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Subject[ANNOUNCE] Git v2.31.0
The latest feature release Git v2.31.0 is now available at the
usual places. It is comprised of 679 non-merge commits since
v2.30.0, contributed by 85 people, 23 of which are new faces [*].

The tarballs are found at:

The following public repositories all have a copy of the 'v2.31.0'
tag and the 'master' branch that the tag points at:

url =
url =
url = git://
url =

New contributors whose contributions weren't in v2.30.0 are as follows.
Welcome to the Git development community!

Aleksey Kliger, Andreas Bühmann, Andrew Klotz, Andrzej Hunt,
Antonio Russo, Arnaud Morin, Bagas Sanjaya, Christian Walther,
Clement Moyroud, Daniel Levin, Daniel Troger, Harold Kim,
Jacob Vosmaer, LeSeulArtichaut, Mikhail Klyushin, Neeraj Singh,
Sangeeta Jain, Seth House, Shubham Verma, Utku Gultopu, Vasyl
Vavrychuk, Vojtěch Knyttl, and ZheNing Hu.

Returning contributors who helped this release are as follows.
Thanks for your continued support.

Abhishek Kumar, Adam Dinwoodie, Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason,
Alexander Shopov, Alex Henrie, Arusekk, brian m. carlson,
Christian Couder, Christopher Diaz Riveros, Dana Dahlstrom,
Daniel Santos, Denton Liu, Derrick Stolee, Dimitriy Ryazantcev,
Elijah Newren, Emir Sarı, Eric Sunshine, Eric Wong, Felipe
Contreras, Han-Wen Nienhuys, Hariom Verma, Heba Waly, Jean-Noël
Avila, Jeff Hostetler, Jeff King, Jiang Xin, Joey Salazar,
Johannes Schindelin, Johannes Sixt, Jonathan Nieder, Jonathan
Tan, Jordi Mas, Junio C Hamano, Kevin Daudt, Kevin Willford,
Lars Schneider, Martin Ågren, Martin von Zweigbergk, Matheus
Tavares, Matthias Rüster, Michael Haggerty, Patrick Steinhardt,
Paul Jolly, Peter Kaestle, Peter Krefting, Phil Hord, Philippe
Blain, Phillip Szelat, Phillip Wood, Pranit Bauva, Pratyush
Yadav, Rafael Silva, Ralf Thielow, René Scharfe, Ross Light,
Sergey Organov, SZEDER Gábor, Taylor Blau, Thomas Ackermann,
Torsten Bögershausen, Trần Ngọc Quân, and Yi-Jyun Pan.

[*] We are counting not just the authorship contribution but
issue reporting, testing and reviewing that are recorded
in the commit trailers.


Git 2.31 Release Notes

Updates since v2.30

Backward incompatible and other important changes

* The "pack-redundant" command, which has been left stale with almost
unusable performance issues, now warns loudly when it gets used, as
we no longer want to recommend its use (instead just "repack -d"

* The development community has adopted Contributor Covenant v2.0 to
update from v1.4 that we have been using.

* The support for deprecated PCRE1 library has been dropped.

* Fixes for CVE-2021-21300 in Git 2.30.2 (and earlier) is included.

UI, Workflows & Features

* The "--format=%(trailers)" mechanism gets enhanced to make it
easier to design output for machine consumption.

* When a user does not tell "git pull" to use rebase or merge, the
command gives a loud message telling a user to choose between
rebase or merge but creates a merge anyway, forcing users who would
want to rebase to redo the operation. Fix an early part of this
problem by tightening the condition to give the message---there is
no reason to stop or force the user to choose between rebase or
merge if the history fast-forwards.

* The configuration variable 'core.abbrev' can be set to 'no' to
force no abbreviation regardless of the hash algorithm.

* "git rev-parse" can be explicitly told to give output as absolute
or relative path with the `--path-format=(absolute|relative)` option.

* Bash completion (in contrib/) update to make it easier for
end-users to add completion for their custom "git" subcommands.

* "git maintenance" learned to drive scheduled maintenance on
platforms whose native scheduling methods are not 'cron'.

* After expiring a reflog and making a single commit, the reflog for
the branch would record a single entry that knows both @{0} and
@{1}, but we failed to answer "what commit were we on?", i.e. @{1}

* "git bundle" learns "--stdin" option to read its refs from the
standard input. Also, it now does not lose refs whey they point
at the same object.

* "git log" learned a new "--diff-merges=<how>" option.

* "git ls-files" can and does show multiple entries when the index is
unmerged, which is a source for confusion unless -s/-u option is in
use. A new option --deduplicate has been introduced.

* `git worktree list` now annotates worktrees as prunable, shows
locked and prunable attributes in --porcelain mode, and gained
a --verbose option.

* "git clone" tries to locally check out the branch pointed at by
HEAD of the remote repository after it is done, but the protocol
did not convey the information necessary to do so when copying an
empty repository. The protocol v2 learned how to do so.

* There are other ways than ".." for a single token to denote a
"commit range", namely "<rev>^!" and "<rev>^-<n>", but "git
range-diff" did not understand them.

* The "git range-diff" command learned "--(left|right)-only" option
to show only one side of the compared range.

* "git mergetool" feeds three versions (base, local and remote) of
a conflicted path unmodified. The command learned to optionally
prepare these files with unconflicted parts already resolved.

* The .mailmap is documented to be read only from the root level of a
working tree, but a stray file in a bare repository also was read
by accident, which has been corrected.

* "git maintenance" tool learned a new "pack-refs" maintenance task.

* The error message given when a configuration variable that is
expected to have a boolean value has been improved.

* Signed commits and tags now allow verification of objects, whose
two object names (one in SHA-1, the other in SHA-256) are both

* "git rev-list" command learned "--disk-usage" option.

* "git {diff,log} --{skip,rotate}-to=<path>" allows the user to
discard diff output for early paths or move them to the end of the

* "git difftool" learned "--skip-to=<path>" option to restart an
interrupted session from an arbitrary path.

* "git grep" has been tweaked to be limited to the sparse checkout

* "git rebase --[no-]fork-point" gained a configuration variable
rebase.forkPoint so that users do not have to keep specifying a
non-default setting.

Performance, Internal Implementation, Development Support etc.

* A 3-year old test that was not testing anything useful has been

* Retire more names with "sha1" in it.

* The topological walk codepath is covered by new trace2 stats.

* Update the Code-of-conduct to version 2.0 from the upstream (we've
been using version 1.4).

* "git mktag" validates its input using its own rules before writing
a tag object---it has been updated to share the logic with "git

* Two new ways to feed configuration variable-value pairs via
environment variables have been introduced, and the way
GIT_CONFIG_PARAMETERS encodes variable/value pairs has been tweaked
to make it more robust.

* Tests have been updated so that they do not to get affected by the
name of the default branch "git init" creates.

* "git fetch" learns to treat ref updates atomically in all-or-none
fashion, just like "git push" does, with the new "--atomic" option.

* The peel_ref() API has been replaced with peel_iterated_oid().

* The .use_shell flag in struct child_process that is passed to
run_command() API has been clarified with a bit more documentation.

* Document, clean-up and optimize the code around the cache-tree
extension in the index.

* The ls-refs protocol operation has been optimized to narrow the
sub-hierarchy of refs/ it walks to produce response.

* When removing many branches and tags, the code used to do so one
ref at a time. There is another API it can use to delete multiple
refs, and it makes quite a lot of performance difference when the
refs are packed.

* The "pack-objects" command needs to iterate over all the tags when
automatic tag following is enabled, but it actually iterated over
all refs and then discarded everything outside "refs/tags/"
hierarchy, which was quite wasteful.

* A perf script was made more portable.

* Our setting of GitHub CI test jobs were a bit too eager to give up
once there is even one failure found. Tweak the knob to allow
other jobs keep running even when we see a failure, so that we can
find more failures in a single run.

* We've carried compatibility codepaths for compilers without
variadic macros for quite some time, but the world may be ready for
them to be removed. Force compilation failure on exotic platforms
where variadic macros are not available to find out who screams in
such a way that we can easily revert if it turns out that the world
is not yet ready.

* Code clean-up to ensure our use of hashtables using object names as
keys use the "struct object_id" objects, not the raw hash values.

* Lose the debugging aid that may have been useful in the past, but
no longer is, in the "grep" codepaths.

* Some pretty-format specifiers do not need the data in commit object
(e.g. "%H"), but we were over-eager to load and parse it, which has
been made even lazier.

* Get rid of "GETTEXT_POISON" support altogether, which may or may
not be controversial.

* Introduce an on-disk file to record revindex for packdata, which
traditionally was always created on the fly and only in-core.

* The commit-graph learned to use corrected commit dates instead of
the generation number to help topological revision traversal.

* Piecemeal of rewrite of "git bisect" in C continues.

* When a pager spawned by us exited, the trace log did not record its
exit status correctly, which has been corrected.

* Removal of GIT_TEST_GETTEXT_POISON continues.

* The code to implement "git merge-base --independent" was poorly
done and was kept from the very beginning of the feature.

* Preliminary changes to fsmonitor integration.

* Performance improvements for rename detection.

* The common code to deal with "chunked file format" that is shared
by the multi-pack-index and commit-graph files have been factored
out, to help codepaths for both filetypes to become more robust.

* The approach to "fsck" the incoming objects in "index-pack" is
attractive for performance reasons (we have them already in core,
inflated and ready to be inspected), but fundamentally cannot be
applied fully when we receive more than one pack stream, as a tree
object in one pack may refer to a blob object in another pack as
".gitmodules", when we want to inspect blobs that are used as
".gitmodules" file, for example. Teach "index-pack" to emit
objects that must be inspected later and check them in the calling
"fetch-pack" process.

* The logic to handle "trailer" related placeholders in the
"--format=" mechanisms in the "log" family and "for-each-ref"
family is getting unified.

* Raise the buffer size used when writing the index file out from
(obviously too small) 8kB to (clearly sufficiently large) 128kB.

* It is reported that open() on some platforms (e.g. macOS Big Sur)
can return EINTR even though our timers are set up with SA_RESTART.
A workaround has been implemented and enabled for macOS to rerun
open() transparently from the caller when this happens.

Fixes since v2.30

* Diagnose command line error of "git rebase" early.

* Clean up option descriptions in "git cmd --help".

* "git stash" did not work well in a sparsely checked out working

* Some tests expect that "ls -l" output has either '-' or 'x' for
group executable bit, but setgid bit can be inherited from parent
directory and make these fields 'S' or 's' instead, causing test

* "git for-each-repo --config=<var> <cmd>" should not run <cmd> for
any repository when the configuration variable <var> is not defined
even once.

* Fix 2.29 regression where "git mergetool --tool-help" fails to list
all the available tools.

* Fix for procedure to building CI test environment for mac.

* The implementation of "git branch --sort" wrt the detached HEAD
display has always been hacky, which has been cleaned up.

* Newline characters in the host and path part of git:// URL are
now forbidden.

* "git diff" showed a submodule working tree with untracked cruft as
"Submodule commit <objectname>-dirty", but a natural expectation is
that the "-dirty" indicator would align with "git describe --dirty",
which does not consider having untracked files in the working tree
as source of dirtiness. The inconsistency has been fixed.

* When more than one commit with the same patch ID appears on one
side, "git log --cherry-pick A...B" did not exclude them all when a
commit with the same patch ID appears on the other side. Now it

* Documentation for "git fsck" lost stale bits that has become

* Doc fix for packfile URI feature.

* When "git rebase -i" processes "fixup" insn, there is no reason to
clean up the commit log message, but we did the usual stripspace
processing. This has been corrected.
(merge f7d42ceec5 js/rebase-i-commit-cleanup-fix later to maint).

* Fix in passing custom args from "git clone" to "upload-pack" on the
other side.
(merge ad6b5fefbd jv/upload-pack-filter-spec-quotefix later to maint).

* The command line completion (in contrib/) completed "git branch -d"
with branch names, but "git branch -D" offered tagnames in addition,
which has been corrected. "git branch -M" had the same problem.
(merge 27dc071b9a jk/complete-branch-force-delete later to maint).

* When commands are started from a subdirectory, they may have to
compare the path to the subdirectory (called prefix and found out
from $(pwd)) with the tracked paths. On macOS, $(pwd) and
readdir() yield decomposed path, while the tracked paths are
usually normalized to the precomposed form, causing mismatch. This
has been fixed by taking the same approach used to normalize the
command line arguments.
(merge 5c327502db tb/precompose-prefix-too later to maint).

* Even though invocations of "die()" were logged to the trace2
system, "BUG()"s were not, which has been corrected.
(merge 0a9dde4a04 jt/trace2-BUG later to maint).

* "git grep --untracked" is meant to be "let's ALSO find in these
files on the filesystem" when looking for matches in the working
tree files, and does not make any sense if the primary search is
done against the index, or the tree objects. The "--cached" and
"--untracked" options have been marked as mutually incompatible.
(merge 0c5d83b248 mt/grep-cached-untracked later to maint).

* Fix "git fsck --name-objects" which apparently has not been used by
anybody who is motivated enough to report breakage.
(merge e89f89361c js/fsck-name-objects-fix later to maint).

* Avoid individual tests in t5411 from getting affected by each other
by forcing them to use separate output files during the test.
(merge 822ee894f6 jx/t5411-unique-filenames later to maint).

* Test to make sure "git rev-parse one-thing one-thing" gives
the same thing twice (when one-thing is --since=X).
(merge a5cdca4520 ew/rev-parse-since-test later to maint).

* When certain features (e.g. grafts) used in the repository are
incompatible with the use of the commit-graph, we used to silently
turned commit-graph off; we now tell the user what we are doing.
(merge c85eec7fc3 js/commit-graph-warning later to maint).

* Objects that lost references can be pruned away, even when they
have notes attached to it (and these notes will become dangling,
which in turn can be pruned with "git notes prune"). This has been
clarified in the documentation.
(merge fa9ab027ba mz/doc-notes-are-not-anchors later to maint).

* The error codepath around the "--temp/--prefix" feature of "git
checkout-index" has been improved.
(merge 3f7ba60350 mt/checkout-index-corner-cases later to maint).

* The "git maintenance register" command had trouble registering bare
repositories, which had been corrected.

* A handful of multi-word configuration variable names in
documentation that are spelled in all lowercase have been corrected
to use the more canonical camelCase.
(merge 7dd0eaa39c dl/doc-config-camelcase later to maint).

* "git push $there --delete ''" should have been diagnosed as an
error, but instead turned into a matching push, which has been
(merge 20e416409f jc/push-delete-nothing later to maint).

* Test script modernization.
(merge 488acf15df sv/t7001-modernize later to maint).

* An under-allocation for the untracked cache data has been corrected.
(merge 6347d649bc jh/untracked-cache-fix later to maint).

* Other code cleanup, docfix, build fix, etc.
(merge e3f5da7e60 sg/t7800-difftool-robustify later to maint).
(merge 9d336655ba js/doc-proto-v2-response-end later to maint).
(merge 1b5b8cf072 jc/maint-column-doc-typofix later to maint).
(merge 3a837b58e3 cw/pack-config-doc later to maint).
(merge 01168a9d89 ug/doc-commit-approxidate later to maint).
(merge b865734760 js/params-vs-args later to maint).


Changes since v2.30.0 are as follows:

Abhishek Kumar (11):
commit-graph: fix regression when computing Bloom filters
revision: parse parent in indegree_walk_step()
commit-graph: consolidate fill_commit_graph_info
t6600-test-reach: generalize *_three_modes
commit-graph: add a slab to store topological levels
commit-graph: return 64-bit generation number
commit-graph: implement corrected commit date
commit-graph: implement generation data chunk
commit-graph: use generation v2 only if entire chain does
commit-reach: use corrected commit dates in paint_down_to_common()
doc: add corrected commit date info

Adam Dinwoodie (1):
t4129: fix setfacl-related permissions failure

Alex Henrie (1):
rebase: add a config option for --no-fork-point

Alexander Shopov (1):
l10n: bg.po: Updated Bulgarian translation (5104t)

Andrew Klotz (1):
config: improve error message for boolean config

Andrzej Hunt (1):
commit-graph: avoid leaking topo_levels slab in write_commit_graph()

Antonio Russo (1):
t6016: move to framework

Arusekk (1):
l10n: pl.po: Update translation

Bagas Sanjaya (2):
l10n: start Indonesian translation
l10n: Add translation team info

Christian Couder (3):
fetch-pack: rename helper to create_promisor_file()
fetch-pack: refactor writing promisor file
pack-write: die on error in write_promisor_file()

Christian Walther (1):
doc: mention bigFileThreshold for packing

Christopher Diaz Riveros (1):
l10n: es: 2.31.0 round 2

Daniel Levin (1):
git-p4: fix syncing file types with pattern

Daniel Santos (1):
l10n: pt_PT: add Portuguese translations part 1

Denton Liu (12):
refs: factor out set_read_ref_cutoffs()
refs: allow @{n} to work with n-sized reflog fix usage for test_commit()
t4203: stop losing return codes of git commands
git-stash.txt: be explicit about subcommand options
t3905: remove spaces after redirect operators
t3905: move all commands into test cases
t3905: remove nested git in command substitution
t3905: replace test -s with test_file_not_empty
t3905: use test_cmp() to check file contents
stash: declare ref_stash as an array
i18n.txt: camel case and monospace "i18n.commitEncoding"

Derrick Stolee (65):
maintenance: extract platform-specific scheduling
maintenance: include 'cron' details in docs
pack-bitmap-write: fill bitmap with commit history
bitmap: implement bitmap_is_subset()
commit: implement commit_list_contains()
t5310: add branch-based checks
pack-bitmap-write: rename children to reverse_edges
pack-bitmap-write: build fewer intermediate bitmaps
pack-bitmap-write: use existing bitmaps
pack-bitmap-write: relax unique revwalk condition
pack-bitmap-write: better reuse bitmaps
revision: trace topo-walk statistics
tree-walk: report recursion counts
unpack-trees: add trace2 regions
cache-tree: use trace2 in cache_tree_update()
maintenance: use launchctl on macOS
maintenance: use Windows scheduled tasks
for-each-repo: do nothing on empty config
cache-tree: trace regions for I/O
cache-tree: trace regions for prime_cache_tree
index-format: use 'cache tree' over 'cached tree'
index-format: update preamble to cache tree extension
index-format: discuss recursion of cache-tree better
cache-tree: speed up consecutive path comparisons
maintenance: set log.excludeDecoration durin prefetch
t7900: clean up some broken refs
cache-tree: clean up cache_tree_update()
cache-tree: simplify verify_cache() prototype
cache-tree: extract subtree_pos()
fsmonitor: de-duplicate BUG()s around dirty bits
repository: add repo reference to index_state
name-hash: use trace2 regions for init
sparse-checkout: load sparse-checkout patterns
test-lib: test_region looks for trace2 regions
t1092: test interesting sparse-checkout scenarios
commit-reach: reduce requirements for remove_redundant()
commit-graph: use repo_parse_commit
commit-graph: always parse before commit_graph_data_at()
commit-graph: validate layers for generation data
commit-graph: compute generations separately
commit-graph: be extra careful about mixed generations
commit-graph: prepare commit graph
commit-graph: anonymize data in chunk_write_fn
maintenance: add pack-refs task
maintenance: incremental strategy runs pack-refs weekly
chunk-format: create chunk format write API
commit-graph: use chunk-format write API
midx: rename pack_info to write_midx_context
midx: use context in write_midx_pack_names()
midx: add entries to write_midx_context
midx: add pack_perm to write_midx_context
midx: add num_large_offsets to write_midx_context
midx: return success/failure in chunk write methods
midx: drop chunk progress during write
midx: use chunk-format API in write_midx_internal()
chunk-format: create read chunk API
commit-graph: use chunk-format read API
midx: use chunk-format read API
midx: use 64-bit multiplication for chunk sizes
chunk-format: restore duplicate chunk checks
chunk-format: add technical docs
commit-reach: use one walk in remove_redundant()
commit-reach: move compare_commits_by_gen
commit-reach: use heuristic in remove_redundant()
commit-reach: stale commits may prune generation further

Dimitriy Ryazantcev (1):
l10n: ru.po: update Russian translation

Elijah Newren (93):
t7012: add a testcase demonstrating stash apply bugs in sparse checkouts
stash: remove unnecessary process forking
stash: fix stash application in sparse-checkouts
merge-ort: setup basic internal data structures
merge-ort: add some high-level algorithm structure
merge-ort: port merge_start() from merge-recursive
merge-ort: use histogram diff
merge-ort: add an err() function similar to one from merge-recursive
merge-ort: implement a very basic collect_merge_info()
merge-ort: avoid repeating fill_tree_descriptor() on the same tree
merge-ort: compute a few more useful fields for collect_merge_info
merge-ort: record stage and auxiliary info for every path
merge-ort: avoid recursing into identical trees
merge-ort: add a preliminary simple process_entries() implementation
merge-ort: have process_entries operate in a defined order
merge-ort: step 1 of tree writing -- record basenames, modes, and oids
merge-ort: step 2 of tree writing -- function to create tree object
merge-ort: step 3 of tree writing -- handling subdirectories as we go
merge-ort: basic outline for merge_switch_to_result()
merge-ort: add implementation of checkout()
tree: enable cmp_cache_name_compare() to be used elsewhere
merge-ort: add implementation of record_conflicted_index_entries()
merge-ort: free data structures in merge_finalize()
merge-ort: add a few includes
merge-ort: add a clear_internal_opts helper
merge-ort: add a path_conflict field to merge_options_internal
merge-ort: add a paths_to_free field to merge_options_internal
merge-ort: add function grouping comments
merge-ort: add die-not-implemented stub handle_content_merge() function
merge-ort: add modify/delete handling and delayed output processing
merge-ort: add basic data structures for handling renames
merge-ort: add initial outline for basic rename detection
merge-ort: implement detect_regular_renames()
merge-ort: implement compare_pairs() and collect_renames()
merge-ort: add basic outline for process_renames()
diffcore-rename: rename num_create to num_destinations
diffcore-rename: avoid usage of global in too_many_rename_candidates()
diffcore-rename: simplify limit check
diffcore-rename: reduce jumpiness in progress counters
t4058: add more tests and documentation for duplicate tree entry handling
t4058: explore duplicate tree entry handling in a bit more detail
diffcore-rename: simplify and accelerate register_rename_src()
diffcore-rename: accelerate rename_dst setup
merge-ort: add implementation of both sides renaming identically
merge-ort: add implementation of both sides renaming differently
merge-ort: add implementation of rename/delete conflicts
merge-ort: add implementation of rename collisions
merge-ort: add implementation of normal rename handling
merge-ort: add implementation of type-changed rename handling
commit: move reverse_commit_list() from merge-recursive
merge-ort: copy a few small helper functions from merge-recursive.c
merge-ort: make clear_internal_opts() aware of partial clearing
merge-ort: implement merge_incore_recursive()
merge-ort: handle D/F conflict where directory disappears due to merge
merge-ort: handle directory/file conflicts that remain
merge-ort: implement unique_path() helper
merge-ort: handle book-keeping around two- and three-way content merge
merge-ort: flesh out implementation of handle_content_merge()
merge-ort: copy and adapt merge_3way() from merge-recursive.c
merge-ort: copy and adapt merge_submodule() from merge-recursive.c
merge-ort: implement format_commit()
merge-ort: copy find_first_merges() implementation from merge-recursive.c
merge-ort: add handling for different types of files at same path
diffcore-rename: remove unnecessary duplicate entry checks
merge-ort: add new data structures for directory rename detection
merge-ort: initialize and free new directory rename data structures
merge-ort: collect which directories are removed in dirs_removed
merge-ort: add outline for computing directory renames
merge-ort: add outline of get_provisional_directory_renames()
merge-ort: copy get_renamed_dir_portion() from merge-recursive.c
merge-ort: implement compute_rename_counts()
merge-ort: implement handle_directory_level_conflicts()
merge-ort: modify collect_renames() for directory rename handling
merge-ort: implement compute_collisions()
merge-ort: implement apply_dir_rename() and check_dir_renamed()
merge-ort: implement check_for_directory_rename()
merge-ort: implement handle_path_level_conflicts()
merge-ort: add a new toplevel_dir field
merge-ort: implement apply_directory_rename_modifications()
merge-ort: process_renames() now needs more defensiveness
merge-ort: fix a directory rename detection bug
merge-ort: fix massive leak
merge-ort: ignore the directory rename split conflict for now
merge-ort: begin performance work; instrument with trace2_region_* calls
diffcore-rename: no point trying to find a match better than exact
diffcore-rename: filter rename_src list when possible
t4001: add a test comparing basename similarity and content similarity
diffcore-rename: compute basenames of source and dest candidates
diffcore-rename: complete find_basename_matches()
diffcore-rename: guide inexact rename detection based on basenames
gitdiffcore doc: mention new preliminary step for rename detection
merge-ort: call diffcore_rename() directly
Documentation/RelNotes: improve release note for rename detection work

Emir Sarı (2):
l10n: tr: v2.31.0-rc0
l10n: tr: v2.31.0-rc1

Eric Sunshine (3):
worktree: teach `repair` to fix multi-directional breakage
t/perf: avoid unnecessary test_export() recursion
maintenance: fix incorrect `maintenance.repo` path with bare repository

Eric Wong (2):
core.abbrev=no disables abbreviations
t1500: ensure current --since= behavior remains

Felipe Contreras (8):
pull: refactor fast-forward check
pull: give the advice for choosing rebase/merge much later
pull: display default warning only when non-ff
test: bisect-porcelain: fix location of files
completion: bash: add __git_have_func helper
completion: bash: improve function detection
test: completion: add tests for __git_complete
completion: add proper public __git_complete

Han-Wen Nienhuys (1):
doc/reftable: document how to handle windows

Hariom Verma (4):
t6300: use function to test trailer options
pretty.c: refactor trailer logic to `format_set_trailers_options()`
pretty.c: capture invalid trailer argument
ref-filter: use pretty.c logic for trailers

Jacob Vosmaer (4):
builtin/pack-objects.c: avoid iterating all refs
ls-refs.c: initialize 'prefixes' before using it
upload-pack.c: fix filter spec quoting bug
t5544: clarify 'hook works with partial clone' test

Jean-Noël Avila (2):
l10n: fr: v2.31.0 rnd 1
l10n: fr: v2.31 rnd 2

Jeff Hostetler (11):
p7519: do not rely on "xargs -d" in test
p7519: fix watchman watch-list test on Windows
p7519: move watchman cleanup earlier in the test
p7519: add trace logging during perf test
preload-index: log the number of lstat calls to trace2
read-cache: log the number of lstat calls to trace2
read-cache: log the number of scanned files to trace2
fsmonitor: log invocation of FSMonitor hook to trace2
fsmonitor: log FSMN token when reading and writing the index
fsmonitor: refactor initialization of fsmonitor_last_update token
dir: fix malloc of root untracked_cache_dir

Jeff King (45):
pack-bitmap: fix header size check
pack-bitmap: bounds-check size of cache extension
t5310: drop size of truncated ewah bitmap
rev-list: die when --test-bitmap detects a mismatch
ewah: factor out bitmap growth
ewah: make bitmap growth less aggressive
ewah: implement bitmap_or()
ewah: add bitmap_dup() function
pack-bitmap-write: reimplement bitmap writing
pack-bitmap-write: pass ownership of intermediate bitmaps
pack-bitmap-write: ignore BITMAP_FLAG_REUSE
git_connect_git(): forbid newlines in host and path
fsck: reject .gitmodules git:// urls with newlines
t5516: loosen "not our ref" error check
patch-ids: handle duplicate hashmap entries
quote: make sq_dequote_step() a public function
for_each_object_in_pack(): clarify pack vs index ordering
config: parse more robust format in GIT_CONFIG_PARAMETERS
refs: switch peel_ref() to peel_iterated_oid()
run-command: document use_shell option
git-svn tests: rewrite brittle tests to use "--[no-]merges".
git-compat-util: always enable variadic macros
commit_graft_pos(): take an oid instead of a bare hash
rerere: check dirname format while iterating rr_cache directory
rerere: tighten rr-cache dirname check
rerere: use strmap to store rerere directories
hash_pos(): convert to oid_pos()
oid_pos(): access table through const pointers
t0000: keep clean-up tests together
t0000: run prereq tests inside sub-test
t0000: run cleaning test inside sub-test
t0000: consistently use single quotes for outer tests
pretty: lazy-load commit data when expanding user-format
p5303: avoid sed GNU-ism
completion: treat "branch -D" the same way as "branch -d"
completion: handle other variants of "branch -m"
doc/git-branch: fix awkward wording for "-c"
t: add --no-tag option to test_commit
mailmap: only look for .mailmap in work tree
rev-list: add --disk-usage option for calculating disk usage
docs/rev-list: add an examples section
docs/rev-list: add some examples of --disk-usage
doc: mention approxidates for git-commit --date
Makefile: add OPEN_RETURNS_EINTR knob
config.mak.uname: enable OPEN_RETURNS_EINTR for macOS Big Sur

Jiang Xin (8):
test: add helper functions for git-bundle
bundle: lost objects when removing duplicate pendings
bundle: arguments can be read from stdin
t5411: use different out file to prevent overwriting
t5411: refactor check of refs using test_cmp_refs
l10n: git.pot: v2.31.0 round 1 (155 new, 89 removed)
l10n: git.pot: v2.31.0 round 2 (9 new, 8 removed)
l10n: zh_CN: for git v2.31.0 l10n round 1 and 2

Joey Salazar (1):
doc: fix naming of response-end-pkt

Johannes Schindelin (58):
tests: mark tests relying on the current default for `init.defaultBranch`
t0060: preemptively adjust alignment
t[01]*: adjust the references to the default branch name "main"
t2*: adjust the references to the default branch name "main"
t3[0-3]*: adjust the references to the default branch name "main"
t3416: preemptively adjust alignment in a comment
t34*: adjust the references to the default branch name "main"
t3[5-9]*: adjust the references to the default branch name "main"
t4*: adjust the references to the default branch name "main"
t5323: prepare centered comment for `master` -> `main`
t5[0-4]*: adjust the references to the default branch name "main"
t5503: prepare aligned comment for replacing `master` with `main`
t550*: adjust the references to the default branch name "main"
t551*: adjust the references to the default branch name "main"
t55[23]*: adjust the references to the default branch name "main"
t55[4-9]*: adjust the references to the default branch name "main"
t5[6-9]*: adjust the references to the default branch name "main"
t6[0-3]*: adjust the references to the default branch name "main"
t64*: preemptively adjust alignment to prepare for `master` -> `main`
t6[4-9]*: adjust the references to the default branch name "main"
t7[0-4]*: adjust the references to the default branch name "main"
t7[5-9]*: adjust the references to the default branch name "main"
t8*: adjust the references to the default branch name "main"
t9[0-4]*: adjust the references to the default branch name "main"
t9[5-7]*: adjust the references to the default branch name "main"
tests(git-p4): transition to the default branch name `main`
t99*: adjust the references to the default branch name "main"
tests: drop prereq `PREPARE_FOR_MAIN_BRANCH` where no longer needed
SKIP_DASHED_BUILT_INS: respect `config.mak`
range-diff/format-patch: refactor check for commit range
rebase -i: do leave commit message intact in fixup! chains
range-diff: avoid leaking memory in two error code paths
range-diff: libify the read_patches() function again
range-diff: simplify code spawning `git log`
range-diff: combine all options in a single data structure
range-diff: move the diffopt initialization down one layer
range-diff: offer --left-only/--right-only options
range-diff/format-patch: handle commit ranges other than A..B
range-diff(docs): explain how to specify commit ranges
t1450: robustify `remove_object()`
fsck --name-objects: be more careful parsing generation numbers
reflog expire --stale-fix: be generous about missing objects
commit-graph: when incompatible with graphs, indicate why
run-command: invalidate lstat cache after a command finished
Git 2.17.6
Git 2.18.5
Git 2.19.6
Git 2.20.5
Git 2.21.4
Git 2.22.5
Git 2.23.4
Git 2.24.4
Git 2.25.5
Git 2.26.3
Git 2.27.1
Git 2.28.1
Git 2.29.3
Git 2.30.2

Johannes Sixt (2):
annotate-tests: quote variable expansions containing path names
replace "parameters" by "arguments" in error messages

Jonathan Nieder (2):
mergetool: do not enable hideResolved by default
doc: describe mergetool configuration in git-mergetool(1)

Jonathan Tan (10):
Doc: clarify contents of packfile sent as URI
ls-refs: report unborn targets of symrefs
connect, transport: encapsulate arg in struct
clone: respect remote unborn HEAD
usage: trace2 BUG() invocations
http: allow custom index-pack args
http-fetch: allow custom index-pack args
fetch-pack: with packfile URIs, use index-pack arg
fetch-pack: print and use dangling .gitmodules
fetch-pack: do not mix --pack_header and packfile uri

Jordi Mas (1):
l10n: Update Catalan translation

Junio C Hamano (32):
pack-redundant: gauge the usage before proposing its removal
pull: get rid of unnecessary global variable
pull: correct condition to trigger non-ff advice
CoC: explicitly take any whitespace breakage
parse-options: format argh like error messages
The first batch in 2.31 cycle
SubmittingPatches: tighten wording on "sign-off" procedure
ci/install-depends: attempt to fix "brew cask" stuff
t4203: make blame output massaging more robust
The second batch
The third batch
The fourth batch
The fifth batch
Prepare for 2.30.1
The sixth batch
Git 2.30.1
The seventh batch
The eighth batch
diff: --{rotate,skip}-to=<path>
The ninth batch
Documentation: typofix --column description
The tenth batch
push: do not turn --delete '' into a matching push
blame-options.txt: camelcase blame.blankBoundary
index-format doc: camelCase core.excludesFile
Git 2.31-rc0
Revert "commit-graph: when incompatible with graphs, indicate why"
Hopefully the last batch before -rc1
Git 2.31-rc1
Merged the open-eintr workaround for macOS
Git 2.31-rc2
Git 2.31

Kevin Willford (1):
fsmonitor: allow all entries for a folder to be invalidated

Martin von Zweigbergk (1):
docs: clarify that refs/notes/ do not keep the attached objects alive

Martin Ågren (16):
t1300: remove duplicate test for `--file ../foo`
t1300: remove duplicate test for `--file no-such-file`
t1300: don't needlessly work with `` configs
pack-format.txt: document sizes at start of delta data
object-name.c: rename from sha1-name.c
object-file.c: rename from sha1-file.c
sha1-lookup: rename `sha1_pos()` as `hash_pos()`
hash-lookup: rename from sha1-lookup
builtin/gc: don't peek into `struct lock_file`
commit-graph: don't peek into `struct lock_file`
midx: don't peek into `struct lock_file`
refs/files-backend: don't peek into `struct lock_file`
read-cache: try not to peek into `struct {lock_,temp}file`
rev-list-options.txt: fix rendering of bonus paragraph
git.txt: fix monospace rendering
gitmailmap.txt: fix rendering of e-mail addresses

Matheus Tavares (10):
t4129: don't fail if setgid is set in the test directory
grep: error out if --untracked is used with --cached
grep: honor sparse-checkout on working tree searches
checkout: fix bug that makes checkout follow symlinks in leading path
unpack_trees(): start with a fresh lstat cache
write_entry(): fix misuses of `path` in error messages
checkout-index: omit entries with no tempname from --temp output
add --chmod: don't update index when --dry-run is used
add: mark --chmod error string for translation
add: propagate --chmod errors to exit status

Matthias Rüster (1):
l10n: de.po: Update German translation for Git v2.31.0

Mikhail Klyushin (1):
git-gui: fix typo in russian locale

Neeraj Singh (1):
read-cache: make the index write buffer size 128K

Patrick Steinhardt (11):
git: add `--super-prefix` to usage string
config: add new way to pass config via `--config-env`
config: extract function to parse config pairs
fetch: extract writing to FETCH_HEAD
fetch: use strbuf to format FETCH_HEAD updates
fetch: refactor `s_update_ref` to use common exit path
fetch: allow passing a transaction to `s_update_ref()`
fetch: implement support for atomic reference updates
config: store "git -c" variables using more robust format
environment: make `getenv_safe()` a public function
config: allow specifying config entries via envvar pairs

Peter Kaestle (1):
submodules: fix of regression on fetching of non-init subsub-repo

Peter Krefting (2):
l10n: sv.po: Update Swedish translation (5103t0f0u)
l10n: sv.po: Update Swedish translation (5104t0f0u)

Phil Hord (1):
use delete_refs when deleting tags or branches

Philippe Blain (4):
gitmodules.txt: fix 'GIT_WORK_TREE' variable name
mergetool--lib: fix '--tool-help' to correctly show available tools
mailmap doc: use correct environment variable 'GIT_WORK_TREE'
ci: do not cancel all jobs of a matrix if one fails

Pranit Bauva (7):
bisect--helper: reimplement `bisect_log` shell function in C
bisect--helper: reimplement `bisect_replay` shell function in C
bisect--helper: retire `--bisect-write` subcommand
bisect--helper: use `res` instead of return in BISECT_RESET case option
bisect--helper: retire `--bisect-auto-next` subcommand
bisect--helper: reimplement `bisect_skip` shell function in C
bisect--helper: retire `--check-and-set-terms` subcommand

Pratyush Yadav (2):
git-gui: remove lines starting with the comment character
Revert "git-gui: remove lines starting with the comment character"

Rafael Silva (8):
worktree: libify should_prune_worktree()
worktree: teach worktree to lazy-load "prunable" reason
worktree: teach worktree_lock_reason() to gently handle main worktree
t2402: ensure locked worktree is properly cleaned up
worktree: teach `list --porcelain` to annotate locked worktree
worktree: teach `list` to annotate prunable worktree
worktree: teach `list` verbose mode
blame: remove unnecessary use of get_commit_info()

René Scharfe (2):
rebase: verify commit parameter
cache-tree: use ce_namelen() instead of strlen()

SZEDER Gábor (2):
t7800-difftool: don't accidentally match tmp dirs
test-lib: prevent '--stress-jobs=X' from being ignored

Sangeeta Jain (1):
diff: do not show submodule with untracked files as "-dirty"

Sergey Organov (32):
revision: factor out parsing of diff-merge related options
revision: factor out setup of diff-merge related settings
revision: factor out initialization of diff-merge related settings
revision: provide implementation for diff merges tweaks
revision: move diff merges functions to its own diff-merges.c
diff-merges: rename all functions to have common prefix
diff-merges: move checks for first_parent_only out of the module
diff-merges: rename diff_merges_default_to_enable() to match semantics
diff-merges: re-arrange functions to match the order they are called in
diff-merges: new function diff_merges_suppress()
diff-merges: new function diff_merges_set_dense_combined_if_unset()
diff-merges: introduce revs->first_parent_merges flag
diff-merges: handle imply -p on -c/--cc logic for log.c
diff-merges: revise revs->diff flag handling
t4013: support test_expect_failure through ':failure' magic
t4013: add tests for -m failing to override -c/--cc
diff-merges: fix -m to properly override -c/--cc
diff-merges: split 'ignore_merges' field
diff-merges: group diff-merge flags next to each other inside 'rev_info'
diff-merges: get rid of now empty diff_merges_init_revs()
diff-merges: refactor opt settings into separate functions
diff-merges: make -m/-c/--cc explicitly mutually exclusive
diff-merges: implement new values for --diff-merges
diff-merges: do not imply -p for new options
diff-merges: let new options enable diff without -p
diff-merges: add old mnemonic counterparts to --diff-merges
diff-merges: add '--diff-merges=1' as synonym for 'first-parent'
doc/git-log: describe new --diff-merges options
doc/diff-generate-patch: mention new --diff-merges option
doc/rev-list-options: document --first-parent changes merges format
doc/git-show: include --diff-merges description
t4013: add tests for --diff-merges=first-parent

Seth House (4):
mergetool: add hideResolved configuration
mergetool: break setup_tool out into separate initialization function
mergetool: add per-tool support and overrides for the hideResolved flag
mergetools/vimdiff: add vimdiff1 merge tool variant

Shubham Verma (10):
t7001: modernize test formatting
t7001: indent with TABs instead of spaces
t7001: remove unnecessary blank lines
t7001: modernize subshell formatting
t7001: remove whitespace after redirect operators
t7001: avoid using `cd` outside of subshells
t7001: use '>' rather than 'touch'
t7001: put each command on a separate line
t7001: use here-docs instead of echo
t7001: use `test` rather than `[`

Taylor Blau (41):
ewah/ewah_bitmap.c: avoid open-coding ALLOC_GROW()
pack-bitmap.c: check reads more aggressively when loading
pack-bitmap: factor out 'bitmap_for_commit()'
pack-bitmap: factor out 'add_commit_to_bitmap()'
p7519: allow running without watchman prereq
Documentation/git-clone.txt: document race with --local
pack-revindex: introduce a new API
write_reuse_object(): convert to new revindex API
write_reused_pack_one(): convert to new revindex API
write_reused_pack_verbatim(): convert to new revindex API
check_object(): convert to new revindex API
bitmap_position_packfile(): convert to new revindex API
show_objects_for_type(): convert to new revindex API
get_size_by_pos(): convert to new revindex API
try_partial_reuse(): convert to new revindex API
rebuild_existing_bitmaps(): convert to new revindex API
get_delta_base_oid(): convert to new revindex API
retry_bad_packed_offset(): convert to new revindex API
packed_object_info(): convert to new revindex API
unpack_entry(): convert to new revindex API
for_each_object_in_pack(): convert to new revindex API
builtin/gc.c: guess the size of the revindex
pack-revindex: remove unused 'find_pack_revindex()'
pack-revindex: remove unused 'find_revindex_position()'
pack-revindex: hide the definition of 'revindex_entry'
pack-revindex.c: avoid direct revindex access in 'offset_to_pack_pos()'
refs: expose 'for_each_fullref_in_prefixes'
ls-refs.c: traverse prefixes of disjoint "ref-prefix" sets
packfile: prepare for the existence of '*.rev' files
pack-write.c: prepare to write 'pack-*.rev' files
builtin/index-pack.c: allow stripping arbitrary extensions
builtin/index-pack.c: write reverse indexes
builtin/pack-objects.c: respect 'pack.writeReverseIndex'
Documentation/config/pack.txt: advertise 'pack.writeReverseIndex'
pack-revindex: ensure that on-disk reverse indexes are given precedence
t5325: check both on-disk and in-memory reverse index
.github/workflows/main.yml: run static-analysis on bionic
commit-graph.c: display correct number of chunks when writing
pack-revindex.c: don't close unopened file descriptors

Thomas Ackermann (7):
doc: fix some typos
doc hash-function-transition: fix asciidoc output
doc hash-function-transition: use SHA-1 and SHA-256 consistently
doc hash-function-transition: use upper case consistently
doc hash-function-transition: fix incomplete sentence
doc hash-function-transition: move rationale upwards
doc: use https links

Torsten Bögershausen (1):
MacOS: precompose_argv_prefix()

Trần Ngọc Quân (1):
l10n: vi.po(5104t): for git v2.31.0 l10n round 2

Utku Gultopu (1):
doc: remove "directory cache" from man pages

Vasyl Vavrychuk (1):
git-send-email.txt: mention less secure app access with Gmail

Yi-Jyun Pan (1):
l10n: zh_TW.po: v2.31.0 round 2 (15 untranslated)

ZheNing Hu (5):
builtin/*: update usage format
ls_files.c: bugfix for --deleted and --modified
ls_files.c: consolidate two for loops into one
ls-files.c: add --deduplicate option
difftool.c: learn a new way start at specified file

brian m. carlson (9):
abspath: add a function to resolve paths with missing components
rev-parse: add option for absolute or relative path formatting
docs: rephrase and clarify the git status --short format
ref-filter: switch some uses of unsigned long to size_t
commit: ignore additional signatures when parsing signed commits
gpg-interface: improve interface for parsing tags
commit: allow parsing arbitrary buffers with headers
ref-filter: hoist signature parsing
gpg-interface: remove other signature headers before verifying

Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason (100):
pretty format %(trailers) test: split a long line
pretty format %(trailers) doc: avoid repetition
pretty-format %(trailers): fix broken standalone "valueonly"
pretty format %(trailers): add a "keyonly"
pretty format %(trailers): add a "key_value_separator"
mktag doc: say <hash> not <sha1>
mktag doc: grammar fix, when exists -> when it exists
CoC: Update word-wrapping to match upstream
mktag doc: update to explain why to use this
mktag tests: don't needlessly use a subshell
mktag tests: use "test_commit" helper
mktag tests: remove needless SHA-1 hardcoding
mktag tests: don't redirect stderr to a file needlessly
mktag tests: don't create "mytag" twice
mktag tests: run "fsck" after creating "mytag"
mktag tests: stress test whitespace handling
mktag tests: test "hash-object" compatibility
mktag tests: improve verify_object() test coverage
mktag tests: test verify_object() with replaced objects
mktag: use default strbuf_read() hint
mktag: remove redundant braces in one-line body "if"
mktag: use puts(str) instead of printf("%s\n", str)
mktag: use fsck instead of custom verify_tag()
fsck: make fsck_config() re-usable
mktag: allow turning off fsck.extraHeaderEntry
mktag: allow omitting the header/body \n separator
mktag: convert to parse-options
mktag: mark strings for translation
mktag: add a --[no-]strict option
branch: change "--local" to "--list" in comment
branch tests: add to --sort tests
ref-filter: add braces to if/else if/else chain
ref-filter: move "cmp_fn" assignment into "else if" arm
ref-filter: move ref_sorting flags to a bitfield
branch: sort detached HEAD based on a flag
branch: show "HEAD detached" first under reverse sort
Makefile: remove a warning about old GETTEXT_POISON flag
gettext.c: remove/reword a mostly-useless comment
mailmap doc: create a new "gitmailmap(5)" man page
mailmap doc: quote config variables `like.this`
check-mailmap doc: note config options
mailmap doc: start by mentioning the comment syntax
mailmap tests: use our preferred whitespace syntax
mailmap tests: modernize syntax & test idioms
mailmap tests: improve --stdin tests
mailmap tests: remove redundant entry in test
mailmap tests: add a test for "not a blob" error
mailmap tests: get rid of overly complex blame fuzzing
mailmap: test for silent exiting on missing file/blob
test-lib functions: expand "test_commit" comment template
test-lib functions: document arguments to test_commit
test-lib functions: add --author support to test_commit
test-lib functions: add an --append option to test_commit
tests: refactor a few tests to use "test_commit --append"
mailmap doc + tests: add better examples & test them
mailmap tests: add a test for comment syntax
mailmap tests: add tests for whitespace syntax
mailmap tests: add tests for empty "<>" syntax
mailmap doc + tests: document and test for case-insensitivity
shortlog: remove unused(?) "repo-abbrev" feature
CoC: update to version 2.0 + local changes
fsck doc: remove ancient out-of-date diagnostics
ci: remove GETTEXT_POISON jobs
tests: remove support for GIT_TEST_GETTEXT_POISON
tests: remove uses of GIT_TEST_GETTEXT_POISON=false
cache-tree tests: refactor for modern test style
cache-tree tests: remove unused $2 parameter
cache-tree tests: use a sub-shell with less indirection
cache-tree tests: explicitly test HEAD and index differences
git svn mergeinfo tests: modernize redirection & quoting style
git svn mergeinfo tests: refactor "test -z" to use test_must_be_empty
upload-pack tests: avoid a non-zero "grep" exit status
archive tests: use a cheaper "zipinfo -h" invocation to get header
rm tests: actually test for SIGPIPE in SIGPIPE test
config.mak.uname: remove redundant NO_LIBPCRE1_JIT flag
Remove support for v1 of the PCRE library
grep/pcre2 tests: don't rely on invalid UTF-8 data test
grep/pcre2: better support invalid UTF-8 haystacks
grep/log: remove hidden --debug and --grep-debug options
pager: refactor wait_for_pager() function
pager: test for exit code with and without SIGPIPE
run-command: add braces for "if" block in wait_or_whine()
pager: properly log pager exit code when signalled
test-lib: remove check_var_migration
test lib: change "error" to "BUG" as appropriate
test-lib-functions: move test_set_index_version() to its user
test-lib-functions: remove generate_zero_bytes() wrapper
test libs: rename bundle helper to ""
test libs: rename to
test-lib-functions: move function to
t/.gitattributes: sort lines
tests: remove last uses of GIT_TEST_GETTEXT_POISON=false
tests: remove most uses of C_LOCALE_OUTPUT
tests: remove last uses of C_LOCALE_OUTPUT
tests: remove most uses of test_i18ncmp
diff: add an API for deferred freeing
diff: plug memory leak from regcomp() on {log,diff} -I
test libs: rename "diff-lib" to "lib-diff"
test-lib-functions: remove bug-inducing "diagnostics" helper param
test-lib-functions: assert correct parameter count

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