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SubjectRe: [PATCH V3 07/14] coresight: etm-perf: Handle stale output handles
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On 2/3/21 7:05 PM, Mathieu Poirier wrote:
> On Wed, Jan 27, 2021 at 02:25:31PM +0530, Anshuman Khandual wrote:
>> From: Suzuki K Poulose <suzuki.poulose@arm.com>
>>
>> The context associated with an ETM for a given perf event
>> includes :
>> - handle -> the perf output handle for the AUX buffer.
>> - the path for the trace components
>> - the buffer config for the sink.
>>
>> The path and the buffer config are part of the "aux_priv" data
>> (etm_event_data) setup by the setup_aux() callback, and made available
>> via perf_get_aux(handle).
>>
>> Now with a sink supporting IRQ, the sink could "end" an output
>> handle when the buffer reaches the programmed limit and would try
>> to restart a handle. This could fail if there is not enough
>> space left the AUX buffer (e.g, the userspace has not consumed
>> the data). This leaves the "handle" disconnected from the "event"
>> and also the "perf_get_aux()" cleared. This all happens within
>> the sink driver, without the etm_perf driver being aware.
>> Now when the event is actually stopped, etm_event_stop()
>> will need to access the "event_data". But since the handle
>> is not valid anymore, we loose the information to stop the
>> "trace" path. So, we need a reliable way to access the etm_event_data
>> even when the handle may not be active.
>>
>> This patch replaces the per_cpu handle array with a per_cpu context
>> for the ETM, which tracks the "handle" as well as the "etm_event_data".
>> The context notes the etm_event_data at etm_event_start() and clears
>> it at etm_event_stop(). This makes sure that we don't access a
>> stale "etm_event_data" as we are guaranteed that it is not
>> freed by free_aux() as long as the event is active and tracing,
>> also provides us with access to the critical information
>> needed to wind up a session even in the absence of an active
>> output_handle.
>>
>> This is not an issue for the legacy sinks as none of them supports
>> an IRQ and is centrally handled by the etm-perf.
>>
>> Cc: Mathieu Poirier <mathieu.poirier@linaro.org>
>> Cc: Anshuman Khandual <anshuman.khandual@arm.com>
>> Cc: Leo Yan <leo.yan@linaro.org>
>> Cc: Mike Leach <mike.leach@linaro.org>
>> Signed-off-by: Suzuki K Poulose <suzuki.poulose@arm.com>
>> Signed-off-by: Anshuman Khandual <anshuman.khandual@arm.com>
>> ---
>> drivers/hwtracing/coresight/coresight-etm-perf.c | 45 +++++++++++++++++++++---
>> 1 file changed, 40 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/drivers/hwtracing/coresight/coresight-etm-perf.c b/drivers/hwtracing/coresight/coresight-etm-perf.c
>> index eb9e7e9..a3977b0 100644
>> --- a/drivers/hwtracing/coresight/coresight-etm-perf.c
>> +++ b/drivers/hwtracing/coresight/coresight-etm-perf.c
>> @@ -24,7 +24,26 @@
>> static struct pmu etm_pmu;
>> static bool etm_perf_up;
>>
>> -static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct perf_output_handle, ctx_handle);
>> +/*
>> + * An ETM context for a running event includes the perf aux handle
>> + * and aux_data. For ETM, the aux_data (etm_event_data), consists of
>> + * the trace path and the sink configuration. The event data is accessible
>> + * via perf_get_aux(handle). However, a sink could "end" a perf output
>> + * handle via the IRQ handler. And if the "sink" encounters a failure
>> + * to "begin" another session (e.g due to lack of space in the buffer),
>> + * the handle will be cleared. Thus, the event_data may not be accessible
>> + * from the handle when we get to the etm_event_stop(), which is required
>> + * for stopping the trace path. The event_data is guaranteed to stay alive
>> + * until "free_aux()", which cannot happen as long as the event is active on
>> + * the ETM. Thus the event_data for the session must be part of the ETM context
>> + * to make sure we can disable the trace path.
>> + */
>> +struct etm_ctxt {
>> + struct perf_output_handle handle;
>> + struct etm_event_data *event_data;
>> +};
>> +
>> +static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct etm_ctxt, etm_ctxt);
>> static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct coresight_device *, csdev_src);
>>
>> /* ETMv3.5/PTM's ETMCR is 'config' */
>> @@ -332,7 +351,8 @@ static void etm_event_start(struct perf_event *event, int flags)
>> {
>> int cpu = smp_processor_id();
>> struct etm_event_data *event_data;
>> - struct perf_output_handle *handle = this_cpu_ptr(&ctx_handle);
>> + struct etm_ctxt *ctxt = this_cpu_ptr(&etm_ctxt);
>> + struct perf_output_handle *handle = &ctxt->handle;
>> struct coresight_device *sink, *csdev = per_cpu(csdev_src, cpu);
>> struct list_head *path;
>>
> if (!csdev)
> goto fail;
>
> /*
> * Something went wrong if an event data is already associated
> * with a context.
> */
> if (WARN_ONE(ctxt->event_data))
> goto fail;
>
>> @@ -374,6 +394,8 @@ static void etm_event_start(struct perf_event *event, int flags)
>> if (source_ops(csdev)->enable(csdev, event, CS_MODE_PERF))
>> goto fail_disable_path;
>>
>> + /* Save the event_data for this ETM */
>> + ctxt->event_data = event_data;
>> out:
>> return;
>>
>> @@ -392,13 +414,20 @@ static void etm_event_stop(struct perf_event *event, int mode)
>> int cpu = smp_processor_id();
>> unsigned long size;
>> struct coresight_device *sink, *csdev = per_cpu(csdev_src, cpu);
>> - struct perf_output_handle *handle = this_cpu_ptr(&ctx_handle);
>> - struct etm_event_data *event_data = perf_get_aux(handle);
>> + struct etm_ctxt *ctxt = this_cpu_ptr(&etm_ctxt);
>> + struct perf_output_handle *handle = &ctxt->handle;
>
> struct etm_event_data *event_data = perf_get_aux(handle);
>> struct list_head *path;
>>
>
> if (WARN_ON(event_data && event_data != ctxt->event_data))
> return;
>
> event_data = ctxt->event_data;
> /* Clear the event_data as this ETM is stopping the trace. */
> ctxt->event_data = NULL;
>
> With the above:


I have folded the following changes in :

diff --git a/drivers/hwtracing/coresight/coresight-etm-perf.c
b/drivers/hwtracing/coresight/coresight-etm-perf.c
index cf0b0c2d5eed..9f85bf28a82f 100644
--- a/drivers/hwtracing/coresight/coresight-etm-perf.c
+++ b/drivers/hwtracing/coresight/coresight-etm-perf.c
@@ -375,6 +375,10 @@ static void etm_event_start(struct perf_event *event, int flags)
if (!csdev)
goto fail;

+ /* Have we messed up our tracking ? */
+ if (WARN_ON(ctxt->event_data))
+ goto fail;
+
/*
* Deal with the ring buffer API and get a handle on the
* session's information.
@@ -432,11 +436,21 @@ static void etm_event_stop(struct perf_event *event, int mode)
struct coresight_device *sink, *csdev = per_cpu(csdev_src, cpu);
struct etm_ctxt *ctxt = this_cpu_ptr(&etm_ctxt);
struct perf_output_handle *handle = &ctxt->handle;
- struct etm_event_data *event_data = ctxt->event_data;
+ struct etm_event_data *event_data;
struct list_head *path;

+ /*
+ * If we still have access to the event_data via handle,
+ * confirm that we haven't messed up the tracking.
+ */
+ if (handle->event &&
+ WARN_ON(perf_get_aux(handle) != ctxt->event_data))
+ return;
+
+ event_data = ctxt->event_data;
/* Clear the event_data as this ETM is stopping the trace. */
ctxt->event_data = NULL;
+
if (event->hw.state == PERF_HES_STOPPED)
return;

> Reviewed-by: Mathieu Poirier <mathieu.poirier@linaro.org>

Thanks
Suzuki

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