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Subject[PATCH v5] pseries: prevent free CPU ids to be reused on another node
Date
When a CPU is hot added, the CPU ids are taken from the available mask from
the lower possible set. If that set of values was previously used for CPU
attached to a different node, this seems to application like if these CPUs
have migrated from a node to another one which is not expected in real
life.

To prevent this, it is needed to record the CPU ids used for each node and
to not reuse them on another node. However, to prevent CPU hot plug to
fail, in the case the CPU ids is starved on a node, the capability to reuse
other nodes’ free CPU ids is kept. A warning is displayed in such a case
to warn the user.

A new CPU bit mask (node_recorded_ids_map) is introduced for each possible
node. It is populated with the CPU onlined at boot time, and then when a
CPU is hot plug to a node. The bits in that mask remain when the CPU is hot
unplugged, to remind this CPU ids have been used for this node.

If no id set was found, a retry is made without removing the ids used on
the other nodes to try reusing them. This is the way ids have been
allocated prior to this patch.

The effect of this patch can be seen by removing and adding CPUs using the
Qemu monitor. In the following case, the first CPU from the node 2 is
removed, then the first one from the node 1 is removed too. Later, the
first CPU of the node 2 is added back. Without that patch, the kernel will
numbered these CPUs using the first CPU ids available which are the ones
freed when removing the second CPU of the node 0. This leads to the CPU ids
16-23 to move from the node 1 to the node 2. With the patch applied, the
CPU ids 32-39 are used since they are the lowest free ones which have not
been used on another node.

At boot time:
[root@vm40 ~]# numactl -H | grep cpus
node 0 cpus: 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
node 1 cpus: 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
node 2 cpus: 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47

Vanilla kernel, after the CPU hot unplug/plug operations:
[root@vm40 ~]# numactl -H | grep cpus
node 0 cpus: 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
node 1 cpus: 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
node 2 cpus: 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47

Patched kernel, after the CPU hot unplug/plug operations:
[root@vm40 ~]# numactl -H | grep cpus
node 0 cpus: 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
node 1 cpus: 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
node 2 cpus: 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47

Signed-off-by: Laurent Dufour <ldufour@linux.ibm.com>
---
V5:
- Rework code structure
- Reintroduce the capability to reuse other node's ids.
V4: addressing Nathan's comment
- Rename the local variable named 'nid' into 'assigned_node'
V3: addressing Nathan's comments
- Remove the retry feature
- Reduce the number of local variables (removing 'i')
- Add comment about the cpu_add_remove_lock protecting the added CPU mask.
V2: (no functional changes)
- update the test's output in the commit's description
- node_recorded_ids_map should be static
---
arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/hotplug-cpu.c | 171 ++++++++++++++-----
1 file changed, 132 insertions(+), 39 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/hotplug-cpu.c b/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/hotplug-cpu.c
index 7e970f81d8ff..e1f224320102 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/hotplug-cpu.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/hotplug-cpu.c
@@ -39,6 +39,12 @@
/* This version can't take the spinlock, because it never returns */
static int rtas_stop_self_token = RTAS_UNKNOWN_SERVICE;

+/*
+ * Record the CPU ids used on each nodes.
+ * Protected by cpu_add_remove_lock.
+ */
+static cpumask_var_t node_recorded_ids_map[MAX_NUMNODES];
+
static void rtas_stop_self(void)
{
static struct rtas_args args;
@@ -139,72 +145,148 @@ static void pseries_cpu_die(unsigned int cpu)
paca_ptrs[cpu]->cpu_start = 0;
}

+/**
+ * find_cpu_id_range - found a linear ranger of @nthreads free CPU ids.
+ * @nthreads : the number of threads (cpu ids)
+ * @assigned_node : the node it belongs to or NUMA_NO_NODE if free ids from any
+ * node can be peek.
+ * @cpu_mask: the returned CPU mask.
+ *
+ * Returns 0 on success.
+ */
+static int find_cpu_id_range(unsigned int nthreads, int assigned_node,
+ cpumask_var_t *cpu_mask)
+{
+ cpumask_var_t candidate_mask;
+ unsigned int cpu, node;
+ int rc = -ENOSPC;
+
+ if (!zalloc_cpumask_var(&candidate_mask, GFP_KERNEL))
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ cpumask_clear(*cpu_mask);
+ for (cpu = 0; cpu < nthreads; cpu++)
+ cpumask_set_cpu(cpu, *cpu_mask);
+
+ BUG_ON(!cpumask_subset(cpu_present_mask, cpu_possible_mask));
+
+ /* Get a bitmap of unoccupied slots. */
+ cpumask_xor(candidate_mask, cpu_possible_mask, cpu_present_mask);
+
+ if (assigned_node != NUMA_NO_NODE) {
+ /*
+ * Remove free ids previously assigned on the other nodes. We
+ * can walk only online nodes because once a node became online
+ * it is not turned offlined back.
+ */
+ for_each_online_node(node) {
+ if (node == assigned_node)
+ continue;
+ cpumask_andnot(candidate_mask, candidate_mask,
+ node_recorded_ids_map[node]);
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (cpumask_empty(candidate_mask))
+ goto out;
+
+ while (!cpumask_empty(*cpu_mask)) {
+ if (cpumask_subset(*cpu_mask, candidate_mask))
+ /* Found a range where we can insert the new cpu(s) */
+ break;
+ cpumask_shift_left(*cpu_mask, *cpu_mask, nthreads);
+ }
+
+ if (!cpumask_empty(*cpu_mask))
+ rc = 0;
+
+out:
+ free_cpumask_var(candidate_mask);
+ return rc;
+}
+
/*
* Update cpu_present_mask and paca(s) for a new cpu node. The wrinkle
- * here is that a cpu device node may represent up to two logical cpus
+ * here is that a cpu device node may represent multiple logical cpus
* in the SMT case. We must honor the assumption in other code that
* the logical ids for sibling SMT threads x and y are adjacent, such
* that x^1 == y and y^1 == x.
*/
static int pseries_add_processor(struct device_node *np)
{
- unsigned int cpu;
- cpumask_var_t candidate_mask, tmp;
- int err = -ENOSPC, len, nthreads, i;
+ int len, nthreads, node, cpu, assigned_node;
+ int rc = 0;
+ cpumask_var_t cpu_mask;
const __be32 *intserv;

intserv = of_get_property(np, "ibm,ppc-interrupt-server#s", &len);
if (!intserv)
return 0;

- zalloc_cpumask_var(&candidate_mask, GFP_KERNEL);
- zalloc_cpumask_var(&tmp, GFP_KERNEL);
-
nthreads = len / sizeof(u32);
- for (i = 0; i < nthreads; i++)
- cpumask_set_cpu(i, tmp);

- cpu_maps_update_begin();
+ if (!alloc_cpumask_var(&cpu_mask, GFP_KERNEL))
+ return -ENOMEM;

- BUG_ON(!cpumask_subset(cpu_present_mask, cpu_possible_mask));
+ /*
+ * Fetch from the DT nodes read by dlpar_configure_connector() the NUMA
+ * node id the added CPU belongs to.
+ */
+ node = of_node_to_nid(np);
+ if (node < 0 || !node_possible(node))
+ node = first_online_node;

- /* Get a bitmap of unoccupied slots. */
- cpumask_xor(candidate_mask, cpu_possible_mask, cpu_present_mask);
- if (cpumask_empty(candidate_mask)) {
- /* If we get here, it most likely means that NR_CPUS is
- * less than the partition's max processors setting.
+ BUG_ON(node == NUMA_NO_NODE);
+ assigned_node = node;
+
+ cpu_maps_update_begin();
+
+ rc = find_cpu_id_range(nthreads, node, &cpu_mask);
+ if (rc && nr_node_ids > 1) {
+ /*
+ * Try again, considering the free CPU ids from the other node.
*/
- printk(KERN_ERR "Cannot add cpu %pOF; this system configuration"
- " supports %d logical cpus.\n", np,
- num_possible_cpus());
- goto out_unlock;
+ node = NUMA_NO_NODE;
+ rc = find_cpu_id_range(nthreads, NUMA_NO_NODE, &cpu_mask);
}

- while (!cpumask_empty(tmp))
- if (cpumask_subset(tmp, candidate_mask))
- /* Found a range where we can insert the new cpu(s) */
- break;
- else
- cpumask_shift_left(tmp, tmp, nthreads);
-
- if (cpumask_empty(tmp)) {
- printk(KERN_ERR "Unable to find space in cpu_present_mask for"
- " processor %pOFn with %d thread(s)\n", np,
- nthreads);
- goto out_unlock;
+ if (rc) {
+ pr_err("Cannot add cpu %pOF; this system configuration"
+ " supports %d logical cpus.\n", np, num_possible_cpus());
+ goto out;
}

- for_each_cpu(cpu, tmp) {
+ for_each_cpu(cpu, cpu_mask) {
BUG_ON(cpu_present(cpu));
set_cpu_present(cpu, true);
set_hard_smp_processor_id(cpu, be32_to_cpu(*intserv++));
}
- err = 0;
-out_unlock:
+
+ /* Record the newly used CPU ids for the associate node. */
+ cpumask_or(node_recorded_ids_map[assigned_node],
+ node_recorded_ids_map[assigned_node], cpu_mask);
+
+ /*
+ * If node is set to NUMA_NO_NODE, CPU ids have be reused from
+ * another node, remove them from its mask.
+ */
+ if (node == NUMA_NO_NODE) {
+ cpu = cpumask_first(cpu_mask);
+ pr_warn("Reusing free CPU ids %d-%d from another node\n",
+ cpu, cpu + nthreads - 1);
+ for_each_online_node(node) {
+ if (node == assigned_node)
+ continue;
+ cpumask_andnot(node_recorded_ids_map[node],
+ node_recorded_ids_map[node],
+ cpu_mask);
+ }
+ }
+
+out:
cpu_maps_update_done();
- free_cpumask_var(candidate_mask);
- free_cpumask_var(tmp);
- return err;
+ free_cpumask_var(cpu_mask);
+ return rc;
}

/*
@@ -908,6 +990,7 @@ static struct notifier_block pseries_smp_nb = {
static int __init pseries_cpu_hotplug_init(void)
{
int qcss_tok;
+ unsigned int node;

#ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_CPU_PROBE_RELEASE
ppc_md.cpu_probe = dlpar_cpu_probe;
@@ -929,8 +1012,18 @@ static int __init pseries_cpu_hotplug_init(void)
smp_ops->cpu_die = pseries_cpu_die;

/* Processors can be added/removed only on LPAR */
- if (firmware_has_feature(FW_FEATURE_LPAR))
+ if (firmware_has_feature(FW_FEATURE_LPAR)) {
+ for_each_node(node) {
+ alloc_bootmem_cpumask_var(&node_recorded_ids_map[node]);
+
+ /* Record ids of CPU added at boot time */
+ cpumask_or(node_recorded_ids_map[node],
+ node_recorded_ids_map[node],
+ node_to_cpumask_map[node]);
+ }
+
of_reconfig_notifier_register(&pseries_smp_nb);
+ }

return 0;
}
--
2.31.1
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