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SubjectRe: [PATCH 1/3] arm64/ptrace: don't clobber task registers on syscall entry/exit traps
On Mon, Feb 01, 2021 at 11:40:10AM -0800, Andrei Vagin wrote:
> ip/r12 for AArch32 and x7 for AArch64 is used to indicate whether or not
> the stop has been signalled from syscall entry or syscall exit. This
> means that:
>
> - Any writes by the tracer to this register during the stop are
> ignored/discarded.
>
> - The actual value of the register is not available during the stop,
> so the tracer cannot save it and restore it later.
>
> Right now, these registers are clobbered in tracehook_report_syscall.
> This change moves the logic to gpr_get and compat_gpr_get where
> registers are copied into a user-space buffer.
>
> This will allow to change these registers and to introduce a new
> ptrace option to get the full set of registers.
>
> Signed-off-by: Andrei Vagin <avagin@gmail.com>
> ---
> arch/arm64/include/asm/ptrace.h | 5 ++
> arch/arm64/kernel/ptrace.c | 104 ++++++++++++++++++++------------
> 2 files changed, 69 insertions(+), 40 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/ptrace.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/ptrace.h
> index e58bca832dff..0a9552b4f61e 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/ptrace.h
> +++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/ptrace.h
> @@ -170,6 +170,11 @@ static inline unsigned long pstate_to_compat_psr(const unsigned long pstate)
> return psr;
> }
>
> +enum ptrace_syscall_dir {
> + PTRACE_SYSCALL_ENTER = 0,
> + PTRACE_SYSCALL_EXIT,
> +};
> +
> /*
> * This struct defines the way the registers are stored on the stack during an
> * exception. Note that sizeof(struct pt_regs) has to be a multiple of 16 (for
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/ptrace.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/ptrace.c
> index 8ac487c84e37..39da03104528 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/kernel/ptrace.c
> +++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/ptrace.c
> @@ -40,6 +40,7 @@
> #include <asm/syscall.h>
> #include <asm/traps.h>
> #include <asm/system_misc.h>
> +#include <asm/ptrace.h>
>
> #define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS
> #include <trace/events/syscalls.h>
> @@ -561,7 +562,31 @@ static int gpr_get(struct task_struct *target,
> struct membuf to)
> {
> struct user_pt_regs *uregs = &task_pt_regs(target)->user_regs;
> - return membuf_write(&to, uregs, sizeof(*uregs));
> + unsigned long saved_reg;
> + int ret;
> +
> + /*
> + * We have some ABI weirdness here in the way that we handle syscall
> + * exit stops because we indicate whether or not the stop has been
> + * signalled from syscall entry or syscall exit by clobbering the general
> + * purpose register x7.
> + */

When you move a comment, please don't truncate it!

> + saved_reg = uregs->regs[7];
> +
> + switch (target->ptrace_message) {
> + case PTRACE_EVENTMSG_SYSCALL_ENTRY:
> + uregs->regs[7] = PTRACE_SYSCALL_ENTER;
> + break;
> + case PTRACE_EVENTMSG_SYSCALL_EXIT:
> + uregs->regs[7] = PTRACE_SYSCALL_EXIT;
> + break;
> + }

I'm wary of checking target->ptrace_message here, as I seem to recall the
regset code also being used for coredumps. What guarantees we don't break
things there?

> +
> + ret = membuf_write(&to, uregs, sizeof(*uregs));
> +
> + uregs->regs[7] = saved_reg;
> +
> + return ret;
> }
>
> static int gpr_set(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset *regset,
> @@ -575,6 +600,17 @@ static int gpr_set(struct task_struct *target, const struct user_regset *regset,
> if (ret)
> return ret;
>
> + /*
> + * Historically, x7 can't be changed if the stop has been signalled
> + * from syscall-enter of syscall-exit.
> + */
> + switch (target->ptrace_message) {
> + case PTRACE_EVENTMSG_SYSCALL_ENTRY:
> + case PTRACE_EVENTMSG_SYSCALL_EXIT:
> + newregs.regs[7] = task_pt_regs(target)->regs[7];
> + break;
> + }
> +
> if (!valid_user_regs(&newregs, target))
> return -EINVAL;
>
> @@ -1206,6 +1242,20 @@ static inline compat_ulong_t compat_get_user_reg(struct task_struct *task, int i
> struct pt_regs *regs = task_pt_regs(task);
>
> switch (idx) {
> + case 12:
> + /*
> + * We have some ABI weirdness here in the way that we handle
> + * syscall exit stops because we indicate whether or not the
> + * stop has been signalled from syscall entry or syscall exit
> + * by clobbering the general purpose register r12.
> + */
> + switch (task->ptrace_message) {
> + case PTRACE_EVENTMSG_SYSCALL_ENTRY:
> + return PTRACE_SYSCALL_ENTER;
> + case PTRACE_EVENTMSG_SYSCALL_EXIT:
> + return PTRACE_SYSCALL_EXIT;
> + }
> + return regs->regs[idx];
> case 15:
> return regs->pc;
> case 16:
> @@ -1282,6 +1332,17 @@ static int compat_gpr_set(struct task_struct *target,
>
> }
>
> + /*
> + * Historically, x12 can't be changed if the stop has been signalled
> + * from syscall-enter of syscall-exit.
> + */
> + switch (target->ptrace_message) {
> + case PTRACE_EVENTMSG_SYSCALL_ENTRY:
> + case PTRACE_EVENTMSG_SYSCALL_EXIT:
> + newregs.regs[12] = task_pt_regs(target)->regs[12];
> + break;
> + }
> +
> if (valid_user_regs(&newregs.user_regs, target))
> *task_pt_regs(target) = newregs;
> else
> @@ -1740,53 +1801,16 @@ long arch_ptrace(struct task_struct *child, long request,
> return ptrace_request(child, request, addr, data);
> }
>
> -enum ptrace_syscall_dir {
> - PTRACE_SYSCALL_ENTER = 0,
> - PTRACE_SYSCALL_EXIT,
> -};
> -
> static void tracehook_report_syscall(struct pt_regs *regs,
> enum ptrace_syscall_dir dir)
> {
> - int regno;
> - unsigned long saved_reg;
> -
> - /*
> - * We have some ABI weirdness here in the way that we handle syscall
> - * exit stops because we indicate whether or not the stop has been
> - * signalled from syscall entry or syscall exit by clobbering a general
> - * purpose register (ip/r12 for AArch32, x7 for AArch64) in the tracee
> - * and restoring its old value after the stop. This means that:
> - *
> - * - Any writes by the tracer to this register during the stop are
> - * ignored/discarded.
> - *
> - * - The actual value of the register is not available during the stop,
> - * so the tracer cannot save it and restore it later.
> - *
> - * - Syscall stops behave differently to seccomp and pseudo-step traps
> - * (the latter do not nobble any registers).
> - */
> - regno = (is_compat_task() ? 12 : 7);
> - saved_reg = regs->regs[regno];
> - regs->regs[regno] = dir;
> -
> if (dir == PTRACE_SYSCALL_ENTER) {
> if (tracehook_report_syscall_entry(regs))
> forget_syscall(regs);
> - regs->regs[regno] = saved_reg;
> - } else if (!test_thread_flag(TIF_SINGLESTEP)) {
> - tracehook_report_syscall_exit(regs, 0);
> - regs->regs[regno] = saved_reg;
> } else {
> - regs->regs[regno] = saved_reg;
> + int singlestep = test_thread_flag(TIF_SINGLESTEP);
>
> - /*
> - * Signal a pseudo-step exception since we are stepping but
> - * tracer modifications to the registers may have rewound the
> - * state machine.
> - */
> - tracehook_report_syscall_exit(regs, 1);
> + tracehook_report_syscall_exit(regs, singlestep);

Again, please preserve the comment in some form (maybe "... if we are
stepping since tracer ...").

That said, doesn't your change above break the pseudo-step trap? Currently,
we report the real x7 for those.

Will

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