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SubjectRe: ERROR: INT DW_ATE_unsigned_1 Error emitting BTF type
On Sat, Feb 6, 2021 at 9:27 AM Yonghong Song <yhs@fb.com> wrote:
>
>
>
> On 2/5/21 10:52 PM, Sedat Dilek wrote:
> > On Sat, Feb 6, 2021 at 7:26 AM Sedat Dilek <sedat.dilek@gmail.com> wrote:
> >>
> >> On Sat, Feb 6, 2021 at 6:53 AM Sedat Dilek <sedat.dilek@gmail.com> wrote:
> >>>
> >>> On Sat, Feb 6, 2021 at 6:44 AM Sedat Dilek <sedat.dilek@gmail.com> wrote:
> >>>>
> >>>> On Sat, Feb 6, 2021 at 4:34 AM Sedat Dilek <sedat.dilek@gmail.com> wrote:
> >>>>>
> >>>>> On Fri, Feb 5, 2021 at 10:54 PM Yonghong Song <yhs@fb.com> wrote:
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>> On 2/5/21 12:31 PM, Sedat Dilek wrote:
> >>>>>>> On Fri, Feb 5, 2021 at 9:03 PM Yonghong Song <yhs@fb.com> wrote:
> >>>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>> On 2/5/21 11:24 AM, Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo wrote:
> >>>>>>>>> Em Fri, Feb 05, 2021 at 11:10:08AM -0800, Yonghong Song escreveu:
> >>>>>>>>>> On 2/5/21 11:06 AM, Sedat Dilek wrote:
> >>>>>>>>>>> On Fri, Feb 5, 2021 at 7:53 PM Sedat Dilek <sedat.dilek@gmail.com> wrote:
> >>>>>>>>>>> Grepping through linux.git/tools I guess some BTF tools/libs need to
> >>>>>>>>>>> know what BTF_INT_UNSIGNED is?
> >>>>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>>>> BTF_INT_UNSIGNED needs kernel support. Maybe to teach pahole to
> >>>>>>>>>> ignore this for now until kernel infrastructure is ready.
> >>>>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>>> Yeah, I thought about doing that.
> >>>>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>>>> Not sure whether this information will be useful or not
> >>>>>>>>>> for BTF. This needs to be discussed separately.
> >>>>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>>> Maybe search for the rationale for its introduction in DWARF.
> >>>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>> In LLVM, we have:
> >>>>>>>> uint8_t BTFEncoding;
> >>>>>>>> switch (Encoding) {
> >>>>>>>> case dwarf::DW_ATE_boolean:
> >>>>>>>> BTFEncoding = BTF::INT_BOOL;
> >>>>>>>> break;
> >>>>>>>> case dwarf::DW_ATE_signed:
> >>>>>>>> case dwarf::DW_ATE_signed_char:
> >>>>>>>> BTFEncoding = BTF::INT_SIGNED;
> >>>>>>>> break;
> >>>>>>>> case dwarf::DW_ATE_unsigned:
> >>>>>>>> case dwarf::DW_ATE_unsigned_char:
> >>>>>>>> BTFEncoding = 0;
> >>>>>>>> break;
> >>>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>> I think DW_ATE_unsigned can be ignored in pahole since
> >>>>>>>> the default encoding = 0. A simple comment is enough.
> >>>>>>>>
> >>>>>>>
> >>>>>>> Yonghong Son, do you have a patch/diff for me?
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>> Looking at error message from log:
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>> LLVM_OBJCOPY=/opt/binutils/bin/objcopy /opt/pahole/bin/pahole -J
> >>>>>> .tmp_vmlinux.btf
> >>>>>> [115] INT DW_ATE_unsigned_1 Error emitting BTF type
> >>>>>> Encountered error while encoding BTF.
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>> Not exactly what is the root cause. Maybe bt->bit_size is not
> >>>>>> encoded correctly. Could you put vmlinux (in the above it is
> >>>>>> .tmp_vmlinux.btf) somewhere, I or somebody else can investigate
> >>>>>> and provide a proper fix.
> >>>>>>
> >>>>>
> >>>>> [ TO: Masahiro ]
> >>>>>
> >>>>> Thanks for taking care Yonghong - hope this is your first name, if not
> >>>>> I am sorry.
> >>>>> In case of mixing my first and last name you will make me female -
> >>>>> Dilek is a Turkish female first name :-).
> >>>>> So, in some cultures you need to be careful.
> >>>>>
> >>>>> Anyway... back to business and facts.
> >>>>>
> >>>>> Out of frustration I killed my last build via `make distclean`.
> >>>>> The whole day I tested diverse combination of GCC-10 and LLVM-12
> >>>>> together with BTF Kconfigs, selfmade pahole, etc.
> >>>>>
> >>>>> I will do ne run with some little changes:
> >>>>>
> >>>>> #1: Pass LLVM_IAS=1 to make (means use Clang's Integrated ASsembler -
> >>>>> as per Nick this leads to the same error - should be unrelated)
> >>>>> #2: I did: DEBUG_INFO_COMPRESSED y -> n
> >>>>>
> >>>>> #2 I did in case you need vmlinux and I have to upload - I will
> >>>>> compress the resulting vmlinux with ZSTD.
> >>>>> You need vmlinux or .tmp_vmlinux.btf file?
> >>>>> Nick was not allowed from his company to download from a Dropbox link.
> >>>>> So, as an alternative I can offer GoogleDrive...
> >>>>> ...or bomb into your INBOX :-).
> >>>>>
> >>>>> Now, why I CCed Masahiro:
> >>>>>
> >>>>> In case of ERRORs when running `scripts/link-vmlinux.sh` above files
> >>>>> will be removed.
> >>>>>
> >>>>> Last, I found a hack to bypass this - means to keep these files (I
> >>>>> need to check old emails).
> >>>>>
> >>>>> Masahiro, you see a possibility to have a way to keep these files in
> >>>>> case of ERRORs without doing hackery?
> >>>>>
> >>>>> From a previous post in this thread:
> >>>>>
> >>>>> + info BTF .btf.vmlinux.bin.o
> >>>>> + [ != silent_ ]
> >>>>> + printf %-7s %s\n BTF .btf.vmlinux.bin.o
> >>>>> BTF .btf.vmlinux.bin.o
> >>>>> + LLVM_OBJCOPY=llvm-objcopy /opt/pahole/bin/pahole -J .tmp_vmlinux.btf
> >>>>> [2] INT long unsigned int Error emitting BTF type
> >>>>> Encountered error while encoding BTF.
> >>>>> + llvm-objcopy --only-section=.BTF --set-section-flags
> >>>>> .BTF=alloc,readonly --strip-all .tmp_vmlinux.btf .btf.vmlinux.bin.o
> >>>>> ...
> >>>>> + info BTFIDS vmlinux
> >>>>> + [ != silent_ ]
> >>>>> + printf %-7s %s\n BTFIDS vmlinux
> >>>>> BTFIDS vmlinux
> >>>>> + ./tools/bpf/resolve_btfids/resolve_btfids vmlinux
> >>>>> FAILED: load BTF from vmlinux: Invalid argument
> >>>>> + on_exit
> >>>>> + [ 255 -ne 0 ]
> >>>>> + cleanup
> >>>>> + rm -f .btf.vmlinux.bin.o
> >>>>> + rm -f .tmp_System.map
> >>>>> + rm -f .tmp_vmlinux.btf .tmp_vmlinux.kallsyms1
> >>>>> .tmp_vmlinux.kallsyms1.S .tmp_vmlinux.kallsyms1.o
> >>>>> .tmp_vmlinux.kallsyms2 .tmp_vmlinux.kallsyms2.S .tmp_vmlinux.kallsyms
> >>>>> 2.o
> >>>>> + rm -f System.map
> >>>>> + rm -f vmlinux
> >>>>> + rm -f vmlinux.o
> >>>>> make[3]: *** [Makefile:1166: vmlinux] Error 255
> >>>>>
> >>>>> ^^^ Look here.
> >>>>>
> >>>>
> >>>> With this diff:
> >>>>
> >>>> $ git diff scripts/link-vmlinux.sh
> >>>> diff --git a/scripts/link-vmlinux.sh b/scripts/link-vmlinux.sh
> >>>> index eef40fa9485d..40f1b6aae553 100755
> >>>> --- a/scripts/link-vmlinux.sh
> >>>> +++ b/scripts/link-vmlinux.sh
> >>>> @@ -330,7 +330,7 @@ vmlinux_link vmlinux "${kallsymso}" ${btf_vmlinux_bin_o}
> >>>> # fill in BTF IDs
> >>>> if [ -n "${CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO_BTF}" -a -n "${CONFIG_BPF}" ]; then
> >>>> info BTFIDS vmlinux
> >>>> - ${RESOLVE_BTFIDS} vmlinux
> >>>> + ##${RESOLVE_BTFIDS} vmlinux
> >>>> fi
> >>>>
> >>>> if [ -n "${CONFIG_BUILDTIME_TABLE_SORT}" ]; then
> >>>>
> >>>> This files are kept - not removed:
> >>>>
> >>>> $ LC_ALL=C ll .*btf* vmlinux vmlinux.o
> >>>> -rwxr-xr-x 1 dileks dileks 31M Feb 6 06:37 .btf.vmlinux.bin.o
> >>>> -rwxr-xr-x 1 dileks dileks 348M Feb 6 06:37 .tmp_vmlinux.btf
> >>>> -rwxr-xr-x 1 dileks dileks 348M Feb 6 06:37 vmlinux
> >>>> -rw-r--r-- 1 dileks dileks 344M Feb 6 06:37 vmlinux.o
> >>>>
> >>>> Pleas let me know where to upload - Dropbox or GoogleDrive or
> >>>> elsewhere and give me a link.
> >>>>
> >>>
> >>>
> >>> WOW, ZSTD is great :-).
> >>>
> >>> $ zstd -19 -T0 -v vmlinux
> >>> *** zstd command line interface 64-bits v1.4.8, by Yann Collet ***
> >>> Note: 2 physical core(s) detected
> >>> vmlinux : 22.71% (364466016 => 82784801 bytes, vmlinux.zst)
> >>>
> >>> $ du -m vmlinux*
> >>> 348 vmlinux
> >>> 79 vmlinux.zst
> >>>
> >>
> >> Dropbox link:
> >> https://www.dropbox.com/sh/kvyh8ps7na0r1h5/AABfyNfDZ2bESse_bo4h05fFa?dl=0
> >>
> >> I hope this is public available.
> >>
> >
> > Inspecting vmlinux with llvm-dwarf:
> >
> > $ /opt/llvm-toolchain/bin/llvm-dwarfdump vmlinux | grep DW_AT_name |
> > grep DW_ATE_ | sort | uniq
> > DW_AT_name ("DW_ATE_signed_1")
> > DW_AT_name ("DW_ATE_signed_16")
> > DW_AT_name ("DW_ATE_signed_32")
> > DW_AT_name ("DW_ATE_signed_64")
> > DW_AT_name ("DW_ATE_signed_8")
> > DW_AT_name ("DW_ATE_unsigned_1")
> > DW_AT_name ("DW_ATE_unsigned_128")
> > DW_AT_name ("DW_ATE_unsigned_16")
> > DW_AT_name ("DW_ATE_unsigned_24")
> > DW_AT_name ("DW_ATE_unsigned_32")
> > DW_AT_name ("DW_ATE_unsigned_40")
> > DW_AT_name ("DW_ATE_unsigned_64")
> > DW_AT_name ("DW_ATE_unsigned_8")
> >
> > - Sedat -
>
> Thanks for the above dropbot link, I am able to reproduce the issue.
>
> I tried to use latest llvm + Nick's patch + latest pahole + dwarf5
> config option to compile kernel with LLVM=1 LLVM_IAS=1, somehow
> I did not hit the issue. It complained like
>
> MODPOST vmlinux.symvers
> WARNING: modpost: vmlinux.o(.text+0x6ce73): Section mismatch in
> reference from the function __nodes
> _weight() to the variable .init.data:numa_nodes_parsed
> The function __nodes_weight() references
> the variable __initdata numa_nodes_parsed.
> This is often because __nodes_weight lacks a __initdata
> annotation or the annotation of numa_nodes_parsed is wrong.
>
> but otherwise compilation is fine.
>
> With the above vmlinux, the issue appears to be handling
> DW_ATE_signed_1, DW_ATE_unsigned_{1,24,40}.
>
> The following patch should fix the issue:
>
> -bash-4.4$ git diff
>
> diff --git a/dwarf_loader.c b/dwarf_loader.c
>
> index b73d786..0341b5e 100644
>
> --- a/dwarf_loader.c
>
> +++ b/dwarf_loader.c
>
> @@ -467,8 +467,16 @@ static struct base_type *base_type__new(Dwarf_Die
> *die, struct cu *cu)
>
>
> if (bt != NULL) {
>
> tag__init(&bt->tag, cu, die);
>
> - bt->name = strings__add(strings, attr_string(die,
> DW_AT_name));
> - bt->bit_size = attr_numeric(die, DW_AT_byte_size) * 8;
>
> + const char *name = attr_string(die, DW_AT_name);
>
> + bt->name = strings__add(strings, name);
>
> + /* DW_ATE_unsigned_1 has DW_AT_byte_size == 0.
>
> + * specially process it.
>
> + */
>
> + if (strcmp(name, "DW_ATE_unsigned_1") == 0)
>
> + bt->bit_size = 1;
>
> + else
>
> + bt->bit_size = attr_numeric(die,
> DW_AT_byte_size) * 8;
> +
>
> uint64_t encoding = attr_numeric(die, DW_AT_encoding);
> bt->is_bool = encoding == DW_ATE_boolean;
> bt->is_signed = encoding == DW_ATE_signed;
> diff --git a/libbtf.c b/libbtf.c
> index 9f76283..b5aa077 100644
> --- a/libbtf.c
> +++ b/libbtf.c
> @@ -367,13 +367,32 @@ static void btf_log_func_param(const struct
> btf_elf *btfe,
> }
> }
>
> +/* btf requires power-of-2 bytes, yet dwarf may have something like
> + * DW_ATE_unsigned_24 which encodes as 24 bits (3 bytes).
> + */
> +static int bits_to_int_bytes(uint16_t bit_size)
> +{
> + if (bit_size <= 8)
> + return 1;
> + if (bit_size <= 16)
> + return 2;
> + if (bit_size <= 32)
> + return 4;
> + if (bit_size <= 64)
>
> + return 8;
>
> + if (bit_size <= 128)
> + return 16;
> + /* BTF supports upto 16byte int (__int128). */
> + return -1;
> +}
> +
> int32_t btf_elf__add_base_type(struct btf_elf *btfe, const struct
> base_type *bt,
> const char *name)
> {
> struct btf *btf = btfe->btf;
> const struct btf_type *t;
> uint8_t encoding = 0;
> - int32_t id;
> + int32_t id, nbytes;
>
> if (bt->is_signed) {
> encoding = BTF_INT_SIGNED;
> @@ -384,7 +403,13 @@ int32_t btf_elf__add_base_type(struct btf_elf
> *btfe, const struct base_type *b
> t,
> return -1;
> }
> - id = btf__add_int(btf, name, BITS_ROUNDUP_BYTES(bt->bit_size),
> encoding);
> + nbytes = bits_to_int_bytes(bt->bit_size);
> + if (nbytes < 0) {
> + fprintf(stderr, "not supported bit_size %hu\n",
> bt->bit_size);
> + return -1;
> + }
> +
> + id = btf__add_int(btf, name, nbytes, encoding);
> if (id < 0) {
> btf_elf__log_err(btfe, BTF_KIND_INT, name, true, "Error
> emitting BTF type");
> } else {
> -bash-4.4$
>
> Please help do a test. I can submit a formal patch tomorrow.

Thanks for the patch.

Can you attach the diff as Gmail has totally truncated/malformed it?

For the Linux breakage - you will need some additional Clang specific patches.
Is this Linux 5.11-rcX?
The "Blocking bugs" are listed in the first post of "Linux 5.11 release cycle".
Hope this helps.

This is cool co-working :-).

- Sedat -

[1] https://github.com/ClangBuiltLinux/linux/issues/1228

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