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SubjectRe: [PATCH] platform/surface: Add Surface Hot-Plug driver
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Hi,

On 2/5/21 2:26 AM, Maximilian Luz wrote:
> Some Surface Book 2 and 3 models have a discrete GPU (dGPU) that is
> hot-pluggable. On those devices, the dGPU is contained in the base,
> which can be separated from the tablet part (containing CPU and
> touchscreen) while the device is running.
>
> It (in general) is presented as/behaves like a standard PCIe hot-plug
> capable device, however, this device can also be put into D3cold. In
> D3cold, the device itself is turned off and can thus not submit any
> standard PCIe hot-plug events. To properly detect hot-(un)plugging while
> the dGPU is in D3cold, out-of-band signaling is required. Without this,
> the device state will only get updated during the next bus-check, eg.
> via a manually issued lspci call.
>
> This commit adds a driver to handle out-of-band PCIe hot-(un)plug events
> on Microsoft Surface devices. On those devices, said events can be
> detected via GPIO interrupts, which are then forwarded to the
> corresponding ACPI DSM calls by this driver. The DSM then takes care of
> issuing the appropriate bus-/device-check, causing the PCI core to
> properly pick up the device change.
>
> Signed-off-by: Maximilian Luz <luzmaximilian@gmail.com>

Thank you for your patch, I've applied this patch to my review-hans
branch:
https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/pdx86/platform-drivers-x86.git/log/?h=review-hans

Note it will show up in my review-hans branch once I've pushed my
local branch there, which might take a while.

Once I've run some tests on this branch the patches there will be
added to the platform-drivers-x86/for-next branch and eventually
will be included in the pdx86 pull-request to Linus for the next
merge-window.

Regards,

Hans

> ---
> MAINTAINERS | 6 +
> drivers/platform/surface/Kconfig | 19 ++
> drivers/platform/surface/Makefile | 1 +
> drivers/platform/surface/surface_hotplug.c | 282 +++++++++++++++++++++
> 4 files changed, 308 insertions(+)
> create mode 100644 drivers/platform/surface/surface_hotplug.c
>
> diff --git a/MAINTAINERS b/MAINTAINERS
> index 34bfa5c1aec5..4fcf3df517a8 100644
> --- a/MAINTAINERS
> +++ b/MAINTAINERS
> @@ -11805,6 +11805,12 @@ S: Maintained
> T: git git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/pdx86/platform-drivers-x86.git
> F: drivers/platform/surface/
>
> +MICROSOFT SURFACE HOT-PLUG DRIVER
> +M: Maximilian Luz <luzmaximilian@gmail.com>
> +L: platform-driver-x86@vger.kernel.org
> +S: Maintained
> +F: drivers/platform/surface/surface_hotplug.c
> +
> MICROSOFT SURFACE PRO 3 BUTTON DRIVER
> M: Chen Yu <yu.c.chen@intel.com>
> L: platform-driver-x86@vger.kernel.org
> diff --git a/drivers/platform/surface/Kconfig b/drivers/platform/surface/Kconfig
> index 83b0a4c7b352..0847b2dc97bf 100644
> --- a/drivers/platform/surface/Kconfig
> +++ b/drivers/platform/surface/Kconfig
> @@ -86,6 +86,25 @@ config SURFACE_GPE
> accordingly. It is required on those devices to allow wake-ups from
> suspend by opening the lid.
>
> +config SURFACE_HOTPLUG
> + tristate "Surface Hot-Plug Driver"
> + depends on GPIOLIB
> + help
> + Driver for out-of-band hot-plug event signaling on Microsoft Surface
> + devices with hot-pluggable PCIe cards.
> +
> + This driver is used on Surface Book (2 and 3) devices with a
> + hot-pluggable discrete GPU (dGPU). When not in use, the dGPU on those
> + devices can enter D3cold, which prevents in-band (standard) PCIe
> + hot-plug signaling. Thus, without this driver, detaching the base
> + containing the dGPU will not correctly update the state of the
> + corresponding PCIe device if it is in D3cold. This driver adds support
> + for out-of-band hot-plug notifications, ensuring that the device state
> + is properly updated even when the device in question is in D3cold.
> +
> + Select M or Y here, if you want to (fully) support hot-plugging of
> + dGPU devices on the Surface Book 2 and/or 3 during D3cold.
> +
> config SURFACE_PRO3_BUTTON
> tristate "Power/home/volume buttons driver for Microsoft Surface Pro 3/4 tablet"
> depends on INPUT
> diff --git a/drivers/platform/surface/Makefile b/drivers/platform/surface/Makefile
> index 3eb971006877..990424c5f0c9 100644
> --- a/drivers/platform/surface/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/platform/surface/Makefile
> @@ -11,4 +11,5 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_SURFACE_ACPI_NOTIFY) += surface_acpi_notify.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_SURFACE_AGGREGATOR) += aggregator/
> obj-$(CONFIG_SURFACE_AGGREGATOR_CDEV) += surface_aggregator_cdev.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_SURFACE_GPE) += surface_gpe.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_SURFACE_HOTPLUG) += surface_hotplug.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_SURFACE_PRO3_BUTTON) += surfacepro3_button.o
> diff --git a/drivers/platform/surface/surface_hotplug.c b/drivers/platform/surface/surface_hotplug.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..cfcc15cfbacb
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/platform/surface/surface_hotplug.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,282 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
> +/*
> + * Surface Book (2 and later) hot-plug driver.
> + *
> + * Surface Book devices (can) have a hot-pluggable discrete GPU (dGPU). This
> + * driver is responsible for out-of-band hot-plug event signaling on these
> + * devices. It is specifically required when the hot-plug device is in D3cold
> + * and can thus not generate PCIe hot-plug events itself.
> + *
> + * Event signaling is handled via ACPI, which will generate the appropriate
> + * device-check notifications to be picked up by the PCIe hot-plug driver.
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) 2019-2021 Maximilian Luz <luzmaximilian@gmail.com>
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/acpi.h>
> +#include <linux/gpio.h>
> +#include <linux/interrupt.h>
> +#include <linux/kernel.h>
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/mutex.h>
> +#include <linux/platform_device.h>
> +
> +static const struct acpi_gpio_params shps_base_presence_int = { 0, 0, false };
> +static const struct acpi_gpio_params shps_base_presence = { 1, 0, false };
> +static const struct acpi_gpio_params shps_device_power_int = { 2, 0, false };
> +static const struct acpi_gpio_params shps_device_power = { 3, 0, false };
> +static const struct acpi_gpio_params shps_device_presence_int = { 4, 0, false };
> +static const struct acpi_gpio_params shps_device_presence = { 5, 0, false };
> +
> +static const struct acpi_gpio_mapping shps_acpi_gpios[] = {
> + { "base_presence-int-gpio", &shps_base_presence_int, 1 },
> + { "base_presence-gpio", &shps_base_presence, 1 },
> + { "device_power-int-gpio", &shps_device_power_int, 1 },
> + { "device_power-gpio", &shps_device_power, 1 },
> + { "device_presence-int-gpio", &shps_device_presence_int, 1 },
> + { "device_presence-gpio", &shps_device_presence, 1 },
> + { },
> +};
> +
> +/* 5515a847-ed55-4b27-8352-cd320e10360a */
> +static const guid_t shps_dsm_guid =
> + GUID_INIT(0x5515a847, 0xed55, 0x4b27, 0x83, 0x52, 0xcd, 0x32, 0x0e, 0x10, 0x36, 0x0a);
> +
> +#define SHPS_DSM_REVISION 1
> +
> +enum shps_dsm_fn {
> + SHPS_DSM_FN_PCI_NUM_ENTRIES = 0x01,
> + SHPS_DSM_FN_PCI_GET_ENTRIES = 0x02,
> + SHPS_DSM_FN_IRQ_BASE_PRESENCE = 0x03,
> + SHPS_DSM_FN_IRQ_DEVICE_POWER = 0x04,
> + SHPS_DSM_FN_IRQ_DEVICE_PRESENCE = 0x05,
> +};
> +
> +enum shps_irq_type {
> + /* NOTE: Must be in order of enum shps_dsm_fn above. */
> + SHPS_IRQ_TYPE_BASE_PRESENCE = 0,
> + SHPS_IRQ_TYPE_DEVICE_POWER = 1,
> + SHPS_IRQ_TYPE_DEVICE_PRESENCE = 2,
> + SHPS_NUM_IRQS,
> +};
> +
> +static const char *const shps_gpio_names[] = {
> + [SHPS_IRQ_TYPE_BASE_PRESENCE] = "base_presence",
> + [SHPS_IRQ_TYPE_DEVICE_POWER] = "device_power",
> + [SHPS_IRQ_TYPE_DEVICE_PRESENCE] = "device_presence",
> +};
> +
> +struct shps_device {
> + struct mutex lock[SHPS_NUM_IRQS]; /* Protects update in shps_dsm_notify_irq() */
> + struct gpio_desc *gpio[SHPS_NUM_IRQS];
> + unsigned int irq[SHPS_NUM_IRQS];
> +};
> +
> +#define SHPS_IRQ_NOT_PRESENT ((unsigned int)-1)
> +
> +static enum shps_dsm_fn shps_dsm_fn_for_irq(enum shps_irq_type type)
> +{
> + return SHPS_DSM_FN_IRQ_BASE_PRESENCE + type;
> +}
> +
> +static void shps_dsm_notify_irq(struct platform_device *pdev, enum shps_irq_type type)
> +{
> + struct shps_device *sdev = platform_get_drvdata(pdev);
> + acpi_handle handle = ACPI_HANDLE(&pdev->dev);
> + union acpi_object *result;
> + union acpi_object param;
> + int value;
> +
> + mutex_lock(&sdev->lock[type]);
> +
> + value = gpiod_get_value_cansleep(sdev->gpio[type]);
> + if (value < 0) {
> + mutex_unlock(&sdev->lock[type]);
> + dev_err(&pdev->dev, "failed to get gpio: %d (irq=%d)\n", type, value);
> + return;
> + }
> +
> + dev_dbg(&pdev->dev, "IRQ notification via DSM (irq=%d, value=%d)\n", type, value);
> +
> + param.type = ACPI_TYPE_INTEGER;
> + param.integer.value = value;
> +
> + result = acpi_evaluate_dsm(handle, &shps_dsm_guid, SHPS_DSM_REVISION,
> + shps_dsm_fn_for_irq(type), &param);
> +
> + if (!result) {
> + dev_err(&pdev->dev, "IRQ notification via DSM failed (irq=%d, gpio=%d)\n",
> + type, value);
> +
> + } else if (result->type != ACPI_TYPE_BUFFER) {
> + dev_err(&pdev->dev,
> + "IRQ notification via DSM failed: unexpected result type (irq=%d, gpio=%d)\n",
> + type, value);
> +
> + } else if (result->buffer.length != 1 || result->buffer.pointer[0] != 0) {
> + dev_err(&pdev->dev,
> + "IRQ notification via DSM failed: unexpected result value (irq=%d, gpio=%d)\n",
> + type, value);
> + }
> +
> + mutex_unlock(&sdev->lock[type]);
> +
> + if (result)
> + ACPI_FREE(result);
> +}
> +
> +static irqreturn_t shps_handle_irq(int irq, void *data)
> +{
> + struct platform_device *pdev = data;
> + struct shps_device *sdev = platform_get_drvdata(pdev);
> + int type;
> +
> + /* Figure out which IRQ we're handling. */
> + for (type = 0; type < SHPS_NUM_IRQS; type++)
> + if (irq == sdev->irq[type])
> + break;
> +
> + /* We should have found our interrupt, if not: this is a bug. */
> + if (WARN(type >= SHPS_NUM_IRQS, "invalid IRQ number: %d\n", irq))
> + return IRQ_HANDLED;
> +
> + /* Forward interrupt to ACPI via DSM. */
> + shps_dsm_notify_irq(pdev, type);
> + return IRQ_HANDLED;
> +}
> +
> +static int shps_setup_irq(struct platform_device *pdev, enum shps_irq_type type)
> +{
> + unsigned long flags = IRQF_ONESHOT | IRQF_TRIGGER_FALLING | IRQF_TRIGGER_RISING;
> + struct shps_device *sdev = platform_get_drvdata(pdev);
> + struct gpio_desc *gpiod;
> + acpi_handle handle = ACPI_HANDLE(&pdev->dev);
> + const char *irq_name;
> + const int dsm = shps_dsm_fn_for_irq(type);
> + int status, irq;
> +
> + /*
> + * Only set up interrupts that we actually need: The Surface Book 3
> + * does not have a DSM for base presence, so don't set up an interrupt
> + * for that.
> + */
> + if (!acpi_check_dsm(handle, &shps_dsm_guid, SHPS_DSM_REVISION, BIT(dsm))) {
> + dev_dbg(&pdev->dev, "IRQ notification via DSM not present (irq=%d)\n", type);
> + return 0;
> + }
> +
> + gpiod = devm_gpiod_get(&pdev->dev, shps_gpio_names[type], GPIOD_ASIS);
> + if (IS_ERR(gpiod))
> + return PTR_ERR(gpiod);
> +
> + irq = gpiod_to_irq(gpiod);
> + if (irq < 0)
> + return irq;
> +
> + irq_name = devm_kasprintf(&pdev->dev, GFP_KERNEL, "shps-irq-%d", type);
> + if (!irq_name)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> +
> + status = devm_request_threaded_irq(&pdev->dev, irq, NULL, shps_handle_irq,
> + flags, irq_name, pdev);
> + if (status)
> + return status;
> +
> + dev_dbg(&pdev->dev, "set up irq %d as type %d\n", irq, type);
> +
> + sdev->gpio[type] = gpiod;
> + sdev->irq[type] = irq;
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int surface_hotplug_remove(struct platform_device *pdev)
> +{
> + struct shps_device *sdev = platform_get_drvdata(pdev);
> + int i;
> +
> + /* Ensure that IRQs have been fully handled and won't trigger any more. */
> + for (i = 0; i < SHPS_NUM_IRQS; i++) {
> + if (sdev->irq[i] != SHPS_IRQ_NOT_PRESENT)
> + disable_irq(sdev->irq[i]);
> +
> + mutex_destroy(&sdev->lock[i]);
> + }
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int surface_hotplug_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
> +{
> + struct shps_device *sdev;
> + int status, i;
> +
> + /*
> + * The MSHW0153 device is also present on the Surface Laptop 3,
> + * however that doesn't have a hot-pluggable PCIe device. It also
> + * doesn't have any GPIO interrupts/pins under the MSHW0153, so filter
> + * it out here.
> + */
> + if (gpiod_count(&pdev->dev, NULL) < 0)
> + return -ENODEV;
> +
> + status = devm_acpi_dev_add_driver_gpios(&pdev->dev, shps_acpi_gpios);
> + if (status)
> + return status;
> +
> + sdev = devm_kzalloc(&pdev->dev, sizeof(*sdev), GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!sdev)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> +
> + platform_set_drvdata(pdev, sdev);
> +
> + /*
> + * Initialize IRQs so that we can safely call surface_hotplug_remove()
> + * on errors.
> + */
> + for (i = 0; i < SHPS_NUM_IRQS; i++)
> + sdev->irq[i] = SHPS_IRQ_NOT_PRESENT;
> +
> + /* Set up IRQs. */
> + for (i = 0; i < SHPS_NUM_IRQS; i++) {
> + mutex_init(&sdev->lock[i]);
> +
> + status = shps_setup_irq(pdev, i);
> + if (status) {
> + dev_err(&pdev->dev, "failed to set up IRQ %d: %d\n", i, status);
> + goto err;
> + }
> + }
> +
> + /* Ensure everything is up-to-date. */
> + for (i = 0; i < SHPS_NUM_IRQS; i++)
> + if (sdev->irq[i] != SHPS_IRQ_NOT_PRESENT)
> + shps_dsm_notify_irq(pdev, i);
> +
> + return 0;
> +
> +err:
> + surface_hotplug_remove(pdev);
> + return status;
> +}
> +
> +static const struct acpi_device_id surface_hotplug_acpi_match[] = {
> + { "MSHW0153", 0 },
> + { },
> +};
> +MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(acpi, surface_hotplug_acpi_match);
> +
> +static struct platform_driver surface_hotplug_driver = {
> + .probe = surface_hotplug_probe,
> + .remove = surface_hotplug_remove,
> + .driver = {
> + .name = "surface_hotplug",
> + .acpi_match_table = surface_hotplug_acpi_match,
> + .probe_type = PROBE_PREFER_ASYNCHRONOUS,
> + },
> +};
> +module_platform_driver(surface_hotplug_driver);
> +
> +MODULE_AUTHOR("Maximilian Luz <luzmaximilian@gmail.com>");
> +MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Surface Hot-Plug Signaling Driver for Surface Book Devices");
> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
>

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