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Subject[PATCH v21 7/9] mm: hugetlb: add a kernel parameter hugetlb_free_vmemmap
Date
Add a kernel parameter hugetlb_free_vmemmap to enable the feature of
freeing unused vmemmap pages associated with each hugetlb page on boot.

We disables PMD mapping of vmemmap pages for x86-64 arch when this
feature is enabled. Because vmemmap_remap_free() depends on vmemmap
being base page mapped.

Signed-off-by: Muchun Song <songmuchun@bytedance.com>
Reviewed-by: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Reviewed-by: Barry Song <song.bao.hua@hisilicon.com>
Reviewed-by: Miaohe Lin <linmiaohe@huawei.com>
Tested-by: Chen Huang <chenhuang5@huawei.com>
Tested-by: Bodeddula Balasubramaniam <bodeddub@amazon.com>
Reviewed-by: Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@oracle.com>
---
Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt | 17 +++++++++++++++++
Documentation/admin-guide/mm/hugetlbpage.rst | 3 +++
arch/x86/mm/init_64.c | 8 ++++++--
include/linux/hugetlb.h | 19 +++++++++++++++++++
mm/hugetlb_vmemmap.c | 24 ++++++++++++++++++++++++
5 files changed, 69 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt b/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
index 1d56ad77189b..3cc19cb78b85 100644
--- a/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
+++ b/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
@@ -1621,6 +1621,23 @@
Documentation/admin-guide/mm/hugetlbpage.rst.
Format: size[KMG]

+ hugetlb_free_vmemmap=
+ [KNL] Reguires CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE_FREE_VMEMMAP
+ enabled.
+ Allows heavy hugetlb users to free up some more
+ memory (6 * PAGE_SIZE for each 2MB hugetlb page).
+ This feauture is not free though. Large page
+ tables are not used to back vmemmap pages which
+ can lead to a performance degradation for some
+ workloads. Also there will be memory allocation
+ required when hugetlb pages are freed from the
+ pool which can lead to corner cases under heavy
+ memory pressure.
+ Format: { on | off (default) }
+
+ on: enable the feature
+ off: disable the feature
+
hung_task_panic=
[KNL] Should the hung task detector generate panics.
Format: 0 | 1
diff --git a/Documentation/admin-guide/mm/hugetlbpage.rst b/Documentation/admin-guide/mm/hugetlbpage.rst
index 6988895d09a8..8abaeb144e44 100644
--- a/Documentation/admin-guide/mm/hugetlbpage.rst
+++ b/Documentation/admin-guide/mm/hugetlbpage.rst
@@ -153,6 +153,9 @@ default_hugepagesz

will all result in 256 2M huge pages being allocated. Valid default
huge page size is architecture dependent.
+hugetlb_free_vmemmap
+ When CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE_FREE_VMEMMAP is set, this enables freeing
+ unused vmemmap pages associated with each HugeTLB page.

When multiple huge page sizes are supported, ``/proc/sys/vm/nr_hugepages``
indicates the current number of pre-allocated huge pages of the default size.
diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c b/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
index 65ea58527176..9d9d18d0c2a1 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/init_64.c
@@ -34,6 +34,7 @@
#include <linux/gfp.h>
#include <linux/kcore.h>
#include <linux/bootmem_info.h>
+#include <linux/hugetlb.h>

#include <asm/processor.h>
#include <asm/bios_ebda.h>
@@ -1609,7 +1610,8 @@ int __meminit vmemmap_populate(unsigned long start, unsigned long end, int node,
VM_BUG_ON(!IS_ALIGNED(start, PAGE_SIZE));
VM_BUG_ON(!IS_ALIGNED(end, PAGE_SIZE));

- if (end - start < PAGES_PER_SECTION * sizeof(struct page))
+ if ((is_hugetlb_free_vmemmap_enabled() && !altmap) ||
+ end - start < PAGES_PER_SECTION * sizeof(struct page))
err = vmemmap_populate_basepages(start, end, node, NULL);
else if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_PSE))
err = vmemmap_populate_hugepages(start, end, node, altmap);
@@ -1637,6 +1639,8 @@ void register_page_bootmem_memmap(unsigned long section_nr,
pmd_t *pmd;
unsigned int nr_pmd_pages;
struct page *page;
+ bool base_mapping = !boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_PSE) ||
+ is_hugetlb_free_vmemmap_enabled();

for (; addr < end; addr = next) {
pte_t *pte = NULL;
@@ -1662,7 +1666,7 @@ void register_page_bootmem_memmap(unsigned long section_nr,
}
get_page_bootmem(section_nr, pud_page(*pud), MIX_SECTION_INFO);

- if (!boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_PSE)) {
+ if (base_mapping) {
next = (addr + PAGE_SIZE) & PAGE_MASK;
pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr);
if (pmd_none(*pmd))
diff --git a/include/linux/hugetlb.h b/include/linux/hugetlb.h
index d3abaaec2a22..65865d523ef7 100644
--- a/include/linux/hugetlb.h
+++ b/include/linux/hugetlb.h
@@ -895,6 +895,20 @@ static inline void huge_ptep_modify_prot_commit(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
}
#endif

+#ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE_FREE_VMEMMAP
+extern bool hugetlb_free_vmemmap_enabled;
+
+static inline bool is_hugetlb_free_vmemmap_enabled(void)
+{
+ return hugetlb_free_vmemmap_enabled;
+}
+#else
+static inline bool is_hugetlb_free_vmemmap_enabled(void)
+{
+ return false;
+}
+#endif
+
#else /* CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE */
struct hstate {};

@@ -1054,6 +1068,11 @@ static inline void set_huge_swap_pte_at(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr
pte_t *ptep, pte_t pte, unsigned long sz)
{
}
+
+static inline bool is_hugetlb_free_vmemmap_enabled(void)
+{
+ return false;
+}
#endif /* CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE */

static inline spinlock_t *huge_pte_lock(struct hstate *h,
diff --git a/mm/hugetlb_vmemmap.c b/mm/hugetlb_vmemmap.c
index a897c7778246..3070e1465b1b 100644
--- a/mm/hugetlb_vmemmap.c
+++ b/mm/hugetlb_vmemmap.c
@@ -168,6 +168,8 @@
* (last) level. So this type of HugeTLB page can be optimized only when its
* size of the struct page structs is greater than 2 pages.
*/
+#define pr_fmt(fmt) "HugeTLB: " fmt
+
#include "hugetlb_vmemmap.h"

/*
@@ -180,6 +182,28 @@
#define RESERVE_VMEMMAP_NR 2U
#define RESERVE_VMEMMAP_SIZE (RESERVE_VMEMMAP_NR << PAGE_SHIFT)

+bool hugetlb_free_vmemmap_enabled;
+
+static int __init early_hugetlb_free_vmemmap_param(char *buf)
+{
+ /* We cannot optimize if a "struct page" crosses page boundaries. */
+ if ((!is_power_of_2(sizeof(struct page)))) {
+ pr_warn("cannot free vmemmap pages because \"struct page\" crosses page boundaries\n");
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ if (!buf)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ if (!strcmp(buf, "on"))
+ hugetlb_free_vmemmap_enabled = true;
+ else if (strcmp(buf, "off"))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+early_param("hugetlb_free_vmemmap", early_hugetlb_free_vmemmap_param);
+
static inline unsigned long free_vmemmap_pages_size_per_hpage(struct hstate *h)
{
return (unsigned long)free_vmemmap_pages_per_hpage(h) << PAGE_SHIFT;
--
2.11.0
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