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SubjectRe: [PATCH] kswapd: no need reclaim cma pages triggered by unmovable allocation
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On 2021/2/9 下午5:23, Michal Hocko wrote:
> On Tue 09-02-21 16:23:13, zhou wrote:
>> From: zhou xianrong <xianrong.zhou@transsion.com>
>>
>> For purpose of better migration cma pages are allocated after
>> failure movalbe allocations and are used normally for file pages
>> or anonymous pages.
>>
>> In reclaim path so many cma pages if configurated are reclaimed
>> from lru lists in kswapd mainly or direct reclaim triggered by
>> unmovable or reclaimable allocations. But these cma pages can not
>> be used by original unmovable or reclaimable allocations. So the
>> reclaim are unnecessary.
>>
>> In a same system if the cma pages were configurated to large then
>> more failture unmovable (vmalloc etc.) or reclaimable (slab etc.)
>> allocations are arised and then more kswapd rounds are triggered
>> and then more cma pages are reclaimed.
> Could you be more specific? Do you have any numbers and an example
> configuration when this is visible?
It should be implicit.
>> So this maybe cause vicious cycle. It causes that when we are under
>> low memory and still there are many cma pages that can not be
>> allocated due to unnecessary cma reclaim and cma fallback allocations
>> . So cma pages are not used sufficiently.
>>
>> The modification is straightforward that skips reclaiming cma pages
>> in reclaim procedure which is triggered only by unmovable or
>> reclaimable allocations. This optimization can avoid ~3% unnecessary
>> cma isolations (cma isolated / total isolated).
> Joonsoo used to have a patch series to drop many of the hacks we have
> for CMA and made it part of a movable zone. That would solve many
> problems, including this one. I am not sure where the work stands now
> but it would be probably better to revive that rather than adding more
> special casing on top of what we have right now.
Yes. This modification is simple and retain existing cma logic.
>> Signed-off-by: zhou xianrong <xianrong.zhou@transsion.com>
>> ---
>> include/linux/mmzone.h | 6 ++--
>> include/trace/events/vmscan.h | 20 +++++++----
>> mm/page_alloc.c | 5 +--
>> mm/vmscan.c | 63 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------
>> 4 files changed, 73 insertions(+), 21 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/include/linux/mmzone.h b/include/linux/mmzone.h
>> index b593316bff3d..7dd38d7372b9 100644
>> --- a/include/linux/mmzone.h
>> +++ b/include/linux/mmzone.h
>> @@ -301,6 +301,8 @@ struct lruvec {
>> #define ISOLATE_ASYNC_MIGRATE ((__force isolate_mode_t)0x4)
>> /* Isolate unevictable pages */
>> #define ISOLATE_UNEVICTABLE ((__force isolate_mode_t)0x8)
>> +/* Isolate none cma pages */
>> +#define ISOLATE_NONCMA ((__force isolate_mode_t)0x10)
>>
>> /* LRU Isolation modes. */
>> typedef unsigned __bitwise isolate_mode_t;
>> @@ -756,7 +758,7 @@ typedef struct pglist_data {
>> wait_queue_head_t pfmemalloc_wait;
>> struct task_struct *kswapd; /* Protected by
>> mem_hotplug_begin/end() */
>> - int kswapd_order;
>> + int kswapd_order, kswapd_migratetype;
>> enum zone_type kswapd_highest_zoneidx;
>>
>> int kswapd_failures; /* Number of 'reclaimed == 0' runs */
>> @@ -840,7 +842,7 @@ static inline bool pgdat_is_empty(pg_data_t *pgdat)
>>
>> void build_all_zonelists(pg_data_t *pgdat);
>> void wakeup_kswapd(struct zone *zone, gfp_t gfp_mask, int order,
>> - enum zone_type highest_zoneidx);
>> + int migratetype, enum zone_type highest_zoneidx);
>> bool __zone_watermark_ok(struct zone *z, unsigned int order, unsigned long mark,
>> int highest_zoneidx, unsigned int alloc_flags,
>> long free_pages);
>> diff --git a/include/trace/events/vmscan.h b/include/trace/events/vmscan.h
>> index 2070df64958e..41bbafdfde84 100644
>> --- a/include/trace/events/vmscan.h
>> +++ b/include/trace/events/vmscan.h
>> @@ -51,37 +51,41 @@ TRACE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_kswapd_sleep,
>>
>> TRACE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_kswapd_wake,
>>
>> - TP_PROTO(int nid, int zid, int order),
>> + TP_PROTO(int nid, int zid, int order, int mt),
>>
>> - TP_ARGS(nid, zid, order),
>> + TP_ARGS(nid, zid, order, mt),
>>
>> TP_STRUCT__entry(
>> __field( int, nid )
>> __field( int, zid )
>> __field( int, order )
>> + __field( int, mt )
>> ),
>>
>> TP_fast_assign(
>> __entry->nid = nid;
>> __entry->zid = zid;
>> __entry->order = order;
>> + __entry->mt = mt;
>> ),
>>
>> - TP_printk("nid=%d order=%d",
>> + TP_printk("nid=%d order=%d migratetype=%d",
>> __entry->nid,
>> - __entry->order)
>> + __entry->order,
>> + __entry->mt)
>> );
>>
>> TRACE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_wakeup_kswapd,
>>
>> - TP_PROTO(int nid, int zid, int order, gfp_t gfp_flags),
>> + TP_PROTO(int nid, int zid, int order, int mt, gfp_t gfp_flags),
>>
>> - TP_ARGS(nid, zid, order, gfp_flags),
>> + TP_ARGS(nid, zid, order, mt, gfp_flags),
>>
>> TP_STRUCT__entry(
>> __field( int, nid )
>> __field( int, zid )
>> __field( int, order )
>> + __field( int, mt )
>> __field( gfp_t, gfp_flags )
>> ),
>>
>> @@ -89,12 +93,14 @@ TRACE_EVENT(mm_vmscan_wakeup_kswapd,
>> __entry->nid = nid;
>> __entry->zid = zid;
>> __entry->order = order;
>> + __entry->mt = mt;
>> __entry->gfp_flags = gfp_flags;
>> ),
>>
>> - TP_printk("nid=%d order=%d gfp_flags=%s",
>> + TP_printk("nid=%d order=%d migratetype=%d gfp_flags=%s",
>> __entry->nid,
>> __entry->order,
>> + __entry->mt,
>> show_gfp_flags(__entry->gfp_flags))
>> );
>>
>> diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
>> index 519a60d5b6f7..45ceb15721b8 100644
>> --- a/mm/page_alloc.c
>> +++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
>> @@ -3517,7 +3517,7 @@ struct page *rmqueue(struct zone *preferred_zone,
>> /* Separate test+clear to avoid unnecessary atomics */
>> if (test_bit(ZONE_BOOSTED_WATERMARK, &zone->flags)) {
>> clear_bit(ZONE_BOOSTED_WATERMARK, &zone->flags);
>> - wakeup_kswapd(zone, 0, 0, zone_idx(zone));
>> + wakeup_kswapd(zone, 0, 0, migratetype, zone_idx(zone));
>> }
>>
>> VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(page && bad_range(zone, page), page);
>> @@ -4426,11 +4426,12 @@ static void wake_all_kswapds(unsigned int order, gfp_t gfp_mask,
>> struct zone *zone;
>> pg_data_t *last_pgdat = NULL;
>> enum zone_type highest_zoneidx = ac->highest_zoneidx;
>> + int migratetype = ac->migratetype;
>>
>> for_each_zone_zonelist_nodemask(zone, z, ac->zonelist, highest_zoneidx,
>> ac->nodemask) {
>> if (last_pgdat != zone->zone_pgdat)
>> - wakeup_kswapd(zone, gfp_mask, order, highest_zoneidx);
>> + wakeup_kswapd(zone, gfp_mask, order, migratetype, highest_zoneidx);
>> last_pgdat = zone->zone_pgdat;
>> }
>> }
>> diff --git a/mm/vmscan.c b/mm/vmscan.c
>> index b1b574ad199d..e61ec8747a40 100644
>> --- a/mm/vmscan.c
>> +++ b/mm/vmscan.c
>> @@ -99,6 +99,9 @@ struct scan_control {
>> /* Can pages be swapped as part of reclaim? */
>> unsigned int may_swap:1;
>>
>> + /* Can cma pages be reclaimed? */
>> + unsigned int may_cma:1;
>> +
>> /*
>> * Cgroups are not reclaimed below their configured memory.low,
>> * unless we threaten to OOM. If any cgroups are skipped due to
>> @@ -286,6 +289,11 @@ static bool writeback_throttling_sane(struct scan_control *sc)
>> }
>> #endif
>>
>> +static bool movable_reclaim(gfp_t gfp_mask)
>> +{
>> + return is_migrate_movable(gfp_migratetype(gfp_mask));
>> +}
>> +
>> /*
>> * This misses isolated pages which are not accounted for to save counters.
>> * As the data only determines if reclaim or compaction continues, it is
>> @@ -1499,6 +1507,7 @@ unsigned int reclaim_clean_pages_from_list(struct zone *zone,
>> .gfp_mask = GFP_KERNEL,
>> .priority = DEF_PRIORITY,
>> .may_unmap = 1,
>> + .may_cma = 1,
>> };
>> struct reclaim_stat stat;
>> unsigned int nr_reclaimed;
>> @@ -1593,6 +1602,9 @@ int __isolate_lru_page_prepare(struct page *page, isolate_mode_t mode)
>> if ((mode & ISOLATE_UNMAPPED) && page_mapped(page))
>> return ret;
>>
>> + if ((mode & ISOLATE_NONCMA) && is_migrate_cma(get_pageblock_migratetype(page)))
>> + return ret;
>> +
>> return 0;
>> }
>>
>> @@ -1647,7 +1659,10 @@ static unsigned long isolate_lru_pages(unsigned long nr_to_scan,
>> unsigned long skipped = 0;
>> unsigned long scan, total_scan, nr_pages;
>> LIST_HEAD(pages_skipped);
>> - isolate_mode_t mode = (sc->may_unmap ? 0 : ISOLATE_UNMAPPED);
>> + isolate_mode_t mode;
>> +
>> + mode = (sc->may_unmap ? 0 : ISOLATE_UNMAPPED);
>> + mode |= (sc->may_cma ? 0 : ISOLATE_NONCMA);
>>
>> total_scan = 0;
>> scan = 0;
>> @@ -2125,6 +2140,7 @@ unsigned long reclaim_pages(struct list_head *page_list)
>> .may_writepage = 1,
>> .may_unmap = 1,
>> .may_swap = 1,
>> + .may_cma = 1,
>> };
>>
>> while (!list_empty(page_list)) {
>> @@ -3253,6 +3269,7 @@ unsigned long try_to_free_pages(struct zonelist *zonelist, int order,
>> .may_writepage = !laptop_mode,
>> .may_unmap = 1,
>> .may_swap = 1,
>> + .may_cma = movable_reclaim(gfp_mask),
>> };
>>
>> /*
>> @@ -3298,6 +3315,7 @@ unsigned long mem_cgroup_shrink_node(struct mem_cgroup *memcg,
>> .may_unmap = 1,
>> .reclaim_idx = MAX_NR_ZONES - 1,
>> .may_swap = !noswap,
>> + .may_cma = 1,
>> };
>>
>> WARN_ON_ONCE(!current->reclaim_state);
>> @@ -3341,6 +3359,7 @@ unsigned long try_to_free_mem_cgroup_pages(struct mem_cgroup *memcg,
>> .may_writepage = !laptop_mode,
>> .may_unmap = 1,
>> .may_swap = may_swap,
>> + .may_cma = 1,
>> };
>> /*
>> * Traverse the ZONELIST_FALLBACK zonelist of the current node to put
>> @@ -3548,7 +3567,7 @@ static bool kswapd_shrink_node(pg_data_t *pgdat,
>> * or lower is eligible for reclaim until at least one usable zone is
>> * balanced.
>> */
>> -static int balance_pgdat(pg_data_t *pgdat, int order, int highest_zoneidx)
>> +static int balance_pgdat(pg_data_t *pgdat, int order, int migratetype, int highest_zoneidx)
>> {
>> int i;
>> unsigned long nr_soft_reclaimed;
>> @@ -3650,6 +3669,7 @@ static int balance_pgdat(pg_data_t *pgdat, int order, int highest_zoneidx)
>> */
>> sc.may_writepage = !laptop_mode && !nr_boost_reclaim;
>> sc.may_swap = !nr_boost_reclaim;
>> + sc.may_cma = is_migrate_movable(migratetype);
>>
>> /*
>> * Do some background aging of the anon list, to give
>> @@ -3771,8 +3791,15 @@ static enum zone_type kswapd_highest_zoneidx(pg_data_t *pgdat,
>> return curr_idx == MAX_NR_ZONES ? prev_highest_zoneidx : curr_idx;
>> }
>>
>> +static int kswapd_migratetype(pg_data_t *pgdat, int prev_migratetype)
>> +{
>> + int curr_migratetype = READ_ONCE(pgdat->kswapd_migratetype);
>> +
>> + return curr_migratetype == MIGRATE_TYPES ? prev_migratetype : curr_migratetype;
>> +}
>> +
>> static void kswapd_try_to_sleep(pg_data_t *pgdat, int alloc_order, int reclaim_order,
>> - unsigned int highest_zoneidx)
>> + int migratetype, unsigned int highest_zoneidx)
>> {
>> long remaining = 0;
>> DEFINE_WAIT(wait);
>> @@ -3807,8 +3834,8 @@ static void kswapd_try_to_sleep(pg_data_t *pgdat, int alloc_order, int reclaim_o
>> remaining = schedule_timeout(HZ/10);
>>
>> /*
>> - * If woken prematurely then reset kswapd_highest_zoneidx and
>> - * order. The values will either be from a wakeup request or
>> + * If woken prematurely then reset kswapd_highest_zoneidx, order
>> + * and migratetype. The values will either be from a wakeup request or
>> * the previous request that slept prematurely.
>> */
>> if (remaining) {
>> @@ -3818,6 +3845,10 @@ static void kswapd_try_to_sleep(pg_data_t *pgdat, int alloc_order, int reclaim_o
>>
>> if (READ_ONCE(pgdat->kswapd_order) < reclaim_order)
>> WRITE_ONCE(pgdat->kswapd_order, reclaim_order);
>> +
>> + if (!is_migrate_movable(READ_ONCE(pgdat->kswapd_migratetype)))
>> + WRITE_ONCE(pgdat->kswapd_migratetype,
>> + kswapd_migratetype(pgdat, migratetype));
>> }
>>
>> finish_wait(&pgdat->kswapd_wait, &wait);
>> @@ -3870,6 +3901,7 @@ static void kswapd_try_to_sleep(pg_data_t *pgdat, int alloc_order, int reclaim_o
>> */
>> static int kswapd(void *p)
>> {
>> + int migratetype = 0;
>> unsigned int alloc_order, reclaim_order;
>> unsigned int highest_zoneidx = MAX_NR_ZONES - 1;
>> pg_data_t *pgdat = (pg_data_t*)p;
>> @@ -3895,23 +3927,27 @@ static int kswapd(void *p)
>> set_freezable();
>>
>> WRITE_ONCE(pgdat->kswapd_order, 0);
>> + WRITE_ONCE(pgdat->kswapd_migratetype, MIGRATE_TYPES);
>> WRITE_ONCE(pgdat->kswapd_highest_zoneidx, MAX_NR_ZONES);
>> for ( ; ; ) {
>> bool ret;
>>
>> alloc_order = reclaim_order = READ_ONCE(pgdat->kswapd_order);
>> + migratetype = kswapd_migratetype(pgdat, migratetype);
>> highest_zoneidx = kswapd_highest_zoneidx(pgdat,
>> highest_zoneidx);
>>
>> kswapd_try_sleep:
>> kswapd_try_to_sleep(pgdat, alloc_order, reclaim_order,
>> - highest_zoneidx);
>> + migratetype, highest_zoneidx);
>>
>> /* Read the new order and highest_zoneidx */
>> alloc_order = READ_ONCE(pgdat->kswapd_order);
>> + migratetype = kswapd_migratetype(pgdat, migratetype);
>> highest_zoneidx = kswapd_highest_zoneidx(pgdat,
>> highest_zoneidx);
>> WRITE_ONCE(pgdat->kswapd_order, 0);
>> + WRITE_ONCE(pgdat->kswapd_migratetype, MIGRATE_TYPES);
>> WRITE_ONCE(pgdat->kswapd_highest_zoneidx, MAX_NR_ZONES);
>>
>> ret = try_to_freeze();
>> @@ -3934,8 +3970,8 @@ static int kswapd(void *p)
>> * request (alloc_order).
>> */
>> trace_mm_vmscan_kswapd_wake(pgdat->node_id, highest_zoneidx,
>> - alloc_order);
>> - reclaim_order = balance_pgdat(pgdat, alloc_order,
>> + alloc_order, migratetype);
>> + reclaim_order = balance_pgdat(pgdat, alloc_order, migratetype,
>> highest_zoneidx);
>> if (reclaim_order < alloc_order)
>> goto kswapd_try_sleep;
>> @@ -3954,10 +3990,11 @@ static int kswapd(void *p)
>> * needed.
>> */
>> void wakeup_kswapd(struct zone *zone, gfp_t gfp_flags, int order,
>> - enum zone_type highest_zoneidx)
>> + int migratetype, enum zone_type highest_zoneidx)
>> {
>> pg_data_t *pgdat;
>> enum zone_type curr_idx;
>> + int curr_migratetype;
>>
>> if (!managed_zone(zone))
>> return;
>> @@ -3967,6 +4004,7 @@ void wakeup_kswapd(struct zone *zone, gfp_t gfp_flags, int order,
>>
>> pgdat = zone->zone_pgdat;
>> curr_idx = READ_ONCE(pgdat->kswapd_highest_zoneidx);
>> + curr_migratetype = READ_ONCE(pgdat->kswapd_migratetype);
>>
>> if (curr_idx == MAX_NR_ZONES || curr_idx < highest_zoneidx)
>> WRITE_ONCE(pgdat->kswapd_highest_zoneidx, highest_zoneidx);
>> @@ -3974,6 +4012,9 @@ void wakeup_kswapd(struct zone *zone, gfp_t gfp_flags, int order,
>> if (READ_ONCE(pgdat->kswapd_order) < order)
>> WRITE_ONCE(pgdat->kswapd_order, order);
>>
>> + if (curr_migratetype == MIGRATE_TYPES || is_migrate_movable(migratetype))
>> + WRITE_ONCE(pgdat->kswapd_migratetype, migratetype);
>> +
>> if (!waitqueue_active(&pgdat->kswapd_wait))
>> return;
>>
>> @@ -3994,7 +4035,7 @@ void wakeup_kswapd(struct zone *zone, gfp_t gfp_flags, int order,
>> }
>>
>> trace_mm_vmscan_wakeup_kswapd(pgdat->node_id, highest_zoneidx, order,
>> - gfp_flags);
>> + migratetype, gfp_flags);
>> wake_up_interruptible(&pgdat->kswapd_wait);
>> }
>>
>> @@ -4017,6 +4058,7 @@ unsigned long shrink_all_memory(unsigned long nr_to_reclaim)
>> .may_writepage = 1,
>> .may_unmap = 1,
>> .may_swap = 1,
>> + .may_cma = 1,
>> .hibernation_mode = 1,
>> };
>> struct zonelist *zonelist = node_zonelist(numa_node_id(), sc.gfp_mask);
>> @@ -4176,6 +4218,7 @@ static int __node_reclaim(struct pglist_data *pgdat, gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned in
>> .may_writepage = !!(node_reclaim_mode & RECLAIM_WRITE),
>> .may_unmap = !!(node_reclaim_mode & RECLAIM_UNMAP),
>> .may_swap = 1,
>> + .may_cma = movable_reclaim(gfp_mask),
>> .reclaim_idx = gfp_zone(gfp_mask),
>> };
>>
>> --
>> 2.25.1

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