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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH 13/37] mm: implement speculative handling in __handle_mm_fault().

> On Apr 29, 2021, at 9:12 AM, Matthew Wilcox <> wrote:
> On Wed, Apr 28, 2021 at 05:05:17PM -0700, Andy Lutomirski wrote:
>>> On Wed, Apr 28, 2021 at 5:02 PM Michel Lespinasse <> wrote:
>>> Thanks Paul for confirming / clarifying this. BTW, it would be good to
>>> add this to the rcu header files, just so people have something to
>>> reference to when they depend on such behavior (like fast GUP
>>> currently does).
>> Or, even better, fast GUP could add an explicit RCU read lock.
>>> Going back to my patch. I don't need to protect against THP splitting
>>> here, as I'm only handling the small page case. So when
>>> MMU_GATHER_RCU_TABLE_FREE is enabled, I *think* I could get away with
>>> using only an rcu read lock, instead of disabling interrupts which
>>> implicitly creates the rcu read lock. I'm not sure which way to go -
>>> fast GUP always disables interrupts regardless of the
>>> MMU_GATHER_RCU_TABLE_FREE setting, and I think there is a case to be
>>> made for following the fast GUP stes rather than trying to be smarter.
>> How about adding some little helpers:
>> lockless_page_walk_begin();
>> lockless_page_walk_end();
>> these turn into RCU read locks if MMU_GATHER_RCU_TABLE_FREE and into
>> irqsave otherwise. And they're somewhat self-documenting.
> One of the worst things we can do while holding a spinlock is take a
> cache miss because we then delay for several thousand cycles to wait for
> the cache line. That gives every other CPU a really long opportunity
> to slam into the spinlock and things go downhill fast at that point.
> We've even seen patches to do things like read A, take lock L, then read
> A to avoid the cache miss while holding the lock.
> What sort of performance effect would it have to free page tables
> under RCU for all architectures? It's painful on s390 & powerpc because
> different tables share the same struct page, but I have to believe that's
> a solvable problem.

The IPI locking mechanism is entirely useless on any architecture that wants to do paravirt shootdowns, so this seems like a good strategy to me.
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