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Subject[PATCH v7 05/23] arm64: Initialise as nVHE before switching to VHE
Date
As we are aiming to be able to control whether we enable VHE or
not, let's always drop down to EL1 first, and only then upgrade
to VHE if at all possible.

This means that if the kernel is booted at EL2, we always start
with a nVHE init, drop to EL1 to initialise the the kernel, and
only then upgrade the kernel EL to EL2 if possible (the process
is obviously shortened for secondary CPUs).

The resume path is handled similarly to a secondary CPU boot.

Signed-off-by: Marc Zyngier <maz@kernel.org>
Acked-by: David Brazdil <dbrazdil@google.com>
Acked-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
---
arch/arm64/kernel/head.S | 38 ++----------------------------------
arch/arm64/kernel/hyp-stub.S | 24 +++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/arm64/kernel/sleep.S | 1 +
3 files changed, 27 insertions(+), 36 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/head.S b/arch/arm64/kernel/head.S
index 28e9735302df..07445fd976ef 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/head.S
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/head.S
@@ -433,6 +433,7 @@ SYM_FUNC_START_LOCAL(__primary_switched)
bl __pi_memset
dsb ishst // Make zero page visible to PTW

+ bl switch_to_vhe
#if defined(CONFIG_KASAN_GENERIC) || defined(CONFIG_KASAN_SW_TAGS)
bl kasan_early_init
#endif
@@ -493,42 +494,6 @@ SYM_INNER_LABEL(init_el1, SYM_L_LOCAL)
eret

SYM_INNER_LABEL(init_el2, SYM_L_LOCAL)
-#ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_VHE
- /*
- * Check for VHE being present. x2 being non-zero indicates that we
- * do have VHE, and that the kernel is intended to run at EL2.
- */
- mrs x2, id_aa64mmfr1_el1
- ubfx x2, x2, #ID_AA64MMFR1_VHE_SHIFT, #4
-#else
- mov x2, xzr
-#endif
- cbz x2, init_el2_nvhe
-
- /*
- * When VHE _is_ in use, EL1 will not be used in the host and
- * requires no configuration, and all non-hyp-specific EL2 setup
- * will be done via the _EL1 system register aliases in __cpu_setup.
- */
- mov_q x0, HCR_HOST_VHE_FLAGS
- msr hcr_el2, x0
- isb
-
- init_el2_state vhe
-
- isb
-
- mov_q x0, INIT_PSTATE_EL2
- msr spsr_el2, x0
- msr elr_el2, lr
- mov w0, #BOOT_CPU_MODE_EL2
- eret
-
-SYM_INNER_LABEL(init_el2_nvhe, SYM_L_LOCAL)
- /*
- * When VHE is not in use, early init of EL2 and EL1 needs to be
- * done here.
- */
mov_q x0, INIT_SCTLR_EL1_MMU_OFF
msr sctlr_el1, x0

@@ -623,6 +588,7 @@ SYM_FUNC_START_LOCAL(secondary_startup)
/*
* Common entry point for secondary CPUs.
*/
+ bl switch_to_vhe
bl __cpu_secondary_check52bitva
bl __cpu_setup // initialise processor
adrp x1, swapper_pg_dir
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/hyp-stub.S b/arch/arm64/kernel/hyp-stub.S
index 3f3dbbe8914d..373ed2213e1d 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/hyp-stub.S
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/hyp-stub.S
@@ -190,3 +190,27 @@ SYM_FUNC_START(__hyp_reset_vectors)
hvc #0
ret
SYM_FUNC_END(__hyp_reset_vectors)
+
+/*
+ * Entry point to switch to VHE if deemed capable
+ */
+SYM_FUNC_START(switch_to_vhe)
+#ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_VHE
+ // Need to have booted at EL2
+ adr_l x1, __boot_cpu_mode
+ ldr w0, [x1]
+ cmp w0, #BOOT_CPU_MODE_EL2
+ b.ne 1f
+
+ // and still be at EL1
+ mrs x0, CurrentEL
+ cmp x0, #CurrentEL_EL1
+ b.ne 1f
+
+ // Turn the world upside down
+ mov x0, #HVC_VHE_RESTART
+ hvc #0
+1:
+#endif
+ ret
+SYM_FUNC_END(switch_to_vhe)
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/sleep.S b/arch/arm64/kernel/sleep.S
index 6bdef7362c0e..5bfd9b87f85d 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/sleep.S
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/sleep.S
@@ -100,6 +100,7 @@ SYM_FUNC_END(__cpu_suspend_enter)
.pushsection ".idmap.text", "awx"
SYM_CODE_START(cpu_resume)
bl init_kernel_el
+ bl switch_to_vhe
bl __cpu_setup
/* enable the MMU early - so we can access sleep_save_stash by va */
adrp x1, swapper_pg_dir
--
2.29.2
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