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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4 3/3] vsprintf: dump full information of page flags in pGp
On Tue, Feb 9, 2021 at 9:53 PM Petr Mladek <pmladek@suse.com> wrote:
>
> On Tue 2021-02-09 18:56:13, Yafang Shao wrote:
> > Currently the pGp only shows the names of page flags, rather than
> > the full information including section, node, zone, last cpupid and
> > kasan tag. While it is not easy to parse these information manually
> > because there're so many flavors. Let's interpret them in pGp as well.
> >
> > To be compitable with the existed format of pGp, the new introduced ones
> > also use '|' as the separator, then the user tools parsing pGp won't
> > need to make change, suggested by Matthew. The new information is
> > tracked onto the end of the existed one.
> >
> > On example of the output in mm/slub.c as follows,
> > - Before the patch,
> > [ 6343.396602] Slab 0x000000004382e02b objects=33 used=3 fp=0x000000009ae06ffc flags=0x17ffffc0010200(slab|head)
> >
> > - After the patch,
> > [ 8838.835456] Slab 0x000000002828b78a objects=33 used=3 fp=0x00000000d04efc88 flags=0x17ffffc0010200(slab|head|node=0|zone=2|lastcpupid=0x1fffff)
> >
> > The documentation and test cases are also updated. The output of the
> > test cases as follows,
> > [ 501.485081] test_printf: loaded.
> > [ 501.485768] test_printf: all 388 tests passed
> > [ 501.488762] test_printf: unloaded.
> >
>
> > diff --git a/lib/vsprintf.c b/lib/vsprintf.c
> > index 14c9a6af1b23..3f26611adb34 100644
> > --- a/lib/vsprintf.c
> > +++ b/lib/vsprintf.c
> > @@ -1916,6 +1916,66 @@ char *format_flags(char *buf, char *end, unsigned long flags,
> > return buf;
> > }
> >
> > +struct page_flags_layout {
> > + int width;
> > + int shift;
> > + int mask;
> > + const struct printf_spec *spec;
> > + const char *name;
> > +};
> > +
> > +static const struct page_flags_layout pfl[] = {
> > + {SECTIONS_WIDTH, SECTIONS_PGSHIFT, SECTIONS_MASK,
> > + &default_dec_spec, "section"},
> > + {NODES_WIDTH, NODES_PGSHIFT, NODES_MASK,
> > + &default_dec_spec, "node"},
> > + {ZONES_WIDTH, ZONES_PGSHIFT, ZONES_MASK,
> > + &default_dec_spec, "zone"},
> > + {LAST_CPUPID_WIDTH, LAST_CPUPID_PGSHIFT, LAST_CPUPID_MASK,
> > + &default_flag_spec, "lastcpupid"},
> > + {KASAN_TAG_WIDTH, KASAN_TAG_PGSHIFT, KASAN_TAG_MASK,
> > + &default_flag_spec, "kasantag"},
> > +};
> > +
> > +static
> > +char *format_page_flags(char *buf, char *end, unsigned long flags)
> > +{
> > + DECLARE_BITMAP(mask, ARRAY_SIZE(pfl));
> > + unsigned long last;
> > + int i;
> > +
> > + if (flags & (BIT(NR_PAGEFLAGS) - 1)) {
> > + if (buf < end)
> > + *buf = '|';
> > + buf++;
> > + }
>
> This is far from obvious. You print '|' here because you printed
> something somewhere else. See below.
>
> > +
> > + for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(pfl); i++)
> > + __assign_bit(i, mask, pfl[i].width);
>
> The bitmap looks like an overkill. If I get it correctly, it is a
> tricky way to handle only flags defined by the used build
> configuration. See below.
>
> > + last = find_last_bit(mask, ARRAY_SIZE(pfl));
> > +
> > + for_each_set_bit(i, mask, ARRAY_SIZE(pfl)) {
> > + /* Format: Flag Name + '=' (equals sign) + Number + '|' (separator) */
> > + buf = string(buf, end, pfl[i].name, *pfl[i].spec);
> > +
> > + if (buf < end)
> > + *buf = '=';
> > + buf++;
> > + buf = number(buf, end, (flags >> pfl[i].shift) & pfl[i].mask,
> > + *pfl[i].spec);
> > +
> > + /* No separator for the last entry */
> > + if (i != last) {
> > + if (buf < end)
> > + *buf = '|';
> > + buf++;
> > + }
> > + }
> > +
> > + return buf;
> > +}
> > +
> > static noinline_for_stack
> > char *flags_string(char *buf, char *end, void *flags_ptr,
> > struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt)
> > @@ -1929,10 +1989,10 @@ char *flags_string(char *buf, char *end, void *flags_ptr,
> > switch (fmt[1]) {
> > case 'p':
> > flags = *(unsigned long *)flags_ptr;
> > - /* Remove zone id */
> > - flags &= (1UL << NR_PAGEFLAGS) - 1;
> > names = pageflag_names;
>
> The "names" variable is needed only with "break;" when using the final
> format_flags(buf, end, flags, names);
>
> > - break;
> > + buf = format_flags(buf, end, flags & (BIT(NR_PAGEFLAGS) - 1), names);
> > + buf = format_page_flags(buf, end, flags);
>
> I am sorry for my ignorance. I am not familiar with MM.
> But it is pretty hard to understand what call does what.
>
> I have found the following comment in include/linux/page_flags.h:
>
> * The page flags field is split into two parts, the main flags area
> * which extends from the low bits upwards, and the fields area which
> * extends from the high bits downwards.
>
> Sigh, I know that you already reworked this several times because
> people "nitpicked" about the code style. But it seems that it
> rather diverged instead of converged.
>
> What about the following?
>
> Note: It is inpired by the names "main area" and "fields area"
> mentioned in the above comment from page_flags.h.
> I have later realized that "page_flags_layout" actually made
> sense as well. Feel free to rename page_flags_fileds
> back to page_flags_layout.
>
> Anyway, this is my proposal:
>

This proposal is similar to v2.
I don't mind changing it back with your additional better naming.
By the way, it will be better to make a little change per Joe's
suggestion on v2 that using a pointer instead of the index, for
example,

for (p = pff; p < pff + ARRAY_SIZE(pff); p++) {

I will leave it for a moment in case others have a different opinion.

Anyway I like your proposal.

> diff --git a/lib/vsprintf.c b/lib/vsprintf.c
> index 3b53c73580c5..cf67b39d72ae 100644
> --- a/lib/vsprintf.c
> +++ b/lib/vsprintf.c
> @@ -1916,6 +1916,67 @@ char *format_flags(char *buf, char *end, unsigned long flags,
> return buf;
> }
>
> +/* Meta information for page flags in the fields area */
> +struct page_flags_fields {
> + int width;
> + int shift;
> + int mask;
> + const struct printf_spec *spec;
> + const char *name;
> +};
> +
> +static const struct page_flags_fields pff[] = {
> + {SECTIONS_WIDTH, SECTIONS_PGSHIFT, SECTIONS_MASK,
> + &default_dec_spec, "section"},
> + {NODES_WIDTH, NODES_PGSHIFT, NODES_MASK,
> + &default_dec_spec, "node"},
> + {ZONES_WIDTH, ZONES_PGSHIFT, ZONES_MASK,
> + &default_dec_spec, "zone"},
> + {LAST_CPUPID_WIDTH, LAST_CPUPID_PGSHIFT, LAST_CPUPID_MASK,
> + &default_flag_spec, "lastcpupid"},
> + {KASAN_TAG_WIDTH, KASAN_TAG_PGSHIFT, KASAN_TAG_MASK,
> + &default_flag_spec, "kasantag"},
> +};
> +
> +static
> +char *format_page_flags(char *buf, char *end, unsigned long flags)
> +{
> + unsigned long main_flags = flags & (BIT(NR_PAGEFLAGS) - 1);
> + bool append = false;
> + int i;
> +
> + /* Page flags from the main area. */
> + if (main_flags) {
> + buf = format_flags(buf, end, main_flags, pageflag_names);
> + append = true;
> + }
> +
> + /* Page flags from the fields area */
> + for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(pff); i++) {
> + /* Skip undefined fields. */
> + if (!pff[i].width)
> + continue;
> +
> + /* Format: Flag Name + '=' (equals sign) + Number + '|' (separator) */
> + if (append) {
> + if (buf < end)
> + *buf = '|';
> + buf++;
> + }
> +
> + buf = string(buf, end, pff[i].name, *pff[i].spec);
> + if (buf < end)
> + *buf = '=';
> + buf++;
> + buf = number(buf, end, (flags >> pff[i].shift) & pff[i].mask,
> + *pff[i].spec);
> +
> + append = true;
> + }
> +
> + return buf;
> +}
> +
> static noinline_for_stack
> char *flags_string(char *buf, char *end, void *flags_ptr,
> struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt)
> @@ -1929,10 +1990,7 @@ char *flags_string(char *buf, char *end, void *flags_ptr,
> switch (fmt[1]) {
> case 'p':
> flags = *(unsigned long *)flags_ptr;
> - /* Remove zone id */
> - flags &= (1UL << NR_PAGEFLAGS) - 1;
> - names = pageflag_names;
> - break;
> + return format_page_flags(buf, end, flags);
> case 'v':
> flags = *(unsigned long *)flags_ptr;
> names = vmaflag_names;
> --
> 2.26.2
>


--
Thanks
Yafang

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