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Subject[PATCH v9 0/3] Kbuild: DWARF v5 support
DWARF v5 is the latest standard of the DWARF debug info format.

DWARF5 wins significantly in terms of size and especially so when mixed


Patch 1 places the DWARF v5 sections explicitly in the kernel linker
Patch 2 modifies Kconfig for DEBUG_INFO_DWARF4 to be used as a fallback.
Patch 3 adds an explicit Kconfig for DWARF v5 for clang and older GCC
where the implicit default DWARF version is not 5.

Changes from v8:
* Separate out the linker script changes (from v7 0002). Put those
first. Carry Reviewed by and tested by tags. Least contentious part
of the series. Tagged for stable; otherwise users upgrading to GCC 11
may find orphan section warnings from the implicit default DWARF
version changing and generating the new debug info sections.
default rather than CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO_DWARF4, as per Mark, Jakub,
* Drop reviewed by and tested by tags for 0002 and 0003; sorry
reviewers/testers, but I view that as a big change. I will buy you
beers if you're fatigued, AND for the help so far. I appreciate you.
* Rework commit one lines, and commit messages somewhat.
* Remove Kconfig help text about v4 being "bigger."
* I didn't touch the BTF config from v8, but suggest the BTF folks
that way we can express via Kconfig that older version of pahole are
in conflict with other Kconfig options.

Changes from v7:
(Strictly commit message changes)
* Pick up Nathan's reviewed by tags for both patches.
* Add note about only modifying compiler dwarf info, not assembler dwarf
info, as per Nathan.
* Add link to Red Hat bug report and Chris' reported by on patch 2.
* Add more info from Jakub on patch 2 commit message.
* Reorder info about validating version, noting the tree is not "clean"
in the sense that parts mess up existing CFLAGS, or don't use
DEBUG_CFLAGS. I will not be adding such cleanups to this series. They
can be done AFTER.
* Update note about 2.35.2 (rather than include the full text Jakub
wrote on it in
* Add note that GCC 11 has changed the implicit default version.

Changes from v6:
* Reorder sections from linker script to match order from BFD's internal
linker script.
* Add .debug_names section, as per Fangrui.
* Drop CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO_DWARF2. Patch 0001 becomes a menu with 1
choice. GCC's implicit default version of DWARF has been DWARF v4
since ~4.8.
* Modify the test script to check for the presence of
* Drop the clang without integrated assembler block in
0002. Bumps the version requirement for GAS to 2.35.2, which isn't
released yet (but should be released soon). Folks looking to test
with clang but without the integrated assembler should fetch
binutils-gdb, build it from source, add a symlink to
binutils-gdb/gas/as-new to binutils-gdb/gas/as, then prefix
binutils-gdb/gas/as to their $PATH when building the kernel.

Changes from v5:
* Drop previous patch 1, it has been accepted into kbuild:
* Trying to set -Wa,-gdwarf-4 in the earlier patch was the source of
additional complexity. Drop it that part of the patch. We can revisit
clang without the integrated assembler setting -Wa,-gdwarf-4 later.
That is a separate problem from generally supporting DWARF v5.
* Rework the final patch for clang without the integrated assembler.
-Wa,-gdwarf-5 is required for DWARF5 in that case otherwise GAS will
not accept the assembler directives clang produces from C code when
generating asm.

Changes from v4:
* drop set -e from script as per Nathan.
* add dependency on !CONFIG_DEBUG_INFO_BTF for DWARF v5 as per Sedat.
* Move LLVM_IAS=1 complexity from patch 2 to patch 3 as per Arvind and
Masahiro. Sorry it took me a few tries to understand the point (I
might still not), but it looks much cleaner this way. Sorry Nathan, I
did not carry forward your previous reviews as a result, but I would
appreciate if you could look again.
* Add Nathan's reviewed by tag to patch 1.
* Reword commit message for patch 3 to mention LLVM_IAS=1 and -gdwarf-5
binutils addition later, and BTF issue.
* I still happen to see a pahole related error spew for the combination
* LLVM=1
Though they're non-fatal to the build. I'm not sure yet why removing
any one of the above prevents the warning spew. Maybe we'll need a v6.

Changes from v3:

Changes as per Arvind:
* only add -Wa,-gdwarf-5 for (LLVM=1|CC=clang)+LLVM_IAS=0 builds.
* add -gdwarf-5 to Kconfig shell script.
* only run Kconfig shell script for Clang.

Apologies to Sedat and Nathan; I appreciate previous testing/review, but
I did no carry forward your Tested-by and Reviewed-by tags, as the
patches have changed too much IMO.

Changes from v2:
* Drop two of the earlier patches that have been accepted already.
* Add measurements with GCC 10.2 to commit message.
* Update help text as per Arvind with help from Caroline.
* Improve case/wording between DWARF Versions as per Masahiro.

Changes from the RFC:
* split patch in 3 patch series, include Fangrui's patch, too.
* prefer `DWARF vX` format, as per Fangrui.
* use spaces between assignment in Makefile as per Masahiro.
* simplify setting dwarf-version-y as per Masahiro.
* indent `prompt` in Kconfig change as per Masahiro.
* remove explicit default in Kconfig as per Masahiro.
* add comments to
* change echo in as per Masahiro.
* remove -u from as per Masahiro.
* add a -gdwarf-5 cc-option check to Kconfig as per Jakub.

Nick Desaulniers (3): add DWARF v5 sections
Kbuild: make DWARF version a choice
Kconfig: allow explicit opt in to DWARF v5

Makefile | 6 ++--
include/asm-generic/ | 7 ++++-
lib/Kconfig.debug | 48 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
scripts/ | 8 ++++++
4 files changed, 61 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)
create mode 100755 scripts/


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