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Subject[PATCH 1/2] sched/features: Fix hrtick reprogramming
Hung tasks and RCU stall cases were reported on systems which were not
100% busy. Investigation of such unexpected cases (no sign of potential
starvation caused by tasks hogging the system) pointed out that the
periodic sched tick timer wasn't serviced anymore after a certain point
and that caused all machinery that depends on it (timers, RCU, etc.) to
stop working as well. This issues was however only reproducible if
HRTICK was enabled.

Looking at core dumps it was found that the rbtree of the hrtimer base
used also for the hrtick was corrupted (i.e. next as seen from the base
root and actual leftmost obtained by traversing the tree are different).
Same base is also used for periodic tick hrtimer, which might get "lost"
if the rbtree gets corrupted.

Much alike what described in commit 1f71addd34f4c ("tick/sched: Do not
mess with an enqueued hrtimer") there is a race window between
hrtimer_set_expires() in hrtick_start and hrtimer_start_expires() in
__hrtick_restart() in which the former might be operating on an already
queued hrtick hrtimer, which might lead to corruption of the base.

Use hrtick_start() (which removes the timer before enqueuing it back) to
ensure hrtick hrtimer reprogramming is entirely guarded by the base
lock, so that no race conditions can occur.

Co-developed-by: Daniel Bristot de Oliveira <>
Signed-off-by: Daniel Bristot de Oliveira <>
Co-developed-by: Luis Claudio R. Goncalves <>
Signed-off-by: Luis Claudio R. Goncalves <>
Signed-off-by: Juri Lelli <>
kernel/sched/core.c | 8 +++-----
kernel/sched/sched.h | 1 +
2 files changed, 4 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/sched/core.c b/kernel/sched/core.c
index be3a956c2d23..d2d79a2c30f5 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/core.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/core.c
@@ -355,8 +355,9 @@ static enum hrtimer_restart hrtick(struct hrtimer *timer)
static void __hrtick_restart(struct rq *rq)
struct hrtimer *timer = &rq->hrtick_timer;
+ ktime_t time = rq->hrtick_time;

- hrtimer_start_expires(timer, HRTIMER_MODE_ABS_PINNED_HARD);
+ hrtimer_start(timer, time, HRTIMER_MODE_ABS_PINNED_HARD);

@@ -380,7 +381,6 @@ static void __hrtick_start(void *arg)
void hrtick_start(struct rq *rq, u64 delay)
struct hrtimer *timer = &rq->hrtick_timer;
- ktime_t time;
s64 delta;

@@ -388,9 +388,7 @@ void hrtick_start(struct rq *rq, u64 delay)
* doesn't make sense and can cause timer DoS.
delta = max_t(s64, delay, 10000LL);
- time = ktime_add_ns(timer->base->get_time(), delta);
- hrtimer_set_expires(timer, time);
+ rq->hrtick_time = ktime_add_ns(timer->base->get_time(), delta);

if (rq == this_rq())
diff --git a/kernel/sched/sched.h b/kernel/sched/sched.h
index 6edc67df3554..3e16dff206b3 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/sched.h
+++ b/kernel/sched/sched.h
@@ -1030,6 +1030,7 @@ struct rq {
call_single_data_t hrtick_csd;
struct hrtimer hrtick_timer;
+ ktime_t hrtick_time;

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