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SubjectRe: [PATCH 8/9] vfio/pci: use x86 naming instead of igd

On 2/3/2021 5:24 AM, Alexey Kardashevskiy wrote:
> On 03/02/2021 04:41, Max Gurtovoy wrote:
>> On 2/2/2021 6:06 PM, Cornelia Huck wrote:
>>> On Mon, 1 Feb 2021 11:42:30 -0700
>>> Alex Williamson <> wrote:
>>>> On Mon, 1 Feb 2021 12:49:12 -0500
>>>> Matthew Rosato <> wrote:
>>>>> On 2/1/21 12:14 PM, Cornelia Huck wrote:
>>>>>> On Mon, 1 Feb 2021 16:28:27 +0000
>>>>>> Max Gurtovoy <> wrote:
>>>>>>> This patch doesn't change any logic but only align to the
>>>>>>> concept of
>>>>>>> vfio_pci_core extensions. Extensions that are related to a platform
>>>>>>> and not to a specific vendor of PCI devices should be part of
>>>>>>> the core
>>>>>>> driver. Extensions that are specific for PCI device vendor
>>>>>>> should go
>>>>>>> to a dedicated vendor vfio-pci driver.
>>>>>> My understanding is that igd means support for Intel graphics,
>>>>>> i.e. a
>>>>>> strict subset of x86. If there are other future extensions that e.g.
>>>>>> only make sense for some devices found only on AMD systems, I don't
>>>>>> think they should all be included under the same x86 umbrella.
>>>>>> Similar reasoning for nvlink, that only seems to cover support
>>>>>> for some
>>>>>> GPUs under Power, and is not a general platform-specific
>>>>>> extension IIUC.
>>>>>> We can arguably do the zdev -> s390 rename (as zpci appears only on
>>>>>> s390, and all PCI devices will be zpci on that platform),
>>>>>> although I'm
>>>>>> not sure about the benefit.
>>>>> As far as I can tell, there isn't any benefit for s390 it's just
>>>>> "re-branding" to match the platform name rather than the zdev
>>>>> moniker,
>>>>> which admittedly perhaps makes it more clear to someone outside of
>>>>> s390
>>>>> that any PCI device on s390 is a zdev/zpci type, and thus will use
>>>>> this
>>>>> extension to vfio_pci(_core).  This would still be true even if we
>>>>> added
>>>>> something later that builds atop it (e.g. a platform-specific device
>>>>> like ism-vfio-pci).  Or for that matter, mlx5 via vfio-pci on
>>>>> s390x uses
>>>>> these zdev extensions today and would need to continue using them
>>>>> in a
>>>>> world where mlx5-vfio-pci.ko exists.
>>>>> I guess all that to say: if such a rename matches the 'grand
>>>>> scheme' of
>>>>> this design where we treat arch-level extensions to
>>>>> vfio_pci(_core) as
>>>>> "vfio_pci_(arch)" then I'm not particularly opposed to the
>>>>> rename.  But
>>>>> by itself it's not very exciting :)
>>>> This all seems like the wrong direction to me.  The goal here is to
>>>> modularize vfio-pci into a core library and derived vendor modules
>>>> that
>>>> make use of that core library.  If existing device specific extensions
>>>> within vfio-pci cannot be turned into vendor modules through this
>>>> support and are instead redefined as platform specific features of the
>>>> new core library, that feels like we're already admitting failure of
>>>> this core library to support known devices, let alone future devices.
>>>> IGD is a specific set of devices.  They happen to rely on some
>>>> platform
>>>> specific support, whose availability should be determined via the
>>>> vendor module probe callback.  Packing that support into an "x86"
>>>> component as part of the core feels not only short sighted, but also
>>>> avoids addressing the issues around how userspace determines an
>>>> optimal
>>>> module to use for a device.
>>> Hm, it seems that not all current extensions to the vfio-pci code are
>>> created equal.
>>> IIUC, we have igd and nvlink, which are sets of devices that only show
>>> up on x86 or ppc, respectively, and may rely on some special features
>>> of those architectures/platforms. The important point is that you have
>>> a device identifier that you can match a driver against.
>> maybe you can supply the ids ?
>> Alexey K, I saw you've been working on the NVLINK2 for P9. can you
>> supply the exact ids for that should be bounded to this driver ?
>> I'll add it to V3.
> Sorry no, I never really had the exact ids, they keep popping up after
> years.
> The nvlink2 support can only work if the platform supports it as there
> is nothing to do to the GPUs themselves, it is about setting up those
> nvlink2 links. If the platform advertises certain features in the
> device tree - then any GPU in the SXM2 form factor (not sure about the
> exact abbrev, not an usual PCIe device) should just work.
> If the nvlink2 "subdriver" fails to find nvlinks (the platform does
> not advertise them or some parameters are new to this subdriver, such
> as link-speed), we still fall back to generic vfio-pci and try passing
> through this GPU as a plain PCI device with no extra links.
> Semi-optimal but if the user is mining cryptocoins, then highspeed
> links are not really that important :) And the nvidia driver is
> capable of running such GPUs without nvlinks. Thanks,
I see.

But the PCI function (the bounded BDF) is GPU function or NVLINK function ?

If it's NVLINK function then we should fail probing in the host vfio-pci

if its a GPU function so it shouldn't been called nvlink2 vfio-pci
driver. Its just an extension in the GPU vfio-pci driver.

>>> On the other side, we have the zdev support, which both requires s390
>>> and applies to any pci device on s390. If we added special handling for
>>> ISM on s390, ISM would be in a category similar to igd/nvlink.
>>> Now, if somebody plugs a mlx5 device into an s390, we would want both
>>> the zdev support and the specialized mlx5 driver. Maybe zdev should be
>>> some kind of library that can be linked into normal vfio-pci, into
>>> vfio-pci-mlx5, and a hypothetical vfio-pci-ism? You always want zdev on
>>> s390 (if configured into the kernel).

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