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SubjectRe: [PATCH mvebu v2 00/10] Armada 37xx: Fix cpufreq changing base CPU speed to 800 MHz from 1000 MHz
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Hi Marek & Pali

On 1/14/21 1:40 PM, Pali Rohár wrote:
> Hello!
>
> The armada-37xx-cpufreq driver changes base CPU speed from 1000 MHz to
> 800 MHz on EspressoBIN and Turris MOX. The commit message in patch 2/10
> explains why and how can this be discovered.
>
> That patch 2/10 led us to discover another bug, in the SOC itself,
> that causes the CPU to behave weirdly when frequency changes to 1 GHz.
> A similar erratum is documented by Marvell but only for systems where
> base frequency is 1.2 GHz.
>
> We've discovered that to make cpufreq scaling stable on Armada 3720
> systems with base frequency 1 GHz, we also have to set voltage levels
> for L0 and L1 loads to at least 1108 mV. We were led to this by patch we
> found in Marvell kernel fork. Fix is in the patch 4/10.
>
> https://github.com/MarvellEmbeddedProcessors/linux-marvell/commit/dc33b62c90696afb6adc7dbcc4ebbd48bedec269
>
> During fixing this voltage issue for 1 GHz we discovered another bug in
> armada-37xx-cpufreq driver that causes CPU instability. Erratum for VDD
> stabilization was improperly implemented, details are in patch 6/10.
>
> This patch series is also available in my git tree in branch a3720-cpufreq-issues:
>
> https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/pali/linux.git/log/?h=a3720-cpufreq-issues
>
> We have tested this patch series on Espressobin v5 and Turris MOX
> boards. If you have other Armada 3720 boards (Espressobin v5/v7, uDPU,
> Devel Board, ...) then it will be nice to do an additional tests and
> check if instability issues are finally fixed.
>
> There is a discussion on armbian forum that Espressobin v7 is unstable
> when running at 1 GHz and in this thread was also mentioned above
> voltage patch from Marvell kernel fork:
>
> https://forum.armbian.com/topic/10429-how-to-make-espressobin-v7-stable/
>
> Marek & Pali
>
>
> Marek Behún (3):
> arm64: dts: marvell: armada-37xx: add syscon compatible to NB clk node
> cpufreq: armada-37xx: Fix setting TBG parent for load levels
> clk: mvebu: armada-37xx-periph: remove .set_parent method for CPU PM
> clock
>
> Pali Rohár (7):
> cpufreq: armada-37xx: Fix the AVS value for loads L0 and L1
> clk: mvebu: armada-37xx-periph: Fix switching CPU freq from 250 Mhz to
> 1 GHz
> clk: mvebu: armada-37xx-periph: Fix workaround for switching from L1
> to L0
> cpufreq: armada-37xx: Fix driver cleanup when registration failed
> cpufreq: armada-37xx: Fix determining base CPU frequency
> cpufreq: armada-37xx: Remove cur_frequency variable
> cpufreq: armada-37xx: Fix module unloading
>
> arch/arm64/boot/dts/marvell/armada-37xx.dtsi | 3 +-
> drivers/clk/mvebu/armada-37xx-periph.c | 83 ++++++++-------
> drivers/cpufreq/armada-37xx-cpufreq.c | 100 ++++++++++++++-----
> 3 files changed, 124 insertions(+), 62 deletions(-)
>

Thank you for looking at this problem!

I have tested your a3720-cpufreq-issues branch on my Espressobin v7 (1GB
variant) with the ondemand governor. No issues so far.

root@espressobin:~# uname -a
Linux espressobin 5.11.0-rc1+ #1 SMP PREEMPT Sun Jan 31 23:35:17 CET
2021 aarch64 aarch64 aarch64 GNU/Linux
root@espressobin:~# cpufreq-info
cpufrequtils 008: cpufreq-info (C) Dominik Brodowski 2004-2009
Report errors and bugs to cpufreq@vger.kernel.org, please.
analyzing CPU 0:
driver: cpufreq-dt
CPUs which run at the same hardware frequency: 0 1
CPUs which need to have their frequency coordinated by software: 0 1
maximum transition latency: 0.97 ms.
hardware limits: 200 MHz - 1000 MHz
available frequency steps: 200 MHz, 250 MHz, 500 MHz, 1000 MHz
available cpufreq governors: conservative, ondemand, userspace,
powersave, performance, schedutil
current policy: frequency should be within 200 MHz and 1000 MHz.
The governor "ondemand" may decide which speed to use
within this range.
current CPU frequency is 1000 MHz (asserted by call to hardware).
cpufreq stats: 200 MHz:34.71%, 250 MHz:13.20%, 500 MHz:6.26%, 1000
MHz:45.83% (2015)
analyzing CPU 1:
driver: cpufreq-dt
CPUs which run at the same hardware frequency: 0 1
CPUs which need to have their frequency coordinated by software: 0 1
maximum transition latency: 0.97 ms.
hardware limits: 200 MHz - 1000 MHz
available frequency steps: 200 MHz, 250 MHz, 500 MHz, 1000 MHz
available cpufreq governors: conservative, ondemand, userspace,
powersave, performance, schedutil
current policy: frequency should be within 200 MHz and 1000 MHz.
The governor "ondemand" may decide which speed to use
within this range.
current CPU frequency is 500 MHz (asserted by call to hardware).
cpufreq stats: 200 MHz:34.71%, 250 MHz:13.20%, 500 MHz:6.26%, 1000
MHz:45.83% (2015)

root@espressobin:~# 7za b

7-Zip (a) [64] 16.02 : Copyright (c) 1999-2016 Igor Pavlov : 2016-05-21
p7zip Version 16.02 (locale=en_US.UTF-8,Utf16=on,HugeFiles=on,64 bits,2
CPUs LE)

LE
CPU Freq: 974 997 993 996 997 997 996 997

RAM size: 983 MB, # CPU hardware threads: 2
RAM usage: 441 MB, # Benchmark threads: 2

Compressing | Decompressing
Dict Speed Usage R/U Rating | Speed Usage R/U Rating
KiB/s % MIPS MIPS | KiB/s % MIPS MIPS

22: 879 153 560 856 | 21904 199 941 1870
23: 871 154 576 888 | 21518 199 938 1863
24: 863 154 603 928 | 21147 199 935 1857
25: 857 154 634 979 | 20885 199 934 1859
---------------------------------- | ------------------------------
Avr: 154 593 913 | 199 937 1862
Tot: 176 765 1387


Tested-by: Anders Trier Olesen <anders.trier.olesen@gmail.com>

Thanks,
Anders Trier Olesen

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