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SubjectRe: [PATCH] mm: cma: support sysfs
On Thu, Feb 4, 2021 at 3:14 PM John Hubbard <jhubbard@nvidia.com> wrote:
>
> On 2/4/21 12:07 PM, Minchan Kim wrote:
> > On Thu, Feb 04, 2021 at 12:50:58AM -0800, John Hubbard wrote:
> >> On 2/3/21 7:50 AM, Minchan Kim wrote:
> >>> Since CMA is getting used more widely, it's more important to
> >>> keep monitoring CMA statistics for system health since it's
> >>> directly related to user experience.
> >>>
> >>> This patch introduces sysfs for the CMA and exposes stats below
> >>> to keep monitor for telemetric in the system.
> >>>
> >>> * the number of CMA allocation attempts
> >>> * the number of CMA allocation failures
> >>> * the number of CMA page allocation attempts
> >>> * the number of CMA page allocation failures
> >>
> >> The desire to report CMA data is understandable, but there are a few
> >> odd things here:
> >>
> >> 1) First of all, this has significant overlap with /sys/kernel/debug/cma
> >> items. I suspect that all of these items could instead go into
> >
> > At this moment, I don't see any overlap with item from cma_debugfs.
> > Could you specify what item you are mentioning?
>
> Just the fact that there would be two systems under /sys, both of which are
> doing very very similar things: providing information that is intended to
> help diagnose CMA.
>
> >
> >> /sys/kernel/debug/cma, right?
> >
> > Anyway, thing is I need an stable interface for that and need to use
> > it in Android production build, too(Unfortunately, Android deprecated
> > the debugfs
> > https://source.android.com/setup/start/android-11-release#debugfs
> > )
>
> That's the closest hint to a "why this is needed" that we've seen yet.
> But it's only a hint.
>
> >
> > What should be in debugfs and in sysfs? What's the criteria?
>
> Well, it's a gray area. "Debugging support" goes into debugfs, and
> "production-level monitoring and control" goes into sysfs, roughly
> speaking. And here you have items that could be classified as either.
>
> >
> > Some statistic could be considered about debugging aid or telemetric
> > depening on view point and usecase. And here, I want to use it for
> > telemetric, get an stable interface and use it in production build
> > of Android. In this chance, I'd like to get concrete guideline
> > what should be in sysfs and debugfs so that pointing out this thread
> > whenever folks dump their stat into sysfs to avoid waste of time
> > for others in future. :)
> >
> >>
> >> 2) The overall CMA allocation attempts/failures (first two items above) seem
> >> an odd pair of things to track. Maybe that is what was easy to track, but I'd
> >> vote for just omitting them.
> >
> > Then, how to know how often CMA API failed?
>
> Why would you even need to know that, *in addition* to knowing specific
> page allocation numbers that failed? Again, there is no real-world motivation
> cited yet, just "this is good data". Need more stories and support here.

IMHO it would be very useful to see whether there are multiple
small-order allocation failures or a few large-order ones, especially
for CMA where large allocations are not unusual. For that I believe
both alloc_pages_attempt and alloc_pages_fail would be required.

>
>
> thanks,
> --
> John Hubbard
> NVIDIA
>
> > There are various size allocation request for a CMA so only page
> > allocation stat are not enough to know it.
> >
> >>>
> >>> Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
> >>> ---
> >>> Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-kernel-mm-cma | 39 +++++
> >>> include/linux/cma.h | 1 +
> >>> mm/Makefile | 1 +
> >>> mm/cma.c | 6 +-
> >>> mm/cma.h | 20 +++
> >>> mm/cma_sysfs.c | 143 ++++++++++++++++++
> >>> 6 files changed, 209 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> >>> create mode 100644 Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-kernel-mm-cma
> >>> create mode 100644 mm/cma_sysfs.c
> >>>
> >>> diff --git a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-kernel-mm-cma b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-kernel-mm-cma
> >>> new file mode 100644
> >>> index 000000000000..2a43c0aacc39
> >>> --- /dev/null
> >>> +++ b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-kernel-mm-cma
> >>> @@ -0,0 +1,39 @@
> >>> +What: /sys/kernel/mm/cma/
> >>> +Date: Feb 2021
> >>> +Contact: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
> >>> +Description:
> >>> + /sys/kernel/mm/cma/ contains a number of subdirectories by
> >>> + cma-heap name. The subdirectory contains a number of files
> >>> + to represent cma allocation statistics.
> >>
> >> Somewhere, maybe here, there should be a mention of the closely related
> >> /sys/kernel/debug/cma files.
> >>
> >>> +
> >>> + There are number of files under
> >>> + /sys/kernel/mm/cma/<cma-heap-name> directory
> >>> +
> >>> + - cma_alloc_attempt
> >>> + - cma_alloc_fail
> >>
> >> Are these really useful? They a summary of the alloc_pages items, really.
> >>
> >>> + - alloc_pages_attempt
> >>> + - alloc_pages_fail
> >>
> >> This should also have "cma" in the name, really: cma_alloc_pages_*.
> >
> > No problem.
> >
> >>
> >>> +
> >>> +What: /sys/kernel/mm/cma/<cma-heap-name>/cma_alloc_attempt
> >>> +Date: Feb 2021
> >>> +Contact: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
> >>> +Description:
> >>> + the number of cma_alloc API attempted
> >>> +
> >>> +What: /sys/kernel/mm/cma/<cma-heap-name>/cma_alloc_fail
> >>> +Date: Feb 2021
> >>> +Contact: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
> >>> +Description:
> >>> + the number of CMA_alloc API failed
> >>> +
> >>> +What: /sys/kernel/mm/cma/<cma-heap-name>/alloc_pages_attempt
> >>> +Date: Feb 2021
> >>> +Contact: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
> >>> +Description:
> >>> + the number of pages CMA API tried to allocate
> >>> +
> >>> +What: /sys/kernel/mm/cma/<cma-heap-name>/alloc_pages_fail
> >>> +Date: Feb 2021
> >>> +Contact: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
> >>> +Description:
> >>> + the number of pages CMA API failed to allocate
> >>> diff --git a/include/linux/cma.h b/include/linux/cma.h
> >>> index 217999c8a762..71a28a5bb54e 100644
> >>> --- a/include/linux/cma.h
> >>> +++ b/include/linux/cma.h
> >>> @@ -49,4 +49,5 @@ extern struct page *cma_alloc(struct cma *cma, size_t count, unsigned int align,
> >>> extern bool cma_release(struct cma *cma, const struct page *pages, unsigned int count);
> >>> extern int cma_for_each_area(int (*it)(struct cma *cma, void *data), void *data);
> >>> +
> >>
> >> A single additional blank line seems to be the only change to this file. :)
> >
> > Oops.
> >
>

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