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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4 3/3] vsprintf: dump full information of page flags in pGp
On Tue 2021-02-09 18:56:13, Yafang Shao wrote:
> Currently the pGp only shows the names of page flags, rather than
> the full information including section, node, zone, last cpupid and
> kasan tag. While it is not easy to parse these information manually
> because there're so many flavors. Let's interpret them in pGp as well.
>
> To be compitable with the existed format of pGp, the new introduced ones
> also use '|' as the separator, then the user tools parsing pGp won't
> need to make change, suggested by Matthew. The new information is
> tracked onto the end of the existed one.
>
> On example of the output in mm/slub.c as follows,
> - Before the patch,
> [ 6343.396602] Slab 0x000000004382e02b objects=33 used=3 fp=0x000000009ae06ffc flags=0x17ffffc0010200(slab|head)
>
> - After the patch,
> [ 8838.835456] Slab 0x000000002828b78a objects=33 used=3 fp=0x00000000d04efc88 flags=0x17ffffc0010200(slab|head|node=0|zone=2|lastcpupid=0x1fffff)
>
> The documentation and test cases are also updated. The output of the
> test cases as follows,
> [ 501.485081] test_printf: loaded.
> [ 501.485768] test_printf: all 388 tests passed
> [ 501.488762] test_printf: unloaded.
>

> diff --git a/lib/vsprintf.c b/lib/vsprintf.c
> index 14c9a6af1b23..3f26611adb34 100644
> --- a/lib/vsprintf.c
> +++ b/lib/vsprintf.c
> @@ -1916,6 +1916,66 @@ char *format_flags(char *buf, char *end, unsigned long flags,
> return buf;
> }
>
> +struct page_flags_layout {
> + int width;
> + int shift;
> + int mask;
> + const struct printf_spec *spec;
> + const char *name;
> +};
> +
> +static const struct page_flags_layout pfl[] = {
> + {SECTIONS_WIDTH, SECTIONS_PGSHIFT, SECTIONS_MASK,
> + &default_dec_spec, "section"},
> + {NODES_WIDTH, NODES_PGSHIFT, NODES_MASK,
> + &default_dec_spec, "node"},
> + {ZONES_WIDTH, ZONES_PGSHIFT, ZONES_MASK,
> + &default_dec_spec, "zone"},
> + {LAST_CPUPID_WIDTH, LAST_CPUPID_PGSHIFT, LAST_CPUPID_MASK,
> + &default_flag_spec, "lastcpupid"},
> + {KASAN_TAG_WIDTH, KASAN_TAG_PGSHIFT, KASAN_TAG_MASK,
> + &default_flag_spec, "kasantag"},
> +};
> +
> +static
> +char *format_page_flags(char *buf, char *end, unsigned long flags)
> +{
> + DECLARE_BITMAP(mask, ARRAY_SIZE(pfl));
> + unsigned long last;
> + int i;
> +
> + if (flags & (BIT(NR_PAGEFLAGS) - 1)) {
> + if (buf < end)
> + *buf = '|';
> + buf++;
> + }

This is far from obvious. You print '|' here because you printed
something somewhere else. See below.

> +
> + for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(pfl); i++)
> + __assign_bit(i, mask, pfl[i].width);

The bitmap looks like an overkill. If I get it correctly, it is a
tricky way to handle only flags defined by the used build
configuration. See below.

> + last = find_last_bit(mask, ARRAY_SIZE(pfl));
> +
> + for_each_set_bit(i, mask, ARRAY_SIZE(pfl)) {
> + /* Format: Flag Name + '=' (equals sign) + Number + '|' (separator) */
> + buf = string(buf, end, pfl[i].name, *pfl[i].spec);
> +
> + if (buf < end)
> + *buf = '=';
> + buf++;
> + buf = number(buf, end, (flags >> pfl[i].shift) & pfl[i].mask,
> + *pfl[i].spec);
> +
> + /* No separator for the last entry */
> + if (i != last) {
> + if (buf < end)
> + *buf = '|';
> + buf++;
> + }
> + }
> +
> + return buf;
> +}
> +
> static noinline_for_stack
> char *flags_string(char *buf, char *end, void *flags_ptr,
> struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt)
> @@ -1929,10 +1989,10 @@ char *flags_string(char *buf, char *end, void *flags_ptr,
> switch (fmt[1]) {
> case 'p':
> flags = *(unsigned long *)flags_ptr;
> - /* Remove zone id */
> - flags &= (1UL << NR_PAGEFLAGS) - 1;
> names = pageflag_names;

The "names" variable is needed only with "break;" when using the final
format_flags(buf, end, flags, names);

> - break;
> + buf = format_flags(buf, end, flags & (BIT(NR_PAGEFLAGS) - 1), names);
> + buf = format_page_flags(buf, end, flags);

I am sorry for my ignorance. I am not familiar with MM.
But it is pretty hard to understand what call does what.

I have found the following comment in include/linux/page_flags.h:

* The page flags field is split into two parts, the main flags area
* which extends from the low bits upwards, and the fields area which
* extends from the high bits downwards.

Sigh, I know that you already reworked this several times because
people "nitpicked" about the code style. But it seems that it
rather diverged instead of converged.

What about the following?
Note: It is inpired by the names "main area" and "fields area"
mentioned in the above comment from page_flags.h.
I have later realized that "page_flags_layout" actually made
sense as well. Feel free to rename page_flags_fileds
back to page_flags_layout.

Anyway, this is my proposal:

diff --git a/lib/vsprintf.c b/lib/vsprintf.c
index 3b53c73580c5..cf67b39d72ae 100644
--- a/lib/vsprintf.c
+++ b/lib/vsprintf.c
@@ -1916,6 +1916,67 @@ char *format_flags(char *buf, char *end, unsigned long flags,
return buf;
}

+/* Meta information for page flags in the fields area */
+struct page_flags_fields {
+ int width;
+ int shift;
+ int mask;
+ const struct printf_spec *spec;
+ const char *name;
+};
+
+static const struct page_flags_fields pff[] = {
+ {SECTIONS_WIDTH, SECTIONS_PGSHIFT, SECTIONS_MASK,
+ &default_dec_spec, "section"},
+ {NODES_WIDTH, NODES_PGSHIFT, NODES_MASK,
+ &default_dec_spec, "node"},
+ {ZONES_WIDTH, ZONES_PGSHIFT, ZONES_MASK,
+ &default_dec_spec, "zone"},
+ {LAST_CPUPID_WIDTH, LAST_CPUPID_PGSHIFT, LAST_CPUPID_MASK,
+ &default_flag_spec, "lastcpupid"},
+ {KASAN_TAG_WIDTH, KASAN_TAG_PGSHIFT, KASAN_TAG_MASK,
+ &default_flag_spec, "kasantag"},
+};
+
+static
+char *format_page_flags(char *buf, char *end, unsigned long flags)
+{
+ unsigned long main_flags = flags & (BIT(NR_PAGEFLAGS) - 1);
+ bool append = false;
+ int i;
+
+ /* Page flags from the main area. */
+ if (main_flags) {
+ buf = format_flags(buf, end, main_flags, pageflag_names);
+ append = true;
+ }
+
+ /* Page flags from the fields area */
+ for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(pff); i++) {
+ /* Skip undefined fields. */
+ if (!pff[i].width)
+ continue;
+
+ /* Format: Flag Name + '=' (equals sign) + Number + '|' (separator) */
+ if (append) {
+ if (buf < end)
+ *buf = '|';
+ buf++;
+ }
+
+ buf = string(buf, end, pff[i].name, *pff[i].spec);
+ if (buf < end)
+ *buf = '=';
+ buf++;
+ buf = number(buf, end, (flags >> pff[i].shift) & pff[i].mask,
+ *pff[i].spec);
+
+ append = true;
+ }
+
+ return buf;
+}
+
static noinline_for_stack
char *flags_string(char *buf, char *end, void *flags_ptr,
struct printf_spec spec, const char *fmt)
@@ -1929,10 +1990,7 @@ char *flags_string(char *buf, char *end, void *flags_ptr,
switch (fmt[1]) {
case 'p':
flags = *(unsigned long *)flags_ptr;
- /* Remove zone id */
- flags &= (1UL << NR_PAGEFLAGS) - 1;
- names = pageflag_names;
- break;
+ return format_page_flags(buf, end, flags);
case 'v':
flags = *(unsigned long *)flags_ptr;
names = vmaflag_names;
--
2.26.2
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