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SubjectRe: [RFC 0/3] mm/page_alloc: Fix pageblock_order with HUGETLB_PAGE_SIZE_VARIABLE
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On 2/4/21 12:31 PM, Anshuman Khandual wrote:
> The following warning gets triggered while trying to boot a 64K page size
> without THP config kernel on arm64 platform.
>
> WARNING: CPU: 5 PID: 124 at mm/vmstat.c:1080 __fragmentation_index+0xa4/0xc0
> Modules linked in:
> CPU: 5 PID: 124 Comm: kswapd0 Not tainted 5.11.0-rc6-00004-ga0ea7d62002 #159
> Hardware name: linux,dummy-virt (DT)
> [ 8.810673] pstate: 20400005 (nzCv daif +PAN -UAO -TCO BTYPE=--)
> [ 8.811732] pc : __fragmentation_index+0xa4/0xc0
> [ 8.812555] lr : fragmentation_index+0xf8/0x138
> [ 8.813360] sp : ffff0000864079b0
> [ 8.813958] x29: ffff0000864079b0 x28: 0000000000000372
> [ 8.814901] x27: 0000000000007682 x26: ffff8000135b3948
> [ 8.815847] x25: 1fffe00010c80f48 x24: 0000000000000000
> [ 8.816805] x23: 0000000000000000 x22: 000000000000000d
> [ 8.817764] x21: 0000000000000030 x20: ffff0005ffcb4d58
> [ 8.818712] x19: 000000000000000b x18: 0000000000000000
> [ 8.819656] x17: 0000000000000000 x16: 0000000000000000
> [ 8.820613] x15: 0000000000000000 x14: ffff8000114c6258
> [ 8.821560] x13: ffff6000bff969ba x12: 1fffe000bff969b9
> [ 8.822514] x11: 1fffe000bff969b9 x10: ffff6000bff969b9
> [ 8.823461] x9 : dfff800000000000 x8 : ffff0005ffcb4dcf
> [ 8.824415] x7 : 0000000000000001 x6 : 0000000041b58ab3
> [ 8.825359] x5 : ffff600010c80f48 x4 : dfff800000000000
> [ 8.826313] x3 : ffff8000102be670 x2 : 0000000000000007
> [ 8.827259] x1 : ffff000086407a60 x0 : 000000000000000d
> [ 8.828218] Call trace:
> [ 8.828667] __fragmentation_index+0xa4/0xc0
> [ 8.829436] fragmentation_index+0xf8/0x138
> [ 8.830194] compaction_suitable+0x98/0xb8
> [ 8.830934] wakeup_kcompactd+0xdc/0x128
> [ 8.831640] balance_pgdat+0x71c/0x7a0
> [ 8.832327] kswapd+0x31c/0x520
> [ 8.832902] kthread+0x224/0x230
> [ 8.833491] ret_from_fork+0x10/0x30
> [ 8.834150] ---[ end trace 472836f79c15516b ]---
>
> This warning comes from __fragmentation_index() when the requested order
> is greater than MAX_ORDER.
>
> static int __fragmentation_index(unsigned int order,
> struct contig_page_info *info)
> {
> unsigned long requested = 1UL << order;
>
> if (WARN_ON_ONCE(order >= MAX_ORDER)) <===== Triggered here
> return 0;
>
> Digging it further reveals that pageblock_order has been assigned a value
> which is greater than MAX_ORDER failing the above check. But why this
> happened ? Because HUGETLB_PAGE_ORDER for the given config on arm64 is
> greater than MAX_ORDER.
>
> The solution involves enabling HUGETLB_PAGE_SIZE_VARIABLE which would make
> pageblock_order a variable instead of constant HUGETLB_PAGE_ORDER. But that
> change alone also did not really work as pageblock_order still got assigned
> as HUGETLB_PAGE_ORDER in set_pageblock_order(). HUGETLB_PAGE_ORDER needs to
> be less than MAX_ORDER for its appropriateness as pageblock_order otherwise
> just fallback to MAX_ORDER - 1 as before. While here it also fixes a build
> problem via type casting MAX_ORDER in rmem_cma_setup().
>
> This series applies in v5.11-rc6 and has been slightly tested on arm64. But
> looking for some early feedbacks particularly with respect to concerns in
> subscribing HUGETLB_PAGE_SIZE_VARIABLE on a platform where the hugetlb page
> size is config dependent but not really a runtime variable. Even though it
> appears that HUGETLB_PAGE_SIZE_VARIABLE is used only while computing the
> pageblock_order, could there be other implications ?
>
> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
> Cc: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
> Cc: Robin Murphy <robin.murphy@arm.com>
> Cc: Marek Szyprowski <m.szyprowski@samsung.com>
> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
> Cc: linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org
> Cc: iommu@lists.linux-foundation.org
> Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org
> Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org

Probably missed some more folks, adding them here.

+ Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
+ Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
+ Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@oracle.com>
+ Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>

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