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Subject[PATCH 1/1] sched/fair: Fix unfairness caused by missing load decay
This fixes an issue where old load on a cfs_rq is not properly decayed,
resulting in strange behavior where fairness can decrease drastically.
Real workloads with equally weighted control groups have ended up
getting a respective 99% and 1%(!!) of cpu time.

When an idle task is attached to a cfs_rq by attaching a pid to a cgroup,
the old load of the task is attached to the new cfs_rq and sched_entity by
attach_entity_cfs_rq. If the task is then moved to another cpu (and
therefore cfs_rq) before being enqueued/woken up, the load will be moved
to cfs_rq->removed from the sched_entity. Such a move will happen when
enforcing a cpuset on the task (eg. via a cgroup) that force it to move.

The load will however not be removed from the task_group itself, making
it look like there is a constant load on that cfs_rq. This causes the
vruntime of tasks on other sibling cfs_rq's to increase faster than they
are supposed to; causing severe fairness issues. If no other task is
started on the given cfs_rq, and due to the cpuset it would not happen,
this load would never be properly unloaded. With this patch the load
will be properly removed inside update_blocked_averages. This also
applies to tasks moved to the fair scheduling class and moved to another
cpu, and this path will also fix that. For fork, the entity is queued
right away, so this problem does not affect that.

For a simple cgroup hierarchy (as seen below) with two equally weighted
groups, that in theory should get 50/50 of cpu time each, it often leads
to a load of 60/40 or 70/30.

cpu.weight: 100
cpuset.cpus: 1
cpu.weight: 100
cpuset.cpus: 1

If the hierarchy is deeper (as seen below), while keeping cg-1 and cg-2
equally weighted, they should still get a 50/50 balance of cpu time.
This however sometimes results in a balance of 10/90 or 1/99(!!) between
the task groups.

$ ps u -C stress
root 18568 1.1 0.0 3684 100 pts/12 R+ 13:36 0:00 stress --cpu 1
root 18580 99.3 0.0 3684 100 pts/12 R+ 13:36 0:09 stress --cpu 1

cpu.weight: 100
cpu.weight: 1
cpuset.cpus: 1
cpu.weight: 100
cpu.weight: 10000
cpuset.cpus: 1

This can be reproduced by attaching an idle process to a cgroup and
moving it to a given cpuset before it wakes up. The issue is evident in
many (if not most) container runtimes, and has been reproduced
with both crun and runc (and therefore docker and all its "derivatives"),
and with both cgroup v1 and v2.

Fixes: 3d30544f0212 ("sched/fair: Apply more PELT fixes")
Signed-off-by: Odin Ugedal <>
kernel/sched/fair.c | 13 +++++++++++++
1 file changed, 13 insertions(+)

diff --git a/kernel/sched/fair.c b/kernel/sched/fair.c
index 794c2cb945f8..ad7556f99b4a 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/fair.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/fair.c
@@ -10916,6 +10916,19 @@ static void attach_task_cfs_rq(struct task_struct *p)

if (!vruntime_normalized(p))
se->vruntime += cfs_rq->min_vruntime;
+ /*
+ * Make sure the attached load will decay properly
+ * in case the task is moved to another cpu before
+ * being queued.
+ */
+ if (!task_on_rq_queued(p)) {
+ for_each_sched_entity(se) {
+ if (se->on_rq)
+ break;
+ list_add_leaf_cfs_rq(cfs_rq_of(se));
+ }
+ }

static void switched_from_fair(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p)
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