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SubjectANNOUNCE: pahole v1.20 (gcc11 DWARF5's default, lots of ELF sections, BTF)

The v1.20 release of pahole and its friends is out, mostly
addressing problems related to gcc 11 defaulting to DWARF5 for -g,
available at the usual places:

Main git repo:


Mirror git repo:

tarball + gpg signature:

Best Regards,

- Arnaldo


BTF encoder:

- Improve ELF error reporting using elf_errmsg(elf_errno()).

- Improve objcopy error handling.

- Fix handling of 'restrict' qualifier, that was being treated as a 'const'.

- Support SHN_XINDEX in st_shndx symbol indexes, to handle ELF objects with
more than 65534 sections, for instance, which happens with kernels built
with 'KCFLAGS="-ffunction-sections -fdata-sections", Other cases may
include when using FG-ASLR, LTO.

- Cope with functions without a name, as seen sometimes when building kernel
images with some versions of clang, when a SEGFAULT was taking place.

- Fix BTF variable generation for kernel modules, not skipping variables at
offset zero.

- Fix address size to match what is in the ELF file being processed, to fix using
a 64-bit pahole binary to generate BTF for a 32-bit vmlinux image.

- Use kernel module ftrace addresses when finding which functions to encode,
which increases the number of functions encoded.


- Allow use of packaged version, for distros wanting to dynamically link with
the system's libbpf package instead of using the libbpf git submodule shipped
in pahole's source code.

DWARF loader:

- Support DW_AT_data_bit_offset

This appeared in DWARF4 but is supported only in gcc's -gdwarf-5,
support it in a way that makes the output be the same for both cases.

$ gcc -gdwarf-5 -c examples/dwarf5/bf.c
$ pahole bf.o
struct pea {
long int a:1; /* 0: 0 8 */
long int b:1; /* 0: 1 8 */
long int c:1; /* 0: 2 8 */

/* XXX 29 bits hole, try to pack */
/* Bitfield combined with next fields */

int after_bitfield; /* 4 4 */

/* size: 8, cachelines: 1, members: 4 */
/* sum members: 4 */
/* sum bitfield members: 3 bits, bit holes: 1, sum bit holes: 29 bits */
/* last cacheline: 8 bytes */

- DW_FORM_implicit_const in attr_numeric() and attr_offset()

- Support DW_TAG_GNU_call_site, its the standardized rename of the previously supported


- Fix compilation on 32-bit architectures.

Signed-off-by: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <>

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