) += pwm-visconti.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_PWM_VT8500) += pwm-vt8500.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_PWM_XILINX) += pwm-xilinx.o
> diff --git a/drivers/pwm/pwm-xilinx.c b/drivers/pwm/pwm-xilinx.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..f05321496717
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/pwm/pwm-xilinx.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,219 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
> +/*
> + * Copyright (C) 2021 Sean Anderson <sean.anderson@seco.com>
> + *
> + * Hardware limitations:
> + * - When changing both duty cycle and period, we may end up with one cycle
> + * with the old duty cycle and the new period.
> + * - Cannot produce 100% duty cycle.
> + * - Only produces "normal" output.
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/clk.h>
> +#include <linux/clk-provider.h>
> +#include <linux/device.h>
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/mfd/xilinx-timer.h>
> +#include <linux/platform_device.h>
> +#include <linux/pwm.h>
> +
> +/*
> + * The idea here is to capture whether the PWM is actually running (e.g.
> + * because we or the bootloader set it up) and we need to be careful to ensure
> + * we don't cause a glitch. According to the data sheet, to enable the PWM we
> + * need to
> + *
> + * - Set both timers to generate mode (MDT=1)
> + * - Set both timers to PWM mode (PWMA=1)
> + * - Enable the generate out signals (GENT=1)
> + *
> + * In addition,
> + *
> + * - The timer must be running (ENT=1)
> + * - The timer must auto-reload TLR into TCR (ARHT=1)
> + * - We must not be in the process of loading TLR into TCR (LOAD=0)
> + * - Cascade mode must be disabled (CASC=0)
> + *
> + * If any of these differ from usual, then the PWM is either disabled, or is
> + * running in a mode that this driver does not support.
> + */
> +#define TCSR_PWM_SET (TCSR_GENT | TCSR_ARHT | TCSR_ENT | TCSR_PWMA)
> +#define TCSR_PWM_CLEAR (TCSR_MDT | TCSR_LOAD)
> +#define TCSR_PWM_MASK (TCSR_PWM_SET | TCSR_PWM_CLEAR)
> +
> +struct xilinx_pwm_device {
> + struct pwm_chip chip;
> + struct xilinx_timer_priv priv;
> +};
> +
> +static inline struct xilinx_timer_priv
> +*xilinx_pwm_chip_to_priv(struct pwm_chip *chip)
> +{
> + return &container_of(chip, struct xilinx_pwm_device, chip)->priv;
> +}
> +
> +static bool xilinx_timer_pwm_enabled(u32 tcsr0, u32 tcsr1)
> +{
> + return ((TCSR_PWM_MASK | TCSR_CASC) & tcsr0) == TCSR_PWM_SET &&
> + (TCSR_PWM_MASK & tcsr1) == TCSR_PWM_SET;
> +}
> +
> +static int xilinx_pwm_apply(struct pwm_chip *chip, struct pwm_device *unused,
> + const struct pwm_state *state)
> +{
> + int ret;
> + struct xilinx_timer_priv *priv = xilinx_pwm_chip_to_priv(chip);
> + u32 tlr0, tlr1;
> + u32 tcsr0 = xilinx_timer_read(priv, TCSR0);
> + u32 tcsr1 = xilinx_timer_read(priv, TCSR1);
> + bool enabled = xilinx_timer_pwm_enabled(tcsr0, tcsr1);
> +
> + if (state->polarity != PWM_POLARITY_NORMAL)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + ret = xilinx_timer_tlr_period(priv, &tlr0, tcsr0, state->period);
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> +
> + ret = xilinx_timer_tlr_period(priv, &tlr1, tcsr1, state->duty_cycle);
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> +
> + xilinx_timer_write(priv, tlr0, TLR0);
> + xilinx_timer_write(priv, tlr1, TLR1);
> +
> + if (state->enabled) {
> + /* Only touch the TCSRs if we aren't already running */
> + if (!enabled) {
> + /* Load TLR into TCR */
> + xilinx_timer_write(priv, tcsr0 | TCSR_LOAD, TCSR0);
> + xilinx_timer_write(priv, tcsr1 | TCSR_LOAD, TCSR1);
> + /* Enable timers all at once with ENALL */
> + tcsr0 = (TCSR_PWM_SET & ~TCSR_ENT) | (tcsr0 & TCSR_UDT);
> + tcsr1 = TCSR_PWM_SET | TCSR_ENALL | (tcsr1 & TCSR_UDT);
> + xilinx_timer_write(priv, tcsr0, TCSR0);
> + xilinx_timer_write(priv, tcsr1, TCSR1);
> + }
> + } else {
> + xilinx_timer_write(priv, 0, TCSR0);
> + xilinx_timer_write(priv, 0, TCSR1);
> + }
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static void xilinx_pwm_get_state(struct pwm_chip *chip,
> + struct pwm_device *unused,
> + struct pwm_state *state)
> +{
> + struct xilinx_timer_priv *priv = xilinx_pwm_chip_to_priv(chip);
> + u32 tlr0 = xilinx_timer_read(priv, TLR0);
> + u32 tlr1 = xilinx_timer_read(priv, TLR1);
> + u32 tcsr0 = xilinx_timer_read(priv, TCSR0);
> + u32 tcsr1 = xilinx_timer_read(priv, TCSR1);
> +
> + state->period = xilinx_timer_get_period(priv, tlr0, tcsr0);
> + state->duty_cycle = xilinx_timer_get_period(priv, tlr1, tcsr1);
> + state->enabled = xilinx_timer_pwm_enabled(tcsr0, tcsr1);
> + state->polarity = PWM_POLARITY_NORMAL;
> +}
> +
> +static const struct pwm_ops xilinx_pwm_ops = {
> + .apply = xilinx_pwm_apply,
> + .get_state = xilinx_pwm_get_state,
> + .owner = THIS_MODULE,
> +};
> +
> +static int xilinx_timer_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
> +{
> + int ret;
> + struct device *dev = &pdev->dev;
> + struct device_node *np = dev->of_node;
> + struct xilinx_timer_priv *priv;
> + struct xilinx_pwm_device *pwm;
> + u32 pwm_cells, one_timer;
> +
> + ret = of_property_read_u32(np, "#pwm-cells", &pwm_cells);
> + if (ret == -EINVAL)
> + return -ENODEV;
> + else if (ret)
> + return dev_err_probe(dev, ret, "#pwm-cells\n");
> + else if (pwm_cells)
> + return dev_err_probe(dev, -EINVAL, "#pwm-cells must be 0\n");
> +
> + pwm = devm_kzalloc(dev, sizeof(*pwm), GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!pwm)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> + platform_set_drvdata(pdev, pwm);
> + priv = &pwm->priv;
> +
> + priv->regs = devm_platform_ioremap_resource(pdev, 0);
> + if (IS_ERR(priv->regs))
> + return PTR_ERR(priv->regs);
> +
> + ret = xilinx_timer_common_init(np, priv, &one_timer);
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> +
> + if (one_timer)
> + return dev_err_probe(dev, -EINVAL,
> + "two timers required for PWM mode\n");
> +
> + /*
> + * The polarity of the generate outputs must be active high for PWM
> + * mode to work. We could determine this from the device tree, but
> + * alas, such properties are not allowed to be used.
> + */
> +
> + priv->clk = devm_clk_get(dev, "s_axi_aclk");
> + if (IS_ERR(priv->clk))
> + return dev_err_probe(dev, PTR_ERR(priv->clk), "clock\n");
> +
> + ret = clk_prepare_enable(priv->clk);
> + if (ret)
> + return dev_err_probe(dev, ret, "clock enable failed\n");
> + clk_rate_exclusive_get(priv->clk);
> +
> + pwm->chip.dev = dev;
> + pwm->chip.ops = &xilinx_pwm_ops;
> + pwm->chip.npwm = 1;
> + ret = pwmchip_add(&pwm->chip);
> + if (ret) {
> + clk_rate_exclusive_put(priv->clk);
> + clk_disable_unprepare(priv->clk);
> + return dev_err_probe(dev, ret, "could not register pwm chip\n");
> + }
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int xilinx_timer_remove(struct platform_device *pdev)
> +{
> + struct xilinx_pwm_device *pwm = platform_get_drvdata(pdev);
> +
> + pwmchip_remove(&pwm->chip);
> + clk_rate_exclusive_put(pwm->priv.clk);
> + clk_disable_unprepare(pwm->priv.clk);
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static const struct of_device_id xilinx_timer_of_match[] = {
> + { .compatible = "xlnx,xps-timer-1.00.a", },
> + { .compatible = "xlnx,axi-timer-2.0" },
> + {},
> +};
> +MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(of, xilinx_timer_of_match);
> +
> +static struct platform_driver xilinx_timer_driver = {
> + .probe = xilinx_timer_probe,
> + .remove = xilinx_timer_remove,
> + .driver = {
> + .name = "xilinx-timer",
> + .of_match_table = of_match_ptr(xilinx_timer_of_match),
> + },
> +};
> +module_platform_driver(xilinx_timer_driver);
> +
> +MODULE_ALIAS("platform:xilinx-timer");
> +MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Xilinx LogiCORE IP AXI Timer driver");
> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
>

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