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Subject[RFC -V5 5/6] memory tiering: adjust hot threshold automatically
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It isn't easy for the administrator to determine the hot threshold.
So in this patch, a method to adjust the hot threshold automatically
is implemented. The basic idea is to control the number of the
candidate promotion pages to match the promotion rate limit. If the
hint page fault latency of a page is less than the hot threshold, we
will try to promote the page, and the page is called the candidate
promotion page.

If the number of the candidate promotion pages in the statistics
interval is much more than the promotion rate limit, the hot threshold
will be decreased to reduce the number of the candidate promotion
pages. Otherwise, the hot threshold will be increased to increase the
number of the candidate promotion pages.

To make the above method works, in each statistics interval, the total
number of the pages to check (on which the hint page faults occur) and
the hot/cold distribution need to be stable. Because the page tables
are scanned linearly in NUMA balancing, but the hot/cold distribution
isn't uniform along the address, the statistics interval should be
larger than the NUMA balancing scan period. So in the patch, the max
scan period is used as statistics interval and it works well in our
tests.

The sysctl knob kernel.numa_balancing_hot_threshold_ms becomes the
initial value and max value of the hot threshold.

The patch improves the score of pmbench memory accessing benchmark
with 80:20 read/write ratio and normal access address distribution by
3.9% with 32.4% fewer NUMA page migrations on a 2 socket Intel server
with Optance DC Persistent Memory. Because it improves the accuracy
of the hot page selection.

Signed-off-by: "Huang, Ying" <ying.huang@intel.com>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org
---
include/linux/mmzone.h | 3 +++
kernel/sched/fair.c | 40 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
2 files changed, 39 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/mmzone.h b/include/linux/mmzone.h
index 81a67d9cc7db..897331d5e57c 100644
--- a/include/linux/mmzone.h
+++ b/include/linux/mmzone.h
@@ -816,6 +816,9 @@ typedef struct pglist_data {
#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING
unsigned long numa_ts;
unsigned long numa_nr_candidate;
+ unsigned long numa_threshold_ts;
+ unsigned long numa_threshold_nr_candidate;
+ unsigned long numa_threshold;
#endif
/* Fields commonly accessed by the page reclaim scanner */

diff --git a/kernel/sched/fair.c b/kernel/sched/fair.c
index 18e287997a90..5dcae24a86f6 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/fair.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/fair.c
@@ -1470,6 +1470,35 @@ static bool numa_migration_check_rate_limit(struct pglist_data *pgdat,
return true;
}

+#define NUMA_MIGRATION_ADJUST_STEPS 16
+
+static void numa_migration_adjust_threshold(struct pglist_data *pgdat,
+ unsigned long rate_limit,
+ unsigned long ref_th)
+{
+ unsigned long now = jiffies, last_th_ts, th_period;
+ unsigned long unit_th, th;
+ unsigned long nr_cand, ref_cand, diff_cand;
+
+ th_period = msecs_to_jiffies(sysctl_numa_balancing_scan_period_max);
+ last_th_ts = pgdat->numa_threshold_ts;
+ if (now > last_th_ts + th_period &&
+ cmpxchg(&pgdat->numa_threshold_ts, last_th_ts, now) == last_th_ts) {
+ ref_cand = rate_limit *
+ sysctl_numa_balancing_scan_period_max / 1000;
+ nr_cand = node_page_state(pgdat, PGPROMOTE_CANDIDATE);
+ diff_cand = nr_cand - pgdat->numa_threshold_nr_candidate;
+ unit_th = ref_th / NUMA_MIGRATION_ADJUST_STEPS;
+ th = pgdat->numa_threshold ? : ref_th;
+ if (diff_cand > ref_cand * 11 / 10)
+ th = max(th - unit_th, unit_th);
+ else if (diff_cand < ref_cand * 9 / 10)
+ th = min(th + unit_th, ref_th);
+ pgdat->numa_threshold_nr_candidate = nr_cand;
+ pgdat->numa_threshold = th;
+ }
+}
+
bool should_numa_migrate_memory(struct task_struct *p, struct page * page,
int src_nid, int dst_cpu)
{
@@ -1484,19 +1513,22 @@ bool should_numa_migrate_memory(struct task_struct *p, struct page * page,
if (sysctl_numa_balancing_mode & NUMA_BALANCING_MEMORY_TIERING &&
!node_is_toptier(src_nid)) {
struct pglist_data *pgdat;
- unsigned long rate_limit, latency, th;
+ unsigned long rate_limit, latency, th, def_th;

pgdat = NODE_DATA(dst_nid);
if (pgdat_free_space_enough(pgdat))
return true;

- th = sysctl_numa_balancing_hot_threshold;
+ def_th = sysctl_numa_balancing_hot_threshold;
+ rate_limit =
+ sysctl_numa_balancing_rate_limit << (20 - PAGE_SHIFT);
+ numa_migration_adjust_threshold(pgdat, rate_limit, def_th);
+
+ th = pgdat->numa_threshold ? : def_th;
latency = numa_hint_fault_latency(page);
if (latency > th)
return false;

- rate_limit =
- sysctl_numa_balancing_rate_limit << (20 - PAGE_SHIFT);
return numa_migration_check_rate_limit(pgdat, rate_limit,
thp_nr_pages(page));
}
--
2.29.2
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