[lkml]   [2021]   [Feb]   [4]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
Subject[PATCH 12/18] arm64: setup: Use nGnRnE IO mappings for fixmap on Apple platforms
This is a hack. I do not expect this to be merged as-is.

The problem: on Apple ARM platforms, SoC MMIO needs to use nGnRnE
mappings: writes using nGnRE are blackholed. This seems to be by design,
and there doesn't seem to be any fabric configuration or other bit we
can flip to make the problem go away.

Particularly tricky is that this affects earlycon, which uses fixmap,
which all gets initialized before any of the usual cpufeatures /
alternatives stuff. So we need to take care of fixmap very early.

Options I can think of:

(1) Unconditionally use nGnRnE on all platforms for fixmap IO. Maybe
this is actually fine? I suspect it might break some PCI-based

(2) Deal with this special case in the earlycon code, since that seems
to be the only user that matters on these platforms. Since the
IO mapping is done in earlycon.c, this will require some cooperation
with samsung_tty.c so earlycon knows when it needs to do this. Note
that doing it with DT properties will break cmdline-only earlycon
config (which otherwise works fine on this driver).

(3) This patch, but do something saner, like use a specific DT flag to
trigger this mode instead of a platform match.

Any other ideas?

Signed-off-by: Hector Martin <>
arch/arm64/include/asm/fixmap.h | 10 +++++++++-
arch/arm64/kernel/setup.c | 12 ++++++++++++
2 files changed, 21 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/fixmap.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/fixmap.h
index 4335800201c9..999351ce84df 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/fixmap.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/fixmap.h
@@ -94,7 +94,15 @@ enum fixed_addresses {
#define FIXADDR_SIZE (__end_of_permanent_fixed_addresses << PAGE_SHIFT)

-#define FIXMAP_PAGE_IO __pgprot(PROT_DEVICE_nGnRE)
+ * We use nGnRE by default, but some platforms require nGnRnE for MMIO.
+ */
+extern bool arm64_use_ne_io;
+#define FIXMAP_PAGE_IO (arm64_use_ne_io ? FIXMAP_PAGE_IO_STRICT \

void __init early_fixmap_init(void);

diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/setup.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/setup.c
index c18aacde8bb0..cd2dc3bdbae4 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/setup.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/setup.c
@@ -56,6 +56,8 @@ static struct resource *standard_resources;

phys_addr_t __fdt_pointer __initdata;

+bool arm64_use_ne_io;
* Standard memory resources
@@ -197,6 +199,16 @@ static void __init setup_machine_fdt(phys_addr_t dt_phys)

pr_info("Machine model: %s\n", name);
dump_stack_set_arch_desc("%s (DT)", name);
+ /*
+ * Apple SoCs need to use nGnRnE mappings for MMIO, and this needs
+ * to be detected before earlycon is initialized.
+ */
+ if (of_flat_dt_is_compatible(of_get_flat_dt_root(),
+ "AAPL,arm-platform"))
+ arm64_use_ne_io = true;

static void __init request_standard_resources(void)
 \ /
  Last update: 2021-02-04 21:47    [W:0.379 / U:0.656 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site