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Subject[RFC 4/9] x86/mm: Introduce TIF_LAM_U57 and TIF_LAM_U48
Date
The new thread flags indicate that the thread has Linear Address Masking
enabled.

switch_mm_irqs_off() now respects these flags and set CR3 accordingly.

The active LAM mode gets recorded in the tlb_state.

Signed-off-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
---
arch/x86/include/asm/thread_info.h | 9 ++-
arch/x86/include/asm/tlbflush.h | 5 ++
arch/x86/mm/tlb.c | 96 +++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
3 files changed, 93 insertions(+), 17 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/thread_info.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/thread_info.h
index 44733a4bfc42..e2ae8fcb3492 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/thread_info.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/thread_info.h
@@ -93,6 +93,7 @@ struct thread_info {
#define TIF_NOTSC 16 /* TSC is not accessible in userland */
#define TIF_IA32 17 /* IA32 compatibility process */
#define TIF_SLD 18 /* Restore split lock detection on context switch */
+#define TIF_X32 19 /* 32-bit native x86-64 binary */
#define TIF_MEMDIE 20 /* is terminating due to OOM killer */
#define TIF_POLLING_NRFLAG 21 /* idle is polling for TIF_NEED_RESCHED */
#define TIF_IO_BITMAP 22 /* uses I/O bitmap */
@@ -101,7 +102,9 @@ struct thread_info {
#define TIF_LAZY_MMU_UPDATES 27 /* task is updating the mmu lazily */
#define TIF_SYSCALL_TRACEPOINT 28 /* syscall tracepoint instrumentation */
#define TIF_ADDR32 29 /* 32-bit address space on 64 bits */
-#define TIF_X32 30 /* 32-bit native x86-64 binary */
+#define TIF_LAM_U57 30 /* LAM for userspace pointers, 6 bits */
+#define TIF_LAM_U48 31 /* LAM for userspace pointers, 15 bits */
+

#define _TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE (1 << TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE)
#define _TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME (1 << TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME)
@@ -122,6 +125,7 @@ struct thread_info {
#define _TIF_NOTSC (1 << TIF_NOTSC)
#define _TIF_IA32 (1 << TIF_IA32)
#define _TIF_SLD (1 << TIF_SLD)
+#define _TIF_X32 (1 << TIF_X32)
#define _TIF_POLLING_NRFLAG (1 << TIF_POLLING_NRFLAG)
#define _TIF_IO_BITMAP (1 << TIF_IO_BITMAP)
#define _TIF_FORCED_TF (1 << TIF_FORCED_TF)
@@ -129,7 +133,8 @@ struct thread_info {
#define _TIF_LAZY_MMU_UPDATES (1 << TIF_LAZY_MMU_UPDATES)
#define _TIF_SYSCALL_TRACEPOINT (1 << TIF_SYSCALL_TRACEPOINT)
#define _TIF_ADDR32 (1 << TIF_ADDR32)
-#define _TIF_X32 (1 << TIF_X32)
+#define _TIF_LAM_U57 (1 << TIF_LAM_U57)
+#define _TIF_LAM_U48 (1 << TIF_LAM_U48)

/* flags to check in __switch_to() */
#define _TIF_WORK_CTXSW_BASE \
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/tlbflush.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/tlbflush.h
index 8c87a2e0b660..7e124fd71a67 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/tlbflush.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/tlbflush.h
@@ -17,6 +17,10 @@ void __flush_tlb_all(void);

#define TLB_FLUSH_ALL -1UL

+#define LAM_NONE 0
+#define LAM_U57 1
+#define LAM_U48 2
+
void cr4_update_irqsoff(unsigned long set, unsigned long clear);
unsigned long cr4_read_shadow(void);

@@ -88,6 +92,7 @@ struct tlb_state {

u16 loaded_mm_asid;
u16 next_asid;
+ u8 lam;

/*
* We can be in one of several states:
diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/tlb.c b/arch/x86/mm/tlb.c
index 569ac1d57f55..138d4748aa97 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/tlb.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/tlb.c
@@ -145,17 +145,73 @@ static inline u16 user_pcid(u16 asid)
return ret;
}

-static inline unsigned long build_cr3(pgd_t *pgd, u16 asid)
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
+static inline unsigned long lam_to_cr3(u8 lam)
+{
+ switch (lam) {
+ case LAM_NONE:
+ return 0;
+ case LAM_U57:
+ return X86_CR3_LAM_U57;
+ case LAM_U48:
+ return X86_CR3_LAM_U48;
+ default:
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
+ return 0;
+ }
+}
+
+static inline u8 cr3_to_lam(unsigned long cr3)
+{
+ if (cr3 & X86_CR3_LAM_U57)
+ return LAM_U57;
+ if (cr3 & X86_CR3_LAM_U48)
+ return LAM_U48;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static u8 gen_lam(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm)
+{
+ struct thread_info *ti = task_thread_info(tsk);
+ if (!tsk)
+ return LAM_NONE;
+
+ if (test_ti_thread_flag(ti, TIF_LAM_U57))
+ return LAM_U57;
+ if (test_ti_thread_flag(ti, TIF_LAM_U48))
+ return LAM_U48;
+ return LAM_NONE;
+}
+
+#else
+
+static inline unsigned long lam_to_cr3(u8 lam)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static inline u8 cr3_to_lam(unsigned long cr3)
+{
+ return LAM_NONE;
+}
+
+static u8 gen_lam(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm)
+{
+ return LAM_NONE;
+}
+#endif
+
+static inline unsigned long build_cr3(pgd_t *pgd, u16 asid, u8 lam)
{
if (static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_PCID)) {
- return __sme_pa(pgd) | kern_pcid(asid);
+ return __sme_pa(pgd) | kern_pcid(asid) | lam_to_cr3(lam);
} else {
VM_WARN_ON_ONCE(asid != 0);
- return __sme_pa(pgd);
+ return __sme_pa(pgd) | lam_to_cr3(lam);
}
}

-static inline unsigned long build_cr3_noflush(pgd_t *pgd, u16 asid)
+static inline unsigned long build_cr3_noflush(pgd_t *pgd, u16 asid, u8 lam)
{
VM_WARN_ON_ONCE(asid > MAX_ASID_AVAILABLE);
/*
@@ -164,7 +220,7 @@ static inline unsigned long build_cr3_noflush(pgd_t *pgd, u16 asid)
* boot because all CPU's the have same capabilities:
*/
VM_WARN_ON_ONCE(!boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_PCID));
- return __sme_pa(pgd) | kern_pcid(asid) | CR3_NOFLUSH;
+ return __sme_pa(pgd) | kern_pcid(asid) | CR3_NOFLUSH | lam_to_cr3(lam);
}

/*
@@ -265,15 +321,15 @@ static inline void invalidate_user_asid(u16 asid)
(unsigned long *)this_cpu_ptr(&cpu_tlbstate.user_pcid_flush_mask));
}

-static void load_new_mm_cr3(pgd_t *pgdir, u16 new_asid, bool need_flush)
+static void load_new_mm_cr3(pgd_t *pgdir, u16 new_asid, u8 lam, bool need_flush)
{
unsigned long new_mm_cr3;

if (need_flush) {
invalidate_user_asid(new_asid);
- new_mm_cr3 = build_cr3(pgdir, new_asid);
+ new_mm_cr3 = build_cr3(pgdir, new_asid, lam);
} else {
- new_mm_cr3 = build_cr3_noflush(pgdir, new_asid);
+ new_mm_cr3 = build_cr3_noflush(pgdir, new_asid, lam);
}

/*
@@ -424,6 +480,8 @@ void switch_mm_irqs_off(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next,
{
struct mm_struct *real_prev = this_cpu_read(cpu_tlbstate.loaded_mm);
u16 prev_asid = this_cpu_read(cpu_tlbstate.loaded_mm_asid);
+ u8 prev_lam = this_cpu_read(cpu_tlbstate.lam);
+ u8 new_lam = gen_lam(tsk, next);
bool was_lazy = this_cpu_read(cpu_tlbstate.is_lazy);
unsigned cpu = smp_processor_id();
u64 next_tlb_gen;
@@ -437,6 +495,9 @@ void switch_mm_irqs_off(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next,
* cpu_tlbstate.loaded_mm) matches next.
*
* NB: leave_mm() calls us with prev == NULL and tsk == NULL.
+ *
+ * NB: Initial LAM enabling calls us with prev == next. We must update
+ * CR3 if prev_lam doesn't match the new one.
*/

/* We don't want flush_tlb_func_* to run concurrently with us. */
@@ -453,7 +514,8 @@ void switch_mm_irqs_off(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next,
* isn't free.
*/
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VM
- if (WARN_ON_ONCE(__read_cr3() != build_cr3(real_prev->pgd, prev_asid))) {
+ if (WARN_ON_ONCE(__read_cr3() !=
+ build_cr3(real_prev->pgd, prev_asid, prev_lam))) {
/*
* If we were to BUG here, we'd be very likely to kill
* the system so hard that we don't see the call trace.
@@ -483,7 +545,7 @@ void switch_mm_irqs_off(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next,
* provides that full memory barrier and core serializing
* instruction.
*/
- if (real_prev == next) {
+ if (real_prev == next && prev_lam == new_lam) {
VM_WARN_ON(this_cpu_read(cpu_tlbstate.ctxs[prev_asid].ctx_id) !=
next->context.ctx_id);

@@ -555,15 +617,16 @@ void switch_mm_irqs_off(struct mm_struct *prev, struct mm_struct *next,
barrier();
}

+ this_cpu_write(cpu_tlbstate.lam, new_lam);
if (need_flush) {
this_cpu_write(cpu_tlbstate.ctxs[new_asid].ctx_id, next->context.ctx_id);
this_cpu_write(cpu_tlbstate.ctxs[new_asid].tlb_gen, next_tlb_gen);
- load_new_mm_cr3(next->pgd, new_asid, true);
+ load_new_mm_cr3(next->pgd, new_asid, new_lam, true);

trace_tlb_flush(TLB_FLUSH_ON_TASK_SWITCH, TLB_FLUSH_ALL);
} else {
/* The new ASID is already up to date. */
- load_new_mm_cr3(next->pgd, new_asid, false);
+ load_new_mm_cr3(next->pgd, new_asid, new_lam, false);

trace_tlb_flush(TLB_FLUSH_ON_TASK_SWITCH, 0);
}
@@ -620,6 +683,7 @@ void initialize_tlbstate_and_flush(void)
struct mm_struct *mm = this_cpu_read(cpu_tlbstate.loaded_mm);
u64 tlb_gen = atomic64_read(&init_mm.context.tlb_gen);
unsigned long cr3 = __read_cr3();
+ u8 lam = cr3_to_lam(cr3);

/* Assert that CR3 already references the right mm. */
WARN_ON((cr3 & CR3_ADDR_MASK) != __pa(mm->pgd));
@@ -633,7 +697,7 @@ void initialize_tlbstate_and_flush(void)
!(cr4_read_shadow() & X86_CR4_PCIDE));

/* Force ASID 0 and force a TLB flush. */
- write_cr3(build_cr3(mm->pgd, 0));
+ write_cr3(build_cr3(mm->pgd, 0, lam));

/* Reinitialize tlbstate. */
this_cpu_write(cpu_tlbstate.last_user_mm_ibpb, LAST_USER_MM_IBPB);
@@ -970,8 +1034,10 @@ void flush_tlb_kernel_range(unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
*/
unsigned long __get_current_cr3_fast(void)
{
- unsigned long cr3 = build_cr3(this_cpu_read(cpu_tlbstate.loaded_mm)->pgd,
- this_cpu_read(cpu_tlbstate.loaded_mm_asid));
+ unsigned long cr3 =
+ build_cr3(this_cpu_read(cpu_tlbstate.loaded_mm)->pgd,
+ this_cpu_read(cpu_tlbstate.loaded_mm_asid),
+ this_cpu_read(cpu_tlbstate.lam));

/* For now, be very restrictive about when this can be called. */
VM_WARN_ON(in_nmi() || preemptible());
--
2.26.2
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