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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2] virtiofs: propagate sync() to file server
On Tue, 27 Apr 2021 13:12:06 -0400
Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@redhat.com> wrote:

> On Mon, Apr 26, 2021 at 05:10:11PM +0200, Greg Kurz wrote:
> > Even if POSIX doesn't mandate it, linux users legitimately expect
> > sync() to flush all data and metadata to physical storage when it
> > is located on the same system. This isn't happening with virtiofs
> > though : sync() inside the guest returns right away even though
> > data still needs to be flushed from the host page cache.
> >
> > This is easily demonstrated by doing the following in the guest:
> >
> > $ dd if=/dev/zero of=/mnt/foo bs=1M count=5K ; strace -T -e sync sync
> > 5120+0 records in
> > 5120+0 records out
> > 5368709120 bytes (5.4 GB, 5.0 GiB) copied, 5.22224 s, 1.0 GB/s
> > sync() = 0 <0.024068>
> > +++ exited with 0 +++
> >
> > and start the following in the host when the 'dd' command completes
> > in the guest:
> >
> > $ strace -T -e fsync /usr/bin/sync virtiofs/foo
> > fsync(3) = 0 <10.371640>
> > +++ exited with 0 +++
> >
> > There are no good reasons not to honor the expected behavior of
> > sync() actually : it gives an unrealistic impression that virtiofs
> > is super fast and that data has safely landed on HW, which isn't
> > the case obviously.
> >
> > Implement a ->sync_fs() superblock operation that sends a new
> > FUSE_SYNC request type for this purpose. Provision a 64-bit
> > flags field for possible future extensions. Since the file
> > server cannot handle the wait == 0 case, we skip it to avoid a
> > gratuitous roundtrip.
> >
> > Like with FUSE_FSYNC and FUSE_FSYNCDIR, lack of support for
> > FUSE_SYNC in the file server is treated as permanent success.
> > This ensures compatibility with older file servers : the client
> > will get the current behavior of sync() not being propagated to
> > the file server.
> >
> > Note that such an operation allows the file server to DoS sync().
> > Since a typical FUSE file server is an untrusted piece of software
> > running in userspace, this is disabled by default. Only enable it
> > with virtiofs for now since virtiofsd is supposedly trusted by the
> > guest kernel.
> >
> > Reported-by: Robert Krawitz <rlk@redhat.com>
> > Signed-off-by: Greg Kurz <groug@kaod.org>
> > ---
> >
> > v2: - clarify compatibility with older servers in changelog (Vivek)
> > - ignore the wait == 0 case (Miklos)
> > - 64-bit aligned argument structure (Vivek, Miklos)
> >
> > fs/fuse/fuse_i.h | 3 +++
> > fs/fuse/inode.c | 35 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > fs/fuse/virtio_fs.c | 1 +
> > include/uapi/linux/fuse.h | 10 +++++++++-
> > 4 files changed, 48 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/fs/fuse/fuse_i.h b/fs/fuse/fuse_i.h
> > index 63d97a15ffde..68e9ae96cbd4 100644
> > --- a/fs/fuse/fuse_i.h
> > +++ b/fs/fuse/fuse_i.h
> > @@ -755,6 +755,9 @@ struct fuse_conn {
> > /* Auto-mount submounts announced by the server */
> > unsigned int auto_submounts:1;
> >
> > + /* Propagate syncfs() to server */
> > + unsigned int sync_fs:1;
> > +
> > /** The number of requests waiting for completion */
> > atomic_t num_waiting;
> >
> > diff --git a/fs/fuse/inode.c b/fs/fuse/inode.c
> > index b0e18b470e91..ac184069b40f 100644
> > --- a/fs/fuse/inode.c
> > +++ b/fs/fuse/inode.c
> > @@ -506,6 +506,40 @@ static int fuse_statfs(struct dentry *dentry, struct kstatfs *buf)
> > return err;
> > }
> >
> > +static int fuse_sync_fs(struct super_block *sb, int wait)
> > +{
> > + struct fuse_mount *fm = get_fuse_mount_super(sb);
> > + struct fuse_conn *fc = fm->fc;
> > + struct fuse_syncfs_in inarg;
> > + FUSE_ARGS(args);
> > + int err;
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * Userspace cannot handle the wait == 0 case. Avoid a
> > + * gratuitous roundtrip.
> > + */
> > + if (!wait)
> > + return 0;
> > +
> > + if (!fc->sync_fs)
> > + return 0;
> > +
> > + memset(&inarg, 0, sizeof(inarg));
> > + args.in_numargs = 1;
> > + args.in_args[0].size = sizeof(inarg);
> > + args.in_args[0].value = &inarg;
> > + args.opcode = FUSE_SYNCFS;
> > + args.out_numargs = 0;
> > +
> > + err = fuse_simple_request(fm, &args);
> > + if (err == -ENOSYS) {
> > + fc->sync_fs = 0;
> > + err = 0;
> > + }
> > +
> > + return err;
> > +}
> > +
> > enum {
> > OPT_SOURCE,
> > OPT_SUBTYPE,
> > @@ -909,6 +943,7 @@ static const struct super_operations fuse_super_operations = {
> > .put_super = fuse_put_super,
> > .umount_begin = fuse_umount_begin,
> > .statfs = fuse_statfs,
> > + .sync_fs = fuse_sync_fs,
> > .show_options = fuse_show_options,
> > };
> >
> > diff --git a/fs/fuse/virtio_fs.c b/fs/fuse/virtio_fs.c
> > index 4ee6f734ba83..a3c025308743 100644
> > --- a/fs/fuse/virtio_fs.c
> > +++ b/fs/fuse/virtio_fs.c
> > @@ -1441,6 +1441,7 @@ static int virtio_fs_get_tree(struct fs_context *fsc)
> > fc->release = fuse_free_conn;
> > fc->delete_stale = true;
> > fc->auto_submounts = true;
> > + fc->sync_fs = true;
> >
> > fsc->s_fs_info = fm;
> > sb = sget_fc(fsc, virtio_fs_test_super, set_anon_super_fc);
> > diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/fuse.h b/include/uapi/linux/fuse.h
> > index 54442612c48b..1265ca17620c 100644
> > --- a/include/uapi/linux/fuse.h
> > +++ b/include/uapi/linux/fuse.h
> > @@ -179,6 +179,9 @@
> > * 7.33
> > * - add FUSE_HANDLE_KILLPRIV_V2, FUSE_WRITE_KILL_SUIDGID, FATTR_KILL_SUIDGID
> > * - add FUSE_OPEN_KILL_SUIDGID
> > + *
> > + * 7.34
> > + * - add FUSE_SYNCFS
> > */
> >
> > #ifndef _LINUX_FUSE_H
> > @@ -214,7 +217,7 @@
> > #define FUSE_KERNEL_VERSION 7
> >
> > /** Minor version number of this interface */
> > -#define FUSE_KERNEL_MINOR_VERSION 33
> > +#define FUSE_KERNEL_MINOR_VERSION 34
> >
> > /** The node ID of the root inode */
> > #define FUSE_ROOT_ID 1
> > @@ -499,6 +502,7 @@ enum fuse_opcode {
> > FUSE_COPY_FILE_RANGE = 47,
> > FUSE_SETUPMAPPING = 48,
> > FUSE_REMOVEMAPPING = 49,
> > + FUSE_SYNCFS = 50,
> >
> > /* CUSE specific operations */
> > CUSE_INIT = 4096,
> > @@ -957,4 +961,8 @@ struct fuse_removemapping_one {
> > #define FUSE_REMOVEMAPPING_MAX_ENTRY \
> > (PAGE_SIZE / sizeof(struct fuse_removemapping_one))
> >
> > +struct fuse_syncfs_in {
> > + uint64_t flags;
> > +};
> > +
>
> Hi Greg,
>
> Will it be better if 32bits are for flags and reset 32 are
> padding and can be used in whatever manner.
>
> struct fuse_syncfs_in {
> uint32_t flags;
> uint32_t padding;
> };
>
> This will increase the flexibility if we were to send more information
> in future.
>
> I already see bunch of structures where flags are 32 bit and reset
> are padding bits. fuse_read_in, fuse_write_in, fuse_rename2_in etc.
>
> Thanks
> Vivek
>

Yes, it makes sense. I'll wait a few more days and roll out a v3.

Thanks !

--
Greg

> > #endif /* _LINUX_FUSE_H */
> > --
> > 2.26.3
> >
>

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