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Subject[PATCH v8] x86/sgx: Maintain encl->refcount for each encl->mm_list entry
This has been shown in tests:

[ +0.000008] WARNING: CPU: 3 PID: 7620 at kernel/rcu/srcutree.c:374 cleanup_srcu_struct+0xed/0x100

This is essentially a use-after free, although SRCU notices it as
an SRCU cleanup in an invalid context.

== Background ==

SGX has a data structure (struct sgx_encl_mm) which keeps per-mm SGX
metadata. This is separate from 'struct sgx_encl' because, in theory,
an enclave can be mapped from more than one mm. sgx_encl_mm includes
a pointer back to the sgx_encl.

This means that sgx_encl must have a longer lifetime than all of the
sgx_encl_mm's that point to it. That's usually the case: sgx_encl_mm
is freed only after the mmu_notifier is unregistered in sgx_release().

However, there's a race. If the process is exiting,
sgx_mmu_notifier_release() can be called in parallel with sgx_release()
instead of being called *by* it. The mmu_notifier path keeps encl_mm
alive past when sgx_encl can be freed. This inverts the lifetime rules
and means that sgx_mmu_notifier_release() can access a freed sgx_encl.

== Fix ==

Increase encl->refcount when encl_mm->encl is established. Release
this reference encl_mm is freed. This ensures that 'encl' outlives

Fixes: 1728ab54b4be ("x86/sgx: Add a page reclaimer")
Cc: Dave Hansen <
Reported-by: Haitao Huang <>
Signed-off-by: Jarkko Sakkinen <>
- Slight adjustments on call sites suggested by Dave, to make things
more clear and obvious. Otherwise, semantically same as v7:
Contains also long description written by Dave.
- No changes from v6. Resend of
- Maintain refcount for each encl->mm_list entry.
- To make sure that the instance does not get deleted use kref_get()
kref_put(). This also removes the need for additional
- Rewrite the commit message.
- Just change the call order. *_expedited() is out of scope for this
bug fix.
v3: Fine-tuned tags, and added missing change log for v2.
v2: Switch to synchronize_srcu_expedited().

arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/driver.c | 3 +++
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.c | 5 +++++
2 files changed, 8 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/driver.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/driver.c
index f2eac41bb4ff..8ce6d8371cfb 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/driver.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/driver.c
@@ -72,6 +72,9 @@ static int sgx_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
mmu_notifier_unregister(&encl_mm->mmu_notifier, encl_mm->mm);
+ /* 'encl_mm' is gone, put encl_mm->encl reference: */
+ kref_put(&encl->refcount, sgx_encl_release);

kref_put(&encl->refcount, sgx_encl_release);
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.c
index 20a2dd5ba2b4..7449ef33f081 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.c
@@ -473,6 +473,9 @@ static void sgx_mmu_notifier_free(struct mmu_notifier *mn)
struct sgx_encl_mm *encl_mm = container_of(mn, struct sgx_encl_mm, mmu_notifier);

+ /* 'encl_mm' is going away, put encl_mm->encl reference: */
+ kref_put(&encl_mm->encl->refcount, sgx_encl_release);

@@ -526,6 +529,8 @@ int sgx_encl_mm_add(struct sgx_encl *encl, struct mm_struct *mm)
if (!encl_mm)
return -ENOMEM;

+ /* Grab a refcount for the encl_mm->encl reference: */
+ kref_get(&encl->refcount);
encl_mm->encl = encl;
encl_mm->mm = mm;
encl_mm->mmu_notifier.ops = &sgx_mmu_notifier_ops;
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