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SubjectRe: Process-wide watchpoints
On Thu, Feb 04, 2021 at 10:54:42AM +0100, Dmitry Vyukov wrote:
> On Thu, Feb 4, 2021 at 10:39 AM Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> wrote:

> > OTOH, we're using ptrace permission checks, and ptrace() can inject
> > signals just fine. But it's a fairly big departure from what perf set
> > out to be.
>
> Oh, I see, I did not think about this.
>
> FWIW it's doable today by attaching a BPF program.

Sorta. For one, I can't operate BPF to save my life. Secondly, BPF has
some very dodgy recursion rules and it's trivial to loose BPF
invocations because another BPF is already running.

> Will it help if this mode is restricted to monitoring the current
> process? Sending signals indeed usually requires cooperation, so doing
> it for the current process looks like a reasonable restriction.
> This may be not a fundamental restriction, but rather "we don't have
> any use cases and are not sure about implications, so this is a
> precaution measure, may be relaxed in future".

Yeah, limiting it might help. I can trivially add attr::thread_only,
that requires attr::inherit and will limit it to CLONE_THREAD (find
below).

What do we do then? The advantage of IOC_REFRESH is that it disables the
event until it gets explicitly re-armed, avoiding recursion issues etc.
Do you want those semantics? If so, we'd need to have IOC_REFRESH find
the actual event for the current task, which should be doable I suppose.

And I need to dig into that fcntl() crud again, see if that's capable of
doing a SIGTRAP and if it's possible to target that to the task raising
it, instead of doing a process wide signal delivery.

Lemme rummage about a bit.

---
--- a/include/linux/perf_event.h
+++ b/include/linux/perf_event.h
@@ -955,7 +955,7 @@ extern void __perf_event_task_sched_in(s
struct task_struct *task);
extern void __perf_event_task_sched_out(struct task_struct *prev,
struct task_struct *next);
-extern int perf_event_init_task(struct task_struct *child);
+extern int perf_event_init_task(struct task_struct *child, unsigned long clone_flags);
extern void perf_event_exit_task(struct task_struct *child);
extern void perf_event_free_task(struct task_struct *task);
extern void perf_event_delayed_put(struct task_struct *task);
@@ -1446,7 +1446,8 @@ perf_event_task_sched_in(struct task_str
static inline void
perf_event_task_sched_out(struct task_struct *prev,
struct task_struct *next) { }
-static inline int perf_event_init_task(struct task_struct *child) { return 0; }
+static inline int perf_event_init_task(struct task_struct *child,
+ unsigned long clone_flags) { return 0; }
static inline void perf_event_exit_task(struct task_struct *child) { }
static inline void perf_event_free_task(struct task_struct *task) { }
static inline void perf_event_delayed_put(struct task_struct *task) { }
--- a/include/uapi/linux/perf_event.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/perf_event.h
@@ -388,7 +388,8 @@ struct perf_event_attr {
aux_output : 1, /* generate AUX records instead of events */
cgroup : 1, /* include cgroup events */
text_poke : 1, /* include text poke events */
- __reserved_1 : 30;
+ thread_only : 1, /* only inherit on threads */
+ __reserved_1 : 29;

union {
__u32 wakeup_events; /* wakeup every n events */
--- a/kernel/events/core.c
+++ b/kernel/events/core.c
@@ -12776,12 +12776,13 @@ static int
inherit_task_group(struct perf_event *event, struct task_struct *parent,
struct perf_event_context *parent_ctx,
struct task_struct *child, int ctxn,
- int *inherited_all)
+ unsigned long clone_flags, int *inherited_all)
{
int ret;
struct perf_event_context *child_ctx;

- if (!event->attr.inherit) {
+ if (!event->attr.inherit ||
+ (event->attr.thread_only && !(clone_flags & CLONE_THREAD))) {
*inherited_all = 0;
return 0;
}
@@ -12813,7 +12814,7 @@ inherit_task_group(struct perf_event *ev
/*
* Initialize the perf_event context in task_struct
*/
-static int perf_event_init_context(struct task_struct *child, int ctxn)
+static int perf_event_init_context(struct task_struct *child, int ctxn, unsigned long clone_flags)
{
struct perf_event_context *child_ctx, *parent_ctx;
struct perf_event_context *cloned_ctx;
@@ -12853,7 +12854,8 @@ static int perf_event_init_context(struc
*/
perf_event_groups_for_each(event, &parent_ctx->pinned_groups) {
ret = inherit_task_group(event, parent, parent_ctx,
- child, ctxn, &inherited_all);
+ child, ctxn, clone_flags,
+ &inherited_all);
if (ret)
goto out_unlock;
}
@@ -12869,7 +12871,8 @@ static int perf_event_init_context(struc

perf_event_groups_for_each(event, &parent_ctx->flexible_groups) {
ret = inherit_task_group(event, parent, parent_ctx,
- child, ctxn, &inherited_all);
+ child, ctxn, clone_flags,
+ &inherited_all);
if (ret)
goto out_unlock;
}
@@ -12911,7 +12914,7 @@ static int perf_event_init_context(struc
/*
* Initialize the perf_event context in task_struct
*/
-int perf_event_init_task(struct task_struct *child)
+int perf_event_init_task(struct task_struct *child, unsigned long clone_flags)
{
int ctxn, ret;

@@ -12920,7 +12923,7 @@ int perf_event_init_task(struct task_str
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&child->perf_event_list);

for_each_task_context_nr(ctxn) {
- ret = perf_event_init_context(child, ctxn);
+ ret = perf_event_init_context(child, ctxn, clone_flags);
if (ret) {
perf_event_free_task(child);
return ret;
--- a/kernel/fork.c
+++ b/kernel/fork.c
@@ -2068,7 +2068,7 @@ static __latent_entropy struct task_stru
if (retval)
goto bad_fork_cleanup_policy;

- retval = perf_event_init_task(p);
+ retval = perf_event_init_task(p, clone_flags);
if (retval)
goto bad_fork_cleanup_policy;
retval = audit_alloc(p);
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