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SubjectRe: [RFC v2] scripts: kernel-doc: reduce repeated regex expressions into variables
Date
Aditya Srivastava <yashsri421@gmail.com> writes:

> There are some regex expressions in the kernel-doc script, which are used
> repeatedly in the script.
>
> Reduce such expressions into variables, which can be used everywhere.
>
> A quick manual check found that no errors and warnings were added/removed
> in this process.
>
> Suggested-by: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
> Signed-off-by: Aditya Srivastava <yashsri421@gmail.com>

So my comments pretty much mirror Willy's ... there is a lot to really
like here mixed with some stuff that's not as helpful.

> Changes in v2:
> - Rename $pointer_function to $function_pointer
> - Combine elsif-block expressions at "sub dump_function" into lesser regex expressions
> - Combine $prototype_end1,$prototype_end2 expressions into a common $prototype_end
>
> scripts/kernel-doc | 80 +++++++++++++++++++++++-----------------------
> 1 file changed, 40 insertions(+), 40 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/scripts/kernel-doc b/scripts/kernel-doc
> index 2a85d34fdcd0..fe7f51be44e0 100755
> --- a/scripts/kernel-doc
> +++ b/scripts/kernel-doc
> @@ -406,6 +406,7 @@ my $doc_inline_sect = '\s*\*\s*(@\s*[\w][\w\.]*\s*):(.*)';
> my $doc_inline_end = '^\s*\*/\s*$';
> my $doc_inline_oneline = '^\s*/\*\*\s*(@[\w\s]+):\s*(.*)\s*\*/\s*$';
> my $export_symbol = '^\s*EXPORT_SYMBOL(_GPL)?\s*\(\s*(\w+)\s*\)\s*;';
> +my $function_pointer = qr{([^\(]*\(\*)\s*\)\s*\(([^\)]*)\)};
>
> my %parameterdescs;
> my %parameterdesc_start_lines;
> @@ -694,7 +695,7 @@ sub output_function_man(%) {
> $post = ");";
> }
> $type = $args{'parametertypes'}{$parameter};
> - if ($type =~ m/([^\(]*\(\*)\s*\)\s*\(([^\)]*)\)/) {
> + if ($type =~ m/$function_pointer/) {

This kind of change is wonderful. The more that we can coalesce this
regex mess and reuse it throughout the script, the more maintainable it
will be.

> # pointer-to-function
> print ".BI \"" . $parenth . $1 . "\" " . " \") (" . $2 . ")" . $post . "\"\n";
> } else {
> @@ -974,7 +975,7 @@ sub output_function_rst(%) {
> $count++;
> $type = $args{'parametertypes'}{$parameter};
>
> - if ($type =~ m/([^\(]*\(\*)\s*\)\s*\(([^\)]*)\)/) {
> + if ($type =~ m/$function_pointer/) {
> # pointer-to-function
> print $1 . $parameter . ") (" . $2 . ")";
> } else {
> @@ -1210,8 +1211,14 @@ sub dump_struct($$) {
> my $decl_type;
> my $members;
> my $type = qr{struct|union};
> + my $packed = qr{__packed};
> + my $aligned = qr{__aligned};
> + my $cacheline_aligned_in_smp = qr{____cacheline_aligned_in_smp};
> + my $cacheline_aligned = qr{____cacheline_aligned};
> + my $attribute = qr{__attribute__\s*\(\([a-z0-9,_\*\s\(\)]*\)\)}i;
> # For capturing struct/union definition body, i.e. "{members*}qualifiers*"
> - my $definition_body = qr{\{(.*)\}(?:\s*(?:__packed|__aligned|____cacheline_aligned_in_smp|____cacheline_aligned|__attribute__\s*\(\([a-z0-9,_\s\(\)]*\)\)))*};
> + my $definition_body = qr{\{(.*)\}(?:\s*(?:$packed|$aligned|$cacheline_aligned_in_smp|$cacheline_aligned|$attribute))*};
> + my $struct_members = qr{($type)([^\{\};]+)\{([^\{\}]*)\}([^\{\}\;]*)\;};

This is a bit less helpful - variables like $aligned don't do much for
us. That can be seen just below:

>
> if ($x =~ /($type)\s+(\w+)\s*$definition_body/) {
> $decl_type = $1;
> @@ -1235,27 +1242,27 @@ sub dump_struct($$) {
> # strip comments:
> $members =~ s/\/\*.*?\*\///gos;
> # strip attributes
> - $members =~ s/\s*__attribute__\s*\(\([a-z0-9,_\*\s\(\)]*\)\)/ /gi;
> - $members =~ s/\s*__aligned\s*\([^;]*\)/ /gos;
> - $members =~ s/\s*__packed\s*/ /gos;
> + $members =~ s/\s*$attribute/ /gi;
> + $members =~ s/\s*$aligned\s*\([^;]*\)/ /gos;
> + $members =~ s/\s*$packed\s*/ /gos;

The use of the variables here doesn't really make those expressions more
readable.

> $members =~ s/\s*CRYPTO_MINALIGN_ATTR/ /gos;
> - $members =~ s/\s*____cacheline_aligned_in_smp/ /gos;
> - $members =~ s/\s*____cacheline_aligned/ /gos;
> + $members =~ s/\s*$cacheline_aligned_in_smp/ /gos;
> + $members =~ s/\s*$cacheline_aligned/ /gos;
>
> + my $args = qr{([^,)]+)};
> # replace DECLARE_BITMAP
> $members =~ s/__ETHTOOL_DECLARE_LINK_MODE_MASK\s*\(([^\)]+)\)/DECLARE_BITMAP($1, __ETHTOOL_LINK_MODE_MASK_NBITS)/gos;
> - $members =~ s/DECLARE_BITMAP\s*\(([^,)]+),\s*([^,)]+)\)/unsigned long $1\[BITS_TO_LONGS($2)\]/gos;
> + $members =~ s/DECLARE_BITMAP\s*\($args,\s*$args\)/unsigned long $1\[BITS_TO_LONGS($2)\]/gos;

Here too ... this is the kind of stuff that makes me glad that Colorado
is a legal-weed state, and the new version, while better, doesn't change
that basic fact.

> # replace DECLARE_HASHTABLE
> - $members =~ s/DECLARE_HASHTABLE\s*\(([^,)]+),\s*([^,)]+)\)/unsigned long $1\[1 << (($2) - 1)\]/gos;
> + $members =~ s/DECLARE_HASHTABLE\s*\($args,\s*$args\)/unsigned long $1\[1 << (($2) - 1)\]/gos;
> # replace DECLARE_KFIFO
> - $members =~ s/DECLARE_KFIFO\s*\(([^,)]+),\s*([^,)]+),\s*([^,)]+)\)/$2 \*$1/gos;
> + $members =~ s/DECLARE_KFIFO\s*\($args,\s*$args,\s*$args\)/$2 \*$1/gos;
> # replace DECLARE_KFIFO_PTR
> - $members =~ s/DECLARE_KFIFO_PTR\s*\(([^,)]+),\s*([^,)]+)\)/$2 \*$1/gos;
> -
> + $members =~ s/DECLARE_KFIFO_PTR\s*\($args,\s*$args\)/$2 \*$1/gos;
> my $declaration = $members;
>
> # Split nested struct/union elements as newer ones
> - while ($members =~ m/(struct|union)([^\{\};]+)\{([^\{\}]*)\}([^\{\}\;]*)\;/) {
> + while ($members =~ m/$struct_members/) {

...but this is great.

> my $newmember;
> my $maintype = $1;
> my $ids = $4;
> @@ -1315,7 +1322,7 @@ sub dump_struct($$) {
> }
> }
> }
> - $members =~ s/(struct|union)([^\{\};]+)\{([^\{\}]*)\}([^\{\}\;]*)\;/$newmember/;
> + $members =~ s/$struct_members/$newmember/;
> }
>
> # Ignore other nested elements, like enums
> @@ -1555,8 +1562,9 @@ sub create_parameterlist($$$$) {
> my $param;
>
> # temporarily replace commas inside function pointer definition
> - while ($args =~ /(\([^\),]+),/) {
> - $args =~ s/(\([^\),]+),/$1#/g;
> + my $arg_expr = qr{\([^\),]+};
> + while ($args =~ /$arg_expr,/) {
> + $args =~ s/($arg_expr),/$1#/g;
> }
>
> foreach my $arg (split($splitter, $args)) {
> @@ -1808,8 +1816,14 @@ sub dump_function($$) {
> # - parport_register_device (function pointer parameters)
> # - atomic_set (macro)
> # - pci_match_device, __copy_to_user (long return type)
> -
> - if ($define && $prototype =~ m/^()([a-zA-Z0-9_~:]+)\s+/) {
> + my $name = qr{[a-zA-Z0-9_~:]+};
> + my $prototype_end1 = qr{[^\(]*};
> + my $prototype_end2 = qr{[^\{]*};
> + my $prototype_end = qr{\(($prototype_end1|$prototype_end2)\)};
> + my $type1 = qr{[\w\s]+};
> + my $type2 = qr{$type1\*+};
> +
> + if ($define && $prototype =~ m/^()($name)\s+/) {
> # This is an object-like macro, it has no return type and no parameter
> # list.
> # Function-like macros are not allowed to have spaces between
> @@ -1817,23 +1831,9 @@ sub dump_function($$) {
> $return_type = $1;
> $declaration_name = $2;
> $noret = 1;
> - } elsif ($prototype =~ m/^()([a-zA-Z0-9_~:]+)\s*\(([^\(]*)\)/ ||
> - $prototype =~ m/^(\w+)\s+([a-zA-Z0-9_~:]+)\s*\(([^\(]*)\)/ ||
> - $prototype =~ m/^(\w+\s*\*+)\s*([a-zA-Z0-9_~:]+)\s*\(([^\(]*)\)/ ||
> - $prototype =~ m/^(\w+\s+\w+)\s+([a-zA-Z0-9_~:]+)\s*\(([^\(]*)\)/ ||
> - $prototype =~ m/^(\w+\s+\w+\s*\*+)\s*([a-zA-Z0-9_~:]+)\s*\(([^\(]*)\)/ ||
> - $prototype =~ m/^(\w+\s+\w+\s+\w+)\s+([a-zA-Z0-9_~:]+)\s*\(([^\(]*)\)/ ||
> - $prototype =~ m/^(\w+\s+\w+\s+\w+\s*\*+)\s*([a-zA-Z0-9_~:]+)\s*\(([^\(]*)\)/ ||
> - $prototype =~ m/^()([a-zA-Z0-9_~:]+)\s*\(([^\{]*)\)/ ||
> - $prototype =~ m/^(\w+)\s+([a-zA-Z0-9_~:]+)\s*\(([^\{]*)\)/ ||
> - $prototype =~ m/^(\w+\s*\*+)\s*([a-zA-Z0-9_~:]+)\s*\(([^\{]*)\)/ ||
> - $prototype =~ m/^(\w+\s+\w+)\s+([a-zA-Z0-9_~:]+)\s*\(([^\{]*)\)/ ||
> - $prototype =~ m/^(\w+\s+\w+\s*\*+)\s*([a-zA-Z0-9_~:]+)\s*\(([^\{]*)\)/ ||
> - $prototype =~ m/^(\w+\s+\w+\s+\w+)\s+([a-zA-Z0-9_~:]+)\s*\(([^\{]*)\)/ ||
> - $prototype =~ m/^(\w+\s+\w+\s+\w+\s*\*+)\s*([a-zA-Z0-9_~:]+)\s*\(([^\{]*)\)/ ||
> - $prototype =~ m/^(\w+\s+\w+\s+\w+\s+\w+)\s+([a-zA-Z0-9_~:]+)\s*\(([^\{]*)\)/ ||
> - $prototype =~ m/^(\w+\s+\w+\s+\w+\s+\w+\s*\*+)\s*([a-zA-Z0-9_~:]+)\s*\(([^\{]*)\)/ ||
> - $prototype =~ m/^(\w+\s+\w+\s*\*+\s*\w+\s*\*+\s*)\s*([a-zA-Z0-9_~:]+)\s*\(([^\{]*)\)/) {
> + } elsif ($prototype =~ m/^()($name)\s*$prototype_end/ ||
> + $prototype =~ m/^($type1)\s+($name)\s*$prototype_end/ ||
> + $prototype =~ m/^($type2)+\s*($name)\s*$prototype_end/) {

It's hard not to be happy about something like that - this is a definite
step toward clarifying this code.

I think I'll stop here; hopefully I've gotten my point across. I really
like where this work is heading; focusing just a bit more on pulling the
regexes together and making the whole thing more readable would be
wonderful.

Thanks,

jon

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