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SubjectRe: Very slow clang kernel config ..
On 2021-04-30, Nick Desaulniers wrote:
>On Fri, Apr 30, 2021 at 6:22 PM Linus Torvalds
><torvalds@linux-foundation.org> wrote:
>>
>> On Fri, Apr 30, 2021 at 5:25 PM Nick Desaulniers
>> <ndesaulniers@google.com> wrote:
>> >
>> > Ah, no, sorry, these are the runtime link editor/loader. So probably
>> > spending quite some time resolving symbols in large binaries.
>>
>> Yeah. Appended is the profile I see when I profile that "make
>> oldconfig", so about 45% of all time seems to be spent in just symbol
>> lookup and relocation.
>>
>> And a fair amount of time just creating and tearing down that huge
>> executable (with a lot of copy-on-write overhead too), with the kernel
>> side of that being another 15%. The cost of that is likely also fairly
>> directly linked to all the dynamic linking costs, which brings in all
>> that data.
>>
>> Just to compare, btw, this is the symbol lookup overhead for the gcc case:
>>
>> 1.43% ld-2.33.so do_lookup_x
>> 0.96% ld-2.33.so _dl_relocate_object
>> 0.69% ld-2.33.so _dl_lookup_symbol_x
>>
>> so it really does seem to be something very odd going on with the clang binary.
>>
>> Maybe the Fedora binary is built some odd way, but it's likely just
>> the default clang build.
>>
>> Linus
>>
>> ----
>> 23.59% ld-2.33.so _dl_lookup_symbol_x
>> 11.41% ld-2.33.so _dl_relocate_object
>> 9.95% ld-2.33.so do_lookup_x
>> 4.00% [kernel.vmlinux] copy_page
>> 3.98% [kernel.vmlinux] next_uptodate_page
>> 3.05% [kernel.vmlinux] zap_pte_range
>> 1.81% [kernel.vmlinux] clear_page_rep
>> 1.68% [kernel.vmlinux] asm_exc_page_fault
>> 1.33% ld-2.33.so strcmp
>> 1.33% ld-2.33.so check_match
>
>47.61% spent in symbol table lookup. Nice. (Not counting probably a
>fair amount of the libc calls below).
>
>> 0.92% libLLVM-12.so llvm::StringMapImpl::LookupBucketFor
>
>^ wait a minute; notice how in your profile the `Shared Object` is
>attributed to `libLLVM-12.so` while mine is `clang-13`? Clang can be
>built as either having libllvm statically linked or dynamically; see
>the cmake variables
>LLVM_BUILD_LLVM_DYLIB:BOOL
>LLVM_LINK_LLVM_DYLIB:BOOL
>BUILD_SHARED_LIBS:BOOL
>https://llvm.org/docs/CMake.html
>
>I think those are frowned upon; useful for cutting down on developers
>iteration speed due to not having to relink llvm when developing
>clang. But shipping that in production? I just checked and it doesn't
>look like we do that for AOSP's build of LLVM.
>
>Tom, is one of the above intentionally set for clang builds on Fedora?
>I'm guessing it's intentional that there are packages for
>libLLVM-12.so and libclang-cpp.so.12, perhaps they have other
>dependents?

LLVM_LINK_LLVM_DYLIB (linking against libLLVM.so instead of libLLVM*.a)
has been around for a while.

Tom added CLANG_LINK_CLANG_DYLIB in 2019
(https://reviews.llvm.org/D63503 link against libclang-cpp.so instead of
libclang*.a or libclang*.so) :) So I'd guess this is a concious decision
for Fedora.

Arch Linux has switched to -DCLANG_LINK_CLANG_DYLIB=on as well
https://github.com/archlinux/svntogit-packages/blob/packages/clang/trunk/PKGBUILD
This is useful to make the total size of LLVM/clang dependent packages
(ccls, zig, etc) small.

If we don't let distributions use libLLVM.so libclang-cpp.so, hmmmm, I guess
their only choice will be crunchgen[1]-style
clang+lld+llvm-objcopy+llvm-objdump+llvm-ar+llvm-nm+llvm-strings+llvm-readelf+...+clang-format+clang-offload-bundler+...
(executables from packages which are usually named llvm, clang, and clang-tools)

[1]: https://www.freebsd.org/cgi/man.cgi?query=crunchgen&sektion=1

>> 0.83% [kernel.vmlinux] rmqueue_bulk
>> 0.77% conf yylex
>> 0.75% libc-2.33.so __gconv_transform_utf8_internal
>> 0.74% libc-2.33.so _int_malloc
>> 0.69% libc-2.33.so __strlen_avx2
>> 0.62% [kernel.vmlinux] pagecache_get_page
>> 0.58% [kernel.vmlinux] page_remove_rmap
>> 0.56% [kernel.vmlinux] __handle_mm_fault
>> 0.54% [kernel.vmlinux] filemap_map_pages
>> 0.54% libc-2.33.so __strcmp_avx2
>> 0.54% [kernel.vmlinux] __free_one_page
>> 0.52% [kernel.vmlinux] release_pages
>--
>Thanks,
>~Nick Desaulniers

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