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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH v2 12/26] KVM: arm64: Introduce a Hyp buddy page allocator
On Wed, Feb 03, 2021 at 06:33:30PM +0000, Quentin Perret wrote:
> On Tuesday 02 Feb 2021 at 18:13:08 (+0000), Will Deacon wrote:
> > On Fri, Jan 08, 2021 at 12:15:10PM +0000, Quentin Perret wrote:
> > > + * __find_buddy(pool, page 0, order 0) => page 1
> > > + * __find_buddy(pool, page 0, order 1) => page 2
> > > + * __find_buddy(pool, page 1, order 0) => page 0
> > > + * __find_buddy(pool, page 2, order 0) => page 3
> > > + */
> > > +static struct hyp_page *__find_buddy(struct hyp_pool *pool, struct hyp_page *p,
> > > + unsigned int order)
> > > +{
> > > + phys_addr_t addr = hyp_page_to_phys(p);
> > > +
> > > + addr ^= (PAGE_SIZE << order);
> > > + if (addr < pool->range_start || addr >= pool->range_end)
> > > + return NULL;
> >
> > Are these range checks only needed because the pool isn't required to be
> > an exact power-of-2 pages in size? If so, maybe it would be more
> > straightforward to limit the max order on a per-pool basis depending upon
> > its size?
>
> More importantly, it is because pages outside of the pool are not
> guaranteed to be covered by the hyp_vmemmap, so I really need to make
> sure I don't dereference them.

Wouldn't having a per-pool max order help with that?

> > > + return hyp_phys_to_page(addr);
> > > +}
> > > +
> > > +static void __hyp_attach_page(struct hyp_pool *pool,
> > > + struct hyp_page *p)
> > > +{
> > > + unsigned int order = p->order;
> > > + struct hyp_page *buddy;
> > > +
> > > + p->order = HYP_NO_ORDER;
> >
> > Why is this needed?
>
> If p->order is say 3, I may be able to coalesce with the buddy of order
> 3 to form a higher order page of order 4. And that higher order page
> will be represented by the 'first' of the two order-3 pages (let's call
> it the head), and the other order 3 page (let's say the tail) will be
> assigned 'HYP_NO_ORDER'.
>
> And basically at this point I don't know if 'p' is going be the head or
> the tail, so I set it to HYP_NO_ORDER a priori so I don't have to think
> about this in the loop below. Is that helping?
>
> I suppose this could use more comments as well ...

Comments would definitely help, but perhaps even having a simple function to
do the coalescing, which you could call from the loop body and which would
deal with marking the tail pages as HYP_NO_ORDER?

> > > + for (; order < HYP_MAX_ORDER; order++) {
> > > + /* Nothing to do if the buddy isn't in a free-list */
> > > + buddy = __find_buddy(pool, p, order);
> > > + if (!buddy || list_empty(&buddy->node) || buddy->order != order)
> >
> > Could we move the "buddy->order" check into __find_buddy()?
>
> I think might break __hyp_extract_page() below. The way I think about
> __find_buddy() is as a low level function which gives you the buddy page
> blindly if it exists in the hyp_vmemmap, and it's up to the callers to
> decide whether the buddy is in the right state for their use or not.

Just feels a bit backwards having __find_buddy() take an order parameter,
yet then return a page of the wrong order! __hyp_extract_page() always
passes the p->order as the order, so I think it would be worth having a
separate function that just takes the pool and the page for that.

Will

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