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Subject[PATCH v21 5/9] mm: hugetlb: defer freeing of HugeTLB pages
Date
In the subsequent patch, we should allocate the vmemmap pages when
freeing a HugeTLB page. But update_and_free_page() can be called
under any context, so we cannot use GFP_KERNEL to allocate vmemmap
pages. However, we can defer the actual freeing in a kworker to
prevent from using GFP_ATOMIC to allocate the vmemmap pages.

The __update_and_free_page() is where the call to allocate vmemmmap
pages will be inserted.

Signed-off-by: Muchun Song <songmuchun@bytedance.com>
---
mm/hugetlb.c | 81 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
mm/hugetlb_vmemmap.c | 12 --------
mm/hugetlb_vmemmap.h | 17 +++++++++++
3 files changed, 92 insertions(+), 18 deletions(-)

diff --git a/mm/hugetlb.c b/mm/hugetlb.c
index 61dd653a2c66..72ce4d28441a 100644
--- a/mm/hugetlb.c
+++ b/mm/hugetlb.c
@@ -1376,7 +1376,7 @@ static void remove_hugetlb_page(struct hstate *h, struct page *page,
h->nr_huge_pages_node[nid]--;
}

-static void update_and_free_page(struct hstate *h, struct page *page)
+static void __update_and_free_page(struct hstate *h, struct page *page)
{
int i;
struct page *subpage = page;
@@ -1399,12 +1399,79 @@ static void update_and_free_page(struct hstate *h, struct page *page)
}
}

+/*
+ * As update_and_free_page() can be called under any context, so we cannot
+ * use GFP_KERNEL to allocate vmemmap pages. However, we can defer the
+ * actual freeing in a workqueue to prevent from using GFP_ATOMIC to allocate
+ * the vmemmap pages.
+ *
+ * free_hpage_workfn() locklessly retrieves the linked list of pages to be
+ * freed and frees them one-by-one. As the page->mapping pointer is going
+ * to be cleared in free_hpage_workfn() anyway, it is reused as the llist_node
+ * structure of a lockless linked list of huge pages to be freed.
+ */
+static LLIST_HEAD(hpage_freelist);
+
+static void free_hpage_workfn(struct work_struct *work)
+{
+ struct llist_node *node;
+
+ node = llist_del_all(&hpage_freelist);
+
+ while (node) {
+ struct page *page;
+ struct hstate *h;
+
+ page = container_of((struct address_space **)node,
+ struct page, mapping);
+ node = node->next;
+ page->mapping = NULL;
+ /*
+ * The VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageHuge(page), page) in page_hstate()
+ * is going to trigger because a previous call to
+ * remove_hugetlb_page() will set_compound_page_dtor(page,
+ * NULL_COMPOUND_DTOR), so do not use page_hstate() directly.
+ */
+ h = size_to_hstate(page_size(page));
+
+ __update_and_free_page(h, page);
+
+ cond_resched();
+ }
+}
+static DECLARE_WORK(free_hpage_work, free_hpage_workfn);
+
+static inline void flush_free_hpage_work(struct hstate *h)
+{
+ if (free_vmemmap_pages_per_hpage(h))
+ flush_work(&free_hpage_work);
+}
+
+static void update_and_free_page(struct hstate *h, struct page *page,
+ bool atomic)
+{
+ if (!free_vmemmap_pages_per_hpage(h) || !atomic) {
+ __update_and_free_page(h, page);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Defer freeing to avoid using GFP_ATOMIC to allocate vmemmap pages.
+ *
+ * Only call schedule_work() if hpage_freelist is previously
+ * empty. Otherwise, schedule_work() had been called but the workfn
+ * hasn't retrieved the list yet.
+ */
+ if (llist_add((struct llist_node *)&page->mapping, &hpage_freelist))
+ schedule_work(&free_hpage_work);
+}
+
static void update_and_free_pages_bulk(struct hstate *h, struct list_head *list)
{
struct page *page, *t_page;

list_for_each_entry_safe(page, t_page, list, lru) {
- update_and_free_page(h, page);
+ update_and_free_page(h, page, false);
cond_resched();
}
}
@@ -1471,12 +1538,12 @@ void free_huge_page(struct page *page)
if (HPageTemporary(page)) {
remove_hugetlb_page(h, page, false);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&hugetlb_lock, flags);
- update_and_free_page(h, page);
+ update_and_free_page(h, page, true);
} else if (h->surplus_huge_pages_node[nid]) {
/* remove the page from active list */
remove_hugetlb_page(h, page, true);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&hugetlb_lock, flags);
- update_and_free_page(h, page);
+ update_and_free_page(h, page, true);
} else {
arch_clear_hugepage_flags(page);
enqueue_huge_page(h, page);
@@ -1798,7 +1865,7 @@ int dissolve_free_huge_page(struct page *page)
remove_hugetlb_page(h, page, false);
h->max_huge_pages--;
spin_unlock_irq(&hugetlb_lock);
- update_and_free_page(h, head);
+ update_and_free_page(h, head, false);
return 0;
}
out:
@@ -2347,7 +2414,7 @@ static int alloc_and_dissolve_huge_page(struct hstate *h, struct page *old_page,
* Pages have been replaced, we can safely free the old one.
*/
spin_unlock_irq(&hugetlb_lock);
- update_and_free_page(h, old_page);
+ update_and_free_page(h, old_page, false);
}

return ret;
@@ -2768,6 +2835,7 @@ static int set_max_huge_pages(struct hstate *h, unsigned long count, int nid,
* pages in hstate via the proc/sysfs interfaces.
*/
mutex_lock(&h->resize_lock);
+ flush_free_hpage_work(h);
spin_lock_irq(&hugetlb_lock);

/*
@@ -2877,6 +2945,7 @@ static int set_max_huge_pages(struct hstate *h, unsigned long count, int nid,
/* free the pages after dropping lock */
spin_unlock_irq(&hugetlb_lock);
update_and_free_pages_bulk(h, &page_list);
+ flush_free_hpage_work(h);
spin_lock_irq(&hugetlb_lock);

while (count < persistent_huge_pages(h)) {
diff --git a/mm/hugetlb_vmemmap.c b/mm/hugetlb_vmemmap.c
index e45a138a7f85..cb28c5b6c9ff 100644
--- a/mm/hugetlb_vmemmap.c
+++ b/mm/hugetlb_vmemmap.c
@@ -180,18 +180,6 @@
#define RESERVE_VMEMMAP_NR 2U
#define RESERVE_VMEMMAP_SIZE (RESERVE_VMEMMAP_NR << PAGE_SHIFT)

-/*
- * How many vmemmap pages associated with a HugeTLB page that can be freed
- * to the buddy allocator.
- *
- * Todo: Returns zero for now, which means the feature is disabled. We will
- * enable it once all the infrastructure is there.
- */
-static inline unsigned int free_vmemmap_pages_per_hpage(struct hstate *h)
-{
- return 0;
-}
-
static inline unsigned long free_vmemmap_pages_size_per_hpage(struct hstate *h)
{
return (unsigned long)free_vmemmap_pages_per_hpage(h) << PAGE_SHIFT;
diff --git a/mm/hugetlb_vmemmap.h b/mm/hugetlb_vmemmap.h
index 6923f03534d5..01f8637adbe0 100644
--- a/mm/hugetlb_vmemmap.h
+++ b/mm/hugetlb_vmemmap.h
@@ -12,9 +12,26 @@

#ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE_FREE_VMEMMAP
void free_huge_page_vmemmap(struct hstate *h, struct page *head);
+
+/*
+ * How many vmemmap pages associated with a HugeTLB page that can be freed
+ * to the buddy allocator.
+ *
+ * Todo: Returns zero for now, which means the feature is disabled. We will
+ * enable it once all the infrastructure is there.
+ */
+static inline unsigned int free_vmemmap_pages_per_hpage(struct hstate *h)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
#else
static inline void free_huge_page_vmemmap(struct hstate *h, struct page *head)
{
}
+
+static inline unsigned int free_vmemmap_pages_per_hpage(struct hstate *h)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
#endif /* CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE_FREE_VMEMMAP */
#endif /* _LINUX_HUGETLB_VMEMMAP_H */
--
2.11.0
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