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Subject[PATCH bpf-next 3/3] bpf: verifier: allocate idmap scratch in verifier env
Date
func_states_equal makes a very short lived allocation for idmap,
probably because it's too large to fit on the stack. However the
function is called quite often, leading to a lot of alloc / free
churn. Replace the temporary allocation with dedicated scratch
space in struct bpf_verifier_env.

Signed-off-by: Lorenz Bauer <lmb@cloudflare.com>
---
include/linux/bpf_verifier.h | 8 +++++++
kernel/bpf/verifier.c | 46 ++++++++++++------------------------
2 files changed, 23 insertions(+), 31 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/bpf_verifier.h b/include/linux/bpf_verifier.h
index 6023a1367853..9e794f8b1df9 100644
--- a/include/linux/bpf_verifier.h
+++ b/include/linux/bpf_verifier.h
@@ -215,6 +215,13 @@ struct bpf_idx_pair {
u32 idx;
};

+struct bpf_id_pair {
+ u32 old;
+ u32 cur;
+};
+
+/* Maximum number of register states that can exist at once */
+#define BPF_ID_MAP_SIZE (MAX_BPF_REG + MAX_BPF_STACK / BPF_REG_SIZE)
#define MAX_CALL_FRAMES 8
struct bpf_verifier_state {
/* call stack tracking */
@@ -417,6 +424,7 @@ struct bpf_verifier_env {
const struct bpf_line_info *prev_linfo;
struct bpf_verifier_log log;
struct bpf_subprog_info subprog_info[BPF_MAX_SUBPROGS + 1];
+ struct bpf_id_pair idmap_scratch[BPF_ID_MAP_SIZE];
struct {
int *insn_state;
int *insn_stack;
diff --git a/kernel/bpf/verifier.c b/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
index 2b9623ac9288..fbcfdae05c39 100644
--- a/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
+++ b/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
@@ -9746,13 +9746,6 @@ static bool range_within(struct bpf_reg_state *old,
old->s32_max_value >= cur->s32_max_value;
}

-/* Maximum number of register states that can exist at once */
-#define ID_MAP_SIZE (MAX_BPF_REG + MAX_BPF_STACK / BPF_REG_SIZE)
-struct idpair {
- u32 old;
- u32 cur;
-};
-
/* If in the old state two registers had the same id, then they need to have
* the same id in the new state as well. But that id could be different from
* the old state, so we need to track the mapping from old to new ids.
@@ -9763,11 +9756,11 @@ struct idpair {
* So we look through our idmap to see if this old id has been seen before. If
* so, we require the new id to match; otherwise, we add the id pair to the map.
*/
-static bool check_ids(u32 old_id, u32 cur_id, struct idpair *idmap)
+static bool check_ids(u32 old_id, u32 cur_id, struct bpf_id_pair *idmap)
{
unsigned int i;

- for (i = 0; i < ID_MAP_SIZE; i++) {
+ for (i = 0; i < BPF_ID_MAP_SIZE; i++) {
if (!idmap[i].old) {
/* Reached an empty slot; haven't seen this id before */
idmap[i].old = old_id;
@@ -9880,7 +9873,7 @@ static void clean_live_states(struct bpf_verifier_env *env, int insn,

/* Returns true if (rold safe implies rcur safe) */
static bool regsafe(struct bpf_reg_state *rold, struct bpf_reg_state *rcur,
- struct idpair *idmap)
+ struct bpf_id_pair *idmap)
{
bool equal;

@@ -9998,7 +9991,7 @@ static bool regsafe(struct bpf_reg_state *rold, struct bpf_reg_state *rcur,

static bool stacksafe(struct bpf_func_state *old,
struct bpf_func_state *cur,
- struct idpair *idmap)
+ struct bpf_id_pair *idmap)
{
int i, spi;

@@ -10095,32 +10088,23 @@ static bool refsafe(struct bpf_func_state *old, struct bpf_func_state *cur)
* whereas register type in current state is meaningful, it means that
* the current state will reach 'bpf_exit' instruction safely
*/
-static bool func_states_equal(struct bpf_func_state *old,
+static bool func_states_equal(struct bpf_verifier_env *env, struct bpf_func_state *old,
struct bpf_func_state *cur)
{
- struct idpair *idmap;
- bool ret = false;
int i;

- idmap = kcalloc(ID_MAP_SIZE, sizeof(struct idpair), GFP_KERNEL);
- /* If we failed to allocate the idmap, just say it's not safe */
- if (!idmap)
+ memset(env->idmap_scratch, 0, sizeof(env->idmap_scratch));
+ for (i = 0; i < MAX_BPF_REG; i++)
+ if (!regsafe(&old->regs[i], &cur->regs[i], env->idmap_scratch))
+ return false;
+
+ if (!stacksafe(old, cur, env->idmap_scratch))
return false;

- for (i = 0; i < MAX_BPF_REG; i++) {
- if (!regsafe(&old->regs[i], &cur->regs[i], idmap))
- goto out_free;
- }
-
- if (!stacksafe(old, cur, idmap))
- goto out_free;
-
if (!refsafe(old, cur))
- goto out_free;
- ret = true;
-out_free:
- kfree(idmap);
- return ret;
+ return false;
+
+ return true;
}

static bool states_equal(struct bpf_verifier_env *env,
@@ -10147,7 +10131,7 @@ static bool states_equal(struct bpf_verifier_env *env,
for (i = 0; i <= old->curframe; i++) {
if (old->frame[i]->callsite != cur->frame[i]->callsite)
return false;
- if (!func_states_equal(old->frame[i], cur->frame[i]))
+ if (!func_states_equal(env, old->frame[i], cur->frame[i]))
return false;
}
return true;
--
2.27.0
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