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SubjectRe: [PATCH v6 1/2] media: v4l2-ctrl: add controls for long term reference.
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On 04/02/2021 06:01, dikshita@codeaurora.org wrote:
> On 2021-02-01 16:50, Hans Verkuil wrote:
>> On 25/01/2021 06:51, Dikshita Agarwal wrote:
>>> Long Term Reference (LTR) frames are the frames that are encoded
>>> sometime in the past and stored in the DPB buffer list to be used
>>> as reference to encode future frames.
>>> This change adds controls to enable this feature.
>>>
>>> Signed-off-by: Dikshita Agarwal <dikshita@codeaurora.org>
>>> ---
>>> .../userspace-api/media/v4l/ext-ctrls-codec.rst | 18
>>> ++++++++++++++++++
>>> drivers/media/v4l2-core/v4l2-ctrls.c | 14
>>> ++++++++++++++
>>> include/uapi/linux/v4l2-controls.h | 3 +++
>>> 3 files changed, 35 insertions(+)
>>>
>>> diff --git a/Documentation/userspace-api/media/v4l/ext-ctrls-codec.rst
>>> b/Documentation/userspace-api/media/v4l/ext-ctrls-codec.rst
>>> index 400774c..a37d460 100644
>>> --- a/Documentation/userspace-api/media/v4l/ext-ctrls-codec.rst
>>> +++ b/Documentation/userspace-api/media/v4l/ext-ctrls-codec.rst
>>> @@ -3637,3 +3637,21 @@ enum v4l2_mpeg_video_hevc_size_of_length_field
>>> -
>>> - Selecting this value specifies that HEVC slices are expected
>>> to be prefixed by Annex B start codes. According to
>>> :ref:`hevc`
>>> valid start codes can be 3-bytes 0x000001 or 4-bytes
>>> 0x00000001.
>>> +
>>> +``V4L2_CID_MPEG_VIDEO_LTR_COUNT (integer)``
>>> + Specifies the number of Long Term Reference (LTR) frames
>>> encoder needs
>>> + to generate or keep. This is applicable to the H264 and HEVC
>>> encoders.
>>> +
>>> +``V4L2_CID_MPEG_VIDEO_FRAME_LTR_INDEX (integer)``
>>> + The current frame is marked as a Long Term Reference (LTR)
>>> frame
>>> + and given this LTR index which ranges from 0 to LTR_COUNT-1.
>>> + This is applicable to the H264 and HEVC encoders and can be
>>> applied using
>>> + Request API.
>>
>> You mentioned in reply to my comment that the venus driver didn't
>> support the
>> Request API that it is also possible to use it without that API.
>>
>> But that requires more precise documentation. I assume that without the
>> Request
>> API you would set this control, then queue the buffer containing the
>> frame this
>> control should apply to, then wait until it is dequeued. Since that's
>> the only
>> way you can be certain this control is applied to the correct frame.
>>
>> Is this indeed what you do in your application?
>>
>> Regards,
>>
>> Hans
>>
> Hi Hans,
>
> Yes, It is possible without request API as well in a non-synchronized
> way.
> And we don't need to wait for the frame to be dequeued.
> The driver implementation ensures that whenever the LTR control is
> received,
> it applies to the frame received after that. Not to frame which would be
> encoded next.
> So that it is at least synchronized between driver & encoder.

This is highly driver dependent. I'm not even sure this is true for the venus
driver: if you prequeue, say, 4 output buffers to the encoder and call
V4L2_CID_MPEG_VIDEO_FRAME_LTR_INDEX after the second buffer (so it should
apply to the third), and only after the fourth you call VIDIOC_STREAMON,
does the venus driver still keep track of the order of the queued buffers
and when these controls are set? Once STREAMON is called it looks like it
stays synced since everything is queued into a command queue, if I understand
the code correctly.

The problem is that when controls are applied in relation to queued buffers
is not defined, unless you use the Request API. Typically controls are applied
immediately, so the venus driver is a bit of an anomaly in that respect.

You can make an explicit requirement that these controls apply to the next
queued buffer if no request API is used, but you really must be 100% certain
that the venus driver does that right (and as mentioned, I have my doubts about
the case where you queue buffers before calling STREAMON).

Regards,

Hans

>
> Thanks,
> Dikshita
>
>>> + Source Rec. ITU-T H.264 (06/2019); Table 7.9
>>> +
>>> +``V4L2_CID_MPEG_VIDEO_USE_LTR_FRAMES (bitmask)``
>>> + Specifies the Long Term Reference (LTR) frame(s) to be used
>>> for
>>> + encoding the current frame.
>>> + This provides a bitmask which consists of bits [0,
>>> LTR_COUNT-1].
>>> + This is applicable to the H264 and HEVC encoders and can be
>>> applied using
>>> + Request API.
>>> diff --git a/drivers/media/v4l2-core/v4l2-ctrls.c
>>> b/drivers/media/v4l2-core/v4l2-ctrls.c
>>> index 16ab54f..84c1eb8 100644
>>> --- a/drivers/media/v4l2-core/v4l2-ctrls.c
>>> +++ b/drivers/media/v4l2-core/v4l2-ctrls.c
>>> @@ -950,6 +950,9 @@ const char *v4l2_ctrl_get_name(u32 id)
>>> case V4L2_CID_MPEG_VIDEO_MV_V_SEARCH_RANGE: return "Vertical MV
>>> Search Range";
>>> case V4L2_CID_MPEG_VIDEO_REPEAT_SEQ_HEADER: return "Repeat Sequence
>>> Header";
>>> case V4L2_CID_MPEG_VIDEO_FORCE_KEY_FRAME: return "Force Key Frame";
>>> + case V4L2_CID_MPEG_VIDEO_LTR_COUNT: return "LTR Count";
>>> + case V4L2_CID_MPEG_VIDEO_FRAME_LTR_INDEX: return "Frame LTR Index";
>>> + case V4L2_CID_MPEG_VIDEO_USE_LTR_FRAMES: return "Use LTR Frames";
>>> case V4L2_CID_MPEG_VIDEO_MPEG2_SLICE_PARAMS: return "MPEG-2 Slice
>>> Parameters";
>>> case V4L2_CID_MPEG_VIDEO_MPEG2_QUANTIZATION: return "MPEG-2
>>> Quantization Matrices";
>>> case V4L2_CID_FWHT_I_FRAME_QP: return "FWHT I-Frame QP Value";
>>> @@ -1277,6 +1280,17 @@ void v4l2_ctrl_fill(u32 id, const char **name,
>>> enum v4l2_ctrl_type *type,
>>> case V4L2_CID_MPEG_VIDEO_MV_V_SEARCH_RANGE:
>>> *type = V4L2_CTRL_TYPE_INTEGER;
>>> break;
>>> + case V4L2_CID_MPEG_VIDEO_LTR_COUNT:
>>> + *type = V4L2_CTRL_TYPE_INTEGER;
>>> + break;
>>> + case V4L2_CID_MPEG_VIDEO_FRAME_LTR_INDEX:
>>> + *type = V4L2_CTRL_TYPE_INTEGER;
>>> + *flags |= V4L2_CTRL_FLAG_EXECUTE_ON_WRITE;
>>> + break;
>>> + case V4L2_CID_MPEG_VIDEO_USE_LTR_FRAMES:
>>> + *type = V4L2_CTRL_TYPE_BITMASK;
>>> + *flags |= V4L2_CTRL_FLAG_EXECUTE_ON_WRITE;
>>> + break;
>>> case V4L2_CID_MPEG_VIDEO_FORCE_KEY_FRAME:
>>> case V4L2_CID_PAN_RESET:
>>> case V4L2_CID_TILT_RESET:
>>> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/v4l2-controls.h
>>> b/include/uapi/linux/v4l2-controls.h
>>> index af8dda2..c0bb87b 100644
>>> --- a/include/uapi/linux/v4l2-controls.h
>>> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/v4l2-controls.h
>>> @@ -422,6 +422,9 @@ enum v4l2_mpeg_video_multi_slice_mode {
>>> #define
>>> V4L2_CID_MPEG_VIDEO_MV_H_SEARCH_RANGE (V4L2_CID_CODEC_BASE+227)
>>> #define
>>> V4L2_CID_MPEG_VIDEO_MV_V_SEARCH_RANGE (V4L2_CID_CODEC_BASE+228)
>>> #define
>>> V4L2_CID_MPEG_VIDEO_FORCE_KEY_FRAME (V4L2_CID_CODEC_BASE+229)
>>> +#define V4L2_CID_MPEG_VIDEO_LTR_COUNT (V4L2_CID_CODEC_BASE+230)
>>> +#define
>>> V4L2_CID_MPEG_VIDEO_FRAME_LTR_INDEX (V4L2_CID_CODEC_BASE+231)
>>> +#define V4L2_CID_MPEG_VIDEO_USE_LTR_FRAMES (V4L2_CID_CODEC_BASE+232)
>>>
>>> /* CIDs for the MPEG-2 Part 2 (H.262) codec */
>>> #define V4L2_CID_MPEG_VIDEO_MPEG2_LEVEL (V4L2_CID_CODEC_BASE+270)
>>>

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