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SubjectRe: [PATCH v16 11/12] powerpc: Use OF alloc and free for FDT
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On 2/4/21 3:36 PM, Rob Herring wrote:
> On Thu, Feb 4, 2021 at 5:23 PM Lakshmi Ramasubramanian
> <nramas@linux.microsoft.com> wrote:
>>
>> On 2/4/21 11:26 AM, Rob Herring wrote:
>>> On Thu, Feb 4, 2021 at 10:42 AM Lakshmi Ramasubramanian
>>> <nramas@linux.microsoft.com> wrote:
>>>>
>>>> of_alloc_and_init_fdt() and of_free_fdt() have been defined in
>>>> drivers/of/kexec.c to allocate and free memory for FDT.
>>>>
>>>> Use of_alloc_and_init_fdt() and of_free_fdt() to allocate and
>>>> initialize the FDT, and to free the FDT respectively.
>>>>
>>>> powerpc sets the FDT address in image_loader_data field in
>>>> "struct kimage" and the memory is freed in
>>>> kimage_file_post_load_cleanup(). This cleanup function uses kfree()
>>>> to free the memory. But since of_alloc_and_init_fdt() uses kvmalloc()
>>>> for allocation, the buffer needs to be freed using kvfree().
>>>
>>> You could just change the kexec core to call kvfree() instead.
>>
>>>
>>>> Define "fdt" field in "struct kimage_arch" for powerpc to store
>>>> the address of FDT, and free the memory in powerpc specific
>>>> arch_kimage_file_post_load_cleanup().
>>>
>>> However, given all the other buffers have an explicit field in kimage
>>> or kimage_arch, changing powerpc is to match arm64 is better IMO.
>>
>> Just to be clear:
>> I'll leave this as is - free FDT buffer in powerpc's
>> arch_kimage_file_post_load_cleanup() to match arm64 behavior.
>
> Yes.

ok

>
>> Will not change "kexec core" to call kvfree() - doing that change would
>> require changing all architectures to use kvmalloc() for
>> image_loader_data allocation.
>
> Actually, no. AIUI, kvfree() can be used whether you used kvmalloc,
> vmalloc, or kmalloc for the alloc.
That is good information. Thanks.

>
>>>> Signed-off-by: Lakshmi Ramasubramanian <nramas@linux.microsoft.com>
>>>> Suggested-by: Rob Herring <robh@kernel.org>
>>>> Suggested-by: Thiago Jung Bauermann <bauerman@linux.ibm.com>
>>>> ---
>>>> arch/powerpc/include/asm/kexec.h | 2 ++
>>>> arch/powerpc/kexec/elf_64.c | 26 ++++++++++++++++----------
>>>> arch/powerpc/kexec/file_load_64.c | 3 +++
>>>> 3 files changed, 21 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)
>>>>
>>>> diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/kexec.h b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/kexec.h
>>>> index 2c0be93d239a..d7d13cac4d31 100644
>>>> --- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/kexec.h
>>>> +++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/kexec.h
>>>> @@ -111,6 +111,8 @@ struct kimage_arch {
>>>> unsigned long elf_headers_mem;
>>>> unsigned long elf_headers_sz;
>>>> void *elf_headers;
>>>> +
>>>> + void *fdt;
>>>> };
>>>>
>>>> char *setup_kdump_cmdline(struct kimage *image, char *cmdline,
>>>> diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kexec/elf_64.c b/arch/powerpc/kexec/elf_64.c
>>>> index d0e459bb2f05..51d2d8eb6c1b 100644
>>>> --- a/arch/powerpc/kexec/elf_64.c
>>>> +++ b/arch/powerpc/kexec/elf_64.c
>>>> @@ -19,6 +19,7 @@
>>>> #include <linux/kexec.h>
>>>> #include <linux/libfdt.h>
>>>> #include <linux/module.h>
>>>> +#include <linux/of.h>
>>>> #include <linux/of_fdt.h>
>>>> #include <linux/slab.h>
>>>> #include <linux/types.h>
>>>> @@ -32,7 +33,7 @@ static void *elf64_load(struct kimage *image, char *kernel_buf,
>>>> unsigned int fdt_size;
>>>> unsigned long kernel_load_addr;
>>>> unsigned long initrd_load_addr = 0, fdt_load_addr;
>>>> - void *fdt;
>>>> + void *fdt = NULL;
>>>> const void *slave_code;
>>>> struct elfhdr ehdr;
>>>> char *modified_cmdline = NULL;
>>>> @@ -103,18 +104,12 @@ static void *elf64_load(struct kimage *image, char *kernel_buf,
>>>> }
>>>>
>>>> fdt_size = fdt_totalsize(initial_boot_params) * 2;
>>>> - fdt = kmalloc(fdt_size, GFP_KERNEL);
>>>> + fdt = of_alloc_and_init_fdt(fdt_size);
>>>> if (!fdt) {
>>>> pr_err("Not enough memory for the device tree.\n");
>>>> ret = -ENOMEM;
>>>> goto out;
>>>> }
>>>> - ret = fdt_open_into(initial_boot_params, fdt, fdt_size);
>>>> - if (ret < 0) {
>>>> - pr_err("Error setting up the new device tree.\n");
>>>> - ret = -EINVAL;
>>>> - goto out;
>>>> - }
>>>>
>>>> ret = setup_new_fdt_ppc64(image, fdt, initrd_load_addr,
>>>
>>> The first thing this function does is call setup_new_fdt() which first
>>> calls of_kexec_setup_new_fdt(). (Note, I really don't understand the
>>> PPC code split. It looks like there's a 32-bit and 64-bit split, but
>>> 32-bit looks broken to me. Nothing ever calls setup_new_fdt() except
>>> setup_new_fdt_ppc64()). The arm64 version is calling
>>> of_alloc_and_init_fdt() and then of_kexec_setup_new_fdt() directly.
>>>
>>> So we can just make of_alloc_and_init_fdt() also call
>>> of_kexec_setup_new_fdt() (really, just tweak of_kexec_setup_new_fdt do
>>> the alloc and copy).
>> ok - will move fdt allocation into of_kexec_setup_new_fdt().
>>
>> I don't think the architecture needs to pick the
>>> size either. It's doubtful that either one is that sensitive to the
>>> amount of extra space.
>> I am not clear about the above comment -
>> are you saying the architectures don't need to pass FDT size to the
>> alloc function?
>>
>> arm64 is adding command line string length and some extra space to the
>> size computed from initial_boot_params for FDT Size:
>>
>> buf_size = fdt_totalsize(initial_boot_params)
>> + cmdline_len + DTB_EXTRA_SPACE;
>>
>> powerpc is just using twice the size computed from initial_boot_params
>>
>> fdt_size = fdt_totalsize(initial_boot_params) * 2;
>>
>> I think it would be safe to let arm64 and powerpc pass the required FDT
>> size, along with the other params to of_kexec_setup_new_fdt() - and in
>> this function we allocate FDT and set it up.
>
> It's pretty clear that someone just picked something that 'should be
> enough'. The only thing I can guess for the difference is that arm
> DT's tend to be a bit larger. So doubling the size would be even more
> excessive. Either way, we're talking 10s kB to few 100kB. I'd go with
> DTB_EXTRA_SPACE and we can bump it up if someone has problems.
ok - I'll use DTB_EXTRA_SPACE for the fdt allocation.

>
> Also, I would like for 'initial_boot_params' to be private ultimately,
> so removing any references is helpful.
ok

>
>> And, for powerpc leave the remaining code in setup_new_fdt_ppc64().
>
> Right.
ok

thanks,
-lakshmi

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