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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2] powerpc/uprobes: Validation for prefixed instruction
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On 2/4/21 9:42 PM, Naveen N. Rao wrote:
> On 2021/02/04 06:38PM, Naveen N. Rao wrote:
>> On 2021/02/04 04:17PM, Ravi Bangoria wrote:
>>> Don't allow Uprobe on 2nd word of a prefixed instruction. As per
>>> ISA 3.1, prefixed instruction should not cross 64-byte boundary.
>>> So don't allow Uprobe on such prefixed instruction as well.
>>>
>>> There are two ways probed instruction is changed in mapped pages.
>>> First, when Uprobe is activated, it searches for all the relevant
>>> pages and replace instruction in them. In this case, if we notice
>>> that probe is on the 2nd word of prefixed instruction, error out
>>> directly. Second, when Uprobe is already active and user maps a
>>> relevant page via mmap(), instruction is replaced via mmap() code
>>> path. But because Uprobe is invalid, entire mmap() operation can
>>> not be stopped. In this case just print an error and continue.
>>>
>>> Signed-off-by: Ravi Bangoria <ravi.bangoria@linux.ibm.com>
>>> ---
>>> v1: http://lore.kernel.org/r/20210119091234.76317-1-ravi.bangoria@linux.ibm.com
>>> v1->v2:
>>> - Instead of introducing new arch hook from verify_opcode(), use
>>> existing hook arch_uprobe_analyze_insn().
>>> - Add explicit check for prefixed instruction crossing 64-byte
>>> boundary. If probe is on such instruction, throw an error.
>>>
>>> arch/powerpc/kernel/uprobes.c | 66 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
>>> 1 file changed, 65 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>>>
>>> diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/uprobes.c b/arch/powerpc/kernel/uprobes.c
>>> index e8a63713e655..485d19a2a31f 100644
>>> --- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/uprobes.c
>>> +++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/uprobes.c
>>> @@ -7,6 +7,7 @@
>>> * Adapted from the x86 port by Ananth N Mavinakayanahalli <ananth@in.ibm.com>
>>> */
>>> #include <linux/kernel.h>
>>> +#include <linux/highmem.h>
>>> #include <linux/sched.h>
>>> #include <linux/ptrace.h>
>>> #include <linux/uprobes.h>
>>> @@ -28,6 +29,69 @@ bool is_trap_insn(uprobe_opcode_t *insn)
>>> return (is_trap(*insn));
>>> }
>>>
>>> +#ifdef CONFIG_PPC64
>>> +static int get_instr(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr, u32 *instr)
>>> +{
>>> + struct page *page;
>>> + struct vm_area_struct *vma;
>>> + void *kaddr;
>>> + unsigned int gup_flags = FOLL_FORCE | FOLL_SPLIT_PMD;
>>> +
>>> + if (get_user_pages_remote(mm, addr, 1, gup_flags, &page, &vma, NULL) <= 0)
>>> + return -EINVAL;
>>> +
>>> + kaddr = kmap_atomic(page);
>>> + *instr = *((u32 *)(kaddr + (addr & ~PAGE_MASK)));
>>> + kunmap_atomic(kaddr);
>>> + put_page(page);
>>> + return 0;
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static int validate_prefixed_instr(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr)
>>> +{
>>> + struct ppc_inst inst;
>>> + u32 prefix, suffix;
>>> +
>>> + /*
>>> + * No need to check if addr is pointing to beginning of the
>>> + * page. Even if probe is on a suffix of page-unaligned
>>> + * prefixed instruction, hw will raise exception and kernel
>>> + * will send SIGBUS.
>>> + */
>>> + if (!(addr & ~PAGE_MASK))
>>> + return 0;
>>> +
>>> + if (get_instr(mm, addr, &prefix) < 0)
>>> + return -EINVAL;
>>> + if (get_instr(mm, addr + 4, &suffix) < 0)
>>> + return -EINVAL;
>>> +
>>> + inst = ppc_inst_prefix(prefix, suffix);
>>> + if (ppc_inst_prefixed(inst) && (addr & 0x3F) == 0x3C) {
>>> + printk_ratelimited("Cannot register a uprobe on 64 byte "
>> ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ pr_info_ratelimited()
>>
>> It should be sufficient to check the primary opcode to determine if it
>> is a prefixed instruction. You don't have to read the suffix. I see that
>> we don't have a helper to do this currently, so you could do:
>>
>> if (ppc_inst_primary_opcode(ppc_inst(prefix)) == 1)
>
> Seeing the kprobes code, I realized that we have to check for another
> scenario (Thanks, Jordan!). If this is the suffix of a prefix
> instruction for which a uprobe has already been installed, then the
> previous word will be a 'trap' instruction. You need to check if there
> is a uprobe at the previous word, and if the original instruction there
> was a prefix instruction.

Yes, this patch will fail to detect such scenario. I think I should
read the instruction directly from file, like what copy_insn() does.
With that, I'll get original instruction rather that 'trap'.

I'll think more along this line.

Ravi

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