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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH 05/11] iommu/arm-smmu-v3: Merge a span of page to block descriptor
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On 2021-01-28 15:17, Keqian Zhu wrote:
> From: jiangkunkun <jiangkunkun@huawei.com>
>
> When stop dirty log tracking, we need to recover all block descriptors
> which are splited when start dirty log tracking. This adds a new
> interface named merge_page in iommu layer and arm smmuv3 implements it,
> which reinstall block mappings and unmap the span of page mappings.
>
> It's caller's duty to find contiuous physical memory.
>
> During merging page, other interfaces are not expected to be working,
> so race condition does not exist. And we flush all iotlbs after the merge
> procedure is completed to ease the pressure of iommu, as we will merge a
> huge range of page mappings in general.

Again, I think we need better reasoning than "race conditions don't
exist because we don't expect them to exist".

> Co-developed-by: Keqian Zhu <zhukeqian1@huawei.com>
> Signed-off-by: Kunkun Jiang <jiangkunkun@huawei.com>
> ---
> drivers/iommu/arm/arm-smmu-v3/arm-smmu-v3.c | 20 ++++++
> drivers/iommu/io-pgtable-arm.c | 78 +++++++++++++++++++++
> drivers/iommu/iommu.c | 75 ++++++++++++++++++++
> include/linux/io-pgtable.h | 2 +
> include/linux/iommu.h | 10 +++
> 5 files changed, 185 insertions(+)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/iommu/arm/arm-smmu-v3/arm-smmu-v3.c b/drivers/iommu/arm/arm-smmu-v3/arm-smmu-v3.c
> index 5469f4fca820..2434519e4bb6 100644
> --- a/drivers/iommu/arm/arm-smmu-v3/arm-smmu-v3.c
> +++ b/drivers/iommu/arm/arm-smmu-v3/arm-smmu-v3.c
> @@ -2529,6 +2529,25 @@ static size_t arm_smmu_split_block(struct iommu_domain *domain,
> return ops->split_block(ops, iova, size);
> }
>
> +static size_t arm_smmu_merge_page(struct iommu_domain *domain, unsigned long iova,
> + phys_addr_t paddr, size_t size, int prot)
> +{
> + struct io_pgtable_ops *ops = to_smmu_domain(domain)->pgtbl_ops;
> + struct arm_smmu_device *smmu = to_smmu_domain(domain)->smmu;
> +
> + if (!(smmu->features & (ARM_SMMU_FEAT_BBML1 | ARM_SMMU_FEAT_BBML2))) {
> + dev_err(smmu->dev, "don't support BBML1/2 and merge page\n");
> + return 0;
> + }
> +
> + if (!ops || !ops->merge_page) {
> + pr_err("don't support merge page\n");
> + return 0;
> + }
> +
> + return ops->merge_page(ops, iova, paddr, size, prot);
> +}
> +
> static int arm_smmu_of_xlate(struct device *dev, struct of_phandle_args *args)
> {
> return iommu_fwspec_add_ids(dev, args->args, 1);
> @@ -2629,6 +2648,7 @@ static struct iommu_ops arm_smmu_ops = {
> .domain_get_attr = arm_smmu_domain_get_attr,
> .domain_set_attr = arm_smmu_domain_set_attr,
> .split_block = arm_smmu_split_block,
> + .merge_page = arm_smmu_merge_page,
> .of_xlate = arm_smmu_of_xlate,
> .get_resv_regions = arm_smmu_get_resv_regions,
> .put_resv_regions = generic_iommu_put_resv_regions,
> diff --git a/drivers/iommu/io-pgtable-arm.c b/drivers/iommu/io-pgtable-arm.c
> index f3b7f7115e38..17390f258eb1 100644
> --- a/drivers/iommu/io-pgtable-arm.c
> +++ b/drivers/iommu/io-pgtable-arm.c
> @@ -800,6 +800,83 @@ static size_t arm_lpae_split_block(struct io_pgtable_ops *ops,
> return __arm_lpae_split_block(data, iova, size, lvl, ptep);
> }
>
> +static size_t __arm_lpae_merge_page(struct arm_lpae_io_pgtable *data,
> + unsigned long iova, phys_addr_t paddr,
> + size_t size, int lvl, arm_lpae_iopte *ptep,
> + arm_lpae_iopte prot)
> +{
> + arm_lpae_iopte pte, *tablep;
> + struct io_pgtable *iop = &data->iop;
> + struct io_pgtable_cfg *cfg = &data->iop.cfg;
> +
> + if (WARN_ON(lvl == ARM_LPAE_MAX_LEVELS))
> + return 0;
> +
> + ptep += ARM_LPAE_LVL_IDX(iova, lvl, data);
> + pte = READ_ONCE(*ptep);
> + if (WARN_ON(!pte))
> + return 0;
> +
> + if (size == ARM_LPAE_BLOCK_SIZE(lvl, data)) {
> + if (iopte_leaf(pte, lvl, iop->fmt))
> + return size;
> +
> + /* Race does not exist */
> + if (cfg->bbml == 1) {
> + prot |= ARM_LPAE_PTE_NT;
> + __arm_lpae_init_pte(data, paddr, prot, lvl, ptep);
> + io_pgtable_tlb_flush_walk(iop, iova, size,
> + ARM_LPAE_GRANULE(data));
> +
> + prot &= ~(ARM_LPAE_PTE_NT);
> + __arm_lpae_init_pte(data, paddr, prot, lvl, ptep);
> + } else {
> + __arm_lpae_init_pte(data, paddr, prot, lvl, ptep);
> + }
> +
> + tablep = iopte_deref(pte, data);
> + __arm_lpae_free_pgtable(data, lvl + 1, tablep);
> + return size;
> + } else if (iopte_leaf(pte, lvl, iop->fmt)) {
> + /* The size is too small, already merged */
> + return size;
> + }
> +
> + /* Keep on walkin */
> + ptep = iopte_deref(pte, data);
> + return __arm_lpae_merge_page(data, iova, paddr, size, lvl + 1, ptep, prot);
> +}
> +
> +static size_t arm_lpae_merge_page(struct io_pgtable_ops *ops, unsigned long iova,
> + phys_addr_t paddr, size_t size, int iommu_prot)
> +{
> + struct arm_lpae_io_pgtable *data = io_pgtable_ops_to_data(ops);
> + struct io_pgtable_cfg *cfg = &data->iop.cfg;
> + arm_lpae_iopte *ptep = data->pgd;
> + int lvl = data->start_level;
> + arm_lpae_iopte prot;
> + long iaext = (s64)iova >> cfg->ias;
> +
> + /* If no access, then nothing to do */
> + if (!(iommu_prot & (IOMMU_READ | IOMMU_WRITE)))
> + return size;
> +
> + if (WARN_ON(!size || (size & cfg->pgsize_bitmap) != size))
> + return 0;
> +
> + if (cfg->quirks & IO_PGTABLE_QUIRK_ARM_TTBR1)
> + iaext = ~iaext;
> + if (WARN_ON(iaext || paddr >> cfg->oas))
> + return 0;
> +
> + /* If it is smallest granule, then nothing to do */
> + if (size == ARM_LPAE_BLOCK_SIZE(ARM_LPAE_MAX_LEVELS - 1, data))
> + return size;
> +
> + prot = arm_lpae_prot_to_pte(data, iommu_prot);
> + return __arm_lpae_merge_page(data, iova, paddr, size, lvl, ptep, prot);
> +}
> +
> static void arm_lpae_restrict_pgsizes(struct io_pgtable_cfg *cfg)
> {
> unsigned long granule, page_sizes;
> @@ -879,6 +956,7 @@ arm_lpae_alloc_pgtable(struct io_pgtable_cfg *cfg)
> .unmap = arm_lpae_unmap,
> .iova_to_phys = arm_lpae_iova_to_phys,
> .split_block = arm_lpae_split_block,
> + .merge_page = arm_lpae_merge_page,
> };
>
> return data;
> diff --git a/drivers/iommu/iommu.c b/drivers/iommu/iommu.c
> index 7dc0850448c3..f1261da11ea8 100644
> --- a/drivers/iommu/iommu.c
> +++ b/drivers/iommu/iommu.c
> @@ -2747,6 +2747,81 @@ size_t iommu_split_block(struct iommu_domain *domain, unsigned long iova,
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(iommu_split_block);
>
> +static size_t __iommu_merge_page(struct iommu_domain *domain, unsigned long iova,
> + phys_addr_t paddr, size_t size, int prot)
> +{
> + const struct iommu_ops *ops = domain->ops;
> + unsigned int min_pagesz;
> + size_t pgsize, merged_size;
> + size_t merged = 0;
> +
> + min_pagesz = 1 << __ffs(domain->pgsize_bitmap);
> +
> + if (!IS_ALIGNED(iova | paddr | size, min_pagesz)) {
> + pr_err("unaligned: iova 0x%lx pa %pa size 0x%zx min_pagesz 0x%x\n",
> + iova, &paddr, size, min_pagesz);
> + return 0;
> + }
> +
> + if (!ops || !ops->merge_page) {
> + pr_err("don't support merge page\n");
> + return 0;
> + }
> +
> + while (size) {
> + pgsize = iommu_pgsize(domain, iova | paddr, size);
> +
> + merged_size = ops->merge_page(domain, iova, paddr, pgsize, prot);
> +
> + pr_debug("merged: iova 0x%lx pa %pa size 0x%zx\n", iova, &paddr,
> + merged_size);
> + iova += merged_size;
> + paddr += merged_size;
> + size -= merged_size;
> + merged += merged_size;
> +
> + if (merged_size != pgsize)
> + break;
> + }
> +
> + return merged;
> +}
> +
> +size_t iommu_merge_page(struct iommu_domain *domain, unsigned long iova,
> + size_t size, int prot)
> +{
> + phys_addr_t phys;
> + dma_addr_t p, i;
> + size_t cont_size, merged_size;
> + size_t merged = 0;
> +
> + while (size) {
> + phys = iommu_iova_to_phys(domain, iova);
> + cont_size = PAGE_SIZE;
> + p = phys + cont_size;
> + i = iova + cont_size;
> +
> + while (cont_size < size && p == iommu_iova_to_phys(domain, i)) {
> + p += PAGE_SIZE;
> + i += PAGE_SIZE;
> + cont_size += PAGE_SIZE;
> + }
> +
> + merged_size = __iommu_merge_page(domain, iova, phys, cont_size,
> + prot);

This is incredibly silly. The amount of time you'll spend just on
walking the tables in all those iova_to_phys() calls is probably
significantly more than it would take the low-level pagetable code to do
the entire operation for itself. At this level, any knowledge of how
mappings are actually constructed is lost once __iommu_map() returns, so
we just don't know, and for this operation in particular there seems
little point in trying to guess - the driver backend still has to figure
out whether something we *think* might me mergeable actually is, so it's
better off doing the entire operation in a single pass by itself.

There's especially little point in starting all this work *before*
checking that it's even possible...

Robin.

> + iova += merged_size;
> + size -= merged_size;
> + merged += merged_size;
> +
> + if (merged_size != cont_size)
> + break;
> + }
> + iommu_flush_iotlb_all(domain);
> +
> + return merged;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(iommu_merge_page);
> +
> void iommu_get_resv_regions(struct device *dev, struct list_head *list)
> {
> const struct iommu_ops *ops = dev->bus->iommu_ops;
> diff --git a/include/linux/io-pgtable.h b/include/linux/io-pgtable.h
> index b87c6f4ecaa2..754b62a1bbaf 100644
> --- a/include/linux/io-pgtable.h
> +++ b/include/linux/io-pgtable.h
> @@ -164,6 +164,8 @@ struct io_pgtable_ops {
> unsigned long iova);
> size_t (*split_block)(struct io_pgtable_ops *ops, unsigned long iova,
> size_t size);
> + size_t (*merge_page)(struct io_pgtable_ops *ops, unsigned long iova,
> + phys_addr_t phys, size_t size, int prot);
> };
>
> /**
> diff --git a/include/linux/iommu.h b/include/linux/iommu.h
> index abeb811098a5..ac2b0b1bce0f 100644
> --- a/include/linux/iommu.h
> +++ b/include/linux/iommu.h
> @@ -260,6 +260,8 @@ struct iommu_ops {
> enum iommu_attr attr, void *data);
> size_t (*split_block)(struct iommu_domain *domain, unsigned long iova,
> size_t size);
> + size_t (*merge_page)(struct iommu_domain *domain, unsigned long iova,
> + phys_addr_t phys, size_t size, int prot);
>
> /* Request/Free a list of reserved regions for a device */
> void (*get_resv_regions)(struct device *dev, struct list_head *list);
> @@ -513,6 +515,8 @@ extern int iommu_domain_set_attr(struct iommu_domain *domain, enum iommu_attr,
> void *data);
> extern size_t iommu_split_block(struct iommu_domain *domain, unsigned long iova,
> size_t size);
> +extern size_t iommu_merge_page(struct iommu_domain *domain, unsigned long iova,
> + size_t size, int prot);
>
> /* Window handling function prototypes */
> extern int iommu_domain_window_enable(struct iommu_domain *domain, u32 wnd_nr,
> @@ -913,6 +917,12 @@ static inline size_t iommu_split_block(struct iommu_domain *domain,
> return 0;
> }
>
> +static inline size_t iommu_merge_page(struct iommu_domain *domain,
> + unsigned long iova, size_t size, int prot)
> +{
> + return -EINVAL;
> +}
> +
> static inline int iommu_device_register(struct iommu_device *iommu)
> {
> return -ENODEV;
>

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