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Subject[PATCH v26 23/30] x86/cet/shstk: Handle thread shadow stack
Date
For clone() with CLONE_VM specified, the child and the parent must have
separate shadow stacks. Thus, the kernel allocates, and frees on thread
exit a new shadow stack for the child.

Use stack_size passed from clone3() syscall for thread shadow stack size,
but cap it to min(RLIMIT_STACK, 4 GB). A compat-mode thread shadow stack
size is further reduced to 1/4. This allows more threads to run in a 32-
bit address space.

Signed-off-by: Yu-cheng Yu <yu-cheng.yu@intel.com>
---
arch/x86/include/asm/cet.h | 5 +++
arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h | 3 ++
arch/x86/kernel/process.c | 15 ++++++--
arch/x86/kernel/shstk.c | 57 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
4 files changed, 76 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/cet.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/cet.h
index aa85d599b184..8b83ded577cc 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/cet.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/cet.h
@@ -16,10 +16,15 @@ struct cet_status {

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_SHADOW_STACK
int shstk_setup(void);
+int shstk_setup_thread(struct task_struct *p, unsigned long clone_flags,
+ unsigned long stack_size);
void shstk_free(struct task_struct *p);
void shstk_disable(void);
#else
static inline int shstk_setup(void) { return 0; }
+static inline int shstk_setup_thread(struct task_struct *p,
+ unsigned long clone_flags,
+ unsigned long stack_size) { return 0; }
static inline void shstk_free(struct task_struct *p) {}
static inline void shstk_disable(void) {}
#endif
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h
index 27516046117a..53569114aa01 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/mmu_context.h
@@ -11,6 +11,7 @@

#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
#include <asm/paravirt.h>
+#include <asm/cet.h>
#include <asm/debugreg.h>

extern atomic64_t last_mm_ctx_id;
@@ -146,6 +147,8 @@ do { \
#else
#define deactivate_mm(tsk, mm) \
do { \
+ if (!tsk->vfork_done) \
+ shstk_free(tsk); \
load_gs_index(0); \
loadsegment(fs, 0); \
} while (0)
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/process.c b/arch/x86/kernel/process.c
index 9c214d7085a4..fa01e8679d01 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/process.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/process.c
@@ -43,6 +43,7 @@
#include <asm/io_bitmap.h>
#include <asm/proto.h>
#include <asm/frame.h>
+#include <asm/cet.h>

#include "process.h"

@@ -109,6 +110,7 @@ void exit_thread(struct task_struct *tsk)

free_vm86(t);

+ shstk_free(tsk);
fpu__drop(fpu);
}

@@ -122,8 +124,9 @@ static int set_new_tls(struct task_struct *p, unsigned long tls)
return do_set_thread_area_64(p, ARCH_SET_FS, tls);
}

-int copy_thread(unsigned long clone_flags, unsigned long sp, unsigned long arg,
- struct task_struct *p, unsigned long tls)
+int copy_thread(unsigned long clone_flags, unsigned long sp,
+ unsigned long stack_size, struct task_struct *p,
+ unsigned long tls)
{
struct inactive_task_frame *frame;
struct fork_frame *fork_frame;
@@ -163,7 +166,7 @@ int copy_thread(unsigned long clone_flags, unsigned long sp, unsigned long arg,
/* Kernel thread ? */
if (unlikely(p->flags & (PF_KTHREAD | PF_IO_WORKER))) {
memset(childregs, 0, sizeof(struct pt_regs));
- kthread_frame_init(frame, sp, arg);
+ kthread_frame_init(frame, sp, stack_size);
return 0;
}

@@ -181,6 +184,12 @@ int copy_thread(unsigned long clone_flags, unsigned long sp, unsigned long arg,
if (clone_flags & CLONE_SETTLS)
ret = set_new_tls(p, tls);

+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
+ /* Allocate a new shadow stack for pthread */
+ if (!ret)
+ ret = shstk_setup_thread(p, clone_flags, stack_size);
+#endif
+
if (!ret && unlikely(test_tsk_thread_flag(current, TIF_IO_BITMAP)))
io_bitmap_share(p);

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/shstk.c b/arch/x86/kernel/shstk.c
index c815c7507830..d387df84b7f1 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/shstk.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/shstk.c
@@ -70,6 +70,55 @@ int shstk_setup(void)
return 0;
}

+int shstk_setup_thread(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long clone_flags,
+ unsigned long stack_size)
+{
+ unsigned long addr, size;
+ struct cet_user_state *state;
+ struct cet_status *cet = &tsk->thread.cet;
+
+ if (!cet->shstk_size)
+ return 0;
+
+ if ((clone_flags & (CLONE_VFORK | CLONE_VM)) != CLONE_VM)
+ return 0;
+
+ state = get_xsave_addr(&tsk->thread.fpu.state.xsave,
+ XFEATURE_CET_USER);
+
+ if (!state)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ if (stack_size == 0)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ /* Cap shadow stack size to 4 GB */
+ size = min_t(unsigned long long, rlimit(RLIMIT_STACK), SZ_4G);
+ size = min(size, stack_size);
+
+ /*
+ * Compat-mode pthreads share a limited address space.
+ * If each function call takes an average of four slots
+ * stack space, allocate 1/4 of stack size for shadow stack.
+ */
+ if (in_compat_syscall())
+ size /= 4;
+ size = round_up(size, PAGE_SIZE);
+ addr = alloc_shstk(size);
+
+ if (IS_ERR_VALUE(addr)) {
+ cet->shstk_base = 0;
+ cet->shstk_size = 0;
+ return PTR_ERR((void *)addr);
+ }
+
+ fpu__prepare_write(&tsk->thread.fpu);
+ state->user_ssp = (u64)(addr + size);
+ cet->shstk_base = addr;
+ cet->shstk_size = size;
+ return 0;
+}
+
void shstk_free(struct task_struct *tsk)
{
struct cet_status *cet = &tsk->thread.cet;
@@ -79,7 +128,13 @@ void shstk_free(struct task_struct *tsk)
!cet->shstk_base)
return;

- if (!tsk->mm)
+ /*
+ * When fork() with CLONE_VM fails, the child (tsk) already has a
+ * shadow stack allocated, and exit_thread() calls this function to
+ * free it. In this case the parent (current) and the child is
+ * sharing the same mm struct.
+ */
+ if (!tsk->mm || tsk->mm != current->mm)
return;

while (1) {
--
2.21.0
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