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SubjectRe: [PATCH RFC] mm/madvise: introduce MADV_POPULATE to prefault/prealloc memory
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On 24.02.21 15:25, David Hildenbrand wrote:
>> + tmp_end = min_t(unsigned long, end, vma->vm_end);
>> + pages = populate_vma_page_range(vma, start, tmp_end, &locked);
>> + if (!locked) {
>> + mmap_read_lock(mm);
>> + *prev = NULL;
>> + vma = NULL;
>
> ^ locked = 1; is missing here.
>
>
> --- Simple benchmark ---
>
> I implemented MADV_POPULATE_READ and MADV_POPULATE_WRITE and performed
> some simple measurements to simulate memory preallocation with empty files:
>
> 1) mmap a 2 MiB/128 MiB/4 GiB region (anonymous, memfd, memfd hugetlb)
> 2) Discard all memory using fallocate/madvise
> 3) Prefault memory using different approaches and measure the time this
> takes.
>
> I repeat 2)+3) 10 times and compute the average. I only use a single thread.
>
> Read: Read from each page a byte.
> Write: Write one byte of each page (0).
> Read/Write: Read one byte and write the value back for each page
> POPULATE: MADV_POPULATE (this patch)
> POPULATE_READ: MADV_POPULATE_READ
> POPULATE_WRITE: MADV_POPULATE_WRITE
>
> --- Benchmark results ---
>
> Measuring 10 iterations each:
> ==================================================
> 2 MiB MAP_PRIVATE:
> **************************************************
> Anonymous : Read : 0.159 ms
> Anonymous : Write : 0.244 ms
> Anonymous : Read+Write : 0.383 ms
> Anonymous : POPULATE : 0.167 ms
> Anonymous : POPULATE_READ : 0.064 ms
> Anonymous : POPULATE_WRITE : 0.165 ms
> Memfd 4 KiB : Read : 0.401 ms
> Memfd 4 KiB : Write : 0.056 ms
> Memfd 4 KiB : Read+Write : 0.075 ms
> Memfd 4 KiB : POPULATE : 0.057 ms
> Memfd 4 KiB : POPULATE_READ : 0.337 ms
> Memfd 4 KiB : POPULATE_WRITE : 0.056 ms
> Memfd 2 MiB : Read : 0.041 ms
> Memfd 2 MiB : Write : 0.030 ms
> Memfd 2 MiB : Read+Write : 0.031 ms
> Memfd 2 MiB : POPULATE : 0.031 ms
> Memfd 2 MiB : POPULATE_READ : 0.031 ms
> Memfd 2 MiB : POPULATE_WRITE : 0.031 ms
> **************************************************
> 2 MiB MAP_SHARED:
> **************************************************
> Anonymous : Read : 0.071 ms
> Anonymous : Write : 0.181 ms
> Anonymous : Read+Write : 0.081 ms
> Anonymous : POPULATE : 0.069 ms
> Anonymous : POPULATE_READ : 0.069 ms
> Anonymous : POPULATE_WRITE : 0.115 ms
> Memfd 4 KiB : Read : 0.401 ms
> Memfd 4 KiB : Write : 0.351 ms
> Memfd 4 KiB : Read+Write : 0.414 ms
> Memfd 4 KiB : POPULATE : 0.338 ms
> Memfd 4 KiB : POPULATE_READ : 0.339 ms
> Memfd 4 KiB : POPULATE_WRITE : 0.279 ms
> Memfd 2 MiB : Read : 0.031 ms
> Memfd 2 MiB : Write : 0.031 ms
> Memfd 2 MiB : Read+Write : 0.031 ms
> Memfd 2 MiB : POPULATE : 0.031 ms
> Memfd 2 MiB : POPULATE_READ : 0.031 ms
> Memfd 2 MiB : POPULATE_WRITE : 0.031 ms
> **************************************************
> 128 MiB MAP_PRIVATE:
> **************************************************
> Anonymous : Read : 7.517 ms
> Anonymous : Write : 22.503 ms
> Anonymous : Read+Write : 33.186 ms
> Anonymous : POPULATE : 18.381 ms
> Anonymous : POPULATE_READ : 3.952 ms
> Anonymous : POPULATE_WRITE : 18.354 ms
> Memfd 4 KiB : Read : 34.300 ms
> Memfd 4 KiB : Write : 4.659 ms
> Memfd 4 KiB : Read+Write : 6.531 ms
> Memfd 4 KiB : POPULATE : 5.219 ms
> Memfd 4 KiB : POPULATE_READ : 29.744 ms
> Memfd 4 KiB : POPULATE_WRITE : 5.244 ms
> Memfd 2 MiB : Read : 10.228 ms
> Memfd 2 MiB : Write : 10.130 ms
> Memfd 2 MiB : Read+Write : 10.190 ms
> Memfd 2 MiB : POPULATE : 10.007 ms
> Memfd 2 MiB : POPULATE_READ : 10.008 ms
> Memfd 2 MiB : POPULATE_WRITE : 10.010 ms
> **************************************************
> 128 MiB MAP_SHARED:
> **************************************************
> Anonymous : Read : 7.295 ms
> Anonymous : Write : 15.234 ms
> Anonymous : Read+Write : 7.460 ms
> Anonymous : POPULATE : 5.196 ms
> Anonymous : POPULATE_READ : 5.190 ms
> Anonymous : POPULATE_WRITE : 8.245 ms
> Memfd 4 KiB : Read : 34.412 ms
> Memfd 4 KiB : Write : 30.586 ms
> Memfd 4 KiB : Read+Write : 35.157 ms
> Memfd 4 KiB : POPULATE : 29.643 ms
> Memfd 4 KiB : POPULATE_READ : 29.691 ms
> Memfd 4 KiB : POPULATE_WRITE : 25.790 ms
> Memfd 2 MiB : Read : 10.210 ms
> Memfd 2 MiB : Write : 10.074 ms
> Memfd 2 MiB : Read+Write : 10.068 ms
> Memfd 2 MiB : POPULATE : 10.034 ms
> Memfd 2 MiB : POPULATE_READ : 10.037 ms
> Memfd 2 MiB : POPULATE_WRITE : 10.031 ms
> **************************************************
> 4096 MiB MAP_PRIVATE:
> **************************************************
> Anonymous : Read : 240.947 ms
> Anonymous : Write : 712.941 ms
> Anonymous : Read+Write : 1027.636 ms
> Anonymous : POPULATE : 571.816 ms
> Anonymous : POPULATE_READ : 120.215 ms
> Anonymous : POPULATE_WRITE : 570.750 ms
> Memfd 4 KiB : Read : 1054.739 ms
> Memfd 4 KiB : Write : 145.534 ms
> Memfd 4 KiB : Read+Write : 202.275 ms
> Memfd 4 KiB : POPULATE : 162.597 ms
> Memfd 4 KiB : POPULATE_READ : 914.747 ms
> Memfd 4 KiB : POPULATE_WRITE : 161.281 ms
> Memfd 2 MiB : Read : 351.818 ms
> Memfd 2 MiB : Write : 352.357 ms
> Memfd 2 MiB : Read+Write : 352.762 ms
> Memfd 2 MiB : POPULATE : 351.471 ms
> Memfd 2 MiB : POPULATE_READ : 351.553 ms
> Memfd 2 MiB : POPULATE_WRITE : 351.931 ms
> **************************************************
> 4096 MiB MAP_SHARED:
> **************************************************
> Anonymous : Read : 229.338 ms
> Anonymous : Write : 478.964 ms
> Anonymous : Read+Write : 234.546 ms
> Anonymous : POPULATE : 161.635 ms
> Anonymous : POPULATE_READ : 160.943 ms
> Anonymous : POPULATE_WRITE : 252.686 ms
> Memfd 4 KiB : Read : 1052.828 ms
> Memfd 4 KiB : Write : 929.237 ms
> Memfd 4 KiB : Read+Write : 1074.494 ms
> Memfd 4 KiB : POPULATE : 915.663 ms
> Memfd 4 KiB : POPULATE_READ : 915.001 ms
> Memfd 4 KiB : POPULATE_WRITE : 787.388 ms
> Memfd 2 MiB : Read : 353.580 ms
> Memfd 2 MiB : Write : 353.197 ms
> Memfd 2 MiB : Read+Write : 353.172 ms
> Memfd 2 MiB : POPULATE : 353.686 ms
> Memfd 2 MiB : POPULATE_READ : 353.465 ms
> Memfd 2 MiB : POPULATE_WRITE : 352.776 ms
> **************************************************
>
>
> --- Discussion ---
>
> 1) With huge pages, the performance benefit is negligible with the sizes
> I tried, because there are little actual page faults. Most time is spent
> zeroing huge pages I guess. It will take quite a lot of memory to pay off.
>
> 2) In all 4k cases, the POPULATE_READ/POPULATE_WRITE variants are faster
> than manually reading or writing from user space.
>
>
> What sticks out a bit is:
>
> 3) For MAP_SHARED on anonymous memory, it is fastest to first read and
> then write memory. It's slightly faster than POPULATE_WRITE and quite a
> lot faster than a simple write - what?!. It's even faster than
> POPULATE_WRITE - what?! I assume with the read access we prepare a fresh
> zero page and with the write access we only have to change PTE access
> rights. But why is this faster than writing directly?

Okay, MADV_DONTNEED does not seem to really work on MAP_SHARED of
anonymous memory. If I use a fresh mmap for each and every iteration the
numbers make more sense:

**************************************************
4096 MiB MAP_SHARED:
**************************************************
Anonymous : Read : 1054.154 ms
Anonymous : Write : 924.572 ms
Anonymous : Read+Write : 1075.215 ms
Anonymous : POPULATE : 911.386 ms
Anonymous : POPULATE_READ : 909.392 ms
Anonymous : POPULATE_WRITE : 793.143 ms


--
Thanks,

David / dhildenb

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