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Subject[PATCH 2/2] x86/sgx: Maintain encl->refcount for each encl->mm_list entry
This has been shown in tests:

[ +0.000008] WARNING: CPU: 3 PID: 7620 at kernel/rcu/srcutree.c:374 cleanup_srcu_struct+0xed/0x100

There are two functions that drain encl->mm_list:

- sgx_release() (i.e. VFS release) removes the remaining mm_list entries.
- sgx_mmu_notifier_release() removes mm_list entry for the registered
process, if it still exists.

If encl->refcount is taken only for VFS, this can lead to
sgx_encl_release() being executed before sgx_mmu_notifier_release()
completes, which is exactly what happens in the above klog entry.

Each process also needs its own enclave reference.

In order to fix the race condition, increase encl->refcount when an
entry to encl->mm_list added for a process. Release this reference
when the mm_list entry is cleaned up, either in
sgx_mmu_notifier_release() or sgx_release().

Fixes: 1728ab54b4be ("x86/sgx: Add a page reclaimer")
Cc: Dave Hansen <>
Reported-by: Haitao Huang <>
Signed-off-by: Jarkko Sakkinen <>
- Same as v6 but v6 was missing cc to Dave. Thus, also the
- Maintain refcount for each encl->mm_list entry.
- To make sure that the instance does not get deleted use kref_get()
kref_put(). This also removes the need for additional
- Rewrite the commit message.
- Just change the call order. *_expedited() is out of scope for this
bug fix.
v3: Fine-tuned tags, and added missing change log for v2.
v2: Switch to synchronize_srcu_expedited().
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/driver.c | 6 ++++++
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.c | 8 ++++++++
2 files changed, 14 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/driver.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/driver.c
index f2eac41bb4ff..8d8fcc91c0d6 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/driver.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/driver.c
@@ -72,6 +72,12 @@ static int sgx_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
mmu_notifier_unregister(&encl_mm->mmu_notifier, encl_mm->mm);
+ /*
+ * Release the mm_list reference, as sgx_mmu_notifier_release()
+ * will only do this only, when it grabs encl_mm.
+ */
+ kref_put(&encl->refcount, sgx_encl_release);

kref_put(&encl->refcount, sgx_encl_release);
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.c
index ee50a5010277..c1d9c86c0265 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.c
@@ -474,6 +474,7 @@ static void sgx_mmu_notifier_release(struct mmu_notifier *mn,
if (tmp == encl_mm) {
+ kref_put(&encl_mm->encl->refcount, sgx_encl_release);

@@ -545,6 +546,13 @@ int sgx_encl_mm_add(struct sgx_encl *encl, struct mm_struct *mm)

+ /*
+ * Take a reference to guarantee that the enclave is not destroyed,
+ * while sgx_mmu_notifier_release() is active.
+ */
+ kref_get(&encl->refcount);
list_add_rcu(&encl_mm->list, &encl->mm_list);
/* Pairs with smp_rmb() in sgx_reclaimer_block(). */
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